H-4.2, r. 2 - Regulation respecting petroleum exploration, production and storage on land

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Full text
chapter H-4.2, r. 2
Regulation respecting petroleum exploration, production and storage on land
PETROLEUM — EXPLORATION — PRODUCTION — STORAGE ON LAND
Petroleum Resources Act
(chapter H-4.2, ss. 10, 26, 68, 69, 2nd par., 70, 71, 2nd par., 73, 1st and 2nd pars., 76, 1st and 2nd pars., 78, 1st and 2nd pars, 80, 84, 2nd par., 85, 88, 90, 2nd par., 91, 92, 3rd par., 93, 95, 96, 100, 2nd par., 102, 103, 2nd par., 131, 1st par., 191, 207, pars. 1 to 5, and 287).
H-4.2
August 17 2018September 20 2018
CHAPTER I
GENERAL
1252-2018, c. IO.C. 1252-2018, c. I.
1. This Regulation establishes the conditions of exercise of the petroleum exploration, production and storage activities, while ensuring the safety of persons and property, environmental protection, and optimal recovery of the resource.
It applies to activities carried out on land.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 1.
2. In this Regulation,
activity site means a zone grouping one or more wellbores and the land laid out in the immediate vicinity to receive the equipment and infrastructures necessary for the operations carried out in the wellbores or, in the case of a survey, the zone corresponding to the perimeter of the area of the survey; (site des activités)
annular space means a space in the shape of a ring between the outside of a casing and the wall of the wellbore or between two casing walls inserted one inside the other; (espace annulaire)
bank means sloping land, of a height equal to or greater than 4 m, having at least 1 segment with a slope whose gradient is greater than 14° (25%) over a height of 4 m; the top and base of the bank are determined by a segment with a slope whose gradient is less than 8° (14%) over a horizontal distance greater than 15 m; (talus)
blowout preventer means all the valves and devices located at the top of a well used to control formation fluid and block and monitor the well during the various activities; (bloc obturateur de puits)
blowout prevention system means all the control equipment of a well including in particular a blowout preventer, an accumulator and a pipe network allowing the safe flow of fluids during activities in a well; (système anti-éruption)
casing head means the top part of a wellbore that forms the interface between its buried part and the ground surface; (collet)
casing shoe means an annular part, generally filled with cement, attached to the bottom of a casing string that allows to guide the casing string; (sabot de tubage)
casing string means the entire casing of a wellbore composed of a number of tubing sections generally linked by threaded connections; (colonne de tubage)
completion means all the work carried out in a well or a section of well to allow its start up once the drilling activities are completed, excluding fracturing; (complétion)
conductor casing means the first casing installed at the time of the construction of a wellbore to prevent the collapse of unconsolidated formations near the surface; (tubage conducteur)
directional well means a well whose orientation and slope are controlled using dedicated equipment and techniques; (puits directionnel)
diverter means a device that ensures a safe flow of fluids resulting from a shallow blowout or kick and that may be used where the conductor casing is installed; (déflecteur)
drilling fluid means the mud circulating in the drill rod and coming up in the annular space during drilling to discharge cuttings, cool and lubricate the bit and maintain the desired pressure in the wellbore; (fluide de forage)
drilling rig means the equipment used to drill a well which includes in particular a derrick, a winch, a rotary table, a drilling fluid pump, a blowout prevention system, and power, control and monitoring systems; (appareil de forage)
drill-stem test means an operation for collecting samples of fluids contained in rock to determine flow characteristics and measure reservoir pressures using drill stems as flow pipe in the wellbore and dedicated equipment; (essai aux tiges)
flow-back water means water produced by petroleum exploration and production activities that comes up to the surface of the wellbore; (eau de reflux)
formation fluid means a fluid in a natural state present in the pores, fractures, faults, caves or other porosities of the formation; (fluide de formation)
fracturing test means a procedure carried out before fracturing, which involves the injection of a fluid and allows to anticipate in particular the length of fractures, the reaction of geological units to fracturing and the confinement potential of the fracturing fluids by the geological feature and the fracturing pressure of rocks associated to a reservoir; (essai de fracturation)
gas migration means the emanation of gas detectable on the surface, outside the farthest casing string; (migration de gaz)
horizontal well means a well whose wellbore angle, from vertical, exceeds 80°, including a section extended in the reservoir; (puits horizontal)
injection well means a well used to inject fluids into an underground formation; (puits d’injection)
injectivity test means a procedure used to determine the flow and pressure at which fluids may be pumped into a zone without fracturing the formation; (essai d’injectivité)
integrity means, in the case of a wellbore, the condition that ensures containment and prevention of a blowout or migration of fluids in the underground or surface formations with the use of technical and operational solutions; (intégrité)
intermediate casing means a casing string generally installed after the surface casing and before the production casing, that offers protection against cavities and abnormal pressures of the formations traversed and that allows the use of drilling fluids of various densities necessary to control previous formations; (tubage intermédiaire)
measured depth means the length of travel of the wellbore; (profondeur mesurée)
miss-fire means any portion or remainder of a shotpoint containing explosives that have not completely detonated following blasting operations; (raté)
observation well means a well that is not in production and that is used to monitor the conditions of one or more geological formations, to determine the decline characteristics of a reservoir or to monitor the other wells of a reservoir, except an observation well for groundwater within the meaning of the Water Withdrawal and Protection Regulation (chapter Q-2, r. 35.2); (puits d’observation)
packer means an expendable device used to close a wellbore or isolate an annular space that allows a controlled production, injection or treatment; (garniture d’étanchéité)
petroleum enhanced recovery means any petroleum recovery using methods for holding the pressure of the pool, in particular by injecting fluids; (récupération assistée d’hydrocarbures)
production casing means a casing installed to isolate the production zones and provide a duct through which the well is completed and operated; (tubage de production)
production tubing means a steel tube placed inside casings used as a duct through which fluids are routed from the production zones to the surface or, in the case of an injection well, from the surface to the production zones; (tube de production)
protective barrier means a mechanism installed in a well constituted of one or more components that, collectively, are designed and installed to contain and isolate fluids inside a well; (barrière de protection);
reconditioning means major maintenance work or corrective activities on a well to modify it that require the use of a reconditioning device or other service rig; (reconditionnement)
re-entry means the new drilling in a well already drilled and for which the drilling rig has been released; (réentrée);
separating fluid means any liquid used to physically separate a liquid or a specific use component from another; (fluide de séparation)
shale means a non-metamorphic geological unit consisting of sedimentary rocks with a grain size less than 0.0625 mm and consisting of at least 20% of clay minerals and less than 65% of carbonates, such as Utica Shale; (schiste)
spacer fluid means fluid designed to clean the wellbore and separate the drilling fluids from the cement flurry; (fluide de chasse)
surface casing means a casing in a competent formation after the installation of the conductor casing to provide structural support for placing a diverter or a blowout prevention system and for the subsequent casing strings, prevent the walls from collapsing and protect against underground water contamination; (tubage de surface)
surface casing vent flow means the flow of fluids from the annular space between the surface casing and the internal casing; (émanation à l’évent du tubage de surface)
surface improvement work for sporting or recreational purposes means a bicycle or cross-country ski trail, a snowmobile trail, a downhill skiing centre, a golf course, a baseball or soccer field, or any other facility of that type intended for sporting or recreational purposes; (ouvrage d’amélioration de la surface à des fins sportives ou récréatives)
temporary interruption means the interruption of work for a short period between 2 activities or 2 operations; (interruption provisoire)
true vertical depth means the vertical distance from a point in the wellbore to a reference point on the surface, generally the drive bushing; (profondeur verticale réelle)
usable groundwater means groundwater whose total concentration in dissolved solids is less than 4,000 mg/l; (eau souterraine exploitable)
well log means measurement or recording based on the depth of a characteristic of a geological formation carried out from a wellbore; (diagraphie)
wellbore means a well or a stratigraphic survey, including the open part; (trou de forage)
wellhead means the surface end of a well including elements to hang casings during the construction phase and a means to install production tubing and place valves and surface flow and pressure control installations in preparation for the well production phase; (tête de puits)
wellhead value means the average retail sale price of the substance extracted, excluding all taxes and less the average transportation costs from the well to the places of delivery, measuring costs and, if applicable, purification costs. (valeur au puits)
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 2.
3. For the purposes of this Regulation, the base of the usable groundwater aquifer is set at 200 m below the surface, unless a hydrogeological study or an analysis of an adjacent wellbore shows that the deepest base of the aquifer of the usable groundwater is located at a different depth.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 3.
4. All documents that must be sent to the Minister under this Regulation must also be sent in an electronic version, in PDF.
The electronic version of the following documents must also be sent:
(1)  well log raw data, in an ASCII file or an equivalent version;
(2)  data produced by a geographical information system (GIS) software, in a shapefile.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 4.
5. The measurement units in the documents required under this Regulation must be expressed according to the International System of Units (SI).
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 5.
CHAPTER II
SAFETY AND PROTECTIVE MEASURES AND INCIDENT NOTICE
1252-2018, c. IIO.C. 1252-2018, c. II.
DIVISION I
SAFETY AND PROTECTIVE MEASURES
1252-2018, Div. IO.C. 1252-2018, Div. I.
6. A licence holder must ensure that the work teams are composed of a sufficient number of qualified persons and that the persons have received the training needed to successfully complete the activities planned safely and in a manner to protect the environment.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 6.
7. A licence holder must ensure that the equipment and components on the activity site are
(1)  in good condition and used for the purposes specified, in accordance with the requirements of the manufacturer;
(2)  free from any alteration that may endanger the safety of persons and property, and environmental protection; and
(3)  entered in a list that is updated and kept on the activity site.
The licence holder must also ensure that the drilling rigs are certified according to the applicable recommended practices published by the Canadian Association of Oilwell Drilling Contractors, where applicable.
The wellhead or the blowout prevention system must be chosen and designed in accordance with the Industry Recommended Practices, IRP: #3, In Situ Heavy Oil Operations, and IRP: #5, Minimum Wellhead Requirements, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
The Minister may, in the case of the second and third paragraphs, accept the application of other standards if the holder demonstrates the equivalence.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 7.
8. A licence holder must ensure that the equipment, vehicles and machinery are cleaned before their mobilization on the activity site.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 8.
9. A licence holder must ensure that adequate procedures and equipment are in place to
(1)  verify and control the pressures to which the equipment is submitted during the activities;
(2)  detect a liquid flow, or a gas emanation or migration; and
(3)  control at all times a wellbore.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 9.
10. In the case of a loss of control of a wellbore, a licence holder must close the valves of all other wellbores of the activity site until the wellbore is again controlled.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 10.
11. A licence holder must install a communication and information exchange system that ensures,
(1)  during a change of shift, the transmission of any information pertaining to the conditions and mechanical or operational problems likely to have an impact on the safety of persons and property, and on environmental protection;
(2)  that every person on the activity site is familiar with the safety instructions and evacuation procedures in an emergency; and
(3)  that every person responsible for a measure under the emergency response plan provided for in subparagraph 3 of the second paragraph of section 29 is familiar with the system.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 11.
12. A licence holder must ensure that the fuel, chemical substances related to safety, drilling fluids, cement and other consumables necessary for carrying out the activities under way are easily accessible and stored on the activity site in a quantity sufficient to meet the needs of any emergency situation normally foreseeable.
The licence holder must also ensure that the products used for all work, including explosives, fuel, chemical substances and drilling fluids are stored, handled and transported so as to prevent their deterioration and to ensure the safety of persons and property, and environmental protection.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 12.
13. A licence holder must also ensure that the residual materials from the activities are stored, handled, transported, treated and disposed of so as to ensure the safety of persons and property, and environmental protection.
The licence holder must also ensure that the activities are carried out so as to reduce to a minimum the production of residual materials.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 13.
14. A licence holder must ensure that the activities are carried out so as to eliminate or reduce to a minimum the volume of gas released into the atmosphere.
To that end, the licence holder must in particular
(1)  contribute to the combustion of gases using a pilot ignition at the flare or other device, or their recovery, where possible;
(2)  implement a leak inspection plan;
(3)  select and install equipment according to the best practices; and
(4)  prepare equipment operating procedures according to the best practices.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 14.
15. A licence holder using water for the activities following the cementing of the surface casing must ensure to prevent any corrosion in particular by microorganisms and must keep on the activity site the analysis certificate for the water used.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 15.
16. Smoking is prohibited on the activity site, except in locations designated for that purpose by a licence holder.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 16.
17. No person may access the activity site or a site where there is a temporarily closed well without the authorization of the holder of a licence, except persons authorized by law.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 17.
18. A licence holder must ensure that the activity site and access roads are kept in good condition and that no danger results from the layout of the equipment and installations.
The activity site must also be laid out and maintained so that it is accessible at all times to the emergency teams.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 18.
19. A licence holder must secure the wellbore and the activity site during a temporary interruption of activities in order to ensure the safety of persons and property, and environmental protection.
During the temporary interruption, the holder must use a wellhead that must be closed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 19.
20. Where a well poses a risk for the safety of persons and property, and environmental protection, a licence holder must carry out corrective activities in compliance with Chapter X.
A well is considered to pose such a risk if any of the following situations is detected:
(1)  there is an surface casing vent flow and that emanation has one of the following characteristics:
(a)  its stabilized flow is equal to or greater than 50 m3 day;
(b)  the emanation is not only composed of gas;
(c)  it contains hydrogen sulfide (H2S) whose concentration is equal to or greater than 6 μg/m3 for 4 minutes;
(d)  it is produced by a failure of a packer or casing;
(2)  the stabilized closing pressure at the wellhead is equal to or greater than half the formation leak pressure measured at the elevation of the surface casing shoe or, if that elevation is unknown, at 11 kPa/m multiplied by the true vertical depth of the surface casing;
(3)  there is a gas migration that represents a fire hazard or other risk to the safety of persons and property, and to environmental protection.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 20.
21. Where a licence holder uses a wellhead, that wellhead must comply with CSA Standard Z625, Well design for petroleum and natural gas industry systems, except a storage wellhead that must comply with CSA Standard Z341, Storage of hydrocarbons in underground formations, published by the Canadian Standards Association.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 21.
22. The holder of an exploration or production licence or an authorization to produce brine may not, in the territory of any urbanization perimeter delimited in a land use and development plan made under the Act respecting land use planning and development (chapter A-19.1) and at less than 1,000 m from the latter, conduct geophysical surveying or geochemical surveying, drill a stratigraphic survey and drill, re-enter and complete a well in the ground.
The holder of a storage licence may not, in such a territory and at less than 1,000 m from the territory, conduct geophysical surveying or geochemical surveying, drill a stratigraphic survey and a well, and fracture a well in the ground.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 22.
23. The licence holder may not conduct the activities referred to in section 22 at less than 1,000 m from a body of water.
Despite the foregoing, the Minister may reduce that distance if the holder demonstrates to the Minister that the activities planned do not compromise the integrity and conservation of the body of water. At the request of the Minister, the holder supports this demonstration by submitting to the Minister a technical environmental study signed by an engineer from a consulting engineering firm independent from all the enterprises of the holder.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 23.
DIVISION II
INCIDENT NOTICE
1252-2018, Div. IIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. II.
24. A licence holder must immediately notify the Minister where any of the following incidents occurs:
(1)  damage to the integrity of a wellbore;
(2)  a casing corrosion problem;
(3)  an unexpected loss of pressure in a wellbore;
(4)  an unexpected detection of hydrogen sulfide (H2S);
(5)  a blowout;
(6)  the detection of any of the situations provided for in the second paragraph of section 20;
(7)  a fire or an explosion;
(8)  vandalism;
(9)  the triggering of the emergency response plan provided for in subparagraph 3 of the second paragraph of section 29;
(10)  damage to private property;
(11)  ground movement;
(12)  any other event likely to have an impact on the safety of persons and property, or environmental protection.
The notice must contain the corrective measures taken by the holder or those planned with their schedules.
In the case of a corrosion problem, the holder must inform the Minister of the type of corrosion, the depth interval and the cause.
In the case of a blowout, the holder must inform the Minister of the depth, volume, duration and density of the drilling fluid necessary to control the wellbore.
In the case of damage to private property, the licence holder must also notify the owner.
In the case of ground movement, the Minister may require geotechnical expertise.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 24.
25. After having received an incident notice under section 24, the Minister may require that the licence holder send to the Minister an event report stating the facts, evaluating the consequences, listing possible causes and proposing mitigation measures and measures to prevent reoccurrence of the event.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 25.
CHAPTER III
PROVISIONS SPECIFIC TO ACTIVITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND APPROVALS
1252-2018, c. IIIO.C. 1252-2018, c. III.
26. A licence holder must ensure that all depth measurements are taken from a single reference point. The holder must always indicate the reference point from which those measurements are taken.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 26.
27. A licence holder applying for an authorization or an approval for an activity must, in the application submitted to the Minister, demonstrate that the planned work will be carried out according to generally recognized best practices to ensure the safety of persons and property, environmental protection and the optimal recovery of the resource.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 27.
28. A licence holder must keep a copy of authorizations and approvals on the activity site for the work period.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 28.
29. The application for authorization or approval of an activity, except the authorization for geochemical surveying and the approval of the petroleum enhanced recovery project, must be accompanied by a safety and community involvement program detailing elements likely to have an impact on the safety of persons and property.
The safety and community involvement program must include, in particular,
(1)  a plan at a scale of 1:500 showing the layout of the activity site, including, in particular,
(a)  the dimensions of the site;
(b)  access roads;
(c)  the actual or proposed location of the casing head and the bottom of the wellbore covered by the authorization or approval application; and
(d)  existing or proposed storage equipment, installations, infrastructures and basins;
(2)  a description of the mitigation measures anticipated to harmonize the use of the territory and minimize disruptions for the local communities;
(3)  an emergency response plan compliant with CSA Standard Z731, Emergency Preparedness and Response, published by the Canadian Standards Association;
(4)  a plan for communication with the local communities revised by the monitoring committee;
(5)  an estimate of the economic benefits for the region; and
(6)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
For the application for a geophysical surveying authorization, the safety and community involvement program must also include a schedule of the road traffic, indicating the volume of trucking and the period during which it will take place and a map showing routes. However, it does not have to include the elements provided for in subparagraphs 1 and 3 of the second paragraph.
The Minister may exempt the holder from providing a safety and community involvement program if the holder demonstrates that the duration and scope of the activity do not justify such a program.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 29.
CHAPTER IV
MEASUREMENT
1252-2018, c. IVO.C. 1252-2018, c. IV.
30. A licence holder ensures that the rate of flow and the volume of the following fluids are measured:
(1)  the fluid extracted from a well;
(2)  the fluid injected into and withdrawn from a well;
(3)  the fluid that enters, leaves, is used or is flared, vented, burned or disposed of in an installation.
The measurements recorded must be expressed at a temperature of 15° C and a pressure of 101.325 kPa.
Where the measurements of the volume or flow of a fluid to be measured by the holder cannot be taken, the holder may estimate them. If so, the holder must, when they are sent to the Minister, indicate the circumstances preventing the holder from taking accurate measurements.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 30.
31. A licence holder ensures that the measurements are taken in accordance with the flow system, flow calculation procedure and flow allocation procedure.
The term flow system means the flow meters and auxiliary equipment attached to the flow meters, fluid sampling devices, production test equipment, the master meter and meter prover used to measure and record the rate and volumes at which fluids are
(1)  produced from a pool or withdrawn from an underground reservoir;
(2)  injected into a pool or stored in an underground reservoir;
(3)  used as a fuel;
(4)  used for artificial lift; or
(5)  flared or transferred from an installation.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 31.
32. A licence holder must notify the Minister at least 15 days before the calibration of a meter prover or a master meter.
A copy of the calibration certificate is sent to the Minister within 30 days following the calibration.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 32.
33. A licence holder who mixes fluids from a well or a group of w ells must, 30 days before measuring the production flow of the pool, notify the Minister of the method, the frequency and the duration of the measurements, indicating the manner in which the total production of each of the mixed fluids will be allocated to each of the wells.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 33.
34. Where a well goes through a number of pools or formations, a licence holder ensures that the production of each pool or formation is allocated and the injection into each pool and each formation is allocated.
The Minister may exempt the holder from the allocation where the holder demonstrates that it is technically impossible to carry out such an allocation.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 34.
CHAPTER V
GEOPHYSICAL OR GEOCHEMICAL SURVEYING AUTHORIZATION
1252-2018, c. VO.C. 1252-2018, c. V.
DIVISION I
AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOPHYSICAL SURVEYING
1252-2018, Div. IO.C. 1252-2018, Div. I.
§ 1.  — Conditions for obtaining an authorization
1252-2018, Sd. 1O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 1.
