V-1.2 - Act respecting off-highway vehicles

Full text
chapter V-1.2
Act respecting off-highway vehicles
OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLESDecember 23 1996October 2 1997
CHAPTER I
SCOPE
1. This Act applies to the following off-highway vehicles:
(1)  a snowmobile whose net mass does not exceed 450 kilograms and whose width does not exceed 1.28 metres, equipment included;
(2)  a motorized all-terrain vehicle equipped with handlebars and at least two wheels, that is designed to be straddled and whose net mass does not exceed 600 kilograms;
(3)  such other motorized vehicles designed to travel off a public highway as are determined by regulation.
This Act does not apply, however, to an off-highway vehicle designed by the manufacturer to be operated by a person under 16 years of age provided it is used under the conditions prescribed by regulation.
This Act does not apply to vehicles authorized pursuant to the Highway Safety Code (chapter C‐24.2) to travel on public highways.
On competition circuits laid out and used for the competition of motor vehicles subject to the Act respecting safety in sports (chapter S‐3.1), only the requirement for the operator to be at least 16 years of age applies. However, a person under 16 years of age may operate an off-highway vehicle in a competition held in compliance with the standards prescribed in a regulation made or approved by the Minister of Education, Recreation and Sports under that Act.
1996, c. 60, s. 1; 1997, c. 79, s. 59; 1999, c. 43, s. 15; 2003, c. 19, s. 250; 2005, c. 28, s. 196; 2006, c. 12, s. 1.
CHAPTER II
MANDATORY EQUIPMENT
2. No off-highway vehicle shall be operated without the following regulatory equipment:
(1)  one white headlight;
(2)  one red tail-light;
(3)  one red stop light at the rear;
(4)  one rear-view mirror firmly attached to the left side of the vehicle;
(5)  an exhaust system;
(6)  a braking system;
(7)  a speedometer;
(8)  any other equipment determined by regulation.
Subparagraphs 3, 4 and 7 of the first paragraph apply only to vehicles built after 1 January 1998.
1996, c. 60, s. 2.
2.1. The engine power of an off-highway vehicle available for rental for a period of less than 30 days shall not exceed that determined by the regulatory standards.
2006, c. 12, s. 2.
3. No sleigh or trailer shall be towed by an off-highway vehicle unless it is equipped with the following regulatory equipment:
(1)  one red stop light at the rear;
(2)  two red reflectors at the rear as far apart as practicable;
(3)  two red left and right side reflectors situated at an equal distance from the front and the rear;
(4)  a rigid tow bar designed to prevent overturning or swerving, which pivots 90 degrees on either side and allows pitching without compromising the overall stability;
(5)  any other equipment determined by regulation.
Subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph applies only to a sleigh or trailer towed by an off-highway vehicle built after 1 January 1998.
1996, c. 60, s. 3.
4. The width of a sleigh or trailer towed by an off-highway vehicle, equipment included, shall not exceed 1.5 metres.
1996, c. 60, s. 4.
5. No person may be transported in a sleigh or trailer towed by an off-highway vehicle except in a sleigh or trailer manufactured according to regulatory standards.
The first paragraph does not apply to a sleigh or trailer towed by an all-terrain vehicle having at least four wheels, or by a snowmobile, except to the extent that there are regulatory standards in place regarding the manufacture of such a sleigh or trailer.
1996, c. 60, s. 5; 2009, c. 18, s. 1.
5.1. Sections 3 to 5 do not apply to a traditional Native sleigh towed by an off-highway vehicle
2009, c. 18, s. 2.
6. No equipment required by sections 2 and 3 and no equipment installed by the manufacturer and necessary for the operation of an off-highway vehicle, sleigh or trailer shall be removed.
No other modification shall be made to the vehicle if the modification is capable of increasing its noise emissions or the release of hydrocarbons into the environment, of reducing its stability or braking capacity or of increasing its accelerating power.
1996, c. 60, s. 6; 2006, c. 12, s. 3.
6.1. No person may sell, lease or place at the disposal of a person, or offer to sell, lease or place at the disposal of a person, an off-highway vehicle exhaust system that increases noise emissions or the release of hydrocarbons into the environment when compared to a manufacturer installed exhaust system.
2006, c. 12, s. 4.
7. All equipment prescribed by this Act or the regulations shall be kept in good working order.
1996, c. 60, s. 7.
CHAPTER III
AREAS OF USE
DIVISION I
GENERAL PROVISIONS
8. An off-highway vehicle may be operated on lands in the domain of the State, subject to the conditions, restrictions and prohibitions imposed:
(1)  by the following Acts: the Act respecting the conservation and development of wildlife (chapter C‐61.1), the Act respecting threatened or vulnerable species (chapter E‐12.01), the Forest Act (chapter F‐4.1), the Mining Act (chapter M‐13.1), the Parks Act (chapter P‐9), the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q‐2), the Watercourses Act (chapter R‐13), the Natural Heritage Conservation Act (chapter C‐61.01), the Act respecting agricultural lands in the domain of the State (chapter T‐7.1) and the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State (chapter T‐8.1);
(2)  by government regulation or municipal by-law, including a by-law made by a regional county municipality under section 115 of the Municipal Powers Act (chapter C‐47.1), elsewhere than on a trail referred to in section 15 or in areas subject to the conditions, restrictions or prohibitions referred to in subparagraph 1.
