S-2.1, r. 4 - Safety Code for the construction industry

Full text
1.1. In this Code, unless otherwise indicated,
(1)  “blasting accessory” means any explosive substance used in firing explosives;
(1.1)  “CSA” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(1.2)  “asbestos” means the fibrous form of mineral silicates belonging to rock-forming minerals of the serpentine group, that is, chrysotile, and the amphibole group, that is, actinolite, amosite, anthophyllite, crocidolite, tremolite or any mixture containing one or more of those minerals;
(1.3)  “backup area” means a marked out space reserved for backup maneuvers of self-propelled vehicles;
(2)  “hoisting apparatus” means a crane, overhead travelling crane, gantry crane, monorail, platform or fork-lift truck, winch, hoist, derrick, jib crane, gin, auxiliary crane, aerial basket, lifting platform and table, levelling apparatus, truck lifting panel, lifting jack and screw jack;
(3)  “ASTM” means the American Society for Testing and Materials;
(4)  “continuous noise” means a prolonged noise, including a noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise occurring at a frequency higher than one per second;
(5)  “impact noise” means any noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise repeated or not at a frequency lower than or equal to one per second;
(6)  (paragraph revoked);
(7)  “bolting” means a method for staying partition-walls by means of bolts or other similar devices anchored in the surrounding rock;
(7.0)  “CAN/CSA” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(7.1)  “life line” means a synthetic fibre rope, a steel wire rope or a strap attached to an anchorage system and used to guide a rope grab;
(8)  “high risk construction site” means
(a)  an excavation site of 6 m or more in depth;
(b)  a trench site, within the meaning of paragraph 34 of this section, 50 m or more in length;
(c)  a site where water or sewer works are carried out over a length of 50 m or more;
(d)  an underground work site;
(e)  where work is carried out underwater or in a hyperbaric environment;
(f)  a demolition site;
(g)  the site of a building, a structure or part of a structure 15 m or more in height;
(h)  a site where electrical transmission lines or their supporting structures are constructed or repaired;
(i)  a site where work is carried out 3 m or less from an electrical line of over 750 V;
(j)  a site where work is carried out above or near water;
(k)  dredging works;
(l)  a site where work in an electrical powerhouse or in an electrical transformer station is carried out;
(m)  a site where work is carried out in a closed area;
(n)  a site where explosives are used and handled;
(o)  where high-risk work is carried out within the meaning of paragraph 3 of section 3.23.2 of this Code;
(8.1)  “major construction site” means a site where not fewer than 500 workers are employed simultaneously;
(9)  “underground work site” means a construction site where works related to the excavation of tunnels and shafts are performed;
(10)  “rated load” means the maximum load established by the manufacturer;
(11)  “non-combustible construction” means a construction whose structural members, including floors and joints, are made of non-combustible materials;
(12)  (paragraph revoked);
(12.0)  “lanyard” means a rope or strap fastened at one end to a safety harness and at the other end to an anchorage system or other component of a fall arrest connecting device;
(12.1)  “digging” means any hole dug in the ground, including an excavation or a trench;
(13)  “depot” means a building, construction or receptacle in which explosives are stored;
(13.1)  (paragraph revoked);
(14)  “scaling” has the meaning assigned by paragraph 31;
(14.1)  “pump jack scaffold” means a mast-climbing work platform that moves between two masts with the help of jacks;
(14.2)  “mast-climbing work platform” means scaffolding constituted of a work platform that moves up and down between two or several masts with the help of a hoisting system and equipped with an anchoring system;
(14.3)  “winch scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform whose masts are linked by braces or counter braces supporting a work platform that moves with the help of a hoisting device constituted of winches, pulleys and cables;
(15)  “scaffold shoring” means an assembly of tubular scaffolding frames used for the shoring of concrete formwork;
(15.01)  “motorized scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform constituted of a hoisting system made up of an electric, pneumatic or hydraulic motor or a natural gas or gasoline engine;
(15.1)  “suspended scaffolding” means a platform suspended by one or more cables fixed to an anchoring point and moved vertically by means of a manual or motorized winch;
(16)  (paragraph revoked);
(17)  “electrical power company” means a person, firm, company, cooperative society or municipality operating an electric energy transportation or distribution network;
(17.1)  “confined space” means a space which is not designed to be occupied by a human being, in particular a tank, silo, vat, caisson, shoring pile, stack or manhole;
(18)  “excavation” means a piece of land dug out to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base exceeds the depth;
(18.1)  “explosives” means any substance fabricated, manufactured or used to produce an explosion or a detonation, such as gunpowder, blasting powder, dynamite, an explosive in solution, aqueous gelatin, a blasting agent or a blasting accessory;
(19)  (paragraph revoked);
(20)  “manufacturer” means means the maker or his agent or where manufacture is done on the site, the employer;
(21)  “safety factor” means the ratio of the ultimate load to the working load;
(21.1)  “respirable asbestos fibre” means asbestos fibre having a diameter of less than 3 µm and a ratio of length to diameter of more than 3:1. Only fibres longer than 5 µm are taken into account for measurement purposes;
(21.2)  “high-efficiency filter” means a filter capable of filtering particles of 0.3 µm in size at an efficiency rate of at least 99.97%;
(22)  “face” means the most advanced work point in a given direction in an underground excavation at a given level;
(23)  (paragraph revoked);
(23.0)  “free fall distance” means the vertical distance measured from the beginning of a fall, from the harness D-ring to which the fall arrest connecting device is attached, to the point where the fall arrest system begins to apply force to stop the fall;
(23.1)  “ISO” means the International Organization for Standardization;
(24)  “jumbo” means a hammer-carrying head designed for drilling at the face without having to repeatedly disassemble drilling machines;
(24.0)  “fall arrest connecting device” means all equipment, such as a lanyard, energy absorber, snap hook, connector, life line or rope grab, used to secure a safety harness to an anchorage system;
(24.1)  (paragraph revoked);
(24.2)  “friable material” means material that can be crumbled, pulverized or powdered by hand pressure when dry or that is crumbled, pulverized or powdered;
(25)  “non-combustible material” means material that complies with CAN4-S114, Standard Method of Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials, applicable at the time of manufacture of the equipment;
(25.01)  “dike” means a sandbag barricade, an earth mound or the equivalent located less than 50 cm from the depot and whose height is at least equal to the depot;
