Q-2, r. 0.1 - Regulation respecting activities in wetlands, bodies of water and sensitive areas

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4. In this Regulation, unless the context indicates a different meaning,
body of water means an area characterized in particular by the permanent or temporary presence of water, which may occupy a bed and may be stagnant or in movement, such as a lake or watercourse, and including their lakeshores and riverbanks, littoral zone and floodplains; (milieu hydrique)
boundary means a line marking the limit of a wetland and corresponding to the point at which the soil ceases to be hydromorphic and the vegetation ceases to be dominated by hygrophilous species, in relation to the area where at least one of those conditions does apply; (bordure)
floodplain means the area occupied by a lake or watercourse during periods of flooding; the geographic limits of the flooded areas are identified by one of the means prescribed by the Protection Policy for Lakeshores, Riverbanks, Littoral Zones and Floodplains; (plaine inondable)
forest cover means the aggregate of the crowns of trees in a forest stand forming a more or less continuous canopy; (couvert forestier)
forested peatland means a peatland comprising trees more than 4 m tall covering at least 25% of its surface area; (tourbière boisée)
forested swamp means a swamp comprising trees more than 4 m tall covering at least 25% of its surface area; (marécage arborescent)
forested wetland means a forested peatland or a forested swamp; (milieu humide boisé)
forest development activity means an activity covered by paragraph 1 of section 4 of the Sustainable Forest Development Act (chapter A-18.1) carried out elsewhere than in the lands of the domain of the State and aimed specifically at the development and conservation of forest lands; (activité d’aménagement forestier)
high-water mark means a line marking the limit of the littoral zone and lakeshore or riverbank based on the criteria prescribed by the Protection Policy for Lakeshores, Riverbanks, Littoral Zones and Floodplains (chapter Q-2, r. 35); (ligne des hautes eaux)
lakeshore and riverbank mean the strip of land bordering a lake, watercourse, estuary or sea, extending inland from the high-water mark and having a width of
(1)  10 m where the slope is less than 30% or, if the slope is greater than 30%, having a bank no higher than 5 m;
(2)  15 m where the slope is greater than 30% and is continuous or has a bank higher than 5 m; (rive)
littoral zone means the part of a lake, watercourse, estuary or sea that extends from the high-water mark to the centre of the body of water; (littoral)
marsh means an area of land that is permanently or temporarily flooded and is dominated by herbaceous vegetation growing on a mineral or organic soil; where shrubs and trees are present, they cover less than 25% of its surface area; (marais)
open wetland means any wetland that is not forested; (milieu humide ouvert)
open peatland means a peatland comprising trees more than 4 m tall covering less than 25% of its surface area; (tourbière ouverte)
peatland means an area of land covered with peat and resulting from the accumulation of partially decomposed organic matter in a layer at least 30 cm thick, in which the water table is usually at the same level as the soil or close to its surface; (tourbière)
pond means an area of land covered by water whose depth at low water is less than 2 m; if vegetation is present, it comprises floating or submerged plants and emergent plants covering less than 25% of its surface area; despite the foregoing, this definition does not apply to a commercial fishing pond or an aquatic organism breeding pond; (étang)
rut means a track on the surface of the ground measuring at least 4 m in length and created by the wheels or crawlers of a motorized or non-motorized machine; on organic soil, a rut is considered to be the torn plant cover; on mineral soil, a rut has a depth of more than 200 mm measured from the litter surface; (ornière)
shrubby swamp means any swamp that is not a forested swamp; (marécage arbustif)
St. Lawrence lowlands means the municipalities a part of whose territory is included in that natural province; (basses-terres du Saint-Laurent)
swamp means an area of land subject to seasonal flooding or characterized by a soil permanently or temporarily saturated with water and containing ligneous, shrubby or arborescent vegetation growing on a mineral soil covering more than 25% of its surface area; (marécage)
sylvicultural prescription means a document prepared and signed by a forest engineer; (prescription sylvicole)
watercourse means any mass of water running along a bed in a regular or intermittent flow, including a bed created or altered by human intervention, the St. Lawrence River, the estuary of the St. Lawrence River, the Gulf of St. Lawrence and all the seas surrounding Québec, excluding a ditch; (cours d’eau)
wetland means an area that meets the criteria prescribed in section 46.0.2 of the Act, characterized in particular by hydromorphic soils or vegetation dominated by hygrophilous species, such as a pond, marsh, swamp or peatland. (milieu humide)
871-2020O.C. 871-2020, s. 4.