In addition, in the areas in which a lease, a right of occupation or a similar right has been granted under an abovementioned Act, the operation is subject to the authorization of the holder of the right unless otherwise provided in the abovementioned Acts.
Where a government regulation is inconsistent with a by-law of a municipality, the former shall prevail.
1996, c. 60, s. 8; 1999, c. 40, s. 328; 2002, c. 74, s. 85; 2005, c. 6, s. 238.
8.1. The Minister responsible for a road situated on land in the domain of the State may authorize an off-highway vehicle club to lay out and operate a trail, for the period and on the conditions determined by the Minister, on all or part of that road.
Such authorization gives the club the right to collect access fees for the trail in accordance with this Act.
2006, c. 12, s. 5.
9. An off-highway vehicle may be operated on private roads open to public vehicular traffic. However, the owner of the road or the maintenance authority may, by means of signs or signals that conform to regulatory standards, prohibit off-highway vehicles or restrict their operation to certain types of vehicles or to certain periods of time.
An off-highway vehicle may be operated elsewhere on private land, subject to the express authorization of the owner and lessee.
1996, c. 60, s. 9; 2009, c. 18, s. 3.
10. An off-highway vehicle may be operated on the trails of an off-highway vehicle club referred to in section 15. However, the club may, by means of signs or signals that conform to regulatory standards and that are erected at its expense, prohibit off-highway vehicles or restrict their operation to certain types of vehicles, certain classes of persons or certain periods of time, except on trail sections situated on the roads referred to in the first paragraph of section 9 or on the other roads or highways that are not governed by the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.2).
1996, c. 60, s. 10.
11. No off-highway vehicle shall be operated on a public highway within the meaning of the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.2).
Notwithstanding the foregoing, an off-highway vehicle may
(1)  be operated on the roadway for a maximum distance of one kilometre provided it is operated by a worker for whom the vehicle is necessary for the purposes of the work he is performing and provided that the worker complies with the highway traffic rules;
(2)  cross a road at the place where a crossing for off-highway vehicles is indicated by a road sign or signal;
(3)  be operated off the roadway and ditch area, with or against the flow of vehicular traffic, on the conditions fixed by regulation;
(4)  be operated on the roadway, where authorized by a road sign or signal, for a maximum distance of one kilometre to reach a trail referred to in section 15, a service station or another area open to the public as a rest area, if the layout of the right-of-way does not allow operation off the roadway and ditch area, if all other access to those locations is obstructed, provided that the operator complies with the highway traffic rules;
(5)  be operated on a road with the authorization of the maintenance authority and on the conditions it determines if the road is closed to vehicular traffic owing to exceptional events or atmospheric conditions; and
(6)  be operated on all or part of a road maintained by the Minister or a municipality and determined by a regulation of the Minister or a by-law of the municipality, on the conditions, during the periods of time and for the types of vehicle determined in the regulation or by-law, provided that the operator complies with the highway traffic rules.
For the purposes of this section, the roadway includes the shoulder.
The operation of an off-highway vehicle as provided in subparagraphs 1, 2, 4 and 6 of the second paragraph is not authorized on an autoroute or limited access highway within the meaning of the Highway Safety Code.
1996, c. 60, s. 11; 1998, c. 7, s. 1; 2006, c. 12, s. 6.
12. No off-highway vehicle may be operated within such distance as is fixed by municipal by-law or, if no distance is fixed, within 30 metres from a dwelling, a facility operated by a healthcare institution or an area reserved for cultural, educational, recreational or sports activities, except
(1)  with the express authorization of the owner or lessee of the dwelling or reserved area;
(2)  on a public highway on the conditions set out in this Act;
(3)  on a private road open to public vehicular traffic;
(4)  on a trail laid out on an abandoned railroad right-of-way and indicated on a land use planning and development plan or a metropolitan land use and development plan; or
(5)  in any other place determined by government regulation.
1996, c. 60, s. 12; 2000, c. 56, s. 209; 2002, c. 68, s. 52; 2009, c. 18, s. 4.
12.1. When transporting a passenger, the operator of an all-terrain vehicle modified in accordance with section 21.1 may drive only
(1)  on a trail referred to in section 15;
(2)  on a public highway within the meaning of the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.2), under the conditions set out in this Act;
(3)  on a trail laid out on a road situated on land in the domain of the State and operated by an off-highway vehicle club under the conditions provided for in section 8.1 or, if there is no such trail on such a road, on the road itself, but only for the distance required to reach a trail referred to in section 8.1 or section 15; or;
(4)  on a private road open to public traffic, but only for the distance necessary to reach a trail referred to in section 8.1 or section 15.
2009, c. 18, s. 5.