(25.1)  “protective wall” means a partition made of plywood at least 9 mm thick or made of another rigid material of an equivalent or greater resistance, that is at least 1.8 m high and that is installed at not more than 100 mm above the ground;
(26)  “NFPA” means the National Fire Protection Association;
(27)  “two-blocking” means a situation where the hook block, the hoisting cable counterweight or other accessories attached to the hoisting cable come into contact with the tip of the boom or with the tip of the jib;
(28)  “blasting mat” means a covering used to offer protection against stones or other objects that may be projected as a result of firing explosives;
(29)  “low velocity explosive actuated tool” means any tool designed so that when it is used with the maximum explosive charge permitted by the manufacturer’s specifications, it imparts to the fastener a speed of not more than 91.4 m per second and transmits to it kinetic energy of not more than 33 joules measured at a distance between 1.99 to 2.01 m from the mouth of the tool;
(29.1)  “asbestos dust” means airborne asbestos particles or deposited asbestos particles liable to become airborne in the work area;
(30)  “shaft” means a passage dug underground whose longitudinal axis makes an angle greater than 20º with the horizontal;
(31)  “scaling” means an action provoking the fall of rocks which tend to become separated from a partition wall or a vault;
(31.01)  “SAE” means the Society of Automotive Engineers;
(31.1)  “boatswain’s chair” means a seat designed for a worker, supported by slings or by a structure and suspended from a cable fixed to an anchoring point;
(32)  “hazard signs” means a yellow, orange or red rigid strip, such as a trestle, or flexible strip, at least 70 mm wide and installed, according to the configuration of the land or of the structure, at a height varying between 0.7 m and 1.2 m
(33)  (paragraph revoked);
(33.1)  “flushing toilet” means a toilet having the following features
(a)  the bowl has a hatch or a siphon which separates it physically and visually from the drain pipe or the processing tank;
(b)  waste is purged from the bowl toward the sewer system or into the processing tank by means of a device causing a flow of water or chemicals;
(33.2)  “chemical toilet” means a toilet without a bowl in which waste falls directly into a tank containing a chemical product to process the waste;
(34)  “trench” means a piece of land dug to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base is equal or less than the depth. The width of the base is measured between the excavated walls or between an excavated wall and a structure;
(34.0.1)  “work above or near water” means work carried out above or less than 2 m from a body of water or watercourse that is either more than 1.2 m deep and allows the use of a boat, or with a water flow of more than 0.51 m/s sufficient to carry a person;
(34.1)  “blasthole” means a boring hole intended to be loaded with explosives;
(34.2)  “misfire” means a blasthole loaded with explosives which did not fire;
(35)  “tunnel” means an underground passage constructed without removing the material forming the vault and whose longitudinal axis makes an angle of 20º or less in relation to the horizontal;
(36)  “ULC” means the Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada;
(37)  “loading area” means space that includes the place where workers load the drill holes, drill holes loaded or being loaded and any space occupied by the material and equipment necessary for the loading;
(38)  “blasting area” means a place or space that presents a projection or blast hazard to a person or where a hazard exists because of the effects of the blasting.
R.R.Q., 1981, c. S-2.1, r. 6, s. 1.1; Decision 83-11-17, s. 1; O.C. 1959-86, s. 1; O.C. 53-90, s. 1; O.C. 54-90, s. 1; O.C. 995-91, s. 1; O.C. 807-92, s. 1; O.C. 329-94, s. 1; O.C. 1413-98, s. 1; O.C. 35-2001, s. 1; O.C. 119-2008, s. 1; O.C. 425-2010, s. 4; O.C. 393-2011, s. 1; O.C. 476-2013, s. 4; O.C. 606-2014, s. 1; O.C. 57-2015, s. 1; O.C. 428-2015, s. 1; O.C. 513-2015, s. 1; O.C. 1078-2015, s. 1.
1.1. In this Code, unless otherwise indicated,
(1)  “blasting accessory” means any explosive substance used in firing explosives;
(1.1)  “CSA” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(1.2)  “asbestos” means the fibrous form of mineral silicates belonging to rock-forming minerals of the serpentine group, that is, chrysotile, and the amphibole group, that is, actinolite, amosite, anthophyllite, crocidolite, tremolite or any mixture containing one or more of those minerals;
(2)  “hoisting apparatus” means a crane, overhead travelling crane, gantry crane, monorail, platform or fork-lift truck, winch, hoist, derrick, jib crane, gin, auxiliary crane, aerial basket, lifting platform and table, levelling apparatus, truck lifting panel, lifting jack and screw jack;
(3)  “ASTM” means the American Society for Testing and Materials;
(4)  “continuous noise” means a prolonged noise, including a noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise occurring at a frequency higher than one per second;
(5)  “impact noise” means any noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise repeated or not at a frequency lower than or equal to one per second;
(6)  (paragraph revoked);
(7)  “bolting” means a method for staying partition-walls by means of bolts or other similar devices anchored in the surrounding rock;
(7.0)  “CAN/CSA” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(7.1)  “life line” means a synthetic fibre rope, a steel wire rope or a strap attached to an anchorage system and used to guide a rope grab;
(8)  “high risk construction site” means
(a)  an excavation site of 6 m or more in depth;
(b)  a trench site, within the meaning of paragraph 34 of this section, 50 m or more in length;
(c)  a site where water or sewer works are carried out over a length of 50 m or more;
(d)  an underground work site;
(e)  where work is carried out underwater or in a hyperbaric environment;
(f)  a demolition site;
(g)  the site of a building, a structure or part of a structure 15 m or more in height;
(h)  a site where electrical transmission lines or their supporting structures are constructed or repaired;
(i)  a site where work is carried out 3 m or less from an electrical line of over 750 V;
(j)  a site where work is carried out above or near water;
(k)  dredging works;
(l)  a site where work in an electrical powerhouse or in an electrical transformer station is carried out;
(m)  a site where work is carried out in a closed area;
(n)  a site where explosives are used and handled;
(o)  where high-risk work is carried out within the meaning of paragraph 3 of section 3.23.2 of this Code;
(8.1)  “major construction site” means a site where not fewer than 500 workers are employed simultaneously;
(9)  “underground work site” means a construction site where works related to the excavation of tunnels and shafts are performed;
(10)  “rated load” means the maximum load established by the manufacturer;
(11)  “non-combustible construction” means a construction whose structural members, including floors and joints, are made of non-combustible materials;
(12)  (paragraph revoked);
(12.0)  “lanyard” means a rope or strap fastened at one end to a safety harness and at the other end to an anchorage system or other component of a fall arrest connecting device;
(12.1)  “digging” means any hole dug in the ground, including an excavation or a trench;
(13)  “depot” means a building, construction or receptacle in which explosives are stored;
