A-33.2, r. 1 - Rules of procedure of the Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal

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chapter A-33.2, r. 1
Rules of procedure of the Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal
RULES OF PROCEDURE — FINANCIAL MARKETS ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL
Act respecting the Autorité des marchés financiers
(chapter A-33.2, s. 115.2)
A-33.2
September 1 2012
DIVISION I
GENERAL PROVISIONS
Object
1. These Rules establish the procedure applicable to matters brought before the Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal established by the Act respecting the Autorité des marchés financiers (chapter A-33.2), in keeping with the principles of natural justice and equality of the parties.
The purpose of the Rules is to simplify and accelerate the conduct of hearings and foster the cooperation of the parties and advocates.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 1.
Application
2. The Rules of procedure established by the Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal apply to requests made under sections 93 and 94 of the Act respecting the Autorité des marchés financiers (chapter A-33.2).
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 2.
Compatible procedure
3. In the absence of provisions applicable to a particular case, the tribunal or the Tribunal may remedy the inadequacy by any procedure compatible with law or with its rules of procedure.
These Rules of procedure are intended to render effective the substantive law and to ensure that it is carried out, and failing a provision to the contrary, failure to observe the rules which are not of public order can only affect a proceeding if the defect has not been remedied when it was possible to do so. The provisions of these Rules must be interpreted the one by the other, and, so far as possible, in such a way as to facilitate rather than to delay or to end prematurely the normal advancement of hearings.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 3.
Definitions
4. In these Rules, unless the context indicates otherwise,
“administrative authority” means the Autorité des marchés financiers or a self-regulating organization;
“Authority” means the Autorité des marchés financiers;
“chair” means the chair of the Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal or a member designated by the chair;
“secretary” means the secretary of the Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal or the secretary’s representative;
“Tribunal” means the Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal;
“tribunal” means the member or members of the Tribunal hearing a matter.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 4.
Defects of form
5. The tribunal or the Tribunal may, on conditions it considers fair, accept a written proceeding despite a defect of form or an irregularity.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 5.
Failure
6. The tribunal may relieve a party from failure to comply with a time period prescribed by these Rules if the party establishes that it was unable, for serious reasons, to act otherwise and if the tribunal considers that no other party to the proceedings suffers serious harm therefrom.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 6.
Opening hours
7. The secretariat of the Tribunal is open to the public on working days from Monday to Friday between 9 :00 a.m. and 5 :00 p.m.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 7; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
Assistance
8. The secretary shall advise any person who so requests on the documents required to file an application with the Tribunal.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 8.
Holidays
I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
9. The following are holidays:
(1)  Saturdays and Sundays;
(2)  1 and 2 January;
(3)  Good Friday;
(4)  Easter Monday;
(5)  the Monday preceding 25 May;
(6)  24 June;
(7)  1 July;
(8)  the first Monday in September;
(9)  the second Monday in October;
(10)  24, 25, 26 and 31 December; and
(11)  any other holiday fixed by the Government.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 9; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
Expiry of time period
10. If a time period expires on a holiday, it is extended to the next working day.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 10; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
Computing time periods
11. In computing any time period, the day which marks the start of the period is not counted and, except for periods counted in clear days, the terminal day is.
Holidays are counted but a period that would normally expire on such a day is extended to the next working day.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 11; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
Exemption from hearing
12. The tribunal is exempted from hearing a party
(1)  to grant an uncontested application;
(2)  with the consent of all parties to proceed in the matter, subject to being able to call the parties to hear them;
(3)  if a party called does not appear at the fixed time for the hearing, without having justified the absence to the satisfaction of the tribunal or, having appeared, refuses to be heard; or
(4)  where, under section 323.7 of the Securities Act (chapter V-1.1), it is imperative to do so, subject to giving the person the opportunity to be heard within 15 days.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 12.
Joinder
13. Cases in which the questions in dispute are substantially the same or whose subject-matters could suitably be combined, whether or not the same parties are involved, may be joined by order of the chair of the Tribunal or a member of theTribunal if the chair is unable to act, on such conditions as the chair or member fixes.