13. No authorization under this Act to operate an off-highway vehicle shall have the effect of exempting the operator of the vehicule from the obligation to comply with any condition, restriction or prohibition imposed by the competent authorities and off-highway vehicle clubs, including the payment of duties.
The provisions of this Act or of a municipal by-law that prohibit or restrict such operation do not apply
(1)  to vehicles used by peace officers in the performance of their duties; and
(2)  to vehicles used by trail security officers, by a worker in the performance of work being carried out, or by any other person for emergency or rescue operations, except on a public highway within the meaning of the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.2).
1996, c. 60, s. 13; 2006, c. 12, s. 7.
13.1. Any by-law of an off-highway vehicle club imposing the payment of fees or other conditions, restrictions or prohibitions must be posted in full view near the place where off-highway vehicle operators may pay trail access fees, and a copy of the by-law must be given to any operator who requests it.
2006, c. 12, s. 8.
14. No cause of civil action lies for any damage arising from the operation of a vehicle to which this Act applies on land in the domain of the State off a trail referred to in section 15 and resulting from a defective layout, sign or signal or from the faulty maintenance of an area of use referred to in this Act.
1996, c. 60, s. 14; 1999, c. 40, s. 328.
DIVISION II
OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE CLUB TRAILS
15. The layout and the operation of a trail by an off-highway vehicle club are subject
(1)  on private land, to the express authorization of the owner; and
(2)  on land in the domain of the State, according to law, to the express authorization of the Minister or the body having authority over the land or responsible for the management or administration of the land.
The layout of the intersection of a trail with a public highway is subject to the express authorization of the maintenance authority.
Every authorization is valid for the period determined by the authority granting it.
1996, c. 60, s. 15; 1999, c. 40, s. 328.
16. Every off-highway vehicle club shall lay out, erect signs and signals for and maintain the trails it operates.
In addition, the club is responsible for safety and shall see that the provisions of this Act and the regulations are complied with, in particular by means of trail security officers.
1996, c. 60, s. 16.
17. Every off-highway vehicle club laying out or operating a trail shall each year take out civil liability insurance in an amount of not less than $2,000,000.
1996, c. 60, s. 17.
17.1. No legal action may be brought against the owner or lessee of private land that authorizes an off-highway vehicle club to lay out and operate a trail on the land, for reparation of any damage related to the operation of an off-highway vehicle on the trail unless the damage results from an intentional or gross fault on the part of the owner or lessee.
2006, c. 12, s. 9.
CHAPTER IV
OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE OPERATING RULES
DIVISION I
OPERATORS’ RULES
18. Every operator of an off-highway vehicle must be 16 years of age or over.
If the operator is under 18 years of age, he must hold a certificate obtained from an officer authorized by the Government and that attests that the operator has the competence and knowledge required to operate an off-highway vehicle, unless the operator is otherwise authorized to operate an off-highway vehicle under legislation in force in his place of residence.
To operate an off-highway vehicle on a public highway as provided in this Act, a person must hold a licence authorizing him under the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.2) to drive a road vehicle on such a highway and must comply with the conditions and restrictions attached to the licence.
1996, c. 60, s. 18; 2006, c. 12, s. 10.
18.1. Despite section 18, the operator of an all-terrain vehicle modified in accordance with section 21.1 must be at least 18 years of age to transport a passenger.
2009, c. 18, s. 6.
19. The owner of any off-highway vehicle shall hold a civil liability insurance contract in an amount of not less than $500,000 that covers bodily injury and property damage caused by the vehicle.
1996, c. 60, s. 19.
Not in force
19.1. (Not in force).
2001, c. 57, s. 2.
Not in force
19.2. (Not in force).
2001, c. 57, s. 2.
Not in force
19.3. (Not in force).
2001, c. 57, s. 2.
Not in force
19.4. (Not in force).
2001, c. 57, s. 2.
20. The operator of an off-highway vehicle shall carry with him the vehicle registration certificate issued under the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.2), the civil liability insurance certificate, proof of age and, where applicable, the certificate of competence or the authorization to drive the vehicle.
In the case of a loan or of a lease for a period of less than one year made by a person as part of his business, the operator shall also carry with him a document evidencing the term of the loan or a copy of the contract of lease.
1996, c. 60, s. 20.
21. No operator of an off-highway vehicle shall carry a number of passengers in or on the vehicle greater than the capacity specified by the manufacturer.
In the absence of such specification, an operator shall not carry more than one passenger on a snowmobile and shall not carry any passenger on other off-highway vehicles.
A passenger or additional passenger may be transported if the vehicle has additional equipment that is designed for that purpose and that is installed according to the manufacturer’s specifications.
1996, c. 60, s. 21.
21.1. Despite section 21, a four-wheel all-terrain vehicle on which the manufacturer has not installed a passenger seat may be modified to add one provided it is installed according to the instructions and recommendations of the seat manufacturer.
In force: 2010-06-10
An operator of a vehicle modified in accordance with the first paragraph must hold a certificate obtained from an officer authorized by the Government attesting that the operator has the competence and knowledge required to operate such a vehicle when transporting a passenger, unless the operator is otherwise authorized to do so under the legislation in force in the operator’s place of residence.