(13.1)  (paragraph revoked);
(14)  “scaling” has the meaning assigned by paragraph 31;
(14.1)  “pump jack scaffold” means a mast-climbing work platform that moves between two masts with the help of jacks;
(14.2)  “mast-climbing work platform” means scaffolding constituted of a work platform that moves up and down between two or several masts with the help of a hoisting system and equipped with an anchoring system;
(14.3)  “winch scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform whose masts are linked by braces or counter braces supporting a work platform that moves with the help of a hoisting device constituted of winches, pulleys and cables;
(15)  “scaffold shoring” means an assembly of tubular scaffolding frames used for the shoring of concrete formwork;
(15.01)  “motorized scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform constituted of a hoisting system made up of an electric, pneumatic or hydraulic motor or a natural gas or gasoline engine;
(15.1)  “suspended scaffolding” means a platform suspended by one or more cables fixed to an anchoring point and moved vertically by means of a manual or motorized winch;
(16)  (paragraph revoked);
(17)  “electrical power company” means a person, firm, company, cooperative society or municipality operating an electric energy transportation or distribution network;
(17.1)  “confined space” means a space which is not designed to be occupied by a human being, in particular a tank, silo, vat, caisson, shoring pile, stack or manhole;
(18)  “excavation” means a piece of land dug out to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base exceeds the depth;
(18.1)  “explosives” means any substance fabricated, manufactured or used to produce an explosion or a detonation, such as gunpowder, blasting powder, dynamite, an explosive in solution, aqueous gelatin, a blasting agent or a blasting accessory;
(19)  (paragraph revoked);
(20)  “manufacturer” means means the maker or his agent or where manufacture is done on the site, the employer;
(21)  “safety factor” means the ratio of the ultimate load to the working load;
(21.1)  “respirable asbestos fibre” means asbestos fibre having a diameter of less than 3 µm and a ratio of length to diameter of more than 3:1. Only fibres longer than 5 µm are taken into account for measurement purposes;
(21.2)  “high-efficiency filter” means a filter capable of filtering particles of 0.3 µm in size at an efficiency rate of at least 99.97%;
(22)  “face” means the most advanced work point in a given direction in an underground excavation at a given level;
(23)  (paragraph revoked);
(23.0)  “free fall distance” means the vertical distance measured from the beginning of a fall, from the harness D-ring to which the fall arrest connecting device is attached, to the point where the fall arrest system begins to apply force to stop the fall;
(24)  “jumbo” means a hammer-carrying head designed for drilling at the face without having to repeatedly disassemble drilling machines;
(24.0)  “fall arrest connecting device” means all equipment, such as a lanyard, energy absorber, snap hook, connector, life line or rope grab, used to secure a safety harness to an anchorage system;
(24.1)  (paragraph revoked);
(24.2)  “friable material” means material that can be crumbled, pulverized or powdered by hand pressure when dry or that is crumbled, pulverized or powdered;
(25)  “non-combustible material” means material that complies with CAN4-S114, Standard Method of Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials, applicable at the time of manufacture of the equipment;
(25.01)  “dike” means a sandbag barricade, an earth mound or the equivalent located less than 50 cm from the depot and whose height is at least equal to the depot;
(25.1)  “protective wall” means a partition made of plywood at least 9 mm thick or made of another rigid material of an equivalent or greater resistance, that is at least 1.8 m high and that is installed at not more than 100 mm above the ground;
(26)  “NFPA” means the National Fire Protection Association;
(27)  “two-blocking” means a situation where the hook block, the hoisting cable counterweight or other accessories attached to the hoisting cable come into contact with the tip of the boom or with the tip of the jib;
(28)  “blasting mat” means a covering used to offer protection against stones or other objects that may be projected as a result of firing explosives;
(29)  “low velocity explosive actuated tool” means any tool designed so that when it is used with the maximum explosive charge permitted by the manufacturer’s specifications, it imparts to the fastener a speed of not more than 91.4 m per second and transmits to it kinetic energy of not more than 33 joules measured at a distance between 1.99 to 2.01 m from the mouth of the tool;
(29.1)  “asbestos dust” means airborne asbestos particles or deposited asbestos particles liable to become airborne in the work area;
(30)  “shaft” means a passage dug underground whose longitudinal axis makes an angle greater than 20º with the horizontal;
(31)  “scaling” means an action provoking the fall of rocks which tend to become separated from a partition wall or a vault;
(31.01)  “SAE” means the Society of Automotive Engineers;
(31.1)  “boatswain’s chair” means a seat designed for a worker, supported by slings or by a structure and suspended from a cable fixed to an anchoring point;
(32)  “hazard signs” means a yellow, orange or red rigid strip, such as a trestle, or flexible strip, at least 70 mm wide and installed, according to the configuration of the land or of the structure, at a height varying between 0.7 m and 1.2 m
(33)  (paragraph revoked);
(33.1)  “flushing toilet” means a toilet having the following features
(a)  the bowl has a hatch or a siphon which separates it physically and visually from the drain pipe or the processing tank;
(b)  waste is purged from the bowl toward the sewer system or into the processing tank by means of a device causing a flow of water or chemicals;
(33.2)  “chemical toilet” means a toilet without a bowl in which waste falls directly into a tank containing a chemical product to process the waste;
(34)  “trench” means a piece of land dug to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base is equal or less than the depth. The width of the base is measured between the excavated walls or between an excavated wall and a structure;
(34.0.1)  “work above or near water” means work carried out above or less than 2 m from a body of water or watercourse that is either more than 1.2 m deep and allows the use of a boat, or with a water flow of more than 0.51 m/s sufficient to carry a person;
(34.1)  “blasthole” means a boring hole intended to be loaded with explosives;
(34.2)  “misfire” means a blasthole loaded with explosives which did not fire;
(35)  “tunnel” means an underground passage constructed without removing the material forming the vault and whose longitudinal axis makes an angle of 20º or less in relation to the horizontal;
(36)  “ULC” means the Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada;
(37)  “loading area” means space that includes the place where workers load the drill holes, drill holes loaded or being loaded and any space occupied by the material and equipment necessary for the loading;
(38)  “blasting area” means a place or space that presents a projection or blast hazard to a person or where a hazard exists because of the effects of the blasting.