35. A licence holder who wishes to obtain a geophysical surveying authorization must apply to the Minister in writing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 35.
36. The application must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number; and
(2)  the work schedule and an estimate of the realization costs.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 36.
37. The application must be accompanied by
(1)  the demonstration that the separation distances provided for in section 44 are complied with;
(2)  the demonstration that the distances provided for in section 22 are complied with;
(3)  a topographic map at a sufficient scale showing, in particular,
(a)  the perimeter of the licence;
(b)  the territory of the municipalities in which surveying is conducted;
(c)  the roads comprised in the perimeter of the licence;
(d)  the activity site and the survey lines and traverses with their nature, numbering and length;
(e)  the points of energy source and their numbering;
(f)  public and private land;
(g)  if applicable, the existing line cutting up to 400 m from the activity site;
(h)  if applicable, the campsite or the helicopter platform; and
(i)  in the case of an airborne survey, the flight plan;
(4)  the geophysical surveying technical program provided for in section 38, signed and sealed by a geologist, an engineer or a geophysicist;
(5)  payment of the fee of $1,030; and
(6)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
If required and based on the area of the surveying, the licence holder may, for the purposes of subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph, submit a number of maps at different scales.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 37.
38. The geophysical surveying technical program must include
(1)  the name and contact information of the geologist, engineer or geophysicist responsible for the technical program;
(2)  the name, profession and functions of the persons who prepared or revised the program;
(3)  the name and contact information of the enterprises charged with carrying out the data acquisition, processing and interpretation work;
(4)  the name of the region in which the surveying will be conducted;
(5)  a description of the geological context and the degree of maturity of the exploration in the territory concerned;
(6)  the type of the proposed surveying and the energy sources used;
(7)  the acquisition parameters and the objectives of the surveying including, in particular, the structures, the geological formations targeted and the investigation depth;
(8)  the area covered by the surveying or the total number of linear kilometres to be surveyed;
(9)  the coordinates of the ends of each survey line or the activity site according to the NAD83 map reference system;
(10)  the required flexibility margin on either side of the survey line for positioning the lines indicated on the map;
(11)  a chronological and detailed description of the work to be carried out;
(12)  the time at which the work will be carried out;
(13)  a summary description of the equipment to be used;
(14)  in the case of a surveying involving an explosive energy source,
(a)  a description of the training or certificates of the workers who will load explosives in the shotpoints and fire them;
(b)  the type of explosive substance; and
(c)  the charge, in kilograms, to be detonated and, if it is greater than 20 kg, a technical demonstration that justifies exceeding that limit;
(15)  in the case of a surveying involving the drilling of a shotpoint,
(a)  the depth of the shotpoint and, if it is greater than 12 m, a technical demonstration that justifies exceeding that limit; and
(b)  the method for sealing the shotpoint;
(16)  if applicable, the list of licences, certificates and other authorizations to be obtained;
(17)  the list of references used during the preparation of the technical program, in particular, the standards from recognized organizations and guidelines from other Canadian jurisdictions; and
(18)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 38.
§ 2.  — Time periods and notice of the start of the work
1252-2018, Sd. 2O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 2.
39. The authorization holder must, within 12 months after the Minister granted the authorization, start the geophysical surveying work.
The work is deemed to have started as soon as the first step provided in the work schedule is initiated.
The Minister may grant an additional period if the holder demonstrates the need therefor.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 39.
40. The authorization holder must, at least 7 days before the start of the work, notify the Minister of the date anticipated for the start of the work.
Where the holder cannot comply with the start date, the holder must as soon as possible notify the Minister, in writing, indicating the reasons justifying the delay. The holder must also notify the Minister, in writing, of the new expected date for the start of the work if the date is expected within 7 days of the first notice of delay or of the holder’s intent not to proceed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 40.
41. The authorization holder must, at least 24 hours before, notify the Minister of the work completion date. If the geophysical surveying work is temporarily interrupted, the holder must also, as soon as possible, notify the Minister of the work resumption date.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 41.
§ 3.  — Conditions of exercise
1252-2018, Sd. 3O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 3.
42. The authorization holder must comply with the technical program.
The holder may modify the program by sending to the Minister a supplementary agreement signed and sealed by a geologist, an engineer or a geophysicist stating the nature of the modification and the reasons justifying it. The supplementary agreement must be sent to the Minister before carrying out the work covered by the agreement. If it is urgent to modify the technical program for safety or work quality purposes, the holder must immediately send the agreement to the Minister and justify the urgency.
A supplementary agreement to the technical program is not required in the following cases:
(1)  a change in the position of survey lines, as long as the position remains within the flexibility margin set under paragraph 10 of section 38;
(2)  the cancellation of the drilling or loading of a shotpoint.
In the situations provided for in the third paragraph, the holder immediately notifies the Minister of the change to the technical program.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 42.
43. The authorization holder must, during the work, install a sign on each motorized equipment, except aircraft, indicating
(1)  the holder’s name and the licence number;
(2)  the number of the geophysical surveying authorization; and
(3)  the type of surveying conducted.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 43.
44. The authorization holder who uses an explosive energy source must not position the shotpoints in the right of way of a public highway within the meaning of the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.2), a multipurpose road within the meaning of the Sustainable Forest Development Act (chapter A-18.1), a mining road within the meaning of the Mining Act (chapter M-13.1) and a road within the meaning of section 138 of the Petroleum Resources Act (chapter H-4.2). The holder must also not position them
(1)  less than 10 m from a survey marker or a pipe that is not made of concrete;
(2)  less than 15 m from a buried telecommunication infrastructure or any other buried installation or infrastructure of the same type or a wastewater treatment system and a holding tank;
(3)  less than 30 m from a railway;
(4)  less than 32 m from a pipeline or another installation or infrastructure of the same type, the casing head of an existing wellbore or, if the charge exceeds 2 kg, less than a distance corresponding to the following formula:
A + B × 4 = C where
A is 32 m
B is the explosive charge, in kg
C is the minimum separation distance;
(5)  less than 100 m from a cemetery;
(6)  less than 180 m from a building with a concrete foundation or a concrete pipe if the explosive charge does not exceed 12 kg;
(7)  less than 180 m from a high-capacity dam, within the meaning of the Dam Safety Act (chapter S-3.1.01);
(8)  less than 200 m from a site for withdrawing water for the purposes of human consumption or food processing or from a transmission line having a voltage equal to or greater than 69,000 V; or
(9)  less than 200 m from a building with a concrete foundation or a concrete pipe, if the explosive charge exceeds 12 kg.
The authorization holder who uses a non-explosive energy source at the surface must not position the energy source
(1)  less than 2 m from a buried telecommunication infrastructure or any other buried installation or infrastructure of the same type;
(2)  less than 10 m from a survey marker or a pipe that is not made of concrete;
(3)  less than 15 m from a pipeline or other installation or infrastructure of the same type, the casing head of an existing wellbore, a septic tank or a railway;
(4)  less than 50 m from a cemetery, a building with a concrete foundation, a concrete pipe or a high-capacity dam within the meaning of the Dam Safety Act; or
(5)  less than 200 m from a transmission line having a voltage equal to or greater than 69,000 V.
The distances must be measured horizontally, in a straight line, from each energy source to the nearest point of the elements referred to in the first and second paragraphs.
If the individual points of the energy source cannot be located precisely, the minimum distances must be measured from the survey line to the nearest point of the elements referred to in the first and second paragraphs.
The Minister may allow the reduction of the distances if the authorization holder demonstrates to the Minister that an effective protective measure reduces risks.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 44.
45. Where a surveying requires drilling, the authorization holder must protect usable groundwater and use non-toxic substances when drilling and sealing shotpoints.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 45.
46. Where a surveying involves an explosive energy source, the authorization holder keeps and maintains, until the end of the blasting operations, a register of all the numbers of the holes drilled and of those loaded with explosives.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 46.
47. The authorization holder must ensure that a hole loaded with explosives is monitored until
(1)  the mouth is packed with drill cuttings or a material that ensures an impervious and durable sealing;
(2)  an indicator marking its location and indicating the surveying authorization number is installed;
(3)  the wire connected to the explosive charge is solidly attached on the surface and the excess wire is rolled around the indicator; and
(4)  the remaining drill cuttings are levelled uniformly around the shotpoint.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 47.
48. The authorization holder must comply with the following firing procedure:
(1)  before proceeding with the firing, the person responsible for the blasting must ensure that the persons present have taken shelter;
(2)  the following sound signals must be emitted with a siren of at least 120 decibels:
(a)  immediately before blasting, 12 short horn signals at one-second intervals;
(b)  30 seconds must elapse between the last warning signal and the time of firing;
(c)  after blasting, once the blasting area is safe, one continuous 15-second horn signal must announce that work may be resumed in the area;
(3)  the person responsible for the blasting must make sure that workers take shelter outside the blasting area before the first signal and that they remain there until the 15-second signal is sounded;
(4)  a code of sound signals reserved for blasting operations must be written in coloured letters 150 mm high, against a contrasting background, on a board 1.2 m high by 2.4 m wide, placed at all points of access to the blasting site.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 48.
49. Any explosive charge that misfired must not be extracted, but must be blasted again during the same work shift.
During the repriming or refiring, the authorization holder must make sure that
(1)  the untamping of the mouth is done by the person who loaded and fired the shotpoint, unless the person is unable to do so;
(2)  during all untamping, repriming and firing operations, only the person responsible for the operations is present in the blasting area; and
(3)  the material used for untamping and the shotpoint and inserted in it is made of non-ferrous materials.
If dynamite has been used as explosive charge, it is prohibited to untamp a shotpoint unless a tamping plug is placed between the explosive charge and tamping at the time the shotpoint is loaded. The tamping plug must consist of paper or any other solid non-ferrous material, have a thickness of 100 mm, brightly-coloured and contrasting with the colour of the packaging of the explosive and the tamping material used. During untamping of a shotpoint, the tamping plug and the explosives must not have been subjected to stress or shock. When the tamping plug is reached, untamping must be stopped; a primer must then be placed on the contact of the tamping plug and the hole must be restemmed.
If the repriming or refiring operation is impossible, the explosives that are not dynamite must be extracted in accordance with a procedure drawn up by an engineer, taking into account the types of explosives and the manufacturer’s instructions and the physical environmental conditions. The procedure must be kept at all times on the activity site.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 49.
50. Where, during drilling or the blasting of a shotpoint, groundwater flows to the surface or where the presence of gas is detected, the authorization holder must
(1)  interrupt the shotpoint drilling work in progress;
(2)  make sure that no explosive charge is placed in adjacent shotpoints during the drilling; and
(3)  stop the water or gas flow by sealing the shotpoint so that the fluid is confined in its initial zone, with a material that ensures an impervious and durable sealing.
Where the drilling of a shotpoint is completed and the explosive charge is already inserted when groundwater flows to the surface or the presence of gas is detected, the holder must blast according to the procedure provided for in the technical program before stopping the water or gas flow by sealing the shotpoint in accordance with subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph.
To continue drilling work, the holder must move or reduce the depth of the drilling of adjacent shotpoints to prevent new groundwater flows to the surface or another gas kick.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 50.
51. In the case of surveying involving an explosive energy source, the authorization holder must, immediately after the firing,
(1)  cut the excess of the wire connected to the charge detonated at ground level or in the shotpoint;
(2)  seal the shotpoint by tamping, up to the surface, at least 1 m of drill cuttings or equivalent material; and
(3)  level the remaining drill cuttings around the shotpoint.
If the ground around the shotpoint collapsed, the holder must put the site back to its initial level. The backfill material must be of the same type as the soil.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 51.
52. The authorization holder must collect all residual materials, facilities and equipment, and restore the activity site as soon as the work ends or as soon as the meteorological conditions allow.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 52.
§ 4.  — Daily report and end of activities report
1252-2018, Sd. 4O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 4.
53. The authorization holder must draw up a daily report of the work and keep it on the activity site.
The daily report must contain all the elements applicable to the declared day, in particular,
(1)  the number of the geophysical surveying authorization;
(2)  the type of surveying conducted and the energy sources used;
(3)  a description, in chronological order, of the work carried out and the time required to carry out each step of the work;
(4)  the number of the lines or traverses in which the data was acquired;
(5)  the number of linear kilometres acquired or the area covered, their total and the remaining quantity;
(6)  work interruptions and disturbances due, in particular, to meteorological conditions and technical and operational difficulties, and their duration;
(7)  the operational problems encountered and the corrective measures taken or planned; and
(8)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 53.
54. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, every Tuesday, the daily reports of the preceding week until the end of the work. If the Tuesday is a holiday, the report is sent on the first working day that follows.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 54.
55. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, within the period provided for in section 100 of the Act, an end of activities report signed by a geologist, an engineer or a geophysicist including, in particular,
(1)  the number of the geophysical surveying authorization;
(2)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(3)  the name and contact information of the geologist, engineer or geophysicist responsible for the technical program;
(4)  the name of the enterprises that took part in the work and the nature of the work;
(5)  the name of the region in which the surveying was carried out;
(6)  the type of surveying conducted and the energy sources used;
(7)  the acquisition parameters and the objectives of the surveying including in particular structures, geological formations targeted, the type of exploration target sought and the investigation depth;
(8)  the total number of linear kilometres acquired or the area covered by the surveying;
(9)  the start and end dates of the work;
(10)  the summary of the work carried out in chronological order;
(11)  a compilation of the daily progress of the work;
(12)  a topographic map at a sufficient scale showing
(a)  the perimeter of the licence;
(b)  the activity site, survey lines and traverses with their nature, numbering and length;
(c)  the points of energy source and their numbering; and
(d)  the roads included in the perimeter of the licence;
(13)  a description of the data acquisition parameters indicating, in particular,
(a)  the spacing between the points of the energy source, the receiver points and, if applicable, between the survey lines;
(b)  the characteristics of the energy source used; and
(c)  if applicable, the setting of the recording filters;
(14)  a description of the data processing parameters;
(15)  the adjustments made to the data during the interpretation;
(16)  the following interpretation maps:
(a)  in the case of seismic reflection surveying, the time structure map and the isochrone map of the main target and, if applicable, the secondary target and the interpreted profiles; if the stratigraphy of an adjacent wellbore is known, the holder must carry out the matching of the seismic profile nearest to the hole and indicate the correlation between the main reflectors and the stratigraphy;
(b)  in the case of seismic refraction surveying, the velocity map;
(c)  in the case of magnetic surveying, the map for the total magnetic field corrected and offset and the map for the residual magnetic field corrected and offset;
(d)  in the case of gravimetric surveying, the maps of Bouguer anomalies and of the residual field;
(e)  in the case of spectrometric surveying, a map of the natural petroleum spill areas on the surface and, if applicable, a map of the anomalies in potassium, uranium and thorium;
(f)  in the case of electrical resistivity surveying, a map or a profile of the apparent resistivity including, if applicable, potential faults, the depth of zones and their thickness;
(17)  an analysis of each of the interpretation maps specifying the correlation between the geology and the geophysical data;
(18)  if applicable, the technical reports drawn up by the enterprises that carried out the data processing or interpretation;
(19)  a comparative analysis of the work carried out compared with that planned in the technical program and the results obtained compared with those anticipated;
(20)  a description and photographs of the equipment used and their specifications;
(21)  in the case of a surveying involving an explosive energy source, the coordinates of all misfirings according to the NAD83 map reference system and a description of the corrective measures taken;
(22)  in the case of a surveying involving the drilling of a shotpoint, the coordinates of the holes in which there is a groundwater spill on the surface or a gas kick according to the NAD83 map reference system and a description of the corrective measures taken; and
(23)  the recommendations for the continuation of the work.
If required and based on the area of the surveying, the holder may, for the purposes of subparagraph 12 of the first paragraph, submit a number of maps at different scales.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 55.
§ 5.  — Notice to the Minister
1252-2018, Sd. 5O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 5.
56. The authorization holder must, within 24 hours, notify the Minister where a firing has misfired and in the cases referred to in section 50.
The notice must indicate the corrective measures taken by the holder or those planned with their schedules.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 56.
57. After having received a notice under section 56, the Minister may require from the authorization holder that the holder submits an event report stating the facts, evaluating the consequences, listing possible causes and proposing mitigation measures and measures to prevent reoccurrence of the event.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 57.
DIVISION II
GEOCHEMICAL SURVEYING AUTHORIZATION
1252-2018, Div. IIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. II.
§ 1.  — Conditions for obtaining an authorization
1252-2018, Sd. 1O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 1.
58. A licence holder who wishes to obtain a geochemical surveying authorization must apply to the Minister in writing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 58.
59. The application must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number; and
(2)  the work schedule and an estimate of the realization costs.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 59.
60. The application must be accompanied by
(1)  the demonstration that the distances provided for in section 22 are complied with;
(2)  a topographic map at a sufficient scale showing, in particular,
(a)  the perimeter of the licence;
(b)  the activity site;
(c)  the sampling points;
(d)  public and private land; and
(e)  in the case of an airborne survey, the flight plan;
(3)  the geochemical surveying technical program provided for in section 61, signed and sealed by a geologist or an engineer;
(4)  payment of the fee of $1,030; and
(5)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
If required and based on the area of the work, the licence holder may, for the purposes of subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph, submit a number of maps at different scales.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 60.
61. The geochemical surveying technical program must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the geologist or the engineer responsible for the technical program;
(2)  the name, profession and functions of the persons who prepared or revised the program;
(3)  the name and contact information of the enterprises charged with carrying out the data acquisition, processing and interpretation work;
(4)  the name of the region in which the surveying will be carried out;
(5)  a description of the geological context and the degree of maturity of the exploration in the territory concerned;
(6)  the type of surveying proposed;
(7)  the objectives of the surveying including, in particular, the acquisition parameters and the type of analyses planned;
(8)  a chronological and detailed description of the work to be carried out;
(9)  the area covered by the surveying;
(10)  the number of samples and the expected percentage of loss;
(11)  the spacing interval between the sampling points;
(12)  the depth of the sample collection; and
(13)  the sampling, collection, transportation and analysis protocol;
(14)  if applicable, the list of licences, certificates and other authorizations to be obtained;
(15)  the list of references used during the preparation of the technical program, in particular, the standards from recognized organizations and guidelines from other Canadian jurisdictions; and
(16)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 61.
§ 2.  — Time periods and notice of the start of the work
1252-2018, Sd. 2O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 2.
62. The authorization holder must, within 12 months after the Minister granted the authorization, start the geochemical surveying work.
The work is deemed to have started as soon as the first step provided in the work schedule is initiated.
The Minister may grant an additional period if the holder demonstrates the need therefor.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 62.
63. The authorization holder must, at least 7 days before the start of the work, notify the Minister of the date anticipated for the start of the work.
Where the holder cannot comply with the start date, the holder must as soon as possible notify the Minister, in writing, indicating the reasons justifying the delay. The holder must also notify the Minister, in writing, of the new expected date for the start of the work if the date is expected within 7 days of the first notice of delay or of the holder’s intent not to proceed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 63.
64. The authorization holder must, at least 24 hours before, notify the Minister of the work completion date. If the geochemical surveying work is temporarily interrupted, the holder must also, as soon as possible, notify the Minister of the work resumption date.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 64.
§ 3.  — Conditions of exercise
1252-2018, Sd. 3O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 3.
65. The authorization holder must comply with the technical program.
The holder may modify the program by sending to the Minister a supplementary agreement signed and sealed by a geologist or an engineer stating the nature of the modification and the reasons justifying it. The supplementary agreement must be sent to the Minister before carrying out the work covered by the agreement. If it is urgent to modify the technical program for safety or work quality purposes, the holder must immediately send the agreement to the Minister and justify the urgency.
A supplementary agreement to the technical program is not required in the following cases:
(1)  an adjustment in the position of the sampling points;
(2)  a variation in the quantity of sampling points.
In the situations provided for in the third paragraph, the holder immediately notifies the Minister of the change to the technical program.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 65.
66. The authorization holder must, during the work, install a sign on each motorized equipment, except aircraft, indicating, in particular,
(1)  the holder’s name and the licence number;
(2)  the number of the geochemical surveying authorization; and
(3)  the type of surveying conducted.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 66.
67. The authorization holder who plans on leaving samples on the surveying site must make sure to protect the integrity of the data, facilities and equipment.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 67.
68. The authorization holder must restore the activity site as soon as the work ends or as soon as the meteorological conditions allow.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 68.
§ 4.  — Daily report and end of activities report
1252-2018, Sd. 4O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 4.