2009, c. 18, s. 8.
22. No person shall tow more than one sleigh or trailer with an off-highway vehicle.
1996, c. 60, s. 22.
23. No person shall ride in or on an off-highway vehicle or in or on a sleigh or trailer towed by an off-highway vehicle unless he is wearing footwear and the following equipment:
(1)  a regulation protective helmet;
(2)  safety glasses if the protective helmet has no visor;
(3)  any other equipment prescribed by regulation.
Subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph does not apply to a passenger in a sleigh or in a trailer with a closed compartment.
1996, c. 60, s. 23; 2009, c. 18, s. 9.
24. No person shall consume alcoholic beverages in or on an off-highway vehicle or in or on a sleigh or trailer towed by an off-highway vehicle.
1996, c. 60, s. 24.
DIVISION II
TRAFFIC RULES
25. The operator of an off-highway vehicle shall comply with the signs or signals posted in accordance with this Act and the regulations and shall obey the orders or signals of a peace officer or trail security officer responsible for directing traffic. In case of contradiction between the posted signs or signals and an officer’s orders or signals, the latter shall prevail.
1996, c. 60, s. 25.
26. No person may conceal, remove, move or damage a sign or signal erected in accordance with this Act or the regulations.
1996, c. 60, s. 26.
27. The maximum rate of speed for a snowmobile in 70 km/h and the maximum rate of speed for any other off-highway vehicle is 50 km/h.
However, on a trail referred to in section 15, where indicated by a regulatory sign or signal, the maximum rate of speed may be 90 km/h and 70 km/h, respectively, or may be lower than the maximum rate of speed prescribed by the first paragraph.
The maximum rate of speed may also be lower than the rate prescribed by the first paragraph where so indicated by a regulatory sign or signal
(1)  on a private road open to public vehicular traffic;
(2)  on lands in the domain of the State elsewhere than in areas subject to the conditions, restrictions or prohibitions referred to in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 8;
(3)  on municipal land referred to in paragraph 2 of section 48.
This section does not apply on public roads.
1996, c. 60, s. 27; 1999, c. 40, s. 328; 2009, c. 18, s. 10.
28. The operator of an off-highway vehicle shall keep the white headlight and the red tail-light turned on while operating the vehicle.
1996, c. 60, s. 28.
29. The rear-view mirror, headlight, stop light or tail-light of an off-highway vehicle and the light and reflectors of a sleigh or trailer towed by an off-highway vehicle must not be soiled to the point of being inefficient.
1996, c. 60, s. 29.
30. The operator of an off-highway vehicle shall drive the vehicle as close to the right-hand side of the road or trail as is practicable.
The operator may deviate from such position only to avoid an obstruction or to pass another off-highway vehicle. He shall, in such a case, yield to an oncoming off-highway vehicle and give priority to any road vehicle other than an off-highway vehicle.
1996, c. 60, s. 30.
31. The operator of an off-highway vehicle shall keep the vehicle at a safe distance behind all preceding vehicles, having regard to speed, traffic density, atmospheric conditions and road or trail conditions.
1996, c. 60, s. 31.
32. An operator of an off-highway vehicle intending to turn left onto a road or trail on which traffic can travel in both directions shall yield to oncoming traffic that is so close that it constitutes a hazard.
1996, c. 60, s. 32.
33. No person shall use a trail referred to in section 15 otherwise than in or on an authorized off-highway vehicle or a maintenance vehicle, or in or on a sleigh or trailer towed by such a vehicle, except
(1)  to cross the trail as safely and as directly as possible without interfering with traffic; or
(2)  in the case of the passenger of a vehicle modified in accordance with section 21.1, to walk on the extreme right-hand side of a steep ascending part of a trail having a slope inclination percentage equal to or greater than that provided for by regulation.
That prohibition does not apply on a trail section situated on the negotiable portion of a road open to public vehicular traffic.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, the operation of an off-highway vehicle on a trail referred to in section 15 is not authorized if the operator fails to comply with the conditions, restrictions or prohibitions referred to in section 13, including payment of the access fee for the trail unless the operator is exempted by government regulation.
1996, c. 60, s. 33; 2006, c. 12, s. 11; 2009, c. 18, s. 11.
34. No person shall damage or obstruct a trail or interfere with traffic on a trail.
1996, c. 60, s. 34.
35. No person, except a peace officer, trail security officer or the maintenance personnel of a trail referred to in section 15, shall use an off-highway vehicle equipped with a rotating lamp or flashing lights.
Only a vehicle used by a peace officer may be equipped with a blue rotating lamp or flashing lights.
A vehicle used by a trail security officer may be equipped with a red rotating lamp or flashing lights.
Every maintenance vehicle in use on a trail referred to in section 15 must be equipped with an amber rotating lamp or flashing lights in operation.
1996, c. 60, s. 35.