R.R.Q., 1981, c. S-2.1, r. 6, s. 1.1; Decision 83-11-17, s. 1; O.C. 1959-86, s. 1; O.C. 53-90, s. 1; O.C. 54-90, s. 1; O.C. 995-91, s. 1; O.C. 807-92, s. 1; O.C. 329-94, s. 1; O.C. 1413-98, s. 1; O.C. 35-2001, s. 1; O.C. 119-2008, s. 1; O.C. 425-2010, s. 4; O.C. 393-2011, s. 1; O.C. 476-2013, s. 4; O.C. 606-2014, s. 1; O.C. 57-2015, s. 1; O.C. 428-2015, s. 1; O.C. 513-2015, s. 1.
1.1. In this Code, unless otherwise indicated,
(1)  “blasting accessory” means any explosive substance used in firing explosives;
(1.1)  “CSA” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(1.2)  “asbestos” means the fibrous form of mineral silicates belonging to rock-forming minerals of the serpentine group, that is, chrysotile, and the amphibole group, that is, actinolite, amosite, anthophyllite, crocidolite, tremolite or any mixture containing one or more of those minerals;
(2)  “hoisting apparatus” means a crane, overhead travelling crane, gantry crane, monorail, platform or fork-lift truck, winch, hoist, derrick, jib crane, gin, auxiliary crane, aerial basket, lifting platform and table, levelling apparatus, truck lifting panel, lifting jack and screw jack;
(3)  “ASTM” means the American Society for Testing and Materials;
(4)  “continuous noise” means a prolonged noise, including a noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise occurring at a frequency higher than one per second;
(5)  “impact noise” means any noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise repeated or not at a frequency lower than or equal to one per second;
(6)  (paragraph revoked);
(7)  “bolting” means a method for staying partition-walls by means of bolts or other similar devices anchored in the surrounding rock;
(7.0)  “CAN/CSA” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(7.1)  “life line” means a synthetic fibre rope, a steel wire rope or a strap attached to an anchorage system and used to guide a rope grab;
(8)  “high risk construction site” means
(a)  an excavation site of 6 m or more in depth;
(b)  a trench site, within the meaning of paragraph 34 of this section, 50 m or more in length;
(c)  a site where water or sewer works are carried out over a length of 50 m or more;
(d)  an underground work site;
(e)  where work is carried out underwater or in a hyperbaric environment;
(f)  a demolition site;
(g)  the site of a building, a structure or part of a structure 15 m or more in height;
(h)  a site where electrical transmission lines or their supporting structures are constructed or repaired;
(i)  a site where work is carried out 3 m or less from an electrical line of over 750 V;
(j)  civil engineering works above or near a body of water, under or within a 2-metre radius from the works, at a depth of over 1.5 m;
(k)  dredging works;
(l)  a site where work in an electrical powerhouse or in an electrical transformer station is carried out;
(m)  a site where work is carried out in a closed area;
(n)  a site where explosives are used and handled;
(o)  where high-risk work is carried out within the meaning of paragraph 3 of section 3.23.2 of this Code;
(8.1)  “major construction site” means a site where not fewer than 500 workers are employed simultaneously;
(9)  “underground work site” means a construction site where works related to the excavation of tunnels and shafts are performed;
(10)  “rated load” means the maximum load established by the manufacturer;
(11)  “non-combustible construction” means a construction whose structural members, including floors and joints, are made of non-combustible materials;
(12)  (paragraph revoked);
(12.0)  “lanyard” means a rope or strap fastened at one end to a safety harness and at the other end to an anchorage system or other component of a fall arrest connecting device;
(12.1)  “digging” means any hole dug in the ground, including an excavation or a trench;
(13)  “depot” means a building, construction or receptacle in which explosives are stored;
(13.1)  (paragraph revoked);
(14)  “scaling” has the meaning assigned by paragraph 31;
(14.1)  “pump jack scaffold” means a mast-climbing work platform that moves between two masts with the help of jacks;
(14.2)  “mast-climbing work platform” means scaffolding constituted of a work platform that moves up and down between two or several masts with the help of a hoisting system and equipped with an anchoring system;
(14.3)  “winch scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform whose masts are linked by braces or counter braces supporting a work platform that moves with the help of a hoisting device constituted of winches, pulleys and cables;
(15)  “scaffold shoring” means an assembly of tubular scaffolding frames used for the shoring of concrete formwork;
(15.01)  “motorized scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform constituted of a hoisting system made up of an electric, pneumatic or hydraulic motor or a natural gas or gasoline engine;
(15.1)  “suspended scaffolding” means a platform suspended by one or more cables fixed to an anchoring point and moved vertically by means of a manual or motorized winch;
(16)  (paragraph revoked);
(17)  “electrical power company” means a person, firm, company, cooperative society or municipality operating an electric energy transportation or distribution network;
(17.1)  “confined space” means a space which is not designed to be occupied by a human being, in particular a tank, silo, vat, caisson, shoring pile, stack or manhole;
(18)  “excavation” means a piece of land dug out to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base exceeds the depth;
(18.1)  “explosives” means any substance fabricated, manufactured or used to produce an explosion or a detonation, such as gunpowder, blasting powder, dynamite, an explosive in solution, aqueous gelatin, a blasting agent or a blasting accessory;
(19)  (paragraph revoked);
(20)  “manufacturer” means means the maker or his agent or where manufacture is done on the site, the employer;
(21)  “safety factor” means the ratio of the ultimate load to the working load;
(21.1)  “respirable asbestos fibre” means asbestos fibre having a diameter of less than 3 µm and a ratio of length to diameter of more than 3:1. Only fibres longer than 5 µm are taken into account for measurement purposes;
(21.2)  “high-efficiency filter” means a filter capable of filtering particles of 0.3 µm in size at an efficiency rate of at least 99.97%;
(22)  “face” means the most advanced work point in a given direction in an underground excavation at a given level;
(23)  (paragraph revoked);
(23.0)  “free fall distance” means the vertical distance measured from the beginning of a fall, from the harness D-ring to which the fall arrest connecting device is attached, to the point where the fall arrest system begins to apply force to stop the fall;
(24)  “jumbo” means a hammer-carrying head designed for drilling at the face without having to repeatedly disassemble drilling machines;
(24.0)  “fall arrest connecting device” means all equipment, such as a lanyard, energy absorber, snap hook, connector, life line or rope grab, used to secure a safety harness to an anchorage system;
(24.1)  (paragraph revoked);
(24.2)  “friable material” means material that can be crumbled, pulverized or powdered by hand pressure when dry or that is crumbled, pulverized or powdered;