69. The authorization holder must draw up a daily report of the work and keep it on the activity site.
The daily report must contain all the elements applicable to the declared day, in particular,
(1)  the number of the geochemical surveying authorization;
(2)  the type of surveying conducted;
(3)  a description, in chronological order, of the work carried out and the time required to carry out each step of the work;
(4)  the numbers of the sampling points and data acquisition modules, their depths and theirs GPS coordinates;
(5)  if applicable, the discovery of a natural seepage;
(6)  work interruptions and disturbances due in particular to meteorological conditions and technical and operational difficulties, and their duration;
(7)  the operational problems encountered and the corrective measures taken or planned; and
(8)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 69.
70. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, every Tuesday, the daily reports of the preceding week until the end of the work. If the Tuesday is a holiday, the report is sent on the first working day that follows.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 70.
71. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, within the period provided for in section 100 of the Act, an end of activities report signed by a geologist or an engineer including, in particular,
(1)  the number of the geochemical surveying authorization;
(2)  the name and contact information of the licence holder and the licence number;
(3)  the name and contact information of the geologist or engineer responsible for the technical program;
(4)  the name of the enterprises that took part in the work and the nature of the work;
(5)  the name of the region in which the surveying was carried out;
(6)  the type of surveying conducted;
(7)  the objectives of the surveying including, in particular, the acquisition parameters and the type of analyses;
(8)  the number of samples collected and the percentage of actual loss;
(9)  the depth of the sample collection;
(10)  the area covered by the surveying;
(11)  the start and end dates of the work;
(12)  the summary of the work carried out in chronological order;
(13)  a compilation of the daily progress of the work;
(14)  a topographic map at a sufficient scale showing, in particular,
(a)  the perimeter of the licence;
(b)  the activity site;
(c)  the numbered sampling points; and
(d)  private and public land;
(15)  the list of the numbered sampling points and their GPS coordinates;
(16)  a description of the data processing parameters;
(17)  an interpretation map for gas sampling showing the spatial variation of the distribution of the gas concentrations showing anomalies;
(18)  an analysis of the interpretation map specifying the correlations between the geology and the geochemical data;
(19)  if applicable, the technical reports drawn up by the enterprises that carried out the data processing or interpretation;
(20)  a comparative analysis of the work carried out compared with that planned in the technical program and the results obtained compared with those anticipated;
(21)  if applicable, the interpretation of the results obtained in connection with the other geological and geophysical data available;
(22)  if applicable, the type of petroleum anticipated in the targets identified by the surveying;
(23)  if applicable, the discovery of a natural seepage;
(24)  a description and photographs of the equipment used and their specifications; and
(25)  the recommendations for the continuation of the work.
If required and based on the area of the work, the holder may, for the purposes of subparagraph 14 of the first paragraph, submit a number of maps at different scales.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 71.
CHAPTER VI
STRATIGRAPHIC SURVEY AUTHORIZATION
1252-2018, c. VIO.C. 1252-2018, c. VI.
DIVISION I
CONDITIONS FOR OBTAINING AN AUTHORIZATION
1252-2018, Div. IO.C. 1252-2018, Div. I.
72. A licence holder who wishes to obtain a stratigraphic survey authorization must apply to the Minister in writing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 72.
73. The application must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  the name of the proposed stratigraphic survey; and
(3)  the work schedule and an estimate of the realization costs.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 73.
74. The application must be accompanied by
(1)  the demonstration that the distances provided for in section 22 are complied with;
(2)  a topographic map at a scale of 1:20,000 showing, in particular,
(a)  the surface projection of the stratigraphic survey profile to the location of the bottom of the stratigraphic survey;
(b)  the location of the existing wellbores within a radius of 5 km; and
(c)  the demonstration that the distances provided for in sections 84 and 86 are met;
(3)  the stratigraphic survey technical program provided for in section 75, signed and sealed by an engineer;
(4)  payment of the fee of $4,426; and
(5)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 74.
75. The stratigraphic survey technical program must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the engineer responsible for the technical program;
(2)  the name, profession and functions of the persons who prepared or revised the technical program;
(3)  a description and the photographs of the initial condition of the site;
(4)  the demonstration that, during the positioning of the stratigraphic survey, the presence of adjacent wellbores has been taken into consideration for the safety of persons and property, environmental protection and the integrity of the stratigraphic survey;
(5)  the demonstration that the presence of gas in the soil in its natural state has been taken into consideration;
(6)  a chronological and detailed description of the work to be carried out;
(7)  the name and contact information of the enterprises charged with carrying out the work;
(8)  a lateral section of the stratigraphic survey indicating the technical elements anticipated before and after the sealing;
(9)  a geological projection including
(a)  a stratigraphic column indicating the thickness of the unconsolidated deposits, the geological formations, porous and permeable zones, faults and other major structures;
(b)  the identification of the potential zones of fluid kicks or lost circulation;
(c)  the anticipated base of the usable groundwater, if it is different from the base provided for in section 3;
(d)  anticipated primary and secondary petroleum objectives; and
(e)  if the seismic profile has been used, the interpreted seismic profile indicating the top of geological formations, the shotpoint nearest the location of the drilling and the location of the anticipated petroleum objectives;
(10)  if applicable, the list of the proposed coring intervals;
(11)  the list of pressure and leak tests, drill-stem tests, leakoff test and all other tests planned;
(12)  the list of the well logs planned;
(13)  a drilling program including, in particular,
(a)  the type of drilling rig and equipment to be used and their specifications;
(b)  the drilling fluids and spacer fluids used and their properties, and a demonstration that those fluids comply with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee;
(c)  the measures planned for the management of petroleum, formation fluids, drilling fluids, chemical substances and other discharges;
(d)  the diameters of the stratigraphic survey according to the measured depth and the true vertical depth on a lateral section, to the bottom of the planned stratigraphic survey;
(e)  a graphic projection of the formation pressure and temperature to the expected final depth;
(f)  a graphic projection of the deviation of the drill path to the expected final depth;
(g)  the frequency of the measurements of the deviation of the path in dip and azimuth;
(h)  the demonstration that the casing strings comply with CSA Standard Z625, Well design for petroleum and natural gas industry systems, published by the Canadian Standards Association; and
(i)  a program for centralizing casings that allows to reach a minimum centralization of 75% compliant with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee, indicating, in particular, the type of centralizers, their dimension, frequency of installation and installation;
(14)  a program for cementing annular spaces in each of the casing strings compliant with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee and including, in particular,
(a)  the diameters of the casing strings according to the measured depth and the true vertical depth;
(b)  the planned height of the cement column in the annular space;
(c)  the cement preparation and application methods;
(d)  the planned minimum and maximum pumping flows and the pumping equipment capacity;
(e)  the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, its setting time, calculated volume and surplus percentage;
(f)  if applicable, any changes to the cement required due to specific physical and chemical conditions of the environment, including, in particular, the depth of the stratigraphic survey, an abnormal pressure or temperature, a circulation loss area, salt areas, unconsolidated deposits or a corrosive environment;
(g)  the methods used to prepare the wellbore for cementing and to improve fluid displacement, in particular, casing movement; and
(h)  the method for monitoring cement circulation in the annular space;
(15)  if a simulation or modelling has been carried out, a description of the simulation or modelling and the results obtained;
(16)  a site sealing and restoration program including, in particular,
(a)  the method used to demonstrate the tightness of the stratigraphic survey carried out before the sealing work;
(b)  the stratigraphic survey cleaning method used before installing plugs;
(c)  the type of device used and its specifications; and
(d)  a cementing program compliant with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee including, in particular,
i.  for each cement plug, the intervals, the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, its setting time, calculated volume and surplus percentage;
ii.  any changes to the cement used for the plugs required due to specific physical and chemical conditions of the environment, including, in particular, the depth of the stratigraphic survey, an abnormal temperature or a corrosive environment;
iii.  the method for installing each plug; and
iv.  the method and frequency of the monitoring of the position of the plugs during sealing, the waiting time before the monitoring and the criteria of the acceptability of the position of the cement plugs;
(e)  the method used to demonstrate that following the installation of the plugs and before the cutting of the surface casings, there is no gas emanation;
(f)  a description of the activity site restoration work planned for maintaining the quality of the natural landscapes, minimizing impact on wildlife, and harmonizing the activity site with the use of the territory, and a plan presenting the work including, in particular,
i.  the procedure for dismantling installations and, if applicable, the procedure for dismantling the supply cable;
ii.  the rehabilitation of contaminated land;
iii.  the purge of pipes; and
iv.  the withdrawal of equipment and facilities;
(17)  if applicable, the list of licences, certificates and other authorizations to be obtained;
(18)  the list of references used during the preparation of the technical program, in particular, the standards from recognized organizations and guidelines from other Canadian jurisdictions; and
(19)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 75.
76. The holder may not position the activity site in a zone potentially exposed to ground movement particularly identified in accordance with government mapping available. If such mapping is not available, the holder may not position the activity site at less than a horizontal distance that corresponds to twice the height of a bank, measured in relation to the top and base of the bank.
Despite the foregoing, a licence holder may position an activity site in an area potentially exposed to ground movement if the holder provides the Minister, with the application, geotechnical expertise that
(1)  assesses the stability of the activity site and confirms that the wellbore will not be threatened by a landslide;
(2)  confirms that the expected activity does not act as a triggering factor by destabilizing the activity site and adjacent land; and
(3)  confirms that the subsequent activities on the activity site do not constitute an aggravating factor by unduly reducing the safety coefficients.
Where applicable, the geotechnical expertise must include recommendations on the precautions to take and the protective measures necessary to maintain at all times the stability of the activity site and the security of the area being examined.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 76.
77. Before ruling on the application for authorization, the Minister may, if the Minister deems it necessary to ensure the long-term integrity of the stratigraphic survey, require that the licence holder tests the cement in a laboratory in compliance with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
The holder sends the test results to the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 77.
DIVISION II
TIME PERIODS AND NOTICE OF THE START OF THE WORK
1252-2018, Div. IIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. II.
78. The authorization holder must, within 12 months after the Minister granted the authorization, start the stratigraphic survey work.
The work is deemed to have started as soon as the first step provided in the work schedule is initiated.
The Minister may grant an additional period if the holder demonstrates the need therefor.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 78.
79. The authorization holder must, at least 7 days before, notify the Minister of the start of the following work:
(1)  the preparation of the site where the drilling rig will be located;
(2)  the start of the drilling;
(3)  the sealing of the stratigraphic survey.
Where the holder cannot comply with the start date, the holder must as soon as possible notify the Minister, in writing, indicating the reasons justifying the delay. The holder must also notify the Minister, in writing, of the new expected date for the start of the work if the date is expected within 7 days of the first notice of delay or of the holder’s intent not to proceed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 79.
80. The authorization holder must, at least 24 hours before, notify the Minister of the rig release and, in the case of a temporary interruption, the holder must also notify the Minister as soon as possible of the resumption of the work.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 80.
DIVISION III
CONDITIONS OF EXERCISE
1252-2018, Div. IIIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. III.
81. The authorization holder must comply with the technical program.
The holder may modify the program by sending to the Minister a supplementary agreement signed and sealed by an engineer stating the nature of the modification and the reasons justifying it. The supplementary agreement must be sent to the Minister before carrying out the work covered by the agreement. If it is urgent to modify the technical program for safety or work quality purposes, the holder must immediately send the agreement to the Minister and justify the urgency.
A supplementary agreement to the technical program is not required in the following cases:
(1)  an adjustment of less than 10% in the final depth of the stratigraphic survey resulting from a slightly different geological projection;
(2)  a change in the position of the casing head where it remains on the activity site;
(3)  the addition or cancellation of a coring section, a drill-stem test, a well log, a sample collection or a fluid sample.
In the situations provided for in the third paragraph, the holder immediately notifies the Minister of the change to the technical program.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 81.
82. The authorization holder must design and build the stratigraphic survey so as to
(1)  comply with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee;
(2)  ensure work safety;
(3)  prevent incidents in the maximum load conditions normally foreseeable during the life cycle of the stratigraphic survey;
(4)  withstand potential conditions, forces and stresses;
(5)  ensure a resistance sufficient for fluid kicks;
(6)  protect the integrity of the groundwater;
(7)  allow the characterization of the geological formations targeted; and
(8)  allow activities for controlling the pressure of the bottom of the stratigraphic survey in a constant and safe manner.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 82.
83. The authorization holder must, as soon as the work starts and until the site restoration work is undertaken, install a sign at the entrance of the activity site indicating, in particular,
(1)  the location of the stratigraphic survey;
(2)  the holder’s name and the licence number;
(3)  the name and number of the stratigraphic survey appearing on the authorization;
(4)  a telephone number in case of emergency;
(5)  the pictograms associated with the hazardous products present on the activity site; and
(6)  the indication that access to the activity site is prohibited without the holder’s authorization.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 83.
84. The authorization holder may not position the casing head of a stratigraphic survey
(1)  less than 40 m from a public highway within the meaning of the Highway Safety Code or a railway;
(2)  less than 100 m from a transmission line having a voltage equal to or greater than 69,000 V, a telecommunication infrastructure, a windmill, a pipeline or any other installation or infrastructure of the same type;
(3)  less than 100 m from a cemetery;
(4)  less than 180 m from a high-capacity dam within the meaning of the Dam Safety Act (chapter S-3.1.01);
(5)  less than 200 m from a surface improvement work for sporting or recreational purposes;
(6)  less than 275 m from a site classified as a heritage site entered in the cultural heritage register referred to in section 5 of the Cultural Heritage Act (chapter P-9.002);
(7)  less than 300 m from any building having fewer than 3 floors or a floor area less than or equal to 10,000 m2;
(8)  less than 550 m from a health and social services institution, an educational institution, a building in which childcare services are offered or any building having 3 floors or more or a floor area greater than 10,000 m2;
(9)  than 1,000 m from an airport or an aerodrome; or
(10)  less than 1,600 m from any underground reservoir used for petroleum storage purposes and for which the holder has no right.
The distances must be measured horizontally, in a straight line, from the casing head to the nearest point of the elements referred to in the first paragraph.
The Minister may allow the reduction of the distances if the authorization holder demonstrates to the Minister that an effective protective measure reduces risks.
The distances provided for in the first paragraph do not apply with respect to infrastructures belonging to the authorization holder or used for the holder’s work.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 84.
85. The authorization holder may not drill a stratigraphic survey less than 100 m from the boundaries of the territory covered by the holder’s licence.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 85.
86. The authorization holder may not position the activity site less than 100 m from a national park or a protected area entered in the protected area register provided for in section 5 of the Natural Heritage Conservation Act (chapter C-61.01).
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 86.
87. During the drilling, the authorization holder must make sure that
(1)  the stratigraphic survey is drilled so as to never intersect an existing wellbore;
(2)  the drilling fluids, drilling fluid system and associated monitoring equipment are designed, installed, used or maintained to provide an effective barrier against formation pressure and to allow for an adequate characterization of the geological formations investigated;
(3)  the indicators and alarms associated with the monitoring equipment are installed on the drilling rig to alert onsite personnel; and
(4)  adequate procedures, facilities and equipment are in place and are utilized to minimize the risk of loss of stratigraphic survey control in the event of lost circulation, fluid kicks or blowout.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 87.
88. The authorization holder must ensure that the measurements of the stratigraphic survey path deviation are taken at intervals that allow the position of the wellbore to be determined accurately and that do not exceed 150 m, unless there is a wellbore stability problem.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 88.
89. The authorization holder must protect the usable groundwater and use non-toxic substances in drilling fluids until the surface casing is cemented.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 89.
90. Where the authorization holder drills a stratigraphic survey in a region where the geology is unknown, in a region where shallow gas kicks have been documented or if it is foreseeable that a petroleum zone will be intersected, the holder must use a diverter to drill to the surface casing installation depth.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 90.
91. The authorization holder must verify daily the blowout prevention system to make sure it works well. If a system component is defective, work must be suspended until the component is repaired.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 91.
92. The authorization holder must regularly inspect joints and structural elements of every equipment used to control the pressure to ensure the safe operation of the equipment.
The holder keeps and maintains, until the end of the sealing work, a register of those inspections.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 92.
93. During the operations for preparing and applying the cement for cementing casings and for sealing plugs, the authorization holder must comply with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 93.
94. Before proceeding with the cementing of annular spaces, the authorization holder must make sure to completely displace the drilling fluids and remove the mud cakes from the walls of the stratigraphic survey in accordance with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 94.
95. During the cementing, the authorization holder must ensure that the fluid and cement returns are observed at the surface.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 95.
96. The cement used for cementing casings and for sealing plugs must reach the minimum compressive strength of 3,500 kPa after 36 hours of hardening at the temperature of the shallowest formation to be covered.
The authorization holder must restrict the cement shrinkage process and limit to the minimum the risk of formation of a micro-annular space.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 96.
97. As of the moment at which the cement has developed a gel strength and until the minimum compressive strength has been reached, the authorization holder must not carry out work that could compromise the integrity of the cement and the holder must comply with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 97.
98. The authorization holder must demonstrate the uniform coverage of the cement behind each casing by carrying out a cement assessment sonic or ultrasonic logging or by any other method.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 98.
99. After installing and cementing a casing and before drilling out the casing shoe, the authorization holder must submit the casing to a pressure and leak test to the value required to confirm its integrity for the maximum operating pressure provided for in the technical program.
The integrity is confirmed if the stabilized pressure is at least 90% of the pressure applied over a minimum interval of 10 minutes.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 99.
100. Before drilling at a measured depth of more than 10 m under the shoe of any casing subsequent to the conductor casing, the authorization holder must test the integrity or the leak pressure of the geological formation.
The test must be conducted at a pressure that ensures the safety of the drilling work to the installation depth of the next casing string planned.
The integrity is confirmed if the stabilized pressure is at least 90% of the pressure applied over a minimum interval of 10 minutes.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 100.
101. The maximum pressure applicable to casings must be calculated so as to ensure the control of the stratigraphic survey. It must be posted on the activity site.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 101.
102. The authorization holder who conducts a drill-stem test must ensure, in particular, that
(1)  the equipment used is designed to safely control the stratigraphic survey pressure, properly characterize the geological formation and protect the environment;
(2)  the rated pressure of the equipment upstream of and including the testing manifold exceeds the maximum anticipated shut-in pressure; and
(3)  the equipment downstream of the testing manifold is sufficiently protected against overpressure.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 102.
103. In the case of fluid kicks or during drill-stem tests, the authorization holder must collect samples and analyze the petroleum and groundwater encountered.
In the case of gas, the analyses must, in particular, identify its composition and, where necessary to differentiate a number of formations, characterize the carbon isotope ratios.
In the case of oil, the analyses must, in particular, identify its composition and characterize its viscosity and density.
In the case of groundwater, the analyses must, in particular, identify its composition in dissolved solids and petroleum and its physical characteristics, including the pH, the conductivity and the cloudiness.
The Minister may exempt the authorization holder from the requirement to collect certain samples where the Minister considers that he or she already has sufficient data to characterize the reservoir or the sealing rocks.
A holder who collects a sample must ensure to use a method preventing contamination of the sample.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 103.
104. The authorization holder who collects a sample of the drilling core must determine, in particular, the porosity, permeability, lithology and content in total organic carbon of the geological formation.
For the stratigraphic survey sections that are not cored, a cutting sample must be collected, unless the holder demonstrates that an adjacent wellbore has already been sampled and the spatial variability makes the sampling of the stratigraphic survey unnecessary.
Cutting samples must be taken at each 5-m interval in such manner as to fill
(1)  a 10-ml flask of cuttings washed and dried beforehand; samples from the layer of unconsolidated deposits must not be washed; and
(2)  a 500-g bag of cuttings dried beforehand.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 104.
105. Where samples necessary for analysis have been taken from a core, the authorization holder makes sure that a longitudinal slab that is not less than one half of the cross-sectional area of that core or the remaining core is submitted to the Minister.
The holder who carried out destructive tests on a core removed laterally is exempt from submitting the samples.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 105.
106. The samples collected must be stored in durable containers designed for that purpose and properly labelled by indicating, in particular, the name of the stratigraphic survey and the measured interval or depth of the sampling.
They must be transported and stored in a manner that prevents any loss or deterioration.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 106.
107. The authorization holder submits to the Minister the samples whose analysis is completed not later than 180 days after the rig release date.
The Minister may agree to an additional period if the holder wishes to perform additional analyses. In that case, the holder submits to the Minister the samples and analysis results at the end of the agreed period.
The Minister may exempt the holder from the submission of the samples
(1)  where the Minister considers that he or she has sufficient samples to adequately document the geological formations intersected by the stratigraphic survey; and
(2)  where the Minister already has samples from the same horizons.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 107.
108. Before disposing of any cutting samples, drilling cores or collected fluids, the authorization holder must offer them to the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 108.
109. The authorization holder must submit to the Minister, for approval, the corrective actions to be taken where any of the following situations occurs:
(1)  a cementing operation provided for in the technical program cannot be carried out;
(2)  no cement return has been observed on the surface where such return was expected;
(3)  a drilling fluid return indicates that the cement height required for cementing has not been reached;
(4)  there is uncertainty as to reaching the cementing goals.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 109.