35.1. A peace officer or trail security officer shall not operate the rotating lamp or flashing lights of an off-highway vehicle except in the performance of the officer’s duties and if required by the circumstances. Subject to section 36, the officer is not required, in such a case, to comply with the speed limit or signage.
2006, c. 12, s. 12.
36. Any rate of speed and any action susceptible of endangering the life or safety of persons or of causing damage to property is prohibited while an off-highway vehicle is being used or a sleigh or trailer is being towed by an off-highway vehicle.
1996, c. 60, s. 36.
CHAPTER V
ENFORCEMENT
37. For the purposes of this Act, the following persons are trail security officers:
(1)  the inspectors and investigators appointed under the Act to ensure safety in guided land transport (chapter S-3.3);
(2)  the persons recruited by an off-highway vehicle club who satisfy the conditions determined by regulation;
(3)  the persons recruited by an association of off-highway vehicle clubs who satisfy the conditions determined by regulation.
1996, c. 60, s. 37; 2006, c. 12, s. 13.
38. For the purpose of ensuring compliance with this Act and the regulations, a peace officer may, in the performance of his duties,
(1)  enter, at any reasonable time, upon the premises of an off-highway vehicle club laying out or operating a trail to examine and make copies of books, registers, accounts, records and other documents containing information relating to the obligations imposed upon the club by this Act;
(2)  travel to any place in which an off-highway vehicle is being operated;
(3)  order a vehicle to which this Act applies to stop, and inspect the mandatory equipment of the vehicle and, where applicable, of the sleigh or trailer;
(4)  require the operator of an off-highway vehicle to produce proof of age and, where applicable, the certificate of competence or the authorization to drive;
(5)  require the operator of an off-highway vehicle who is using a public highway to produce his driver’s licence;
(6)  require the vehicle registration certificate issued under the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.2) and the civil liability insurance certificate to be produced;
(7)  require, where applicable, the production of the documents issued by an association of off-highway vehicle clubs certifying that the owner of an off-highway vehicle stopped on a trail is the holder of a valid right of access.
A trail security officer may, on the same conditions, exercise the powers provided for in subparagraphs 3, 4, 6 and 7 of the first paragraph. A trail security officer recruited by an association of off-highway vehicle clubs may in addition exercise the power provided for in subparagraph 5 of the first paragraph.
Every person who has the custody or possession of or control over such documents shall, on demand, surrender the documents for examination to the person conducting the inspection.
Upon completion of the examination, the peace officer or trail security officer shall return the documents except in the case of a driver’s licence that the peace officer is authorized to seize under the Highway Safety Code.
1996, c. 60, s. 38; 2006, c. 12, s. 14; 2009, c. 18, s. 12.
39. If, in the course of a verification, a peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that an offence under this Act or the regulations has been committed, he may seize any thing that may constitute evidence of the offence.
The provisions of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1) pertaining to things seized apply, with the necessary modifications, to things seized under this section.
1996, c. 60, s. 39.
40. On the same conditions, a peace officer and a trail security officer may impound a vehicle or cause it to be impounded or store a vehicle or cause it to be stored to stop the commission of an offence.
The owner may not recover possession of the vehicle except on payment, to the person who has custody of the vehicle, of the actual costs of impounding or storing.
1996, c. 60, s. 40.
41. A trail security officer is not authorized to exercise the powers provided for in articles 84 to 86 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1) nor, despite articles 87 and 98 of that Code, to make arrests or searches.
1996, c. 60, s. 41; 2006, c. 12, s. 15.
42. A peace officer and a trail security officer must, on request, identify themselves and show their badge or the certificate attesting their capacity.
1996, c. 60, s. 42.
43. No information obtained by a trail security officer in the performance of this duties shall be disclosed except for the purposes of this Act.
1996, c. 60, s. 43.
44. No action may be brought against a peace officer or trail security officer in relation to official acts performed in good faith in the performance of their duties under this Act.
1996, c. 60, s. 44.
45. The clerk of a court of justice or a person under his authority shall send notice to the Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec of any conviction for an offence under section 19.
1996, c. 60, s. 45.
