1. The object of this Act is to contribute to the objective of safeguarding the character, diversity and integrity of Québec’s natural heritage through measures to conserve its biological diversity and the life-sustaining elements of natural settings, in particular to meet the needs of present and future generations.
More specifically, the Act is intended to facilitate the establishment of a network of protected areas representative of biodiversity by introducing conservation measures for natural settings that complete existing measures, including the assigning of protection status to certain areas under the responsibility of other government departments, government bodies or regional authorities.
In addition, the Act promotes conservation of wetlands and bodies of water and achievement of no net loss of such settings. They constitute very important ecosystems due to their fundamental ecological functions, in particular to regulate water flow during flooding or drought and to fight climate change.
The conservation measures provided for by this Act, including protected areas, constitute a set of measures designed to maintain the natural heritage and the ecosystems it comprises, in particular through their preservation, protection, restoration and sustainable use.
2002, c. 74, s. 1; 2017, c. 14, s. 1211.