53. A consumer who has entered into a contract with a merchant is entitled to exercise directly against the merchant or the manufacturer a recourse based on a latent defect in the goods forming the object of the contract, unless the consumer could have discovered the defect by an ordinary examination.
The same rule applies where there is a lack of instructions necessary for the protection of the user against a risk or danger of which he would otherwise be unaware.
The merchant or the manufacturer shall not plead that he was unaware of the defect or lack of instructions.
The rights of action against the manufacturer may be exercised by any consumer who is a subsequent purchaser of the goods.