CHAPTER VI
REGULATORY PROVISIONS
46. The Government may make regulations
(1)  subjecting motor vehicles intended to be operated off public highways to the application of this Act;
(1.1)  prescribing conditions for the use of an off-highway vehicle designed by the manufacturer to be operated by a person under 16 years of age;
(2)  exempting certain types of off-highway vehicles and their operators, or certain off-highway vehicles according to the use made of the vehicles, from the application of all or any of the provisions of this Act and determining the conditions and special rules applicable to them;
(3)  exempting certain types of vehicles and their operators from the application of all or any of the provisions of this Act where they operate in a territory it determines, and establishing the conditions and special rules applicable to them;
(3.0.1)  prescribing special rules of use and traffic rules for an all-terrain vehicle modified in accordance with section 21.1, standards with regard to the load such a vehicle may carry and any other standards with regard to the equipment or safety of the vehicle;
(3.1)  exempting certain classes of off-highway vehicle operators from having to pay the access fee imposed by an off-highway vehicle club to travel on a trail operated by the club;
(3.2)  determining maximum engine power standards for off-highway vehicles available for rental for a period of less than 30 days;
(4)  prescribing mandatory safety equipment for off-highway vehicles, sleighs and trailers;
(5)  establishing standards for the manufacture, installation and use of mandatory equipment for off-highway vehicles, sleighs and trailers;
(6)  establishing, for sleighs and trailers, standards for their manufacture, which may vary according to whether they are to be used for the transport of persons or property;
(7)  establishing standards relating to the intensity, shape and dimensions of headlights, tail-lights, reflectors, rotating lamps and flashing lights;
(8)  in the places it determines on lands in the domain of the State, elsewhere than in the places subject to the conditions, restrictions and prohibitions referred to in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 8, determining the speed, prohibiting off-highway vehicles or restricting the operation of them to certain types of vehicles or to certain periods of time and, in the latter cases, determining special operating conditions;
(9)  determining the circumstances in which off-highway vehicles may be operated on a public highway, off the roadway and ditch area;
(10)  determining the places where off-highway vehicles may be operated, on the conditions it indicates, within 30 metres from a dwelling or reserved area and special operating conditions in those places;
(11)  fixing the conditions to be met by persons applying to become trail security officers and fixing the rules of conduct to be observed by each such officer;
(12)  establishing standards relating to signs or signals on trails and other areas of use referred to in this Act, including the conditions on which they are to be erected and the properties of the materials to be used to manufacture them;
(13)  determining the obligations of the operator of an off-highway vehicle and those of passengers in or on such a vehicle, sleigh or trailer towed by an off-highway vehicle, and prohibiting certain behaviour or certain uses or practices in the area of use it indicates;
(14)  establishing standards for protective helmets and safety glasses to be worn by operators and passengers, and for any other prescribed equipment;
(14.1)  establishing standards regarding noise emissions and the release of hydrocarbons by off-highway vehicles and prohibiting the operation of off-highway vehicles that fail to meet those standards;
(15)  determining the regulatory provisions under this section the violation of which constitutes an offence.
The regulatory standards established under this section may include exceptions and may vary according to the types, places of operation or purposes of use of off-highway vehicles determined by the Government.
1996, c. 60, s. 46; 1999, c. 40, s. 328; 2006, c. 12, s. 16; 2009, c. 18, s. 13.
47. The Minister may, by regulation, allow certain types of off-highway vehicles to be operated on all or part of a public highway maintained by him, on the conditions and for the period of time he indicates.
1996, c. 60, s. 47.
47.1. The Minister may authorize the carrying out of pilot projects aimed at testing the use of a vehicle or of equipment related to its functioning or safety, or at improving or elaborating traffic rules or standards for equipment or safety. During a pilot project, the Minister may make any rule concerning the use of a vehicle and authorize any person or body to use a vehicle according to standards and rules the Minister makes that differ from those provided for by this Act and its regulations.
Such pilot projects are established for a maximum of three years, a period which the Minister may, if the Minister judges it necessary, extend for a maximum of two years. The Minister may modify or terminate a pilot project at any time. The Minister may also determine, among the provisions of an order made under this section, those whose violation constitutes an offence, and fix the minimum and maximum fines to which the offender is subject. This amount may not be less than $50 or more than $1,000.
A decision of the Minister made under this section must be in the form of an order. Such an order is not subject to the publication requirement set out in section 8 of the Regulations Act (chapter R-18.1).
2009, c. 18, s. 14.
48. Every local municipality may pass by-laws
(1)  fixing the distance within which off-highway vehicles may not be operated pursuant to section 12; and
(2)  in the places it determines on lands of the municipality used for public utility or on lands in the domain of the State, elsewhere than in the places subject to the conditions, restrictions and prohibitions referred to in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 8, determining the speed, prohibiting off-highway vehicles or restricting the operation of them to certain types of vehicles or to certain periods of time and, in the latter cases, determining special operating conditions.
1996, c. 60, s. 48; 1999, c. 40, s. 328.
49. The power to prohibit or restrict the operation of off-highway vehicles or to prescribe rates of speed lower than the rate fixed in this Act by means of a sign or signal conferred on the owner of a private road open to public vehicular traffic or on the maintenance authority and on a club operating a trail must be exercised in compliance with the conditions determined by government regulation.
In the case of non-compliance with the conditions or non-conformity of the sign or signal with regulatory standards, the Minister may serve a notice on the owner, maintenance authority or club, as the case may be, enjoining the offender to take the necessary corrective measures or to remove the non-conforming sign or signal within the time indicated by the Minister. If the offender does not comply with the notice, the Minister may have the sign or signal removed or replaced at the offender’s expense.
1996, c. 60, s. 49; 2009, c. 18, s. 15.
CHAPTER VII
PENAL PROVISIONS
50. The owner of an off-highway vehicle that does not conform with the provisions of sections 2 and 7 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.
1996, c. 60, s. 50.
51. The operator of an off-highway vehicle towing a sleigh or trailer that does not conform with the provisions of sections 3, 4 and 7 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.