DIVISION IV
STRATIGRAPHIC SURVEYSEALING AND SITE RESTORATION
1252-2018, Div. IVO.C. 1252-2018, Div. IV.
110. The authorization holder must seal the stratigraphic survey within 30 days after completion of the drilling.
The Minister may require that the work start before that period for safety reasons or give an additional period for its completion if the holder shows that it is necessary.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 110.
111. Before beginning the stratigraphic survey sealing, the authorization holder must conduct a pressure and leak test to ensure the tightness of all the stratigraphic survey components.
The holder may begin the sealing only if the pressure and leak test is successful. Tightness is confirmed if the stabilized pressure is at least 90% of the pressure applied over a minimum interval of 10 minutes. Otherwise, an incident notice must be sent to the Minister within 24 hours.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 111.
112. The authorization holder who proceeds with the sealing must ensure to seal the stratigraphic survey over its entire length.
The holder must also ensure the following:
(1)  the absence of communication of fluids between the geological formations;
(2)  the absence of liquid flow and gas emanation or migration;
(3)  the absence of excessive pressure in the stratigraphic survey;
(4)  the long-term integrity of the stratigraphic survey, while considering the petroleum development potential of the adjacent sector and the impact of future activities.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 112.
113. The authorization holder must cut the casings at 1 m below the surface.
Where it is justified by agricultural activities, the holder may, with the Minister’s authorization, cut the casings at 1.6 m below the surface.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 113.
114. The authorization holder must weld a ventilated steel cover at the top of the casings.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 114.
115. The authorization holder must restore the activity site as soon as the sealing work ends or the meteorological conditions allow.
The Minister may grant an additional time period for the restoration if the holder shows it is necessary. In that case, the holder must, at least 7 days before, notify the Minister, in writing, of the start of the work for restoring the site.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 115.
116. As soon as the sealing work ends, the authorization holder must mark the stratigraphic survey with a steel plate at least 150 mm wide and 300 mm high indicating, in relief, the number of the stratigraphic survey and its geographical coordinates.
The plate must be fixed 1.5 m above the surface of the ground using a metal rod welded to the outside casing of the stratigraphic survey.
Where it is justified by the use of the territory, the holder may, with the Minister’s authorization, position the plate as close as possible to the stratigraphic survey and indicate the distance at which the stratigraphic survey is located and its azimuth.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 116.
DIVISION V
DAILY REPORT AND END OF ACTIVITIES REPORT
1252-2018, Div. VO.C. 1252-2018, Div. V.
117. The holder of the authorization must draw up a daily report of the work and keep it on the activity site.
The daily report must contain all the elements applicable to the declared day including, in particular,
(1)  the number of the stratigraphic survey authorization;
(2)  a description, in chronological order, of the work carried out and the time required for completing each step of the work;
(3)  the name of the enterprises that carried out the work;
(4)  the measured depth reached during the day;
(5)  the composition of the drilling fluid and spacer fluid, and the volumes used;
(6)  the operating condition of the blowout prevention system;
(7)  a loss of circulation;
(8)  the components used to assemble the strings;
(9)  the specifications of the casing and its setting depth;
(10)  the weight applied to the bit and its penetration rate;
(11)  the measurements of the deviation of the stratigraphic survey path in dip, azimuth and depth;
(12)  traces of petroleum or water detected;
(13)  the type of pump used and its capacity;
(14)  the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, its setting time and the volume used;
(15)  the well logs carried out;
(16)  the observations and data related to the evaluation or characterization of the geological formation;
(17)  the fluid samples collected;
(18)  the results of the pressure and leak tests;
(19)  the volume and composition of the gas used, released, incinerated or burnt at the flare;
(20)  the composition, concentration and detailed assessment of all the products identified in the technical program that are stored or used on the activity site;
(21)  the operational problems encountered and the corrective measures taken or planned;
(22)  the indication of any temporary work interruption and the procedure followed to secure the stratigraphic survey;
(23)  the indication of any event that disrupted the progress of the work; and
(24)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 117.
118. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, every Tuesday, the daily reports of the preceding week until the end of the sealing work. If the Tuesday is a holiday, the report is sent on the first working day that follows.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 118.
119. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, within the period provided for in section 100 of the Act, an end of activities report signed by an engineer including, in particular,
(1)  the number of the stratigraphic survey authorization;
(2)  the name and contact information of the licence holder;
(3)  the name and contact information of the enterprises that carried out the work;
(4)  the coordinates of the stratigraphic survey casing head on a plan provided by a land surveyor according to the NAD83 map reference system;
(5)  the measurements of the deviation of the stratigraphic survey path in dip, azimuth and depth, and the final coordinates of the bottom of the hole;
(6)  a summary of the work carried out in chronological order;
(7)  the start and end dates of the work;
(8)  a report on the cementing operations for each of the casing strings, containing, in particular,
(a)  the name and contact information of the enterprise that carried out the cementing work;
(b)  the type of cementing unit used and the method for applying the cement;
(c)  the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, the setting time and the volume used;
(d)  the cemented interval;
(e)  the composition and volume of the spacer fluid and the separating fluid used;
(f)  the circulation pressures;
(g)  the maximum pressure reached during cementing;
(h)  an indication that the casing check valve is functional or, if not, the propping pressure applied and the duration;
(i)  a description of the cement return, the quantity and the retreat, and if no return is observed, a description of the corrective actions taken;
(9)  the analysis results and the analysis certificates of the samples and fluid samples collected;
(10)  the well logs, in particular those interpreted, scaled in true vertical depth, and the corrections made;
(11)  the demonstration that the centralization of the casings complies with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee;
(12)  the measured temperature and pressure to the final depth of the stratigraphic survey;
(13)  the data, recordings, results of the drill-stem tests, pressure and leak tests, leakoff test and their interpretation;
(14)  a geological description of the cuttings and drill cores, and a geotechnical description of the drill cores;
(15)  a comparative analysis of the work carried out compared with that provided for in the technical program and the results obtained compared with those anticipated;
(16)  the list of drill bits used, their type and the number of metres drilled by each of them;
(17)  the type of play encountered and a comparison with a similar play;
(18)  a lateral section of the stratigraphic survey after the sealing, according to the measured depth and the true vertical depth, signed and sealed by an engineer, indicating, in particular,
(a)  intersected groups, geological formations, lithological contacts and faults;
(b)  zones of abnormal pressure;
(c)  the diameter of the stratigraphic survey and the diameters of each casing;
(d)  the location of each of the casings;
(e)  if applicable, the depth interval of the open stratigraphic survey;
(f)  the type of plugs used and the depth intervals of each plug; and
(g)  the other equipment installed or dropped in the stratigraphic survey and not recovered;
(19)  the daily tour sheets;
(20)  if laboratory testing has been done on the cement after the granting of the authorization, the properties of the cement determined in the laboratory;
(21)  the technical reports prepared by the enterprises that carried out the work;
(22)  a technical description of the condition of the stratigraphic survey before the sealing;
(23)  in the case of the cement plugs used,
(a)  the name and contact information of the enterprise that carried out the cementing work;
(b)  the type of cementing unit used and the method for applying the cement;
(c)  the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, its setting time and the volume used;
(d)  the verified position of each of the plugs; and
(e)  if applicable, the analysis results and the analysis certificates of the samples collected;
(24)  the cutting depth of the casings under the surface;
(25)  a photograph of the ventilated steel plated welded at the top of the casings before the backfilling;
(26)  a plan showing the layout of the activity site after the restoration work; and
(27)  photographs of the entire restored activity site and of the plate installed in accordance with section 116.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 119.
CHAPTER VII
DRILLING AUTHORIZATION
1252-2018, c. VIIO.C. 1252-2018, c. VII.
DIVISION I
CONDITIONS FOR OBTAINING AN AUTHORIZATION
1252-2018, Div. IO.C. 1252-2018, Div. I.
120. A licence holder who wishes to obtain a drilling authorization must apply to the Minister in writing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 120.
121. The application must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  the name of the proposed well, in the case of a new well, or the name of the existing well, in the case of a re-entry; and
(3)  the work schedule and an estimate of the realization costs.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 121.
122. The application must be accompanied by
(1)  the demonstration that the distances provided for in section 22 are complied with;
(2)  a topographic map at a scale of 1:20,000 showing, in particular,
(a)  the surface projection of the hole profile to the location of the bottom of the hole;
(b)  the location of the existing wellbores within a radius of 5 km; and
(c)  the demonstration that the distances provided for in sections 132 to 134 are met;
(3)  the drilling technical program provided for in section 123, signed and sealed by an engineer;
(4)  the permanent well or reservoir closure and site restoration plan or, if applicable, its update, and the guarantee provided for in sections 315 and 317;
(5)  payment of the fee of $4,426; and
(6)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 122.
123. The drilling technical program must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the engineer responsible for the technical program;
(2)  the name, profession and functions of the persons who prepared or revised the program;
(3)  the demonstration that, during the positioning of the well, the regional and local geology, and the presence of adjacent wellbores have been taken into consideration;
(4)  the demonstration that the presence of gas in the soil in its natural state has been taken into consideration;
(5)  if applicable, the list of the data that could be consulted with respect to the adjacent wellbores;
(6)  the proposed classification of the well, determined according to Schedule 1;
(7)  a chronological and detailed description of the work to be carried out;
(8)  the name and contact information of the enterprises charged with carrying out the work;
(9)  a lateral section of the well indicating the technical elements;
(10)  a geological projection including, in particular,
(a)  a stratigraphic column indicating the thickness of the unconsolidated deposits, the geological formations, porous and permeable zones, faults and other major structures;
(b)  the identification of the potential zones of fluid kicks or lost circulation;
(c)  the anticipated base of the usable groundwater, if it is different from the base provided for in section 3;
(d)  the anticipated primary and secondary petroleum objectives; and
(e)  if the seismic profile has been used, the interpreted seismic profile indicating the top of geological formations, the shotpoint nearest the location of the drilling and the location of the anticipated petroleum objectives;
(11)  if applicable, the list of the planned coring intervals;
(12)  the list of pressure and leak tests, drill-stem tests, leakoff test and all other tests planned;
(13)  the list of the well logs planned;
(14)  a drilling program including, in particular,
(a)  the type of drilling rig and equipment to be used and their specifications;
(b)  the drilling fluids and spacer fluids used and their properties, and a demonstration that those fluids comply with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee;
(c)  the measures planned for the management of petroleum, formation fluids, drilling fluids, chemical substances and other discharges;
(d)  the diameters of the well according to the measured depth and the true vertical depth on a lateral section, to the bottom of the planned well;
(e)  a graphic projection of the formation pressure and temperature to the expected final depth;
(f)  a calculation of the planned fracturing gradient;
(g)  a graphic projection of the deviation of the drill path to the expected final depth;
(h)  the frequency of the measurements of the deviation of the path in dip and azimuth;
(i)  the demonstration that the planned casing strings and tubes comply with CSA Standard Z625, Well design for petroleum and natural gas industry systems, except those installed in a storage well, which must comply with CSA Standard Z341, Storage of hydrocarbons in underground formations, published by the Canadian Standards Association;
(j)  a program for centralizing casings that allows to reach a minimum centralization of 75% compliant with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee, indicating, in particular, the type of centralizers, their dimension, frequency of installation and installation; and
(k)  in the case of a re-entry, the evaluation of the thickness of the casing string and the calculation of the stresses to which the well may be submitted, performed in accordance with CSA Standard Z625, Well design for petroleum and natural gas industry systems, except a storage well, the evaluation and calculation of which must comply with CSA Standard Z341, Storage of hydrocarbons in underground formations, published by the Canadian Standards Association;
(15)  a program for the cementing of the annular spaces of each of the casing strings compliant with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee and including, in particular,
(a)  the diameters of the casing strings compared with the measured depth and the true vertical depth;
(b)  the planned height of the cement column in the annular space;
(c)  the cement preparation and application methods;
(d)  the planned minimum and maximum pumping flows and the pumping equipment capacity;
(e)  the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, its setting time, the calculated volume and surplus percentage;
(f)  if applicable, any changes to the cement required due to specific physical and chemical conditions of the environment, including, in particular, the depth of the well, an abnormal pressure or temperature, a circulation loss area, salt areas, unconsolidated deposits or a corrosive environment;
(g)  the methods used to prepare the well for cementing and to improve movement of the fluids, in particular, casing movement; and
(h)  the method for monitoring cement circulation in the annular space;
(16)  if a simulation or modelling has been carried out, a description of the simulation or modelling and the results obtained;
(17)  if applicable, the list of licences, certificates and other authorizations to be obtained;
(18)  the list of references used during the preparation of the technical program, in particular, the standards from recognized organizations and guidelines from other Canadian jurisdictions; and
(19)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
Where work is planned in a temporarily closed well, the technical program must also contain the annual inspection worksheet provided for in Schedule 2.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 123.
124. The holder may not position the activity site in a zone potentially exposed to ground movement particularly identified in accordance with government mapping available. If such mapping is not available, the holder may not position the activity site at less than a horizontal distance that corresponds to twice the height of a bank, measured in relation to the top and base of the bank.
Despite the foregoing, a licence holder may position an activity site in an area potentially exposed to ground movement if the holder provides the Minister, with the application, the geotechnical expertise provided for in section 76, with the necessary modifications.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 124.
125. Before ruling on a drilling application, the Minister may, if the Minister considers it necessary to ensure the long-term integrity of the well, require that the licence holder carry out a cement test in a laboratory in compliance with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
The holder sends the results of the test to the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 125.
DIVISION II
TIME PERIODS AND NOTICE OF THE START OF THE WORK
1252-2018, Div. IIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. II.
126. The authorization holder must, within 12 months after the granting of the authorization by the Minister, start the drilling work.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 126.
127. The authorization holder must, at least 7 days before, notify the Minister of the date for the start of the following work:
(1)  if applicable, the preparation of the site in which the drilling rig will be located;
(2)  the beginning of the drilling or the re-entry.
Where the holder cannot comply with the start date, the holder must as soon as possible notify the Minister, in writing, indicating the reasons justifying the delay. The holder must also notify the Minister, in writing, of the new expected date for the start of the work if the date is expected within 7 days of the first notice of delay or of the holder’s intent not to proceed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 127.
128. The authorization holder must, at least 24 hours before, notify the Minister of the rig release and, in case of a temporary interruption, the holder must also notify the Minister as soon as possible within the same period of the resumption of the work.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 128.
DIVISION III
CONDITIONS OF EXERCISE
1252-2018, Div. IIIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. III.
129. The authorization holder must comply with the technical program.
The holder may modify the program by sending to the Minister a supplementary agreement signed and sealed by an engineer stating the nature of the modification and the reasons justifying it. The supplementary agreement must be sent to the Minister before carrying out the work covered by the agreement. If it is urgent to modify the technical program for safety or work quality purposes, the holder must immediately send the agreement to the Minister and justify the urgency.
A supplementary agreement to the technical program is not required in the following cases:
(1)  an adjustment of less than 10% in the final depth of the well resulting from a slightly different geological projection;
(2)  a change in the position of the casing head of the well where the well remains on the activity site;
(3)  the addition or cancellation of a coring section, a drill-stem test, a sample collection or a fluid sample;
(4)  the addition or cancellation of a well log if, in the latter case, it is not required under section 138 or 139.
In the situations provided for in the third paragraph, the holder immediately notifies the Minister of the change to the technical program.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 129.
130. The authorization holder must design and construct the well so as to
(1)  comply with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee;
(2)  ensure work safety;
(3)  prevent incidents in the maximum load conditions normally foreseeable during the life cycle of well;
(4)  withstand potential conditions, forces and stresses;
(5)  ensure a resistance sufficient for fluid kicks;
(6)  protect the integrity of the groundwater;
(7)  ensure that the petroleum zones and the aquifer layers are isolated from one another;
(8)  allow the characterization of the geological formations targeted; and
(9)  allow activities for controlling the pressure of the bottom of the wellbore in a constant and safe manner.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 130.
131. The authorization holder must, as soon as the work starts and until the holder begins the work for the permanent closure of the well and the restoration of the site, install a sign at the entrance to the site, indicating, in particular,
(1)  the location of the well;
(2)  the holder’s name and the licence number;
(3)  the name and number of the well;
(4)  a telephone number in case of emergency;
(5)  the pictograms associated with the hazardous products present on the activity site; and
(6)  the indication that access to the activity site is prohibited without the holder’s authorization.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 131.
132. The authorization holder may not position the casing head of a well or, in the case of a re-entry, drill in a well whose casing head is situated
(1)  less than 40 m from a public highway within the meaning of the Highway Safety Code or a railway;
(2)  less than 100 m from a transmission line having a voltage equal to or greater than 69,000 V, a telecommunication infrastructure, a windmill, a pipeline or any other installation or infrastructure of the same type;
(3)  less than 100 m from a cemetery;
(4)  less than 180 m from a high-capacity dam within the meaning of the Dam Safety Act (chapter S-3.1.01);
(5)  less than 200 m from a surface improvement work for sporting or recreational purposes;
(6)  less than 275 m from a site classified as a heritage site entered in the cultural heritage register referred to in section 5 of the Cultural Heritage Act (chapter P-9.002);
(7)  less than 300 m from any building having fewer than 3 floors or a floor area less than or equal to 10,000 m2;
(8)  less than 550 m from a health and social services institution, an educational institution, a building in which childcare services are offered, or any building having 3 floors or more or a floor area greater than 10,000 m2;
(9)  less than 1,000 m from an airport or an aerodrome; or
(10)  less than 1,600 m from any underground reservoir used for petroleum storage purposes and for which the holder has no right.
The distances must be measured horizontally, in a straight line, from the casing head to the nearest point of the elements referred to in the first paragraph.
The Minister may allow the reduction of the distances if the authorization holder demonstrates to the Minister that an effective protective measure reduces risks.
The distances provided for in the first paragraph do not apply with respect to infrastructures belonging to the authorization holder or used for the holder’s work.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 132.
133. The authorization holder may not drill a well less than 100 m from the boundaries of the territory covered by the holder’s licence.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 133.
134. The authorization holder may not position the activity site less than 100 m from a national park or a protected area entered in the register of protected areas provided for in section 5 of the Natural Heritage Conservation Act (chapter C-61.01).
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 134.
135. If work is planned in a temporarily closed well, the authorization holder must, before carrying out the work, inspect the premises and the wellhead, maintain the wellhead and conduct a pressure and tightness test on the wellhead and the casings.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 135.
136. During the drilling of a well, the authorization holder must make sure that
(1)  the well is drilled so as to never intersect an existing wellbore, except if the well covered by the authorization is a relief well;
(2)  the drilling fluids, drilling fluid system and associated monitoring equipment are designed, installed, used or maintained to provide an effective barrier against formation pressure and to allow for an adequate characterization of the geological formations investigated;
(3)  the indicators and alarms associated with the monitoring equipment are installed on the drilling rig to alert onsite personnel; and
(4)  adequate procedures, facilities and equipment are in place and are utilized to minimize the risk of loss of well control in the event of lost circulation, fluid kicks or blowout.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 136.
137. The authorization holder must ensure that the measurements of the well path deviation are taken at intervals that allow the position of the wellbore to be determined accurately and that do not exceed 150 m, unless there is a wellbore stability problem.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 137.
138. The authorization holder must carry out the well logs necessary to be able to define the lithology, porosity, type of the fluids present in each of the geological formations intersected by the surface casing to the well casing head and in depth, under the surface casing.
The holder must, in particular, carry out
(1)  a gamma ray logging from the well casing head to the final depth of the wellbore;
(2)  a neutron logging from 25 m under the well casing head to the base of the surface casing; and
(3)  an electrical resistivity logging and a porosity logging from the base of the surface casing to the final depth of the wellbore.
In the case of an electrical resistivity or porosity logging, it must be carried out at least until a 70° angle has been reached in relation to the vertical.
The Minister may exempt the holder from the requirement to carry out certain well logs in the case of a production well or if the Minister considers that he or she already has sufficient data to characterize the reservoir or the sealing rocks.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 138.
139. The authorization holder must demonstrate the uniform coverage of the cement behind each casing by carrying out a cement assessment sonic or ultrasonic logging or by any other method.
In the case of a log in a horizontal well, it must be carried out at least until a 70° angle has been reached in relation to the vertical.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 139.
140. The authorization holder must protect the usable groundwater and use non-toxic substances in the drilling fluids until the surface casing is cemented.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 140.
141. Where the authorization holder drills a well in a region where the geology is unknown, in a region where shallow gas kicks have been documented or it is foreseeable that a petroleum zone will be intersected, the holder must use a diverter to drill to the surface casing installation depth.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 141.