An order made under the first paragraph may be revoked by the tribunal on hearing the matter if the tribunal is of the opinion that the interests of justice will be better served by doing so.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 13.
Urgency
14. A party requesting to be heard by preference must substantiate the request.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 14.
Filing of notes and authorities
15. The tribunal may require that the parties file notes and authorities with the secretary. The tribunal shall determine the number of copies and the time period for such filing.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 15.
Notification
I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
16. Unless the Tribunal decides otherwise, notification is made by service by a bailiff or by registered mail.
Except for applications instituting proceedings, notification of documents between the parties’ advocates may be effected by fax machine.
The return of service, the notice of delivery or the fax transmission slip or affidavit from the person who effected the notification is proof, where applicable, of the notification or service. The proof must be filed with the secretariat.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 16; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
DIVISION II
INTRODUCTION OF AN APPLICATION
Filing methods
17. An application instituting proceedings or any other application must be signed by the applicant or the applicant’s advocate.
The application and any documents to be filed with the secretariat must
(1)  be filed at the office of the secretariat;
(2)  be sent by mail to the address of the secretariat; or
(3)  be delivered to the secretariat by courier.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 17.
Content
18. An application must state, in addition to the facts giving rise to the application,
(1)  the applicant’s name, address, telephone number and, where applicable, e-mail address and fax number;
(2)  if the applicant is represented, the advocate’s name, address, telephone number and, where applicable, e-mail address and fax number;
(3)  the grounds for the application in the form of allegations;
(4)  the applicable statutory and regulatory provisions; and
(5)  the conclusions sought.
An application for review must be filed within the period prescribed by law and must contain a copy of the contested decision.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 18.
Application based on an imperative reason
19. In the case of an application based on imperative reasons, the application instituting proceedings must be filed with a sworn affidavit in support of the facts of the application and imperative reasons on which it is based.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 19.
Oral application
20. An application may be presented orally if authorized by the tribunal or the Tribunal.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 20.
Filing date
21. The date of filing of an application is the date on which it is received at the secretariat.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 21.
Intervention
22. An interested person who makes a request pursuant to section 93 of the Act respecting the Autorité des marchés financiers (chapter A-33.2) must notify a copy of the request to the Authority. Proof of notification must also be filed with the secretariat.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 22; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
Notification of application
I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
23. Unless the Tribunal decides otherwise, every application, except an application based on imperative reasons, must be notified to the other party and include the proceeding and the documents in support of the proceeding.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 23; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
Copy of file
24. The administrative authority whose decision is contested must, within 30 days of receipt of a copy of the application for review, send to the secretariat and the applicant, in addition to the name, address and telephone and fax numbers of its advocate, a true copy of
(1)  the decision of the administrative authority;
(2)  the observations of the applicant; and
(3)  all the documents relating to the matter, subject to any prohibitions provided by law.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 24.
Acknowledgement of receipt
25. On receipt of an application, the secretary shall send an acknowledgement to the applicant or the applicant’s advocate.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 25.
Written communications
26. Written communication from a party to the Tribunal or the tribunal must be sent by the party to the other parties to the proceeding.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 26.
Changes
27. Any change in the address or telephone number of a party or advocate must immediately be notified to the secretariat.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 27.
DIVISION III
DETERMINATION OF HEARING DATE
Determination of hearing date
28. The chair or a member of the Tribunal shall determine the date of the hearing when the file is ready to proceed.
Except in an emergency or where required by an imperative reason, a hearing date may be determined only if the applications to be heard and supporting documents have been filed with the secretariat 2 clear days before the date determined for the hearing.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 28.
Notice of hearing
29. The secretary shall send to the parties or their advocate, where applicable, a notice of hearing stating
(1)  the date, time and place of the hearing;
(2)  that the parties have the right to be assisted or represented by an advocate; and
(3)  that the Tribunal or the tribunal has the authority to proceed, without further delay or notice, despite the failure of a party to appear, if no valid excuse is provided.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 29.
Hearing roll
30. The hearing roll shall be published. The Tribunal may decide to postpone the publication of the roll in the interest of good morals and public order.