1996, c. 60, s. 51.
52. The operator of an off-highway vehicle who contravenes any of the provisions of the second paragraph of section 20 or of sections 22 and 28 or whose vehicle, sleigh or trailer has equipment that does not conform with the provisions of section 29 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $50 to $100.
1996, c. 60, s. 52.
53. A person who contravenes any of the regulatory provisions determined pursuant to subparagraph 15 of the first paragraph of section 46 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.
1996, c. 60, s. 53.
54. A person who modifies or removes equipment in contravention of any of the provisions of section 6 as well as any person who requested, authorized or tolerated the modification or removal is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.
A person who contravenes section 6.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $250 to $500.
1996, c. 60, s. 54; 2006, c. 12, s. 17.
55. The operator of an off-highway vehicle who contravenes any of the provisions of sections 5, 11, 12 and 12.1, the first paragraph of section 20, section 21, the first paragraph of section 21.1, section 25 and sections 30 to 32, or any of the regulatory provisions under section 48 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.
1996, c. 60, s. 55; 2009, c. 18, s. 16.
55.1. The operator of an off-highway vehicle travelling on private land without the owner’s or lessee’s consent is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $250 to $500.
2006, c. 12, s. 18.
56. A person who contravenes any of the provisions of sections 23, 24, 26, 33 and 34 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.
1996, c. 60, s. 56.
56.1. A person who offers to rent or rents to another person, for a period of less than 30 days, an off-highway vehicle whose engine power exceeds that determined by the regulatory standards is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $250 to $500.
2006, c. 12, s. 19.
57. The owner of an off-highway vehicle who contravenes section 19 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $250 to $500.
1996, c. 60, s. 57.
58. A person who hinders a peace officer or a trail security officer, either by concealment or false declaration or by concealing or destroying a document relevant to an inspection, is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $250 to $500.
1996, c. 60, s. 58.
58.1. The operator of an off-highway vehicle who disobeys an order to stop given under paragraph 3 of section 38 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $250 to $500.
2006, c. 12, s. 20.
58.2. A person under 18 but at least 16 years of age who operates an off-highway vehicle modified in accordance with section 21.1 with a passenger aboard is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of $100.
2009, c. 18, s. 17.
59. The operator of an off-highway vehicle who contravenes any of the provisions of the second and third paragraphs of section 18 or the first two paragraphs of section 35 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $250 to $500.
1996, c. 60, s. 59; 2006, c. 12, s. 21.
59.1. A person who operates an off-highway vehicle at a speed in excess of the prescribed maximum speed is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $25 plus,
(1)  if the speed exceeds the speed limit by 1 to 20 km/h, $10 for each 5 km/h by which the speed exceeds the speed limit;
(2)  if the speed exceeds the speed limit by 21 to 30 km/h, $15 for each 5 km/h by which the speed exceeds the speed limit;
(3)  if the speed exceeds the speed limit by 31 to 45 km/h, $20 for each 5 km/h by which the speed exceeds the speed limit;
(4)  if the speed exceeds the speed limit by 46 to 60 km/h, $25 for each 5 km/h by which the speed exceeds the speed limit;
(5)  if the speed exceeds the speed limit by 61 km/h or more, $30 for each 5 km/h by which the speed exceeds the speed limit.
2006, c. 12, s. 22.
60. A person who contravenes section 36 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $250 to $500.
1996, c. 60, s. 60.
61. The owner of a maintenance vehicle that is being used on a trail referred to in section 15 without an amber rotating lamp or flashing lights and an operator using such a vehicle when the rotating lamp or flashing lights are not in operation are guilty of an offence and are liable to a fine of $500 to $1,000.
1996, c. 60, s. 61.
62. A club that contravenes any of the provisions of the second paragraph of section 15 or of section 16 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $500 to $1,000.
1996, c. 60, s. 62.
63. A club that contravenes section 17 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $1,000 to $2,000.
1996, c. 60, s. 63.
64. In the case of an offence referred to in sections 62 and 63, any director, officer, representative or employee of a club who ordered, authorized, consented to or participated in the offence is guilty of an offence and is liable to the penalty prescribed, whether or not the club has been prosecuted or convicted.
1996, c. 60, s. 64.
65. In the case of an offence committed by a legal person, any director, officer, representative or employee of the legal person who ordered, authorized, consented to or participated in the offence is guilty of an offence and is liable to the penalty prescribed, whether or not the legal person has been prosecuted or convicted.
1996, c. 60, s. 65.
66. Any person who, having authority over a child or being the owner or custodian of a vehicle, allows a child under 16 years of age to operate an off-highway vehicle or a child under 18 years of age to operate such a vehicle without holding a certificate of competence, or, where applicable, without being otherwise authorized to do so, or who tolerates such operation, is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $500 to $1,000.
1996, c. 60, s. 66; 2006, c. 12, s. 23.
66.1. Any person who, having authority over a child or being the owner or custodian of a vehicle, allows a child under 18 years of age to operate an off-highway vehicle modified in accordance with section 21.1 with a passenger aboard, or who tolerates such operation, is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of $500 to $1,000.