142. The authorization holder must verify daily the blowout prevention system to make sure it works well. If a system component is defective, work must be suspended until the component is repaired.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 142.
143. The authorization holder must regularly inspect joints and structural elements of every equipment used to control the pressure to ensure the safe operation of the equipment.
The holder keeps and maintains, until the end of the work for the permanent closure of the well, a register of those inspections.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 143.
144. If a surface casing is installed, the authorization holder must ensure that it is inserted in a competent formation at a depth allowing for a sufficient anchoring of the well blowout preventer, ensures the control of anticipated pressures in the well and is equipped with an opening valve.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 144.
145. The authorization holder must install a conductor casing if
(1)  the surface casing is laid at a true vertical depth exceeding 650 m;
(2)  it is foreseeable that a petroleum zone will be intersected before reaching the laying depth of the surface casing;
(3)  an adjacent wellbore or a shotpoint encountered groundwater flow on the surface; and
(4)  the well is located less than 100 m from a body of water.
The conductor casing must be fixed in a competent formation.
If a shallow aquifer presents artesian pressure conditions, the conductor casing must be fixed directly above the aquifer.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 145.
146. In the case of the cementing of the surface casing, the authorization holder may not add to the cement charges or additives reducing its compressive strength.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 146.
147. In the case of the cementing of a casing, the authorization holder must determine the volume of cement required according to the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 147.
148. Where surface casings and, if applicable, intermediate casings are subject to wear caused by the movement and rotation of the drill-stems, they must be inspected to determine their integrity, using a pressure test or a well log.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 148.
149. Before proceeding with the cementing of annular spaces, the authorization holder must make sure to completely displace the drilling fluids and remove the mud cakes from the walls of the well according to the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 149.
150. During cementing, the authorization holder must ensure that surface fluid and cement returns are observed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 150.
151. The cement used must reach a minimum compressive strength of 3,500 kPa after 36 hours of hardening at the temperature of the shallowest formation to be covered.
The authorization holder must restrict the cement shrinkage process and limit to the minimum the risk of formation of a micro-annular space.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 151.
152. As of the moment at which the cement has developed a gel strength and until the minimum compressive strength has been reached, the authorization holder must not carry out work that could compromise the integrity of the cement and the holder must comply with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 152.
153. After installing and cementing the casing and before drilling out the casing shoe, the authorization holder must submit the casing to a pressure and leak test to the value required to confirm its integrity for maximum operating pressure provided for in the technical program.
The integrity is confirmed if the stabilized pressure is at least 90% of the pressure applied over a minimum interval of 10 minutes.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 153.
154. Before drilling at a measured depth of more than 10 m under the shoe of any casing subsequent to the conductor casing, the authorization holder must conduct an integrity test or a leak pressure test on the geological formation.
The test must be conducted at a pressure that allows the safety of the drilling work to the installation depth of the next casing string planned.
The integrity is confirmed if the stabilized pressure is at least 90% of the pressure applied over a minimum interval of 10 minutes.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 154.
155. The maximum pressure applicable to the casings must be calculated to ensure control of the well. It must be posted on the activity site.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 155.
156. The authorization holder who conducts a drill-stem test must ensure, in particular, that
(1)  the equipment used is designed to safely control the well pressure, properly characterize the geological formation and protect the environment;
(2)  the rated pressure of the equipment upstream of and including the testing manifold exceeds the maximum anticipated shut-in pressure; and
(3)  the equipment downstream of the testing manifold is sufficiently protected against overpressure.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 156.
157. In the case of fluid kicks or during drill-stem tests, the authorization holder must collect samples and must analyze the petroleum and groundwater encountered.
In the case of gas, the analyses must, in particular, identify its composition and, where necessary to differentiate a number of formations, characterize the carbon isotope ratios.
In the case of oil, the analyses must, in particular, identify its composition and characterize its viscosity and density.
In the case of groundwater, the analyses must, in particular, identify its composition in dissolved solids and petroleum and its physical characteristics, including the pH, the conductivity and the cloudiness.
The Minister may exempt the authorization holder from the requirement to collect certain samples where the Minister considers that he or she already has sufficient data to characterize the reservoir or the sealing rocks.
A holder who collects a sample must use a method preventing contamination of the sample.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 157.
158. The authorization holder who collects a sample of the drilling core must determine, in particular, the porosity, permeability, lithology and content in total organic carbon of the geological formation.
For the well sections that are not cored, a cutting sample must be collected, unless the holder demonstrates that an adjacent wellbore has already been sampled and the spatial variability makes the sampling of the stratigraphic survey unnecessary.
Cutting samples must be collected at the following intervals:
(1)  every 25 m, from the top of the rock to a true vertical depth of 50 m above the shallowest anticipated petroleum objective;
(2)  in the case of vertical and directional wells, every 5 m from a true vertical depth of 50 m above the shallowest anticipated petroleum objective to the final depth;
(3)  in the case of horizontal wells, every 5 m from a true vertical depth of 50 m above the shallowest anticipated petroleum objective to the reaching of an 80° angle in relation to to the vertical, then the interval is 10 m to the final depth.
Cutting samples must be collected in such a manner as to fill
(1)  a 10-ml flask of cuttings washed and dried beforehand; samples from the layer of unconsolidated deposits must not be washed; and
(2)  a 500-g bag of cuttings dried beforehand.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 158.
159. Where samples necessary for analysis have been taken from a core, the authorization holder makes sure that a longitudinal slab that is not less than one half of the cross-sectional area of that core or the remaining core is submitted to the Minister.
The holder who carried out destructive tests on a core removed laterally is exempt from submitting the samples.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 159.
160. The samples collected must be stored in durable containers designed for that purpose and properly labelled by indicating, in particular, the name of the well and the measured interval or depth of the sampling.
They must be transported and stored in a manner that prevents any loss or deterioration.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 160.
161. The authorization holder submits to the Minister the samples whose analysis is completed not later than 90 days after the rig release date.
The Minister may agree to an additional period if the holder wishes to perform additional analyses. In that case, the holder submits to the Minister the samples and analysis results at the end of the agreed period.
The Minister may exempt the holder from the submission of the samples
(1)  where the Minister considers that he or she has sufficient samples to adequately document the geological formations intersected by the well; and
(2)  where the Minister already has samples from the same horizons.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 161.
162. Before disposing of any cutting samples, drilling cores or collected fluids, the authorization holder must offer them to the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 162.
163. The authorization holder must submit to the Minister, for approval, the corrective actions to be taken where any of the following situations occurs:
(1)  a cementing operation provided for in the technical program cannot be carried out;
(2)  no cement return is observed on the surface where such return was planned;
(3)  a return of drilling fluid indicates that the cement height required for cementing is not reached;
(4)  there is uncertainty as to reaching the cementing goals.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 163.
164. An authorization holder must, in the case of an observation well, use a wellhead.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 164.
165. An authorization holder must, in the case of an observation well, send to the Minister, not later than 31 December of each year, a report signed and sealed by a geologist or an engineer containing a summary of the data collected and the frequency of the collection as well as the annual inspection worksheet provided for in Schedule 2.
A storage licence holder may send a synthesis report on all the observation wells drilled in the territory subject to the licence. Despite the foregoing, the holder must send an annual inspection worksheet for each well.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 165.
DIVISION IV
DAILY REPORT AND END OF ACTIVITIES REPORT
1252-2018, Div. IVO.C. 1252-2018, Div. IV.
166. The authorization holder must draw up a daily report of the work and keep it on the activity site.
The daily report must contain all the elements applicable to the declared day including, in particular,
(1)  the drilling authorization number;
(2)  a description, in chronological order, of the work carried out and the time required to carry out each step of the work;
(3)  the name of the enterprises that carried out the work;
(4)  the measured depth reached during the day;
(5)  the composition of the drilling fluid and the spacer fluid and the volumes used;
(6)  the working condition of the blowout prevention system;
(7)  a loss of circulation;
(8)  the components used to assemble the drill strings;
(9)  the specifications of the casing and its setting depth;
(10)  the weight applied to the bit and its penetration rate;
(11)  the measurements of the deviation of the well path in dip, azimuth and depth;
(12)  traces of petroleum or water detected;
(13)  the type of pump used and its capacity;
(14)  the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, its setting time and the volume used;
(15)  the well logs carried out;
(16)  the observations and data related to the evaluation or characterization of the geological formation;
(17)  the fluid samples collected;
(18)  the results of the pressure and leak tests;
(19)  the volume and composition of the gas used, released, incinerated or burnt at the flare;
(20)  the composition, concentration and detailed assessment of all the products identified in the technical program that are stored or used on the activity site;
(21)  the operational problems encountered and the corrective measures taken or planned;
(22)  the indication of any temporary work interruption and the procedure followed to secure the well;
(23)  the indication of any event that disrupted the progress of the work; and
(24)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 166.
167. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, every Tuesday, the daily reports of the preceding week until the end of the drilling or re-entry work. If the Tuesday is a holiday, the report is sent on the first working day that follows.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 167.
168. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, within the period provided for in section 100 of the Act, starting from the rig release, an end of activities report signed by an engineer including, in particular,
(1)  the drilling authorization number;
(2)  the name and contact information of the licence holder;
(3)  the name and contact information of the enterprises that carried out the work;
(4)  the coordinates of the well casing head on a plan provided by a land surveyor according to the NAD83 map reference system;
(5)  the measurements of the deviation of the well path in dip, azimuth and depth, and the final coordinates of the bottom of the hole;
(6)  the start and end dates of the work;
(7)  a summary of the work carried out in chronological order;
(8)  a report on the cementing operations for each of the casing strings, containing, in particular,
(a)  the name and contact information of the enterprise that carried out the cementing work;
(b)  the type of cementing unit used and the method for applying the cement;
(c)  the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, the setting time and the volume used;
(d)  the cemented interval;
(e)  the composition and volume of the spacer fluid and the separating fluid used;
(f)  the circulation pressures;
(g)  the maximum pressure reached during cementing;
(h)  an indication that the casing check valve is functional or, if not, the propping pressure applied and the duration; and
(i)  a description of the cement return, the quantity and the retreat; if no return is observed, a description of the corrective actions taken;
(9)  the analysis results and the analysis certificates of the samples and fluid samples collected;
(10)  the well logs, in particular those interpreted, scaled in true vertical depth, and the corrections made;
(11)  the demonstration that the centralization of the casings complies with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee;
(12)  the measured temperature and pressure to the final depth of the well;
(13)  the data, recordings, results of the drill-stem tests, pressure and leak tests and other tests and their interpretation;
(14)  a geological description of the cuttings and drill cores, and a geotechnical description of the drill cores;
(15)  a comparative analysis of the work carried out compared with that provided for in the technical program and the results obtained compared with those anticipated;
(16)  the elements and practices that the holder intends to adopt and the parameters the holder intends to adjust from a standpoint of continued improvement for the holder’s future drilling work, determined in compliance with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee;
(17)  the list of the drill bits used, their type and the number of metres drilled by each of them;
(18)  a technical description of the condition of the well after the drilling;
(19)  the well classification determined according to Schedule 1;
(20)  a lateral section of the well, according to the measured depth and the true vertical depth, signed and sealed by an engineer, indicating, in particular,
(a)  intersected groups, geological formations, lithological contacts and faults;
(b)  zones of abnormal pressure;
(c)  the diameter of the well and the diameters of each of the casings;
(d)  the location of each of the casings;
(e)  if applicable, the depth interval of the open-hole well; and
(f)  the other equipment installed or dropped in the well and not recovered;
(21)  the daily tour sheets;
(22)  if laboratory testing has been done on the cement after the granting of the authorization, the properties of the cement determined in the laboratory;
(23)  the technical reports prepared by the enterprises that carried out the work;
(24)  the type of play encountered and a comparison with a similar play; and
(25)  photographs of the entire site after the drilling work.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 168.
CHAPTER VIII
COMPLETION
1252-2018, c. VIIIO.C. 1252-2018, c. VIII.
DIVISION I
CONDITIONS FOR OBTAINING AN AUTHORIZATION
1252-2018, Div. IO.C. 1252-2018, Div. I.
169. A licence holder who wishes to obtain a completion authorization must apply to the Minister in writing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 169.
170. The application must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  the name and number of the well; and
(3)  the work schedule and an estimate of the realization costs.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 170.
171. The application must be accompanied by
(1)  the demonstration that the distances provided for in section 22 are complied with;
(2)  the completion technical program provided for in section 172, signed and sealed by an engineer;
(3)  payment of the fee of $2,555; and
(4)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 171.
172. The completion technical program must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the engineer responsible for the technical program;
(2)  the name, profession and functions of the persons who prepared or revised the program;
(3)  the well classification determined according to Schedule 1;
(4)  a chronological and detailed description of the work to be carried out;
(5)  the name and contact information of the enterprises charged with carrying out the work;
(6)  a lateral section of the well indicating the technical elements;
(7)  the type of service rig, equipment, components and casings to be used and their specifications;
(8)  the demonstration that the equipment, components and casings may withstand the different stresses to which they will be submitted, in particular, bursting, collapse and tension stresses;
(9)  the demonstration that the local and regional geology and the presence of adjacent wellbores have been taken into consideration in the preparation of the program;
(10)  the measures taken to ensure the integrity of the well;
(11)  the type of completion;
(12)  the degree of primary, secondary or tertiary petroleum recovery;
(13)  the geological formations intersected and the depth of the intervals of each of the completion operations, in true vertical depth and in measured depth;
(14)  the nature, composition and concentration of the fluids used and the total volume expected during the completion work;
(15)  the demonstration that the fluid injection pressure will not reach the pressure for fracturing geological formations;
(16)  the anticipated volume and flow of flow-back water;
(17)  if applicable, the type of packers installed and the installation depths;
(18)  if applicable, a casing perforation program indicating, in particular, the number and the type of perforations;
(19)  if applicable, the list of the planned well logs;
(20)  if applicable, the list of expected pressure and leak tests;
(21)  if applicable, the list of expected injectivity tests;
(22)  the measures planned for the management of petroleum, formation fluids, drilling fluids, chemical substances and other discharges;
(23)  if a simulation or modelling has been carried out, a description of the simulation or modelling and the results obtained;
(24)  if applicable, the list of licences, certificates and other authorizations to be obtained;
(25)  the list of references used during the preparation of the technical program, in particular, the standards from recognized organizations and guidelines from other Canadian jurisdictions; and
(26)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
Where work is planned in a temporarily closed well, the technical program must also contain the annual inspection worksheet provided for in Schedule 2.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 172.
DIVISION II
TIME PERIODS AND NOTICE OF THE START OF THE WORK
1252-2018, Div. IIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. II.
173. The authorization holder must, within 12 months after the granting of the authorization by the Minister, start the completion work.
The work is deemed to have started as soon as the first step provided in the work schedule is initiated.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 173.
174. The authorization holder must, at least 7 days before, notify the Minister of the date for the start of the completion work.
Where the holder cannot comply with the start date, the holder must as soon as possible notify the Minister, in writing, indicating the reasons justifying the delay. The holder must also notify the Minister, in writing, of the new expected date for the start of the work if the date is expected within 7 days of the first notice of delay or of the holder’s intent not to proceed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 174.
DIVISION III
CONDITIONS OF EXERCISE
1252-2018, Div. IIIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. III.
175. The authorization holder must comply with the technical program.
The holder may modify the program by sending to the Minister a supplementary agreement signed and sealed by an engineer stating the nature of the modification and the reasons justifying it. The supplementary agreement must be sent to the Minister before carrying out the work covered by the agreement. If it is urgent to modify the technical program for safety or work quality purposes, the holder must immediately send the agreement to the Minister and justify the urgency.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 175.
176. If work is planned in a temporarily closed well, the authorization holder must, before carrying out the work, inspect the premises and the wellhead, maintain the wellhead and conduct a pressure and tightness test on the wellhead and the casings.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 176.
177. Before the start of the completion operations, the authorization holder must carry out pressure and leak tests on the casings, the strings that will be acted upon, the valve, injection and wellhead pipes and any other component that was not submitted to a pressure and leak test. The tests must be carried out at a pressure that allows confirmation of the integrity of the components where they are submitted to the maximum pressure provided for in the technical program.
The integrity is confirmed and the authorization holder may start the completion operations if the stabilized pressure is at least 90% of the pressure applied over a minimum interval of 10 minutes.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 177.
178. The authorization holder must ensure that the pressure applied during the completion work does not exceed the test pressure.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 178.
179. The authorization holder must ensure that
(1)  each completion interval is isolated from any other permeable or porous interval intersected by the well, except in the case of a commingled production;
(2)  any packer is installed as close as possible to the upper level of the completion interval;
(3)  no fracturing is induced to the formation during the work; and
(4)  the indicators and alarms associated with the monitoring equipment are installed on the service rig to alert onsite personnel.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 179.
180. The authorization holder must install production tubing if the fluid withdrawn or injected is corrosive for the casings.
The authorization holder must design and install the casing and production tubing so as to comply with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 180.
181. The cement used for cementing the production tubing must reach the minimum compressive strength of 3,500 kPa after 36 hours of hardening at the temperature of the shallowest formation to be covered.
The authorization holder must restrict the cement shrinkage process and limit to the minimum the risk of formation of a micro-annular space.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 181.
182. The authorization holder must, until the end of the work, keep the necessary protective barrier to withstand the pressures provided for in the technical program.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 182.
183. The authorization holder must verify daily the blowout prevention system to make sure it works well. If a system component is defective, work must be suspended until the component is repaired.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 183.
184. The authorization holder must regularly inspect joints and structural elements of every equipment used to control the pressure to ensure the safe operation of the equipment.
The holder keeps and maintains a register of those inspections until the end of the work for the permanent closure of the well.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 184.
185. Before drilling the well casing or the casing shoe, the authorization holder must wait until the cement reaches a resistance sufficient to not compromise the integrity of the well.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 185.
DIVISION IV
DAILY REPORT AND END OF ACTIVITIES REPORT
1252-2018, Div. IVO.C. 1252-2018, Div. IV.
186. The authorization holder must draw up a daily report on the work and keep it on the activity site.
The daily report must contain all the elements applicable to the declared day including, in particular,
(1)  the completion authorization number;
(2)  a description, in chronological order, of the work carried out and the time required to carry out each step of the work;
(3)  the name of the enterprises that carry out the completion work;
(4)  a summary of the meteorological conditions;
(5)  the result of all the pressure and leak tests, including their duration and the initial and final test pressures;
(6)  the working condition of the blowout prevention system;
(7)  the well logs carried out;
(8)  the type of packers installed and the installation depths;
(9)  the technical details of the perforations, in particular, the number, type and intervals;
(10)  if applicable, the technical details of the completion by chemical stimulation, if applicable, in particular, the intervals, concentrations and volumes of acids and additives injected, the volume of flow-back water and the flows, and the injection pressures;
(11)  the composition, concentration and detailed assessment of all the products identified in the technical program that are stored or used on the activity site;
(12)  the number, interval, volume of fluid, injection rate and pressure and a summary of the results of each injectivity test;
(13)  the volume and composition of the gas used, released, incinerated or burnt at the flare;
(14)  the operational problems encountered and the corrective measures taken or planned;
(15)  the indication of any event that disrupted the planned progress of the work;
(16)  the indication of any temporary work interruption and the procedure followed to secure the well; and
(17)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 186.
187. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, every Tuesday, the daily reports of the preceding week until the end of the completion work. If the Tuesday is a holiday, the report is sent on the first working day that follows.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 187.
188. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, within the period provided for in section 100 of the Act, an end of activities report signed by an engineer including, in particular,
(1)  the completion authorization number;
(2)  the start and end dates of the work;
(3)  a summary of the work carried out according to their chronological order;
(4)  a description of the condition of the well including a lateral section indicating the mechanical conditions of the well after the completion;
(5)  the classification of the well determined according to Schedule 1;
(6)  if applicable, a description of the type of completion carried out and its degree of recovery;
(7)  the results of the pressure and leak tests;
(8)  the intervals, the type of chemical completion, concentrations and volumes of acids and additives injected, the volume of flow-back water and injection rates and pressures;
(9)  the results of the injectivity tests;
(10)  the results of the other tests carried out;
(11)  the interpreted well logs and the results of the related analyses and studies;
(12)  if applicable, the analyses of recovered petroleum or water;
(13)  the number, interval, type and pressure of each series of perforations;
(14)  the volume of flow-back water;
(15)  a comparative analysis of the work carried out compared with that provided for in the technical program and the results obtained compared with those anticipated;
(16)  the technical reports prepared by the enterprises that carried out the work; and
(17)  if applicable, the other data collected during the completion work.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 188.