In force: 2020-12-31
4. In this Regulation, unless the context indicates a different meaning,
body of water means an area characterized in particular by the permanent or temporary presence of water, which may occupy a bed and may be stagnant or in movement, such as a lake or watercourse, and including their lakeshores and riverbanks, littoral zone and floodplains; (milieu hydrique)
boundary means a line marking the limit of a wetland and corresponding to the point at which the soil ceases to be hydromorphic and the vegetation ceases to be dominated by hygrophilous species, in relation to the area where at least one of those conditions does apply; (bordure)
floodplain means the area occupied by a lake or watercourse during periods of flooding; the geographic limits of the flooded areas are identified by one of the means prescribed by the Protection Policy for Lakeshores, Riverbanks, Littoral Zones and Floodplains; (plaine inondable)
forest cover means the aggregate of the crowns of trees in a forest stand forming a more or less continuous canopy; (couvert forestier)
forested peatland means a peatland comprising trees more than 4 m tall covering at least 25% of its surface area; (tourbière boisée)
forested swamp means a swamp comprising trees more than 4 m tall covering at least 25% of its surface area; (marécage arborescent)
forested wetland means a forested peatland or a forested swamp; (milieu humide boisé)
forest development activity means an activity covered by paragraph 1 of section 4 of the Sustainable Forest Development Act (chapter A-18.1) carried out elsewhere than in the lands of the domain of the State and aimed specifically at the development and conservation of forest lands; (activité d’aménagement forestier)
high-water mark means a line marking the limit of the littoral zone and lakeshore or riverbank based on the criteria prescribed by the Protection Policy for Lakeshores, Riverbanks, Littoral Zones and Floodplains (chapter Q-2, r. 35); (ligne des hautes eaux)
lakeshore and riverbank mean the strip of land bordering a lake, watercourse, estuary or sea, extending inland from the high-water mark and having a width of
(1)  10 m where the slope is less than 30% or, if the slope is greater than 30%, having a bank no higher than 5 m;
(2)  15 m where the slope is greater than 30% and is continuous or has a bank higher than 5 m; (rive)
littoral zone means the part of a lake, watercourse, estuary or sea that extends from the high-water mark to the centre of the body of water; (littoral)
marsh means an area of land that is permanently or temporarily flooded and is dominated by herbaceous vegetation growing on a mineral or organic soil; where shrubs and trees are present, they cover less than 25% of its surface area; (marais)
open wetland means any wetland that is not forested; (milieu humide ouvert)
open peatland means a peatland comprising trees more than 4 m tall covering less than 25% of its surface area; (tourbière ouverte)
peatland means an area of land covered with peat and resulting from the accumulation of partially decomposed organic matter in a layer at least 30 cm thick, in which the water table is usually at the same level as the soil or close to its surface; (tourbière)
pond means an area of land covered by water whose depth at low water is less than 2 m; if vegetation is present, it comprises floating or submerged plants and emergent plants covering less than 25% of its surface area; despite the foregoing, this definition does not apply to a commercial fishing pond or an aquatic organism breeding pond; (étang)
rut means a track on the surface of the ground measuring at least 4 m in length and created by the wheels or crawlers of a motorized or non-motorized machine; on organic soil, a rut is considered to be the torn plant cover; on mineral soil, a rut has a depth of more than 200 mm measured from the litter surface; (ornière)
shrubby swamp means any swamp that is not a forested swamp; (marécage arbustif)
St. Lawrence lowlands means the municipalities a part of whose territory is included in that natural province; (basses-terres du Saint-Laurent)
swamp means an area of land subject to seasonal flooding or characterized by a soil permanently or temporarily saturated with water and containing ligneous, shrubby or arborescent vegetation growing on a mineral soil covering more than 25% of its surface area; (marécage)
sylvicultural prescription means a document prepared and signed by a forest engineer; (prescription sylvicole)
watercourse means any mass of water running along a bed in a regular or intermittent flow, including a bed created or altered by human intervention, the St. Lawrence River, the estuary of the St. Lawrence River, the Gulf of St. Lawrence and all the seas surrounding Québec, excluding a ditch; (cours d’eau)
wetland means an area that meets the criteria prescribed in section 46.0.2 of the Act, characterized in particular by hydromorphic soils or vegetation dominated by hygrophilous species, such as a pond, marsh, swamp or peatland. (milieu humide)
871-2020O.C. 871-2020, s. 4.