(25)  “non-combustible material” means material that complies with CAN4-S114, Standard Method of Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials, applicable at the time of manufacture of the equipment;
(25.01)  “dike” means a sandbag barricade, an earth mound or the equivalent located less than 50 cm from the depot and whose height is at least equal to the depot;
(25.1)  “protective wall” means a partition made of plywood at least 9 mm thick or made of another rigid material of an equivalent or greater resistance, that is at least 1.8 m high and that is installed at not more than 100 mm above the ground;
(26)  “NFPA” means the National Fire Protection Association;
(27)  “two-blocking” means a situation where the hook block, the hoisting cable counterweight or other accessories attached to the hoisting cable come into contact with the tip of the boom or with the tip of the jib;
(28)  “blasting mat” means a covering used to offer protection against stones or other objects that may be projected as a result of firing explosives;
(29)  “low velocity explosive actuated tool” means any tool designed so that when it is used with the maximum explosive charge permitted by the manufacturer’s specifications, it imparts to the fastener a speed of not more than 91.4 m per second and transmits to it kinetic energy of not more than 33 joules measured at a distance between 1.99 to 2.01 m from the mouth of the tool;
(29.1)  “asbestos dust” means airborne asbestos particles or deposited asbestos particles liable to become airborne in the work area;
(30)  “shaft” means a passage dug underground whose longitudinal axis makes an angle greater than 20º with the horizontal;
(31)  “scaling” means an action provoking the fall of rocks which tend to become separated from a partition wall or a vault;
(31.01)  “SAE” means the Society of Automotive Engineers;
(31.1)  “boatswain’s chair” means a seat designed for a worker, supported by slings or by a structure and suspended from a cable fixed to an anchoring point;
(32)  “hazard signs” means a yellow, orange or red rigid strip, such as a trestle, or flexible strip, at least 70 mm wide and installed, according to the configuration of the land or of the structure, at a height varying between 0.7 m and 1.2 m
(33)  (paragraph revoked);
(33.1)  “flushing toilet” means a toilet having the following features
(a)  the bowl has a hatch or a siphon which separates it physically and visually from the drain pipe or the processing tank;
(b)  waste is purged from the bowl toward the sewer system or into the processing tank by means of a device causing a flow of water or chemicals;
(33.2)  “chemical toilet” means a toilet without a bowl in which waste falls directly into a tank containing a chemical product to process the waste;
(34)  “trench” means a piece of land dug to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base is equal or less than the depth. The width of the base is measured between the excavated walls or between an excavated wall and a structure;
(34.1)  “blasthole” means a boring hole intended to be loaded with explosives;
(34.2)  “misfire” means a blasthole loaded with explosives which did not fire;
(35)  “tunnel” means an underground passage constructed without removing the material forming the vault and whose longitudinal axis makes an angle of 20º or less in relation to the horizontal;
(36)  “ULC” means the Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada;
(37)  “loading area” means space that includes the place where workers load the drill holes, drill holes loaded or being loaded and any space occupied by the material and equipment necessary for the loading;
(38)  “blasting area” means a place or space that presents a projection or blast hazard to a person or where a hazard exists because of the effects of the blasting.
R.R.Q., 1981, c. S-2.1, r. 6, s. 1.1; Decision 83-11-17, s. 1; O.C. 1959-86, s. 1; O.C. 53-90, s. 1; O.C. 54-90, s. 1; O.C. 995-91, s. 1; O.C. 807-92, s. 1; O.C. 329-94, s. 1; O.C. 1413-98, s. 1; O.C. 35-2001, s. 1; O.C. 119-2008, s. 1; O.C. 425-2010, s. 4; O.C. 393-2011, s. 1; O.C. 476-2013, s. 4; O.C. 606-2014, s. 1; O.C. 57-2015, s. 1; O.C. 428-2015, s. 1.
1.1. In this Code, unless otherwise indicated,
(1)  “blasting accessory” means any explosive substance used in firing explosives;
(1.1)  “CSA” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(1.2)  “asbestos” means the fibrous form of mineral silicates belonging to rock-forming minerals of the serpentine group, that is, chrysotile, and the amphibole group, that is, actinolite, amosite, anthophyllite, crocidolite, tremolite or any mixture containing one or more of those minerals;
(2)  “hoisting apparatus” means a crane, overhead travelling crane, gantry crane, monorail, platform or fork-lift truck, winch, hoist, derrick, jib crane, gin, auxiliary crane, aerial basket, lifting platform and table, levelling apparatus, truck lifting panel, lifting jack and screw jack;
(3)  “ASTM” means the American Society for Testing and Materials;
(4)  “continuous noise” means a prolonged noise, including a noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise occurring at a frequency higher than one per second;
(5)  “impact noise” means any noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise repeated or not at a frequency lower than or equal to one per second;
(6)  (paragraph revoked);
(7)  “bolting” means a method for staying partition-walls by means of bolts or other similar devices anchored in the surrounding rock;
(7.0)  “CAN/CSA” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(7.1)  “life line” means a synthetic fibre rope, a steel wire rope or a strap attached to an anchorage system and used to guide a rope grab;
(8)  “high risk construction site” means
(a)  an excavation site of 6 m or more in depth;
(b)  a trench site, within the meaning of paragraph 34 of this section, 50 m or more in length;
(c)  a site where water or sewer works are carried out over a length of 50 m or more;
(d)  an underground work site;
(e)  where work is carried out underwater or in a hyperbaric environment;
(f)  a demolition site;
(g)  the site of a building, a structure or part of a structure 15 m or more in height;
(h)  a site where electrical transmission lines or their supporting structures are constructed or repaired;
(i)  a site where work is carried out 3 m or less from an electrical line of over 750 V;
(j)  civil engineering works above or near a body of water, under or within a 2-metre radius from the works, at a depth of over 1.5 m;
(k)  dredging works;
(l)  a site where work in an electrical powerhouse or in an electrical transformer station is carried out;
(m)  a site where work is carried out in a closed area;
(n)  a site where explosives are used and handled;
(o)  where high-risk work is carried out within the meaning of paragraph 3 of section 3.23.2 of this Code;
(8.1)  “major construction site” means a site where not fewer than 500 workers are employed simultaneously;
(9)  “underground work site” means a construction site where works related to the excavation of tunnels and shafts are performed;
(10)  “rated load” means the maximum load established by the manufacturer;
(11)  “non-combustible construction” means a construction whose structural members, including floors and joints, are made of non-combustible materials;
(12)  (paragraph revoked);