The hearing roll must specify
(1)  the name of the members, indicating the member presiding the hearing;
(2)  the file number;
(3)  the name of the parties and their advocates;
(4)  the nature of the proceeding; and
(5)  the date of the hearing.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 30.
DIVISION IV
REPRESENTATION
Advocate
31. A party is entitled to be represented by an advocate.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 31.
Legal persons and entities
32. Legal persons and entities who have no juridical personality are required to be represented by an advocate before the tribunal.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 32.
Representation
33. The advocate representing a party shall file a signed written appearance with the secretariat.
The designation of an advocate in an application or any document from a party constitutes a notice of representation for the entire matter.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 33.
Communications
34. The secretary shall communicate directly with the advocate who filed a written appearance or whose name appears in a document from a party as the party’s advocate.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 34.
Notification to an advocate
I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
35. Valid notification may be made to the advocate having appeared on the file on behalf of a party.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 35; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
Discharge or withdrawal
36. A party who discharges or replaces the advocate shall so inform the tribunal or the Tribunal and the other parties in writing without delay.
An advocate who wishes to withdraw from the file, must make and serve a written application on the Tribunal or the tribunal and on the other party. The tribunal or the Tribunal may authorize the withdrawal on the conditions it considers necessary according to the attendant circumstances.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 36.
DIVISION V
INCIDENTAL PROCEEDINGS
1. AMENDMENT
Amendment before the hearing
37. At any time before the hearing, the parties may amend their application to
(1)  modify, correct or complete allegations or conclusions;
(2)  invoke facts arising during the proceedings; or
(3)  assert a right accrued since the filing of the application and relating to the right exercised in the original application.
The party filing the amendment must notify a copy to the other party.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 37; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
Amendment during a hearing
38. During a hearing, no amendment shall be made without the authorization of the tribunal.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 38.
New party to proceedings
39. Where a party is added by amendment before a hearing, a copy of the original application must be notified to the party; the application in respect of that party is considered to be produced only on the date of notification.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 39; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
Amendment refused
40. No amendment shall be permitted if the Tribunal or tribunal considers it to be unnecessary or contrary to the interests of justice or if the amendment results in an entirely new application unrelated to the original application.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 40.
2. DISCONTINUANCE
Discontinuance by written declaration
41. A party may, at any time before the decision is rendered, discontinue the application by filing a written declaration to that effect.
The party must notify the secretary and the other party of the discontinuance, unless it is made at the hearing in the presence of the other party.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 41.
3. INTERVENTION
Written application for intervention
42. A person who wishes to intervene in an application before the Tribunal or the tribunal must file a written application and show sufficient interest. The application must be filed and notified to all parties before the hearing.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 42; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
Oral application for intervention
43. The tribunal may, during a hearing, authorize an intervention on an oral application recorded in the minutes of the hearing. Where an intervention is authorized, the tribunal may impose such conditions as it considers necessary for the protection of the rights of the parties.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 43.
Impleading
44. The tribunal or the Tribunal may, on its own initiative, order the impleading of any person whose interests may be affected by its decision.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 44.
4. RECUSATION
Notice of cause for recusation
45. A member who has knowledge of a valid cause for the member’s recusation must so advise the parties.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 45.
Application for recusation
46. A party may, provided the party acts with dispatch, apply for the recusation of a member seized of the matter if the party has valid reason to believe that a cause for recusation exists.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 46.
Application to the chair
47. The application for recusation must be addressed to the chair of the Tribunal or to the tribunal. Except in the event of the member’s own removal from the matter, the application shall be decided by the chair, the vice-chair or a member designated by either of them.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 47.
5. POSTPONEMENT
Object
48. The tribunal or the Tribunal, as applicable, may, on its own initiative or at the request of a party, postpone the hearing to a date as close as possible, if it is of the opinion that the adjournment will not cause unreasonable delay in the proceeding or that it may foster a settlement.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 48.
Postponement before the hearing
49. A party who wishes to obtain a postponement before the hearing must file an application to that effect with the secretariat.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 49.
