4. In this Code, unless the context otherwise requires, the following words mean:
(a) “Code of Civil Procedure”, or “Code of Procedure”: this Code;
(b) “Revised Statutes”: the Revised Statutes of Québec;
(c) “other provinces of Canada”: the Provinces of Canada other than Québec, and those territories not organized into provinces;
(d) “chief justice”: the chief justice, the senior associate chief justice or the associate chief justice, depending upon the district where the term is applicable;
(e) “a judge” or “judge in chambers”: a judge acting as such in his office, as opposed to the judge presiding over a sitting of the court, who is ordinarily called “the presiding judge”, “the trial judge”, or “the court”;
(f) “prothonotary”: not only the prothonotary of the Superior Court, but also the clerk of any other court to which the provision is applicable;
(g) “office of the court”: the office of the prothonotary or of the clerk of any court to which the provision is applicable;
(h) “affidavit”: a written statement supported by the oath of the deponent or by his solemn affirmation, administered and attested by any person so authorized by law;
(i) “case ready for judgment”: a case in which the trial has been completed and which has been taken under advisement;
(j) “stenography”: stenography properly so called or stenotypography;
(k) “special prothonotary”: the prothonotary, the deputy prothonotary, the clerk or the deputy clerk appointed by order of the Minister of Justice, with the consent of the chief justice of the court, to exercise in that court, in addition to his other functions, the attributions attached to such capacity.
Moreover, the declaratory and interpretative provisions of article 17 of the Civil Code and sections 38 to 61 of the Interpretation Act (chapter I-16) are deemed to be part of this Code, and the words, terms and expressions there defined are taken in the sense there indicated, unless there is a formal text to the contrary or the context otherwise requires.
The meaning of the word “court” used in the Civil Code of Québec and in articles 325 to 336.3, 1731.1 to 1731.11 and 1756.1 of the Civil Code of Lower Canada is determined in accordance with this Code and may designate, as the case may be, a judge presiding over a sitting of a court, a judge in chambers or a prothonotary.