(12.0)  “lanyard” means a rope or strap fastened at one end to a safety harness and at the other end to an anchorage system or other component of a fall arrest connecting device;
(12.1)  “digging” means any hole dug in the ground, including an excavation or a trench;
(13)  “depot” means a building, construction or receptacle in which explosives are stored;
(13.1)  (paragraph revoked);
(14)  “scaling” has the meaning assigned by paragraph 31;
(14.1)  “pump jack scaffold” means a mast-climbing work platform that moves between two masts with the help of jacks;
(14.2)  “mast-climbing work platform” means scaffolding constituted of a work platform that moves up and down between two or several masts with the help of a hoisting system and equipped with an anchoring system;
(14.3)  “winch scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform whose masts are linked by braces or counter braces supporting a work platform that moves with the help of a hoisting device constituted of winches, pulleys and cables;
(15)  “scaffold shoring” means an assembly of tubular scaffolding frames used for the shoring of concrete formwork;
(15.01)  “motorized scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform constituted of a hoisting system made up of an electric, pneumatic or hydraulic motor or a natural gas or gasoline engine;
(15.1)  “suspended scaffolding” means a platform suspended by one or more cables fixed to an anchoring point and moved vertically by means of a manual or motorized winch;
(16)  (paragraph revoked);
(17)  “electrical power company” means a person, firm, company, cooperative society or municipality operating an electric energy transportation or distribution network;
(17.1)  “confined space” means a space which is not designed to be occupied by a human being, in particular a tank, silo, vat, caisson, shoring pile, stack or manhole;
(18)  “excavation” means a piece of land dug out to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base exceeds the depth;
(18.1)  “explosives” means any substance fabricated, manufactured or used to produce an explosion or a detonation, such as gunpowder, blasting powder, dynamite, an explosive in solution, aqueous gelatin, a blasting agent or a blasting accessory;
(19)  (paragraph revoked);
(20)  “manufacturer” means means the maker or his agent or where manufacture is done on the site, the employer;
(21)  “safety factor” means the ratio of the ultimate load to the working load;
(21.1)  “respirable asbestos fibre” means asbestos fibre having a diameter of less than 3 µm and a ratio of length to diameter of more than 3:1. Only fibres longer than 5 µm are taken into account for measurement purposes;
(21.2)  “high-efficiency filter” means a filter capable of filtering particles of 0.3 µm in size at an efficiency rate of at least 99.97%;
(22)  “face” means the most advanced work point in a given direction in an underground excavation at a given level;
(23)  (paragraph revoked);
(23.0)  “free fall distance” means the vertical distance measured from the beginning of a fall, from the harness D-ring to which the fall arrest connecting device is attached, to the point where the fall arrest system begins to apply force to stop the fall;
(24)  “jumbo” means a hammer-carrying head designed for drilling at the face without having to repeatedly disassemble drilling machines;
(24.0)  “fall arrest connecting device” means all equipment, such as a lanyard, energy absorber, snap hook, connector, life line or rope grab, used to secure a safety harness to an anchorage system;
(24.1)  (paragraph revoked);
(24.2)  “friable material” means material that can be crumbled, pulverized or powdered by hand pressure when dry or that is crumbled, pulverized or powdered;
(25)  “non-combustible material” means material that complies with CAN4-S114, Standard Method of Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials, applicable at the time of manufacture of the equipment;
(25.01)  “dike” means a sandbag barricade, an earth mound or the equivalent located less than 50 cm from the depot and whose height is at least equal to the depot;
(25.1)  “protective wall” means a partition made of plywood at least 9 mm thick or made of another rigid material of an equivalent or greater resistance, that is at least 1.8 m high and that is installed at not more than 100 mm above the ground;
(26)  “NFPA” means the National Fire Protection Association;
(27)  “two-blocking” means a situation where the hook block, the hoisting cable counterweight or other accessories attached to the hoisting cable come into contact with the tip of the boom or with the tip of the jib;
(28)  “blasting mat” means a covering used to offer protection against stones or other objects that may be projected as a result of firing explosives;
(29)  “low velocity explosive actuated tool” means any tool designed so that when it is used with the maximum explosive charge permitted by the manufacturer’s specifications, it imparts to the fastener a speed of not more than 91.4 m per second and transmits to it kinetic energy of not more than 33 joules measured at a distance between 1.99 to 2.01 m from the mouth of the tool;
(29.1)  “asbestos dust” means airborne asbestos particles or deposited asbestos particles liable to become airborne in the work area;
(30)  “shaft” means a passage dug underground whose longitudinal axis makes an angle greater than 20º with the horizontal;
(31)  “scaling” means an action provoking the fall of rocks which tend to become separated from a partition wall or a vault;
(31.01)  “SAE” means the Society of Automotive Engineers;
(31.1)  “boatswain’s chair” means a seat designed for a worker, supported by slings or by a structure and suspended from a cable fixed to an anchoring point;
(32)  “hazard signs” means a yellow, orange or red rigid strip, such as a trestle, or flexible strip, at least 70 mm wide and installed, according to the configuration of the land or of the structure, at a height varying between 0.7 m and 1.2 m
(33)  (paragraph revoked);
(34)  “trench” means a piece of land dug to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base is equal or less than the depth. The width of the base is measured between the excavated walls or between an excavated wall and a structure;
(34.1)  “blasthole” means a boring hole intended to be loaded with explosives;
(34.2)  “misfire” means a blasthole loaded with explosives which did not fire;
(35)  “tunnel” means an underground passage constructed without removing the material forming the vault and whose longitudinal axis makes an angle of 20º or less in relation to the horizontal;
(36)  “ULC” means the Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada;
(37)  “loading area” means space that includes the place where workers load the drill holes, drill holes loaded or being loaded and any space occupied by the material and equipment necessary for the loading;
(38)  “blasting area” means a place or space that presents a projection or blast hazard to a person or where a hazard exists because of the effects of the blasting.
R.R.Q., 1981, c. S-2.1, r. 6, s. 1.1; Decision 83-11-17, s. 1; O.C. 1959-86, s. 1; O.C. 53-90, s. 1; O.C. 54-90, s. 1; O.C. 995-91, s. 1; O.C. 807-92, s. 1; O.C. 329-94, s. 1; O.C. 1413-98, s. 1; O.C. 35-2001, s. 1; O.C. 119-2008, s. 1; O.C. 425-2010, s. 4; O.C. 393-2011, s. 1; O.C. 476-2013, s. 4; O.C. 606-2014, s. 1; O.C. 57-2015, s. 1.