Postponement during the hearing
50. During the hearing, the tribunal may postpone the hearing on the written or oral request of a party.
A decision relating to a request for postponement must be recorded in the minutes of the hearing.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 50.
6. REPLACEMENT OF A MEMBER OF THE TRIBUNAL
One-member tribunal
51. Where a member cannot continue a hearing owing to an inability to act, another member designated by the chair of the Tribunal may, with the consent of the parties, continue the hearing.
That member may, with the consent of the parties, rely on the evidence already submitted, but may also, on the member’s own initiative or at the request of a party, recall a witness or require any other evidence.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 51.
Tribunal of more than one member
52. Where an application is heard before a tribunal composed of more than one member and one of them cannot continue the hearing, the hearing shall be continued by the remaining member or members.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 52.
DIVISION VI
PRE-HEARING CONFERENCE
Convening
53. The chair of the Tribunal or a member designated by the chair may call the parties or their advocates to a pre-hearing conference. The conference may be held by telephone or by any other appropriate means.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 53.
Object
54. The purpose of the pre-hearing conference is to
(1)  define the questions to be dealt with at the hearing;
(2)  assess the advisability of clarifying and specifying the pretensions of the parties and the conclusions sought;
(3)  facilitate the exchange of evidence between the parties;
(4)  plan the proceedings and the evidence to be presented;
(5)  examine the possibility of admitting certain facts or of proving them by means of sworn statements; and
(6)  examine any other question likely to simplify or accelerate the conduct of the hearing.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 54.
Minutes
55. The secretary shall draw up the minutes of the pre-hearing conference so as to record any admissions, agreements and undertakings, and sign them.
The minutes of the pre-hearing conference may be subject of a publication ban.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 55.
DIVISION VII
HEARING
Conduct of the hearing
56. The tribunal has full authority over the conduct of the hearing.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 56.
Incidental proceeding
57. The tribunal may render a decision during the hearing or take under reserve any proceeding or preliminary, interlocutory or incidental objection.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 57.
Dismissal of an application
58. The Tribunal or tribunal may, on its own initiative or on request, summarily dismiss an application it considers to be frivolous, excessive or dilatory or subject it to certain conditions.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 58.
Public hearings
59. The hearings of the tribunal are public. The tribunal may, on its own initiative or at the request of a party, order a closed-door hearing in the interest of good morals and public order.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 59.
Conduct during the hearing
60. Every person addressing the tribunal or a witness shall, except with leave of the tribunal, rise and remain standing.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 60.
Attendance
61. Persons attending the hearing shall behave with dignity and respect towards justice. They shall refrain from any conduct that may interfere with the proper conduct of the hearing.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 61.
Prohibited publication
62. The tribunal may, on its own initiative or at the request of a party, prohibit or restrict the disclosure, publication or release of the information or documents it indicates, if doing so is necessary to preserve public order.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 62.
Copy of documents produced
63. A party who produces documents at a hearing must provide copies to the members of the tribunal, the secretary and the other parties.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 63.
DIVISION VIII
WITNESSES
Subpoena
64. Any party who wishes to summon a witness shall do so by means of a subpoena signed by a member of the Tribunal or the advocate representing the party.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 64.
Summons from the tribunal
65. The tribunal may, on its own initiative, summon a person to appear to testify or to produce a document at the hearing.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 65.
Service
66. The subpoena must be served by a bailiff, at the expense of the party summoning the witness and it is incumbent on the party to prove the date of service.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 66.
Time for service
67. The subpoena must be served at least 10 days before the date of the hearing.
However, in cases of urgency, a member of the Tribunal or tribunal may allow a shorter time for service.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 67.
Assistance of an advocate
68. A person called to testify may be assisted by an advocate of the person’s choosing.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 68.
Swearing in
69. Witnesses are authorized to testify only if they have been sworn.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 69.
Presence at the hearing
70. Every person present at a hearing may be required to testify and the person is required to answer as if the person had been duly summoned.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 70.
Exclusion of witnesses
71. The tribunal may, on its own initiative or at the request of a party, order that witnesses testify outside each other’s presence.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 71.