2009, c. 18, s. 19.
67. In the case of a second or subsequent offence, the fine prescribed in sections 50 to 66.1 is doubled.
1996, c. 60, s. 67; 2009, c. 18, s. 20.
68. Penal proceedings for an offence under a provision of this Act or the regulations may be instituted by a local municipality if the offence is committed in its territory.
Proceedings in respect of such an offence committed in the territory of a municipality may be instituted before the competent municipal court, if applicable.
The fine belongs to the municipality if the municipality has instituted the penal proceedings.
The costs relating to proceedings instituted before a municipal court belong to the municipality to which the court is attached, except for the part of the costs remitted to another prosecuting party by the collector under article 345.2 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C‐25.1), and except for the costs payable to the defendant or imposed on the municipality under article 223 of that Code.
1996, c. 60, s. 68; 2003, c. 5, s. 26.
CHAPTER VIII
AMENDING PROVISIONS
69. (Amendment integrated into c. C-24.2, s. 1).
1996, c. 60, s. 69.
70. (Amendment integrated into c. C-24.2, s. 4).
1996, c. 60, s. 70.
71. (Amendment integrated into c. C-24.2, s. 14).
1996, c. 60, s. 71.
72. (Amendment integrated into c. C-24.2, s. 15).
1996, c. 60, s. 72.
73. (Amendment integrated into c. C-24.2, s. 180).
1996, c. 60, s. 73.
74. (Amendment integrated into c. C-24.2, s. 189).
1996, c. 60, s. 74.
75. (Amendment integrated into c. C-24.2, s. 421.1).
1996, c. 60, s. 75.
76. (Amendment integrated into c. C-24.2, s. 550).
1996, c. 60, s. 76.
77. (Amendment integrated into c. C-24.2, s. 618).
1996, c. 60, s. 77.
78. (Amendment integrated into c. C-24.2, s. 621).
1996, c. 60, s. 78.
79. (Amendment integrated into c. C-24.2, s. 626).
1996, c. 60, s. 79.
80. (Amendment integrated into c. C-24.2, s. 627).
1996, c. 60, s. 80.
81. (Omitted).
1996, c. 60, s. 81.
82. (Amendment integrated into c. C-61.1, s. 5).
1996, c. 60, s. 82.
83. (Repealed).
1996, c. 60, s. 83; 1997, c. 95, s. 8.
84. (Amendment integrated into c. C-61.1, s. 162).
1996, c. 60, s. 84.
85. (Amendment integrated into c. S-2.1, s. 8.1).
1996, c. 60, s. 85.
CHAPTER IX
TRANSITIONAL AND FINAL PROVISIONS
86. The Minister of Transport is responsible for the administration of this Act.
1996, c. 60, s. 86.
87. The Regulation respecting snowmobiles (R.R.Q., 1981, chapter C-24, r.21) and the Regulation respecting all-terrain vehicles made by Order in Council 58-88 dated 13 January 1988 are deemed to be regulations made under this Act to the extent that they are consistent herewith, and each of their provisions is deemed to be a provision determined under subparagraph 15 of the first paragraph of section 46, the violation of which constitutes an offence.
1996, c. 60, s. 87.
87.1. No legal action founded on neighbourhood disturbances or any other damage relating to noise, odours or other contaminants may be brought for facts occurring between 16 December 2001 and 1 May 2011, if the alleged damage is due to the operation of a vehicle to which this Act applies in places authorized under this Act or a regulation under this Act.
Legal action may be brought against the operator or owner of an off-highway vehicle, however, if the cause of the damage is the contravention of a provision of this Act or a regulation under this Act or if the damage results from the commission of an intentional or gross fault by the operator or owner in operating the vehicle.
From 29 November 2006, the first paragraph shall apply only to events occurring as of that date on the trails that form part of the interregional network established by order of the Minister published in the Gazette officielle du Québec. Any order altering the network must be made after consulting with the regional conferences of elected officers concerned, established under the Act respecting the Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l’Occupation du territoire (chapter M-22.1).
2004, c. 27, s. 1; 2006, c. 12, s. 24; 2009, c. 26, s. 109.
87.2. Not later than 29 November 2009, the Minister must report to the Government on the advisability of maintaining, amending or repealing section 87.1.
The report is tabled by the Minister in the National Assembly within the next 15 days or, if the Assembly is not sitting, within 15 days of resumption. It is examined by the appropriate committee of the National Assembly.
2006, c. 12, s. 25.
88. (Omitted).
1996, c. 60, s. 88.
REPEAL SCHEDULES
In accordance with section 9 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), chapter 60 of the statutes of 1996, in force on 1 April 1998, is repealed, except section 88, effective from the coming into force of chapter V-1.2 of the Revised Statutes.
In accordance with section 9 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), the second paragraph of section 18 of chapter 60 of the statutes of 1996, in force on 1 April 2000, is repealed effective from the coming into force of the updating to 1 April 2000 of chapter V-1.2 of the Revised Statutes.