1.1. In this Code, unless otherwise indicated,
(1)  “blasting accessory” means any explosive substance used in firing explosives;
(1.1)  “CSA” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(1.2)  “asbestos” means the fibrous form of mineral silicates belonging to rock-forming minerals of the serpentine group, that is, chrysotile, and the amphibole group, that is, actinolite, amosite, anthophyllite, crocidolite, tremolite or any mixture containing one or more of those minerals;
(2)  “hoisting apparatus” means a crane, overhead travelling crane, gantry crane, monorail, platform or fork-lift truck, winch, hoist, derrick, jib crane, gin, auxiliary crane, aerial basket, lifting platform and table, levelling apparatus, truck lifting panel, lifting jack and screw jack;
(3)  “ASTM” means the American Society for Testing and Materials;
(4)  “continuous noise” means a prolonged noise, including a noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise occurring at a frequency higher than one per second;
(5)  “impact noise” means any noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise repeated or not at a frequency lower than or equal to one per second;
(6)  (paragraph revoked);
(7)  “bolting” means a method for staying partition-walls by means of bolts or other similar devices anchored in the surrounding rock;
(7.0)  “CAN/CSA” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(7.1)  “life line” means a synthetic fibre rope, a steel wire rope or a strap attached to an anchorage system and used to guide a rope grab;
(8)  “high risk construction site” means
(a)  an excavation site of 6 m or more in depth;
(b)  a trench site, within the meaning of paragraph 34 of this section, 50 m or more in length;
(c)  a site where water or sewer works are carried out over a length of 50 m or more;
(d)  an underground work site;
(e)  where work is carried out underwater or in a hyperbaric environment;
(f)  a demolition site;
(g)  the site of a building, a structure or part of a structure 15 m or more in height;
(h)  a site where electrical transmission lines or their supporting structures are constructed or repaired;
(i)  a site where work is carried out 3 m or less from an electrical line of over 750 V;
(j)  civil engineering works above or near a body of water, under or within a 2-metre radius from the works, at a depth of over 1.5 m;
(k)  dredging works;
(l)  a site where work in an electrical powerhouse or in an electrical transformer station is carried out;
(m)  a site where work is carried out in a closed area;
(n)  a site where explosives are used and handled;
(o)  where high-risk work is carried out within the meaning of paragraph 3 of section 3.23.2 of this Code;
(8.1)  “major construction site” means a site where not fewer than 500 workers are employed simultaneously;
(9)  “underground work site” means a construction site where works related to the excavation of tunnels and shafts are performed;
(10)  “rated load” means the maximum load established by the manufacturer;
(11)  “non-combustible construction” means a construction whose structural members, including floors and joints, are made of non-combustible materials;
(12)  (paragraph revoked);
(12.0)  “lanyard” means a rope or strap fastened at one end to a safety harness and at the other end to an anchorage system or other component of a fall arrest connecting device;
(12.1)  “digging” means any hole dug in the ground, including an excavation or a trench;
(13)  “depot” means a building, construction or receptacle in which explosives are stored;
(13.1)  “dynamite” means any commercial nitroglycerine based explosive;
(14)  “scaling” has the meaning assigned by paragraph 31;
(14.1)  “pump jack scaffold” means a mast-climbing work platform that moves between two masts with the help of jacks;
(14.2)  “mast-climbing work platform” means scaffolding constituted of a work platform that moves up and down between two or several masts with the help of a hoisting system and equipped with an anchoring system;
(14.3)  “winch scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform whose masts are linked by braces or counter braces supporting a work platform that moves with the help of a hoisting device constituted of winches, pulleys and cables;
(15)  “scaffold shoring” means an assembly of tubular scaffolding frames used for the shoring of concrete formwork;
(15.01)  “motorized scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform constituted of a hoisting system made up of an electric, pneumatic or hydraulic motor or a natural gas or gasoline engine;
(15.1)  “suspended scaffolding” means a platform suspended by one or more cables fixed to an anchoring point and moved vertically by means of a manual or motorized winch;
(16)  (paragraph revoked);
(17)  “electrical power company” means a person, firm, company, cooperative society or municipality operating an electric energy transportation or distribution network;
(17.1)  “confined space” means a space which is not designed to be occupied by a human being, in particular a tank, silo, vat, caisson, shoring pile, stack or manhole;
(18)  “excavation” means a piece of land dug out to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base exceeds the depth;
(19)  (paragraph revoked);
(20)  “manufacturer” means means the maker or his agent or where manufacture is done on the site, the employer;
(21)  “safety factor” means the ratio of the ultimate load to the working load;
(21.1)  “respirable asbestos fibre” means asbestos fibre having a diameter of less than 3 µm and a ratio of length to diameter of more than 3:1. Only fibres longer than 5 µm are taken into account for measurement purposes;
(21.2)  “high-efficiency filter” means a filter capable of filtering particles of 0.3 µm in size at an efficiency rate of at least 99.97%;
(22)  “face” means the most advanced work point in a given direction in an underground excavation at a given level;
(23)  (paragraph revoked);
(23.0)  “free fall distance” means the vertical distance measured from the beginning of a fall, from the harness D-ring to which the fall arrest connecting device is attached, to the point where the fall arrest system begins to apply force to stop the fall;
(24)  “jumbo” means a hammer-carrying head designed for drilling at the face without having to repeatedly disassemble drilling machines;
(24.0)  “fall arrest connecting device” means all equipment, such as a lanyard, energy absorber, snap hook, connector, life line or rope grab, used to secure a safety harness to an anchorage system;
(24.1)  (paragraph revoked);
(24.2)  “friable material” means material that can be crumbled, pulverized or powdered by hand pressure when dry or that is crumbled, pulverized or powdered;
(25)  “non-combustible material” means material that complies with CAN4-S114, Standard Method of Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials, applicable at the time of manufacture of the equipment;
(25.1)  “protective wall” means a partition made of plywood at least 9 mm thick or made of another rigid material of an equivalent or greater resistance, that is at least 1.8 m high and that is installed at not more than 100 mm above the ground;
(26)  “NFPA” means the National Fire Protection Association;
(27)  “two-blocking” means a situation where the hook block, the hoisting cable counterweight or other accessories attached to the hoisting cable come into contact with the tip of the boom or with the tip of the jib;
(28)  “blasting mat” means a covering used to offer protection against stones or other objects that may be projected as a result of firing explosives;
(29)  “low velocity explosive actuated tool” means any tool designed so that when it is used with the maximum explosive charge permitted by the manufacturer’s specifications, it imparts to the fastener a speed of not more than 91.4 m per second and transmits to it kinetic energy of not more than 33 joules measured at a distance between 1.99 to 2.01 m from the mouth of the tool;
(29.1)  “asbestos dust” means airborne asbestos particles or deposited asbestos particles liable to become airborne in the work area;
(30)  “shaft” means a passage dug underground whose longitudinal axis makes an angle greater than 20º with the horizontal;
(31)  “scaling” means an action provoking the fall of rocks which tend to become separated from a partition wall or a vault;
(31.01)  “SAE” means the Society of Automotive Engineers;
(31.1)  “boatswain’s chair” means a seat designed for a worker, supported by slings or by a structure and suspended from a cable fixed to an anchoring point;
(32)  “hazard signs” means a yellow, orange or red rigid strip, such as a trestle, or flexible strip, at least 70 mm wide and installed, according to the configuration of the land or of the structure, at a height varying between 0.7 m and 1.2 m
(33)  (paragraph revoked);
(34)  “trench” means a piece of land dug to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base is equal or less than the depth. The width of the base is measured between the excavated walls or between an excavated wall and a structure;
(34.1)  “blasthole” means a boring hole intended to be loaded with explosives;
(34.2)  “misfire” means a blasthole loaded with explosives which did not fire;
(35)  “tunnel” means an underground passage constructed without removing the material forming the vault and whose longitudinal axis makes an angle of 20º or less in relation to the horizontal;
(36)  “ULC” means the Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada.