DIVISION IX
EVIDENCE
Relevance of the evidence
72. Each party may present evidence relevant to the determination of the party’s rights and obligations.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 72.
Order of presentation
73. Where the tribunal hears a matter in the first instance, the applicant’s advocate shall be given the first opportunity to present evidence and to examine witnesses.
In a review hearing, the tribunal shall determine the order of presentation of the evidence. In the exercise of that discretion, the tribunal shall consider, among other things,
(1)  the nature and conduct of the decision-making process of the body whose decision is contested;
(2)  the applicant’s opportunity to be heard and to contest the evidence;
(3)  the degree of adherence to the rules of natural justice and the equitable nature of the proceedings of the body whose decision is contested; and
(4)  the existence of a file allowing the tribunal to recreate the full conduct of the proceedings of the body whose decision is contested.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 73.
Admissibility of evidence
74. The tribunal may make the admission of evidence subject to rules on prior communication.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 74.
Ordinary rules in civil matters
75. The tribunal is not required to follow the ordinary rules of evidence in civil matters.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 75.
Dismissal of evidence
76. The tribunal may dismiss any evidence obtained under such circumstances that fundamental rights and freedoms are breached and that its use would tend to bring the administration of justice into disrepute.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 76.
Judicial notice
77. The tribunal must take judicial notice of the law in force in Québec.
Statutory instruments not published in the Gazette officielle du Québec or in any other manner provided for by law must be pleaded.
The tribunal may take judicial notice of the law in the other provinces or in the territories of Canada and of the law of a foreign state in the fields within its jurisdiction.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 77.
Knowledge of facts
78. A member may take notice of generally recognized facts, opinions and information within the scope of the member’s specialty.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 78.
Opening statements
79. Each party must, before commencing the evidence, present a summary of the facts the party intends to prove and the conclusions sought.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 79.
Hearsay
80. Hearsay is admissible if such evidence offers reasonable safeguards of credibility, subject to the rules of natural justice.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 80.
Preponderance of evidence
81. The tribunal is subject to the rule of preponderance of evidence.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 81.
DIVISION X
DECISION
Advisement
82. In any matter of whatever nature, the decision must be rendered within 6 months after being taken under advisement. The chair of the Tribunal must take into account the circumstances and interests of the parties, however, to extend that period or withdraw the matter from a member who has not rendered a decision within the required time.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 82.
Withdrawal
83. Where a member seized of a matter is unable or fails to render a decision within 6 months or, as the case may be, within such additional time as has been granted, the matter may be withdrawn from the member by the chair on the chair’s own initiative or at the request of a party.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 83.
Quorum
84. In the event that an application is withdrawn from a member, it may be continued as provided in section 51 or 52 of these Rules.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 84.
Filing of the original with the secretary
85. The written decision of the tribunal terminating a matter shall be signed and filed with the secretary and constitutes the original of the tribunal’s decision.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 85.
Decision from the bench
86. Decisions rendered orally during the hearing shall be recorded in the minutes of the hearing.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 86.
Reopening of the inquiry
87. A tribunal who takes a matter under advisement may, on its own initiative or at the request of a party, and until it renders its decision, order the inquiry reopened for the purposes and on the conditions it determines.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 87.
Filing in the register of decisions and true copy
88. The secretary shall file and keep the original of the decision in the register of decisions and a true copy of the decision in the record. The secretary is also responsible for issuing true copies of the decision, on request.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 88.
Transmittal
89. The secretary shall send a true copy of the decision to the parties and advocates and to the intervenors, if any.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 89.
Correction
90. A decision of the tribunal containing an error in writing or in calculation or any other clerical error may be corrected by the signatories of the decision, on their own initiative or at the request of a party. A copy of the correction shall immediately be sent to the interested parties.
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 90.
DIVISION XI
COMING INTO FORCE
Coming into force
91. (Omitted).
Decision 2004-11-10, s. 91.
REFERENCES
Decision 2004-11-10, 2004 G.O. 2, 3115
S.Q. 2009, c. 58, s. 185
S.Q. 2016, c. 7, s. 179