CHAPTER IX
FRACTURING
1252-2018, c. IXO.C. 1252-2018, c. IX.
DIVISION I
CONDITIONS FOR OBTAINING AN AUTHORIZATION
1252-2018, Div. IO.C. 1252-2018, Div. I.
189. A licence holder who wishes to obtain a fracturing authorization must apply to the Minister in writing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 189.
190. The application must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  the name and number of the well; and
(3)  the work schedule and an estimate of the realization costs.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 190.
191. The application must be accompanied by
(1)  the demonstration that the distances provided for in section 22 are complied with;
(2)  the fracturing technical program provided for in section 192, signed and sealed by an engineer;
(3)  payment of the fee of $2,555; and
(4)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 191.
192. The fracturing technical program must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the engineer responsible for the technical program;
(2)  the name, profession and functions of the persons who prepared or revised the program;
(3)  the name and contact information of the enterprises charged with carrying out the work;
(4)  a chronological and detailed description of the work to be carried out;
(5)  the classification of the well determined according to Schedule 1;
(6)  a lateral section of the well indicating the technical elements;
(7)  an interpreted logging of the quality of the cement bond or any other equivalent analysis of the evaluation of the production tubing or the intermediate casing, from the shallowest zone targeted containing petroleum to the top of the cement, that shows that the hydraulic isolation has been obtained;
(8)  the list of well logs planned;
(9)  the list of pressure and leak tests and any other tests planned;
(10)  the list of fracturing tests planned, or the reasons why they are not required;
(11)  the type of service rig, equipment, components and casings to be used and their specifications;
(12)  an evaluation of well integrity compliant with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #24, Fracture Stimulation, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee indicating, in particular,
(a)  the identification of the primary protective barrier and, if applicable, the secondary protective barrier;
(b)  the maximum pressure to be used to avoid compromising the integrity of the well; and
(c)  that the equipment, components and casings may withstand the conditions, forces and stresses to which they will be submitted;
(13)  a description of the fracturing intervals expected, in particular, the location of the perforations, in true vertical depth and measured depth;
(14)  the number of planned stages;
(15)  the nature and total volume of the fracturing fluids anticipated at each step;
(16)  the pressures and fluid flows anticipated for pumping at each step;
(17)  the type of fractures;
(18)  the quantity of energy used for pumping at each fracturing step;
(19)  a fracturing parameter monitoring program including, in particular,
(a)  the surface injection pressure;
(b)  the fluid flow;
(c)  the concentration of proppant; and
(d)  if applicable, the pressure in the annular space between the primary and secondary protective barriers;
(20)  a well integrity monitoring program including, in particular,
(a)  the changes in the well characteristics likely to indicate a weakness of the casings or any other aspect of the well integrity necessary for the isolation of the usable groundwater;
(b)  a well casing corrosion monitoring program; and
(c)  the analyses to be carried out concerning the flows of the surface casing vent and the migration of the gas;
(21)  the following information concerning the fracturing fluids used:
(a)  the commercial name of all the additives and their function;
(b)  the maximum concentration of each additive and of each additive in the fracturing fluid;
(22)  an evaluation of the risks related to the presence of additives in the fracturing fluids and the practices and operational audits provided for the management of the risks and including, in particular,
(a)  the physical, chemical and toxicological properties of the additives in the fracturing fluid;
(b)  the classification of the additives based on their chemical ingredients and their potential impact on the safety and health of persons;
(c)  the identification of the additives for which specific verifications or practices are required to reduce the risks on the safety and health of persons and on the environment; and
(d)  the nature of the specific verifications and practices planned;
(23)  an evaluation of the propagation of the fractures including, in particular, an analysis of the communication potential between the stimulated well and the adjacent drilling holes carried out in compliance with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #24, Fracture Stimulation, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee, by using the relevant data to which the holder has access;
(24)  an evaluation of the capacity of the geological formations located between the petroleum zone and the base of the usable groundwater aquifer to act as a confining layer and contain the effects of the fracturing, or the reasons why it is not required; if applicable, the evaluation must contain, in particular,
(a)  an analysis of the mobility of the fracturing fluid in the zone located between the fracturing intervals planned and the base of the usable groundwater aquifer;
(b)  a simulation of the fracture pattern and the location of the faults; and
(c)  an analysis distance covering double the half length of the fracture planned on the entire depth of the wellbore;
(25)  a seismicity analysis based, in particular, on
(a)  the normal local and regional seismic activity determined from the historical data available;
(b)  the pre-existing geological constraints near the fracturing work contemplated;
(c)  the evaluation of the risk of seismicity induced by the fracturing work; and
(d)  the evaluation of the probability that an earthquake of a 2.0 magnitude or more occurs;
(26)  the measures planned for the management of petroleum, formation fluids, drilling fluids, chemical substances and other discharges;
(27)  a summary of the results of any fracturing simulation or modelling carried out;
(28)  if applicable, the list of licences, certificates and other authorizations to be obtained;
(29)  the list of references used during the preparation of the technical program, in particular, the standards from recognized organizations and guidelines from other Canadian jurisdictions; and
(30)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
Where the holder observes a probability of an induced seismicity of a 2.0 magnitude or more, the technical program must also contain a plan for the monitoring, mitigation and response to the induced seismicity including, in particular,
(1)  a quality and quantity monitoring plan that covers a radius of 10 km from the fracturing zone allowing the detection of an earthquake of a 2.0 magnitude or more including, in particular,
(a)  a map of the temporary or permanent seismic monitoring equipment stations;
(b)  the specifications of the seismic monitoring equipment, the data transmission method and their accuracy in measuring the location, depth and magnitude of a seismic activity;
(c)  the monitoring procedure, identification of the persons responsible and the speed of the detection and location of an earthquake and the communication of the information; and
(d)  a monitoring period comprised between the start of the work and the shortest of the following periods:
i.  60 days after the end of the fracturing work;
ii.  the end of the return of the flow-back water to the surface; and
(2)  the measures applicable if the recorded magnitude of the induced seismic activity exceeds those provided for in section 207.
Where work is planned in a temporarily closed well, the technical program must also contain the annual inspection worksheet provided for in Schedule 2.
The term fracturing half-length means the radial distance separating the well and the outer tip of a fracture propagated by fracturing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 192.
193. If a licence holder applies for a fracturing authorization 5 years or more after the initial cementing of the well casing, the holder must also provide in the technical program a demonstration that the cementing of the well and casings used are in good condition, in particular, to preserve the integrity of the well during the fracturing work.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 193.
DIVISION II
TIME PERIODS AND NOTICE OF THE START OF THE WORK
1252-2018, Div. IIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. II.
194. The authorization holder must, within 12 months after the granting of the authorization by the Minister, start the fracturing work.
The work is deemed to have started as soon as the first step provided in the work schedule is initiated.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 194.
195. The authorization holder must, at least 7 days before, notify the Minister of the start of the fracturing work.
Where the holder cannot comply with the start date, the holder must as soon as possible notify the Minister, in writing, indicating the reasons justifying the delay. The holder must also notify the Minister, in writing, of the new expected date for the start of the work if the date is expected within 7 days of the first notice of delay or of the holder’s intent not to proceed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 195.
DIVISION III
CONDITIONS OF EXERCISE
1252-2018, Div. IIIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. III.
196. The authorization holder must comply with the technical program.
The holder may modify the program by sending to the Minister a supplementary agreement signed and sealed by an engineer stating the nature of the modification and the reasons justifying it. The supplementary agreement must be sent to the Minister before carrying out the work covered by the agreement. If it is urgent to modify the technical program for safety or work quality purposes, the holder must immediately send the agreement to the Minister and justify the urgency.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 196.
197. Fracturing is prohibited in shale.
It is also prohibited at a true vertical depth of less than 1,000 m from the soil surface.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 197.
198. If work is planned in a temporarily closed well, the authorization holder must, before carrying out the work, inspect the premises and the wellhead, maintain the wellhead and conduct a pressure and tightness test on the wellhead and the casings.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 198.
199. The casings, components and equipment used by the authorization holder must be designed, built, tested, maintained or used so as to ensure the integrity of the well during the fracturing work.
The surface casing and the cement around it are not protective barriers and must not be exposed to pressures created by the fracturing work.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 199.
200. Before the start of the fracturing operations, the authorization holder must carry out pressure and leak tests on the casings, the strings that will be acted upon, the valve, injection and wellhead pipes and any other component that will be acted upon that was not submitted to a pressure and leak test. The tests must be carried out at a pressure that allows confirmation of the integrity of the components where they are submitted to the maximum pressure provided for in the technical program.
The integrity is confirmed and the holder may begin the fracturing operations if the stabilized pressure is at least 90% of the pressure applied over a minimum interval of 10 minutes.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 200.
201. Before the start of the fracturing operations, the authorization holder must carry out at least 1 fracturing test.
The Minister may exempt the holder from that requirement if the holder demonstrates to the Minister that a test in the same geological formation has already been carried out in the same conditions.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 201.
202. The authorization holder must use, until the temporary or permanent stop of the fracturing work, a blowout prevention system comprising at least 2 different sealing mechanisms or a wellhead designed to withstand the anticipated pressures.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 202.
203. The authorization holder must verify daily the blowout prevention system to make sure it works well. If a system component is defective, work must be suspended until the component is repaired.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 203.
204. The authorization holder must regularly inspect joints and structural elements of every equipment used to control the pressure to ensure the safe operation of the equipment.
The holder keeps a register of those inspections and maintains it until the end of the work for the permanent closure of the well.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 204.
205. The authorization holder must ensure that the indicators and alarms associated with the monitoring equipment are installed on the service rig to alert onsite personnel.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 205.
206. The authorization holder must, if applicable, keep the plan for the monitoring, mitigation and response to an induced seismicity at all times on the activity site.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 206.
207. If an earthquake of a 2.0 magnitude or more is detected and the epicentre is located within a radius of 10 km from the fracturing zone, the authorization holder must implement a monitoring, mitigation and response plan so as to eliminate or reduce the possibility of other seismic events resulting from the fracturing operations.
If an earthquake of a 4.0 magnitude or more is detected and the epicentre is located within a radius of 10 km from the fracturing zone, the holder must immediately interrupt the fracturing work and secure the well.
The holder immediately sends an incident notice to the Minister along with a microseismic characterization of the fracturing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 207.
208. Following an interruption provided for in the second paragraph of section 207, the authorization holder who wishes to resume fracturing work must submit to the Minister, for approval, a supplementary agreement to the holder’s technical program to reduce future induced seismicity at a local magnitude of less than 4.0.
The holder resumes the work when the holder implements the corrective measures to the Minister’s satisfaction.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 208.
DIVISION IV
DAILY REPORT AND END OF ACTIVITIES REPORT
1252-2018, Div. IVO.C. 1252-2018, Div. IV.
209. The authorization holder must draw up a daily report of the work and keep it on the activity site.
The daily report must contain all the elements applicable to the declared day including, in particular,
(1)  the fracturing authorization number;
(2)  the elevation of the reference level and its identification;
(3)  a description, in chronological order, of the work carried out and the time required for carrying out each step;
(4)  the name of the enterprises carrying out the fracturing work;
(5)  a summary of the meteorological conditions;
(6)  the result of the pressure and leak tests, including the duration and the initial and final test pressures;
(7)  the working condition of the blowout prevention system;
(8)  the well logs carried out;
(9)  the type of packers installed and the installation depths;
(10)  the composition, concentration and a detailed assessment of all the products identified in the technical program that are stored or used on the activity site;
(11)  the volume, duration, flow and composition of the flow-back water;
(12)  the number, interval, volume of fluid, injection flow and pressure and a summary of the results of the fracturing tests;
(13)  the volume and composition of the gas used, released, incinerated or burnt at the flare;
(14)  the operational problems encountered and the corrective measures taken or planned;
(15)  the indication of any event that disrupted the planned progress of the work;
(16)  the indication of any temporary interruption of the fracturing work and the procedure followed to secure the well; and
(17)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 209.
210. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, every Tuesday, the daily reports of the preceding week until the end of the fracturing work. If the Tuesday is a holiday, the report is sent on the first working day that follows.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 210.
211. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, within the period provided for in section 100 of the Act, an end of activities report signed by an engineer including, in particular,
(1)  the fracturing authorization number;
(2)  the start and end dates of the work;
(3)  a summary of the work carried out according to the chronological order;
(4)  a description of the condition of the well including a lateral section indicating the mechanical conditions of the well after the fracturing;
(5)  the classification of the well determined according to Schedule 1;
(6)  the result of the pressure and leak tests, including their duration, and the initial and final test pressures;
(7)  the results of the fracturing tests including, in particular,
(a)  the number and duration of the tests;
(b)  the volumes and flows of the injected fluid per test;
(c)  the measured pressure on the surface and at the bottom of the well;
(d)  the test interval, in metre of measured depth;
(e)  the extension and orientation measurements of the induced fractures:
(f)  the formation temperature;
(g)  the indication of the presence of flow-back water or a fracture that closed up by natural leakage;
(h)  the indication of any problem encountered and its potential impact on the test results;
(i)  the interpretation and analysis of the test results, including, in particular,
i.  the measured constraints;
ii.  a description and justification of the analysis and interpretation techniques; and
iii.  the identification and analysis of any unexpected result; and
(j)  the raw test data, in particular,
i.  the date of the test;
ii.  the test depth, in metre of measured depth;
iii.  the test data, including the time elapsed, the wellhead pressure, the pressure at the bottom of the well, the injection flow, the blow-back pressure and the temperature, specifying if the date was measured or calculated; and
iv.  the list of horizons likely to stop the propagation of fractures;
(8)  the number, interval, type and pressure of each series of perforations;
(9)  the start and end dates of each fracturing step;
(10)  the maximum and average processing flow of each fracturing step;
(11)  the maximum and average processing pressure of each fracturing step;
(12)  the duration of the return of the flow-back water to the surface, the total volume recovered, the average flow and the composition;
(13)  a comparative analysis of the work carried out compared with that provided for in the technical program and the results obtained compared with those anticipated;
(14)  the flow-back volume estimating the volume of injected fluid and the volume that remained in the formation;
(15)  if applicable, the interpreted well logs and the results of the related analyses and studies;
(16)  if applicable, the analyses of the petroleum or water recovered;
(17)  the data collected during the fracturing work, in particular, the fracturing parameter monitoring data;
(18)  if applicable, the raw and interpreted seismic monitoring data;
(19)  the comparative analysis of the reaction of the geological formations compared to the reaction anticipated;
(20)  the technical reports prepared by the enterprises that carried out the work;
(21)  the follow-up after an incident referred to in sections 212 and 213; and
(22)  if applicable, the other data collected during the fracturing activities.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 211.
DIVISION V
NOTICE TO THE MINISTER
1252-2018, Div. VO.C. 1252-2018, Div. V.
212. The authorization holder must immediately notify the Minister where any of the following incidents occurs:
(1)  the maximum pressure provided for in the technical program is exceeded;
(2)  the volume of fluid rising to the surface exceeds the volume anticipated;
(3)  the holder has reasons to suspect a flaw in the casing or the casing cement, or the absence of isolation of a source of usable groundwater aquifer.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 212.
213. When the authorization holder observes an involuntary entry of any formation fluid inside an adjacent wellbore, the authorization holder must immediately notify the person responsible for the wellbore and the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 213.
CHAPTER X
RECONDITIONING
1252-2018, c. XO.C. 1252-2018, c. X.
DIVISION I
CONDITIONS FOR OBTAINING AN AUTHORIZATION
1252-2018, Div. IO.C. 1252-2018, Div. I.
214. A licence holder who wishes to obtain a reconditioning authorization must apply to the Minister in writing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 214.
215. The application must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  the well name, number and type; and
(3)  the work schedule and an estimate of the realization costs.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 215.
216. The application must be accompanied by
(1)  the reconditioning technical program provided for in section 217, signed and sealed by an engineer;
(2)  payment of the fee of $4,426; and
(3)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 216.
217. The reconditioning technical program must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the engineer responsible for the technical program;
(2)  the name, profession and functions of the persons who prepared or revised the program;
(3)  a chronological and detailed description of the work to be carried out;
(4)  the classification of the well determined according to Schedule 1;
(5)  the name and contact information of the enterprises charged with carrying out the work;
(6)  the demonstration that the regional and local geology and the presence of adjacent wellbores have been taken into consideration;
(7)  the reasons justifying the reconditioning;
(8)  the purpose of the reconditioning;
(9)  a lateral section of the well indicating the technical elements;
(10)  the list of pressure and leak tests, and the list of other tests planned;
(11)  the list of well logs planned;
(12)  the type of service rig and equipment to be used and their specifications;
(13)  the intervals to be the subject of reconditioning;
(14)  a description of the fluids used;
(15)  the pressure at the closed wellhead and the shut-in pressure of the well;
(16)  the demonstration that the equipment, components and casings may withstand the different stresses to which they will be submitted, in particular, bursting, collapse and tension stresses;
(17)  if applicable, a cementing program including, in particular,
(a)  the type of cementing;
(b)  the cementing intervals;
(c)  the method for applying the cement;
(d)  the type of cement, its density, its additives and their proportions, the setting time, the flow and pressure used;
(e)  if applicable, the maximum pressure for injecting the cement; and
(f)  if applicable, the changes to the cement required, if applicable, due to specific physical and chemical conditions of the environment, or to give the cement specific properties;
(18)  a well integrity verification and follow-up program;
(19)  any specific condition that could affect the safety of the work on the well;
(20)  an evaluation of the impact of the proposed work on the optimal recovery of the resource;
(21)  if applicable, the list of licences, certificates and other authorizations to be obtained;
(22)  the list of references used during the preparation of the technical program, in particular, the standards from recognized organizations and guidelines from other Canadian jurisdictions; and
(23)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
Where work is planned in a temporarily closed well, the technical program must also contain the annual inspection worksheet provided for in Schedule 2.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 217.
DIVISION II
TIME PERIODS AND NOTICE OF THE START OF THE WORK
1252-2018, Div. IIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. II.
218. The authorization holder must, within 12 months after the granting of the authorization by the Minister, start the reconditioning.
The work is deemed to have started as soon as the first step provided in the work schedule is initiated.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 218.
219. The authorization holder must, at least 7 days before, notify the Minister of the start date of the reconditioning.
Where the holder cannot comply with the start date, the holder must as soon as possible notify the Minister, in writing, indicating the reasons justifying the delay. The holder must also notify the Minister, in writing, of the new expected date for the start of the work if the date is expected within 7 days of the first notice of delay or of the holder’s intent not to proceed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 219.
DIVISION III
CONDITIONS OF EXERCISE
1252-2018, Div. IIIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. III.
220. The authorization holder must comply with the technical program.
The holder may modify the program by sending to the Minister a supplementary agreement signed and sealed by an engineer stating the nature of the modification and the reasons justifying it. The supplementary agreement must be sent to the Minister before carrying out the work covered by the agreement. If it is urgent to modify the technical program for safety or work quality purposes, the holder must immediately send the agreement to the Minister and justify the urgency.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 220.
221. If work is planned in a temporarily closed well, the authorization holder must, before carrying out the work, inspect the premises and the wellhead, maintain the wellhead and conduct a pressure and tightness test on the wellhead and the casings.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 221.
222. The authorization holder must carry out the reconditioning so as to
(1)  ensure the safety of the work;
(2)  not compromise the capacity of the well to withstand potential conditions, forces and stresses;
(3)  ensure a sufficient resistance to fluid kicks;
(4)  protect the integrity of the usable groundwater; and
(5)  ensure that the petroleum zones and the aquifer layers are isolated from one another.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 222.
223. The authorization holder must, until the end of the work, keep the necessary protective barrier to withstand the pressures provided for in the technical program.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 223.
224. The authorization holder must verify daily the blowout prevention system to make sure it works well. If a system component is defective, work must be suspended until the component is repaired.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 224.
225. The authorization holder must regularly inspect joints and structural elements of every equipment used to control the pressure to ensure the safe operation of the equipment.
The holder keeps and maintains a register of those inspections until the end of the work for the permanent closure of the well.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 225.
226. The authorization holder must ensure that the indicators and alarms associated with the monitoring equipment are installed on the service rig to alert onsite personnel.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 226.
DIVISION IV
DAILY REPORT AND END OF ACTIVITIES REPORT
1252-2018, Div. IVO.C. 1252-2018, Div. IV.
227. The authorization holder must draw up a daily report of the work and keep it on the activity site.
The daily report must contain all the elements applicable to the declared day including, in particular,
(1)  the reconditioning authorization number;
(2)  the elevation of the reference level and its identification;
(3)  a description, in chronological order, of the work carried out and the time required for carrying out each step;
(4)  the name of the enterprises carrying out the reconditioning;
(5)  a summary of the meteorological conditions;
(6)  the result of the pressure and leak tests, including the duration and the initial and final test pressures;
(7)  the result of any other test carried out;
(8)  the working condition of the blowout prevention system;
(9)  the well logs carried out;
(10)  the type of packers installed and the installation depths;
(11)  the volume, composition and concentration of the reconditioning fluids;
(12)  the volume and composition of the gas used, released, incinerated or burnt at the flare;
(13)  the operational problems encountered and the corrective measures taken or planned;
(14)  the indication of any event that disrupted the progress of the work;
(15)  the indication of any temporary interruption of the reconditioning work and the procedure followed to secure the well; and
(16)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 227.
228. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, every Tuesday, the daily reports of the preceding week until the end of the reconditioning work. If the Tuesday is a holiday, the report is sent on the first working day that follows.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 228.
229. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, within the period provided for in section 100 of the Act, an end of activities report signed by an engineer including, in particular,
(1)  the reconditioning authorization number;
(2)  the start and end dates of the work;
(3)  a summary of the work carried out according to the chronological order;
(4)  a description of the condition of the well including a lateral section indicating the mechanical conditions of the well after the reconditioning;
(5)  the classification of the well determined according to Schedule 1;
(6)  the result of the pressure and leak tests, including their duration, and the initial and final test pressures;
(7)  the result of any other test carried out;
(8)  a comparative analysis of the work carried out compared with that provided for in the technical program and the results obtained compared with those anticipated;
(9)  the interpreted well logs and the results of the related analyses and studies;
(10)  the technical reports prepared by the enterprises that carried out the work; and
(11)  if applicable, the other data collected during the reconditioning activities.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 229.
CHAPTER XI
PETROLEUM EXTRACTION TESTS AND USE OF AN UNDERGROUND RESERVOIR FOR STORAGE PURPOSES
1252-2018, c. XIO.C. 1252-2018, c. XI.
DIVISION I
PETROLEUM EXTRACTION TEST PROGRAM
1252-2018, Div. IO.C. 1252-2018, Div. I.
230. An exploration licence holder who wishes to carry out petroleum extraction tests must submit a petroleum extraction test technical program for the Minister’s approval.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 230.
231. The test technical program must be signed and sealed by a geologist or an engineer and contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  the name and number of the well;
(3)  the planned duration of the tests and an estimate of the realization costs;
(4)  the name and contact information of the geologist or engineer responsible for the tests;
(5)  a chronological and detailed description of the tests to be carried out;
(6)  the classification of the well determined according to Schedule 1;
(7)  the name and contact information of the enterprises charged with carrying the tests;
(8)  the depth interval and a description of the geological formations and the zones subject to the tests;
(9)  the geological, geophysical, petrophysical and hydrostatic information and the drilling results justifying the tests;
(10)  a description of the current condition of the well;
(11)  if a seismic profile has been used, the interpreted profile indicating the location of the zones subject to the tests;
(12)  the methods planned to dispose of the substances extracted;
(13)  the list of licences, certificates and other authorizations to be obtained, if applicable;
(14)  the list of references used during the preparation of the technical program, in particular, the standards from recognized organizations and guidelines from other Canadian jurisdictions; and
(15)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 231.
DIVISION II
TRIAL TEST PROGRAM FOR THE USE OF AN UNDERGROUND RESERVOIR FOR STORAGE PURPOSES
1252-2018, Div. IIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. II.
232. An exploration licence holder who wishes to carry out trial tests for the use of an underground reservoir for storage purposes must submit a trial test technical program for the use of an underground reservoir for storage purposes for the Minister’s approval.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 232.
233. The test technical program must be signed and sealed by a geologist or an engineer and contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  the name and number of the well;
(3)  the planned duration of the tests and an estimate of the realization costs;
(4)  the name and contact information of the geologist or engineer responsible for the tests;
(5)  a chronological and detailed description of the tests to be carried out;
(6)  the classification of the well determined according to Schedule 1;
(7)  the name and contact information of the enterprises charged with carrying out the tests;
(8)  a description of the underground reservoir subject to the tests;
(9)  the geological, geophysical, petrophysical and hydrostatic information and the drilling results justifying the tests;
(10)  a description of the current condition of the wells;
(11)  at least 3 interpreted seismic profiles indicating the location in the subsurface of the underground reservoir subject to the tests and the well seismic cushioning; the Minister may exempt the holder if the holder demonstrates to the Minister the impossibility of carrying out the profiles considering the shallow depth of the reservoir;
(12)  the estimated capacity of the underground reservoir on the basis of a modelling;
(13)  the shut-in pressure of the underground reservoir recorded at the well subject to the tests;
(14)  the nature and properties of the substances stored or disposed of in the underground reservoir during the test period;
(15)  the injection method and the volume and pressure of the substances injected in the underground reservoir during the tests;
(16)  the methods planned for disposing of the substances withdrawn;
(17)  the list of licences, certificates and other authorizations to be obtained, if applicable;
(18)  the list of references used during the preparation of the technical program, in particular, the standards from recognized organizations and guidelines from other Canadian jurisdictions; and
(19)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 233.
DIVISION III
TIME PERIODS AND NOTICE OF THE START OF THE WORK
1252-2018, Div. IIIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. III.
234. An exploration licence holder who carries out petroleum extraction tests or trial tests for the use of an underground reservoir for storage purposes must, at least 7 days before the expected start date of the installation work of the equipment necessary for that purpose, notify the Minister in writing.
Where the holder cannot comply with the start date, the holder must as soon as possible notify the Minister, in writing, indicating the reasons justifying the delay. The holder must also notify the Minister, in writing, of the new expected date for the start of the work if the date is expected within 7 days of the first notice of delay or of the holder’s intent not to proceed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 234.
DIVISION IV
CARRYING OUT OF PETROLEUM EXTRACTION TESTS AND TRIAL TESTS FOR THE USE OF AN UNDERGROUND RESERVOIR FOR STORAGE PURPOSES
1252-2018, Div. IVO.C. 1252-2018, Div. IV.
235. The maximum duration of a test period is 240 consecutive days for the petroleum extraction tests and 365 consecutive days for the trial tests for the use of an underground reservoir for storage purposes.
The test period begins on the first day on which an exploration licence holder carries out petroleum extraction tests or trial tests for the use of an underground reservoir for storage purposes and ends on the day on which the holder completely ceases to carry out the tests.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 235.
236. An exploration licence holder who carries out tests must comply with the test technical program approved by the Minister.
The holder may modify the program by sending to the Minister a supplementary agreement signed and sealed by a geologist or an engineer stating the nature of the modification and the reasons justifying it. The supplementary agreement must be sent to the Minister before carrying out the work covered by the agreement. If it is urgent to modify the technical program for safety or work quality purposes, the holder must immediately send the agreement to the Minister and justify the urgency.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 236.
237. An exploration licence holder who carries out tests must ensure that
(1)  the equipment used is designed so as to properly evaluate the formation;
(2)  the equipment rated pressure upstream of and including the well testing manifold exceeds the maximum anticipated shut-in pressure; and
(3)  the equipment downstream of the well testing manifold is sufficiently protected against overpressure.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 237.
DIVISION V
DAILY REPORT AND TEST END REPORT
1252-2018, Div. VO.C. 1252-2018, Div. V.
238. An exploration licence holder who carries out petroleum extraction tests or trial tests for the use of an underground reservoir for storage purposes must draw up a daily report of the tests and keep it on the activity site.
The daily report must contain all the elements applicable to the declared day including, in particular,
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  the volumes and flows of petroleum and other fluids extracted, injected, withdrawn and disposed of in the well;
(3)  the volume and composition of the gas used, released, incinerated or burnt at the flare;
(4)  the operational problems encountered and the corrective measures taken or planned;
(5)  the indication of any event that disrupted the progress of the work; and
(6)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 238.
239. An exploration licence holder who carries out tests must send to the Minister, every Tuesday, the daily reports of the preceding week until the end of the test period. If the Tuesday is a holiday, the report is sent on the first working day that follows.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 239.
240. An exploration licence holder who carries out tests must, within 30 days after the end of the test period, send to the Minister a test end of activities report signed by a geologist or an engineer including, in particular,
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  a summary of the activities related to the tests;
(3)  a technical description of all the tests carried out;
(4)  the results obtained during the tests, in particular,
(a)  the average daily pressures registered at the wellhead;
(b)  the average daily flows measured;
(c)  the volumes of fluids extracted, injected, withdrawn and disposed of;
(d)  in the case of petroleum extraction tests, the decline curve of the well; and
(e)  in the case of trial tests for the use of an underground reservoir for storage purposes, the deliverability decline curve and the pressure rise curve;
(5)  the realization cost of the tests carried out;
(6)  the methods used to dispose of the substances extracted;
(7)  the classification of the well determined according to Schedule 1; and
(8)  the technical reports prepared by the enterprises that carried out the work.
The holder must also send to the Minister in the same manner,
(1)  in the case of petroleum extraction tests,
(a)  the pressure rise curve;
(b)  for a gas well, the absolute potential flow;
(2)  the results of the analyses carried out including, in particular, the composition of the fluids extracted, injected, withdrawn and disposed of.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 240.
CHAPTER XII
SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO THE PRODUCTION
1252-2018, c. XIIO.C. 1252-2018, c. XII.
DIVISION I
PETROLEUM PRODUCTION TESTS
1252-2018, Div. IO.C. 1252-2018, Div. I.
241. A production licence holder must carry out production tests for all the wells drilled for production that have not been subject to extraction tests so as to determine
(1)  the nature of the fluids therein;
(2)  the petroleum production capacity per day, in m3, and the volume of water associated with that production; and
(3)  the new geological, hydrostatic, petrophysical and geophysical characteristics of the pool.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 241.
242. A production licence holder must measure the shut-in pressure of the pool before and after the production test.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 242.
243. A production licence holder must carry out, every 3 months, a test in normal production conditions of a maximum duration of 24 hours for each well connected to a battery to determine the petroleum and water production rate.
The holder uses the results of those tests to allocate the monthly production of the battery between the various wells connected to it, if applicable.
On the application of the holder, the Minister may reduce the frequency of the tests. The holder’s application must contain
(1)  the anticipated frequency of the tests and the method to be used;
(2)  a summary of the accuracy of the tests;
(3)  the reasons justifying the reduction of the frequency of the tests; and
(4)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
The term battery means the storage facilities that receive the production from one or more wells and include the equipment for separating the petroleum from the other fluids and to measure them.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 243.
244. During the tests, a production licence holder must measure the pressure interference from one well to the other.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 244.
245. A production licence holder must notify the Minister, at least 7 days before, of the date and time planned for the carrying out of the tests.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 245.
246. A production licence holder must send to the Minister the results of the tests carried out and any other information deemed necessary by the Minister, within 30 days after the end of the tests.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 246.
DIVISION II
PETROLEUM ENHANCED RECOVERY
1252-2018, Div. IIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. II.
247. A production licence holder who wishes to carry out a petroleum enhanced recovery project must submit an enhanced recovery technical program for the Minister’s approval.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 247.
248. The enhanced recovery technical program must be signed and sealed by an engineer and contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  the name of the wells concerned by the project;
(3)  the classification of the wells determined according to Schedule 1;
(4)  a map at a scale sufficient to show the area in which the project must be carried out and the boundaries of the pool;
(5)  if applicable, a diagram showing the wells and the well injection completion methods;
(6)  a diagram showing the injection, treatment and measuring installations and the configuration and rated working pressure of the pipes and equipment;
(7)  the anticipated method for controlling corrosion in the wells, collecting pipes and surface installations;
(8)  a geological and technical analysis including, in particular,
(a)  a lateral section of the pool indicating the top and base of the reservoir and the distribution of the fluids;
(b)  a map at a scale sufficient to show the characteristics of the reservoir, in particular, the structure of the top, the size of the pores and permeability capacity;
(c)  production and total recovery forecasts;
(d)  the source of the injection fluid and a demonstration of its compatibility with the rocks and fluids of the reservoir;
(e)  the estimated injection rate of each of the injection wells and their injection pressure at the wellhead;
(f)  if applicable, the recovery forecasts and simulation models; and
(g)  the measured or estimated pressure of the reservoir in the area of the project and the pressure of the reservoir as part of the enhanced recovery;
(9)  the activities schedule, in particular, the drilling, completion and installation construction activities related to the project;
(10)  the list of licences, certificates and other authorizations to be obtained, if applicable;
(11)  the list of references used during the preparation of the technical program, in particular, the standards from recognized organizations and guidelines from other Canadian jurisdictions; and
(12)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 248.
249. A production licence holder who carries out a petroleum enhanced recovery project must, at least 15 days before the expected date for the start of the petroleum enhanced recovery, notify the Minister in writing.
The holder also notifies the Minister 7 days before temporarily or permanently ceasing the activities by indicating the reasons justifying the cessation.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 249.
250. The holder may start petroleum enhanced recovery if no deformity has been identified on the casings and production tubes, and if the well is clean.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 250.
CHAPTER XIII
AUTHORIZATION TO PRODUCE BRINE
1252-2018, c. XIIIO.C. 1252-2018, c. XIII.
DIVISION I
CONDITIONS FOR OBTAINING AN AUTHORIZATION
1252-2018, Div. IO.C. 1252-2018, Div. I.
251. A licence holder who wishes to obtain an authorization to produce brine must apply to the Minister in writing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 251.
252. The application must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  the name and number of the well; and
(3)  the work schedule and an estimate of the realization costs.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 252.
253. The application must be accompanied by
(1)  the brine production program provided for in section 254, signed and sealed by an engineer;
(2)  payment of the fee of $2,500;
(3)  payment of the annual fee payable under section 261 for the first year; and
(4)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 253.
254. The brine production program must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the engineer responsible for the technical program;
(2)  the name, profession and functions of the persons who prepared or revised the program;
(3)  the name and contact information of the enterprises charged with carrying out the work;
(4)  a lateral section of the well indicating the technical elements;
(5)  a general presentation of the production project including, in particular,
(a)  a description of the manner in which the well will have to be adapted and the related installations planned;
(b)  if applicable, a description of the manner in which the brine will be treated, delivered and transported; and
(c)  a general description of the progress of the installations over time;
(6)  an economic evaluation of the project including, in particular,
(a)  the market targeted, including the anticipated uses;
(b)  an estimate of the production and its market value; and
(c)  an estimate of the royalties to be paid;
(7)  the characterization of the brine including, in particular,
(a)  a brine analysis certificate prepared from a characterization sampling performed by a hydrogeologist pertaining, in particular, to its pH, conductivity, turbidity, salinity, content in sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), radon, methane, lead, mercury and arsenic, its content in chloride ion, bromide ion, sulfate ion and carbonate ion, and its content in petroleum; and
(b)  the temperature of the brine at the well outlet;
(8)  a brine production, storage and transportation program including, in particular,
(a)  the process by which the brine will be extracted;
(b)  the brine treatment method, in particular, its filtering and degassing, and the addition of additives;
(c)  if applicable, the brine storage method including, in particular,
i.  the type of tanks and lines to be used and their technical parameters; and
ii.  the resistance to corrosion of the equipment; and
(d)  the means of transportation and delivery of the brine;
(9)  if applicable, the list of licences, certificates and other authorizations to be obtained;
(10)  the list of references used during the preparation of the operation program, in particular, the standards from recognized organizations and guidelines from other Canadian jurisdictions; and
(11)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
Where work is planned in a temporarily closed well, the technical program must also contain the annual inspection worksheet for temporarily closed wells provided for in Schedule 2.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 254.
DIVISION II
TIME PERIODS AND WORK NOTICE
1252-2018, Div. IIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. II.
255. The authorization holder must, within 24 months after the granting of the authorization by the Minister, start the production of brine.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 255.
256. The authorization holder must notify the Minister, in writing, at least 14 days before the expected start date for the construction of the infrastructures necessary for the production and at least 30 days before the start date of the production.
Where the holder cannot comply with the start date, the holder must as soon as possible notify the Minister, in writing, indicating the reasons justifying the delay. The holder must also notify the Minister, in writing, of the new expected date for the start of the work if the date is expected within 14 or 30 days of the first notice of delay, as the case may be, or of the holder’s intent not to proceed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 256.
DIVISION III
CONDITIONS OF EXERCISE
1252-2018, Div. IIIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. III.
257. The authorization holder must comply with the brine production program.
The holder may modify the program by sending to the Minister a supplementary agreement signed and sealed by an engineer stating the nature of the modification and the reasons justifying it. The supplementary agreement must be sent to the Minister before carrying out the work covered by the agreement. If it is urgent to modify the brine production program for safety or work quality purposes, the holder must immediately send the agreement to the Minister and justify the urgency.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 257.
258. If work is planned in a temporarily closed well, the authorization holder must, before carrying out the work, inspect the premises and the wellhead, maintain the wellhead and conduct a pressure and tightness test on the wellhead and the casings.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 258.
259. The authorization holder must, as soon as the work starts, add on the sign installed in accordance with section 131, an indication that it is a well containing brine.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 259.
260. The authorization holder must regularly inspect joints, structural elements and every equipment used for the extraction, treatment, storage and transportation of the brine to ensure the safe operation of the equipment.
The holder keeps a register of those inspections and maintains it until the end of the work for the permanent closure of the well.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 260.
261. The annual fee payable by an authorization holder is $722.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 261.
262. The Minister renews an authorization for a 5-year period, provided that the holder
(1)  pays the annual fee payable under section 261 for the first year of renewal;
(2)  complied with the provisions of the Act and its regulations during the previous term;
(3)  demonstrates that he or she produced brine for at least 24 months during the previous term; and
(4)  demonstrates that the use approach allows optimal recovery of the brine.
The renewal application must be sent at least 60 days before the end of the previous term.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 262.
263. An authorization to produce brine is transferable only in the case of transfer of the licence of the authorization holder.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 263.
264. A person who wishes to obtain an authorization to produce brine already granted must apply to the Minister, in writing, at the same time as the application for the transfer of the licence.
If applicable, the application must be accompanied by a supplementary agreement to the brine production program.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 264.
DIVISION IV
MONTHLY REPORTS AND ROYALTIES
1252-2018, Div. IVO.C. 1252-2018, Div. IV.
265. The authorization holder must draw up a monthly report of the work and keep it on the activity site.
The monthly report must contain, in particular,
(1)  the number of the authorization to produce brine;
(2)  the volume of brine extracted during the month;
(3)  the number of production days;
(4)  the monthly and cumulative costs for production, transportation and purification and the average retail selling price;
(5)  the wellhead value of the brine extracted;
(6)  the calculation of the royalty in accordance with section 267;
(7)  the operational problems encountered and the corrective measures taken or planned;
(8)  the indication of any event that disrupted the progress of the work; and
(9)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 265.
266. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, within the 25 first days of the following month, the monthly report, until the end of the period of validity of the authorization.
The monthly report is accompanied by the payment of the royalties on the brine extracted during the month concerned.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 266.
267. The authorization holder pays the following monthly royalties for the brine extracted from the well:
(1)  where the average daily production of the well is 300 m3 or less, 5% of the well head value of the brine extracted;
(2)  where the average daily production of the well is greater 300 m3 but less than 1,000 m3,
(a)  5% of the well head value of the brine extracted for the first 300 m3; and
(b)  10% of the well head value of the brine extracted on the excess; and
(3)  where the average daily production of the well is greater than 1,000 m3,
(a)  8.75% of the well head value of the brine extracted for the first 1,000 m3; and
(b)  12.5% of the well head value on the excess.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 267.
268. The royalties must be paid in cash, or by cheque or postal money order payable to the order of the Minister of Finance.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 268.
CHAPTER XIV
WELL CLOSURE
1252-2018, c. XIVO.C. 1252-2018, c. XIV.
DIVISION I
TEMPORARY OR PERMANENT CLOSURE AUTHORIZATION
1252-2018, Div. IO.C. 1252-2018, Div. I.
§ 1.  — Temporary closure authorization
1252-2018, Sd. 1O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 1.
§§ 1.  — Conditions for obtaining an authorization
1252-2018, Sd. 1O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 1.
269. A licence holder must temporarily close the well on the expiry of a period of 12 consecutive months without activity in the well. The Minister may, however, grant an additional period if the holder demonstrated that exceptional circumstances warrant it.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 269.
270. On request and after analysis of the annual report provided for in section 165, the Minister may, in the case of an observation well, exempt a licence holder from the requirement to temporarily close the well for the current year where the holder demonstrates the integrity of the well and justifies its use for monitoring the pool or the underground reservoir.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 270.
271. A licence holder who must obtain a temporary well closure authorization must apply to the Minister in writing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 271.
272. The application must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  the name of the well; and
(3)  the work schedule and an estimate of the realization costs.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 272.
273. The application must be accompanied by
(1)  the temporary closure technical program provided for in section 274, signed and sealed by an engineer;
(2)  payment of the fee of $2,058; and
(3)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 273.
274. The temporary closure technical program must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the engineer responsible for the technical program;
(2)  the name, profession and functions of the persons who prepared or revised the program;
(3)  the classification of the risk potential of the well determined according to Schedule 3;
(4)  the condition of the well before the work for the temporary closure;
(5)  the classification of the well determined according to Schedule 1;
(6)  a chronological and detailed description of the work to be carried out;
(7)  a description of the activity site restoration work to maintain the quality of the natural landscape, minimize impact on wildlife and harmonize the activity site with the use of the territory, and a plan presenting the wok including, in particular,
(a)  the procedure for dismantling installations and, if applicable, the procedure for dismantling the supply cable;
(b)  the rehabilitation of contaminated land;
(c)  the purge of pipes; and
(d)  the withdrawal of equipment and facilities;
(8)  the name and contact information of the enterprises charged with carrying out the work;
(9)  a lateral section indicating, in particular, the anticipated mechanical conditions of the well after the closure and the various geological formations intersected and their respective pressures;
(10)  the type of service rig and equipment to be used and their specifications, in particular, the configuration of the wellhead and the surface casing vent flow;
(11)  the demonstration that, before carrying out the work for the temporary closure, the well did not present any risk within the meaning of the second paragraph of section 20 for the safety of persons and property, and environmental protection;
(12)  the type of plugs used and the anticipated depth intervals;
(13)  for each cement plug, the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, the setting time, calculated volume and surplus percentage;
(14)  the method for verifying the position of the plugs;
(15)  if applicable, the list of the planned well logs;
(16)  if applicable, the list of licences, certificates and other authorizations to be obtained;
(17)  the list of references used during the preparation of the technical program, in particular, the standards from recognized organizations and guidelines from other Canadian jurisdictions; and
(18)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
The classification provided for in subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph must be performed on the basis of the highest risk obtained according to the criteria. For a well with a number of areas, the classification must be performed on the basis of the highest risk obtained, aside from the areas that are permanently closed. If all the deep areas are permanently closed, the shallowest section of the well subject to completion must be used to determine the classification of the well that will be subject to a temporary closure.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 274.
§§ 2.  — Notice of the start of the work
1252-2018, Sd. 2O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 2.
275. The holder of a temporary closure authorization must, at least 7 days before, notify the Minister of the start of the work.
The work is deemed to have started as soon as the first step provided in the work schedule is initiated.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 275.
§§ 3.  — Conditions of exercise
1252-2018, Sd. 3O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 3.
276. The authorization holder must comply with the technical program.
The holder may modify the program by sending to the Minister a supplementary agreement signed and sealed by an engineer stating the nature of the modification and the reasons justifying it. The supplementary agreement must be sent to the Minister before carrying out the work covered by the agreement. If it is urgent to modify the technical program for safety or work quality purposes, the holder must immediately send the agreement to the Minister and justify the urgency.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 276.
277. The authorization holder must, within 6 months after the granting of the authorization by the Minister, complete the temporary closure work.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 277.
278. Before starting the temporary closure work, the authorization holder must carry out a pressure and leak test of the casing at a pressure of 7 MPa.
The holder must also, if production tubing is installed, carry out a pressure and leak test of the tubing and annular spaces at a pressure of 7 MPa.
The tightness is confirmed if the stabilized pressure is at least 90% of the pressure applied over a minimum interval of 10 minutes.
If the wellhead configuration does not allow pressure and leak tests, a visual observation carried out with a one-time measurement of leakage may be carried out.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 278.
279. The authorization holder must, if the measurements may be carried out without risk to the integrity of the well, measure the shut-in pressures in all annular spaces and in the production tubing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 279.
280. The authorization holder who temporarily closes a well must ensure
(1)  that the facilities and equipment installed in the well are compatible with what is planned in the permanent well or reservoir closure and site restoration plan;
(2)  that the facilities and equipment installed in the well are durable and corrosion-resistant;
(3)  the absence of communication of fluids between the geological formations;
(4)  the absence of leaks in joints and welds;
(5)  that the valve on the surface casing vent flow pipe is open and the vent is not blocked;
(6)  to install a hemispherical head plug or a blind flange with a needle valve to read the flow at each outlet of the wellhead, except the surface casing vent flow;
(7)  if applicable, to disconnect the wellhead flow pipe; and
(8)  to chain and lock the valves or remove the handles.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 280.
281. While performing the work, the authorization holder must use a wellhead or a blowout prevention system comprising at least 2 different sealing mechanisms as long as there is a risk of fluid kicks.
Despite the first paragraph, the use of a wellhead is not required if no perforation has been carried out and if the well is not an open-hole well. In that case, the holder may weld a steel plate directly on the production tubing. The plate must however permit the taking of pressure measurements in the well.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 281.
282. The blowout prevention system and the wellhead must be designed to withstand the maximum pressures provided for in the technical program.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 282.
283. The authorization holder must verify daily the blowout prevention system to make sure it works well. If a system component is defective, work must be suspended until the component is repaired.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 283.
284. The authorization holder must regularly inspect joints and structural elements of any equipment used to control the pressure to ensure the safe operation of the equipment.
The holder keeps and maintains a register of those inspections and maintains it until the end of the work for the permanent closure of the well.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 284.
285. The authorization holder who observes the presence of an surface casing vent flow using a bubble point test must also measure the emanation flow over a 24-hour period.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 285.
286. The authorization holder must, except for a well whose risk potential has been classified as low under Schedule 3, draw out the polished drill-stem from the well if it is connected to a pumpjack.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 286.
287. In the case of a well whose risk potential has been classified as moderate under Schedule 3, the authorization holder must
(1)  install, at the bottom of the hole, a blow-out preventer valve and a casing plug or a support plug; and
(2)  fill the well with non-saline water or with a corrosion inhibiting fluid; an anti-freeze fluid must also protect at least the first 2 m below the surface.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 287.
288. In the case of a well whose risk potential has been classified high under Schedule 3, the authorization holder must close the well in accordance with the generally recognized best practices.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 288.
289. At the end of the work , the authorization holder must protect the wellhead with a protective fence solidly anchored in the ground, having a perimeter of at least 12 m and a height of at least 2.5 m.
The installation must include a gate with a lock permitting access to the wellhead for monitoring and inspection purposes.
The land must have been leveled around the well.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 289.
§§ 4.  — Daily report and end of activities report
1252-2018, Sd. 4O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 4.
290. The authorization holder must draw up a daily report of the work and keep it on the activity site.
The daily report must contain all the elements applicable to the declared day including, in particular,
(1)  the number of the temporary closure authorization;
(2)  a description, in chronological order, of the work carried out and the time required for carrying out each step;
(3)  the petroleum or water traces detected;
(4)  the type of pump used and its capacity;
(5)  in the case of any cement plugs, the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, the setting time and the volume used;
(6)  the well logs carried out;
(7)  if applicable, the results of pressure and leak tests;
(8)  the working condition of the blowout prevention system;
(9)  the composition, concentration and a detailed assessment of all the products identified in the technical program that are stored or used on the activity site;
(10)  the volume and composition of the gas used, released, incinerated or burnt at the flare;
(11)  the operational problems encountered and the corrective measures taken or planned;
(12)  the indication of any event that disrupted the progress of the work; and
(13)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 290.
291. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, within the period provided for in section 100 of the Act, an end of activities report signed by an engineer including, in particular,
(1)  the number of the temporary closure authorization;
(2)  the name and contact information of the licence holder;
(3)  the start and end dates of the work;
(4)  a summary of the work carried out according to the chronological order;
(5)  a comparative analysis of the work carried out compared to the work provided for in the technical program;
(6)  an analysis of the efficiency of the temporary closure;
(7)  the well logs, in particular those interpreted, scaled in true vertical depth and the corrections made;
(8)  a lateral section of the well after the temporary closure indicating, in particular,
(a)  the mechanical conditions of the well after the closure; and
(b)  the other equipment installed or dropped in the well and not recovered;
(9)  the classification of the well determined according to Schedule 1;
(10)  the type of plugs used and the depth intervals of each plug;
(11)  in the case of the cement plugs, the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, the setting time and the volume used;
(12)  the verified position of each of the plugs; and
(13)  the completed annual inspection worksheet provided for in Schedule 2.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 291.
§§ 5.  — Annual inspection
1252-2018, Sd. 5O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 5.
292. After the temporary closure of the well, the drilling authorization holder must
(1)  inspect the well annually and complete the annual inspection worksheet provided for in Schedule 2; the holder sends the grid to the Minister not later than 31 December of each year;
(2)  ensure that the well does not present any risk within the meaning of the second paragraph of section 20; and
(3)  ensure the preventive maintenance of the well and the wellhead so as to prevent any incident or accident that would undermine the safety of persons and property, and environmental protection.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 292.
§ 2.  — Permanent closure authorization
1252-2018, Sd. 2O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 2.
§§ 1.  — Conditions for obtaining an authorization
1252-2018, Sd. 1O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 1.
293. A well whose risk potential has been classified as low under Schedule 3 and that has been temporarily closed for 20 years must be closed permanently.
A well whose risk potential has been classified as moderate or high under Schedule 3 and that has been temporarily closed for 10 years must be closed permanently.
The Minister may however grant an additional time period if the drilling authorization holder demonstrates to the Minister that the well is safe and that it is necessary to leave it temporarily closed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 293.
294. A licence holder who wishes to obtain a permanent well closure authorization must apply to the Minister in writing.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 294.
295. The application must contain
(1)  the name and contact information of the holder and the licence number;
(2)  the name of the well;
(3)  if the permanent closure is carried out for a well temporarily closed, the annual inspection worksheet provided for in Schedule 2; and
(4)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
The application must be accompanied by payment of the fee of $2,677.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 295.
296. Before ruling on the application for permanent closure, the Minister may, if the Minister deems it necessary, require that the licence holder carry out a cement test in a laboratory in compliance with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
The holder sends the results of the test to the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 296.
§§ 2.  — Time periods and notice of the start of the work
1252-2018, Sd. 2O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 2.
297. The authorization holder must, at least 7 days before, notify the Minister of the start of the work.
Where the holder cannot comply with the start date, the holder must as soon as possible notify the Minister, in writing, indicating the reasons justifying the delay. The holder must also notify the Minister, in writing, of the new expected date for the start of the work if the date is expected within 7 days of the first notice of delay or of the holder’s intent not to proceed.
The work is deemed to have started as soon as the first step provided in the work schedule included in the permanent well or reservoir closure and site restoration plan is initiated.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 297.
§§ 3.  — Conditions of exercise
1252-2018, Sd. 3O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 3.
298. The authorization holder must comply with the permanent well or reservoir closure and site restoration plan.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 298.
299. The authorization holder who closes permanently a well must ensure
(1)  the absence of communication of fluids between the geological formations;
(2)  the absence of fluid emanation into the atmosphere;
(3)  the absence of excessive pressure in the entire well;
(4)  the long-term integrity of the well, while considering the petroleum development potential of the adjacent sector and the impact of the activities that may be carried out in the future; and
(5)  the use of durable and corrosion-resistant facilities and equipment.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 299.
300. The authorization holder must, before the permanent closure of the well, conduct a flow test at the surface casing vent flow to determine if fluid is escaping from it.
A bubble test must be conducted using a pipe submerged at 2.5 cm under the water for at least 10 minutes. If, during that period, bubbles are present, the well is considered to have flow at the surface casing vent flow.
In such a case, the holder must
(1)  conduct a flow test of that flow until a stabilized flow is obtained; and
(2)  close the surface casing vent flow until a stabilized flow is obtained.
The pressure is considered to be stabilized if, over a 6-hour period, the change in pressure is less than 2 kPa/h.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 300.
301. While performing the work for permanent closure, the holder must use a wellhead, a blowout prevention system or 2 protective barriers to withstand the pressures according to the needs of the activity performed.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 301.
302. The wellhead and the blowout prevention system must be designed to withstand the maximum pressure planned in the permanent well or reservoir closure and site restoration plan.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 302.
303. The authorization holder must verify daily the blowout prevention system to make sure it works well. If a system component is defective, work must be suspended until the component is repaired.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 303.
304. The authorization holder must regularly inspect joints and structural elements of any equipment used to control the pressure to ensure the safe operation of the equipment.
The holder keeps and maintains a register of those inspections until the end of the work.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 304.
305. During the operations for the preparation and installation of cement plugs, the authorization holder must comply with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 305.
306. The cement used must reach a minimum compressive strength of 3,500 kPa after 36 hours of hardening at the temperature of the shallowest formation to be covered.
The authorization holder must restrict the cement shrinkage process and limit to the minimum the risk of formation of a micro-annular space.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 306.
307. As of the moment at which the cement has developed a gel strength and until the minimum compressive strength has been reached, the authorization holder must not carry out work that could compromise the integrity of the cement and the holder must comply with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 307.
308. The authorization holder must verify the position of the top of each of the cement plugs.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 308.
309. The authorization holder must cut the casings at 1 m below the surface.
Where it is justified by agricultural activities, the holder must, with the Minister’s authorization, cut the casings at 1.6 m below the surface.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 309.
310. The authorization holder must weld a ventilated steel cover at the top of the casings.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 310.
311. As soon as the permanent closure work ends, the authorization holder must mark the well with a steel plate at least 150 mm wide and 300 mm high indicating, in relief, the name of the well and its geographical coordinates.
The plate must be fixed 1.5 m above the surface of the ground using a metal rod welded to the outside casing of the well.
Where it is justified by the use of the territory, the holder may, with the Minister’s authorization, position the plate as close as possible to the well and indicate the distance at which the well is located and its azimuth.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 311.
§§ 4.  — Daily report and end of activities report
1252-2018, Sd. 4O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 4.
312. The authorization holder must draw up a daily report of the work and keep it on the activity site.
The daily report must contain all the elements that are applicable to the declared day including, in particular,
(1)  the number of the permanent closure authorization;
(2)  a description, in chronological order, of the work carried out and the time required to carry out each step;
(3)  the petroleum or water traces detected;
(4)  the type of pump used and its capacity;
(5)  the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, the setting time and the volume used;
(6)  the well logs carried out;
(7)  the results of the pressure and leak tests;
(8)  the working condition of the blowout prevention system;
(9)  the operational problems encountered and the corrective measures taken or planned;
(10)  the composition, concentration and a detailed assessment of all the products identified in the technical program that are stored or used on the activity site;
(11)  the volume and composition of the gas used, released, incinerated or burnt at the flare;
(12)  the indication of any event that disrupted the progress of the work; and
(13)  any other information or document deemed necessary by the Minister.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 312.
313. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, every Tuesday, the daily reports of the preceding week until the end of the work. If the Tuesday is a holiday, the report is sent on the first working day that follows.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 313.
314. The authorization holder must send to the Minister, within the period provided for in section 100 of the Act, an end of activities report signed by an engineer including, in particular,
(1)  the number of the permanent closure authorization;
(2)  the name and contact information of the licence holder;
(3)  the start and end dates of the work;
(4)  a summary of the work carried out according to the chronological order;
(5)  the classification of the well determined according to Schedule 1;
(6)  the type of device used and its specifications;
(7)  the demonstration of the absence of petroleum surface casing vent flow before the underground closure work and, if applicable, the demonstration of the absence of petroleum emanation in the casings before the closure on the surface;
(8)  the data, recordings and results of the pressure and leak tests and their interpretation;
(9)  a demonstration of the quality of the cement bond behind the casing before the work;
(10)  the method for cleaning the well used before the installation of the plugs;
(11)  in the case of the cement plugs used,
(a)  the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, its setting time and the volume used;
(b)  the method for installing the plugs;
(c)  the verified position of each of the plugs; and
(d)  if laboratory testing has been done on the cement after the granting of the authorization, the properties of the cement determined in the laboratory;
(12)  the nature of the fluid used to fill the space between each plug;
(13)  the cutting depth of the casings below the surface;
(14)  a photograph of the ventilated steel plate welded at the top of the casings before the backfilling;
(15)  a lateral section of the well after the permanent closure, according to the measured depth and the true vertical depths signed and sealed by an engineer, indicating, in particular,
(a)  groups, geological formations, lithological contacts and faults including, in particular,
i.  the usable groundwater;
ii.  thermal anomalies;
iii.  the coal beds exceeding 300 mm in thickness;
iv.  the permeable and porous areas having an effective porosity greater than 3% in a terrigenous bedrock and greater than 1% in a carbonate bedrock;
v.  the formations that produce petroleum;
vi.  the layers of abnormal pressure; and
vii.  the areas of circulation loss;
(b)  the location of each of the casings;
(c)  the depth interval of an open-hole well;
(d)  the type of plugs used and the depth intervals of each plug; and
(e)  the other equipment installed or dropped in the well and not recovered;
(16)  a comparative analysis of the work carried out compared to the work provided for in the permanent well or reservoir closure and site restoration plan;
(17)  a plan of the layout of the site after the restoration work; and
(18)  photographs of the entire site restored.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 314; I.N. 2018-09-12.
DIVISION II
PERMANENT WELL OR RESERVOIR CLOSURE AND SITE RESTORATION PLAN
1252-2018, Div. IIO.C. 1252-2018, Div. II.
§ 1.  — Content of the plan
1252-2018, Sd. 1O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 1.
315. The permanent well or reservoir closure and site restoration plan must be signed and sealed by an engineer and must contain, in particular,
(1)  the name and contact information of the licence holder and the licence number;
(2)  the proposed name of the well;
(3)  the classification of the well determined according to Schedule 1;
(4)  the name and contact information of the engineer responsible for the permanent well or reservoir closure and site restoration plan;
(5)  the name, profession and functions of the persons who prepared or revised the plan;
(6)  a description and photographs of the condition of the site before the drilling;
(7)  the method used to demonstrate that, prior to the permanent closure of the well or reservoir, no emanation at the surface vent has been observed over a period of 24 hours and no gas migration;
(8)  a chronological and detailed description of the work to be carried out;
(9)  the work schedule;
(10)  a broken down estimate of the cost of the work;
(11)  a description of the condition of the well including, in particular, the cemented, perforated and open-hole depths;
(12)  the cement evaluation method to show the uniform coverage of the cement behind the casing before the work;
(13)  the type of service rig and equipment to be used and their specifications;
(14)  a lateral section of the well indicating, in particular,
(a)  the technical elements;
(b)  the depth intervals that will be protected or isolated; and
(c)  the geological formations including, in particular,
i.  the usable groundwater;
ii.  the thermal anomalies;
iii.  the coal beds exceeding 300 mm in thickness;
iv.  the formations that can potentially produce petroleum and those that produce petroleum;
v.  the layers of abnormal pressure;
vi.  the areas of circulation loss; and
vii.  the permeable and porous areas having an effective porosity greater than 3% in a terrigenous bedrock and greater than 1% in a carbonate bedrock;
(15)  the method for cleaning the well used before the installation of the plugs;
(16)  the type of plugs used and the depth intervals of each plug;
(17)  a cementing program complying with the Industry Recommended Practice, IRP: #25, Primary Cementing, published by the Drilling and Completions Committee indicating, in particular,
(a)  for each cement plug, the type of cement used, its density, its additives and their proportions, the setting time, calculated volume and surplus percentage;
(b)  the method for installing the plugs;
(c)  if applicable, any required changes to the cement used for the plugs due to specific physical and chemical conditions of the environment, including, in particular, the depth of the well, a horizontal well, an abnormal pressure or temperature, a salt area or a corrosive environment; and
(d)  the nature of the fluid used to fill the space between each plug;
(18)  the method used to demonstrate that following the installation of the plugs and before the cutting of the casings at the surface, there was no gas emanation;
(19)  a plan showing the extent of the activity site;
(20)  a chronological and detailed description of the restoration work to maintain the natural landscapes, minimize impact on wildlife, and harmonize the site with the use of the territory including, in particular,
(a)  the removal of the holes for storing drill-stems and other equipment;
(b)  the levelling of the ground around the well;
(c)  the draining of the retention ponds;
(d)  the filling or levelling of the ponds;
(e)  the rehabilitation of contaminated land;
(f)  the purge of pipes;
(g)  the withdrawal of the equipment and facilities; and
(h)  revegetation; and
(21)  the surface drainage after the work.
If certain elements required in the first paragraph are unknown when the holder submits the plan to the Minister in accordance with section 101 of the Act, those elements will have to be provided when the plan is revised.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 315; I.N. 2018-09-12.
316. During the revision of the plan, the authorization holder must use the number and name of the well as they appear on the drilling authorization.
1252-2018O.C. 1252-2018, s. 316.
§ 2.  — Guarantee
1252-2018, Sd. 2O.C. 1252-2018, Sd. 2.