R.R.Q., 1981, c. S-2.1, r. 6, s. 1.1; Decision 83-11-17, s. 1; O.C. 1959-86, s. 1; O.C. 53-90, s. 1; O.C. 54-90, s. 1; O.C. 995-91, s. 1; O.C. 807-92, s. 1; O.C. 329-94, s. 1; O.C. 1413-98, s. 1; O.C. 35-2001, s. 1; O.C. 119-2008, s. 1; O.C. 425-2010, s. 4; O.C. 393-2011, s. 1; O.C. 476-2013, s. 4; O.C. 606-2014, s. 1.
1.1. In this Code, unless otherwise indicated,
(1)  “blasting accessory” means any explosive substance used in firing explosives;
(1.1)  “CSA” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(1.2)  “asbestos” means the fibrous form of mineral silicates belonging to rock-forming minerals of the serpentine group, that is, chrysotile, and the amphibole group, that is, actinolite, amosite, anthophyllite, crocidolite, tremolite or any mixture containing one or more of those minerals;
(2)  “hoisting apparatus” means a crane, overhead travelling crane, gantry crane, monorail, platform or fork-lift truck, winch, hoist, derrick, jib crane, gin, auxiliary crane, aerial basket, lifting platform and table, levelling apparatus, truck lifting panel, lifting jack and screw jack;
(3)  “ASTM” means the American Society for Testing and Materials;
(4)  “continuous noise” means a prolonged noise, including a noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise occurring at a frequency higher than one per second;
(5)  “impact noise” means any noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise repeated or not at a frequency lower than or equal to one per second;
(6)  (paragraph revoked);
(7)  “bolting” means a method for staying partition-walls by means of bolts or other similar devices anchored in the surrounding rock;
(7.1)  “life line” means an independent length of synthetic fibre or steel wire rope, or a strap attached to a point of anchorage at one or both ends and used to guide a rope grab.
(8)  “high risk construction site” means
(a)  an excavation site of 6 m or more in depth;
(b)  a trench site, within the meaning of paragraph 34 of this section, 50 m or more in length;
(c)  a site where water or sewer works are carried out over a length of 50 m or more;
(d)  an underground work site;
(e)  where work is carried out underwater or in a hyperbaric environment;
(f)  a demolition site;
(g)  the site of a building, a structure or part of a structure 15 m or more in height;
(h)  a site where electrical transmission lines or their supporting structures are constructed or repaired;
(i)  a site where work is carried out 3 m or less from an electrical line of over 750 V;
(j)  civil engineering works above or near a body of water, under or within a 2-metre radius from the works, at a depth of over 1.5 m;
(k)  dredging works;
(l)  a site where work in an electrical powerhouse or in an electrical transformer station is carried out;
(m)  a site where work is carried out in a closed area;
(n)  a site where explosives are used and handled;
(o)  where high-risk work is carried out within the meaning of paragraph 3 of section 3.23.2 of this Code;
(8.1)  “major construction site” means a site where not fewer than 500 workers are employed simultaneously;
(9)  “underground work site” means a construction site where works related to the excavation of tunnels and shafts are performed;
(10)  “rated load” means the maximum load established by the manufacturer;
(11)  “non-combustible construction” means a construction whose structural members, including floors and joints, are made of non-combustible materials;
(12)  (paragraph revoked);
(12.0)  “lanyard” means an independent length of rope or strap fastened at one end to the safety harness and at the other end to a point of anchorage, a rope grab or a horizontal life line;
(12.1)  “digging” means any hole dug in the ground, including an excavation or a trench;
(13)  “depot” means a building, construction or receptacle in which explosives are stored;
(13.1)  “dynamite” means any commercial nitroglycerine based explosive;
(14)  “scaling” has the meaning assigned by paragraph 31;
(14.1)  “pump jack scaffold” means a mast-climbing work platform that moves between two masts with the help of jacks;
(14.2)  “mast-climbing work platform” means scaffolding constituted of a work platform that moves up and down between two or several masts with the help of a hoisting system and equipped with an anchoring system;
(14.3)  “winch scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform whose masts are linked by braces or counter braces supporting a work platform that moves with the help of a hoisting device constituted of winches, pulleys and cables;
(15)  “scaffold shoring” means an assembly of tubular scaffolding frames used for the shoring of concrete formwork;
(15.01)  “motorized scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform constituted of a hoisting system made up of an electric, pneumatic or hydraulic motor or a natural gas or gasoline engine;
(15.1)  “suspended scaffolding” means a platform suspended by one or more cables fixed to an anchoring point and moved vertically by means of a manual or motorized winch;
(16)  (paragraph revoked);
(17)  “electrical power company” means a person, firm, company, cooperative society or municipality operating an electric energy transportation or distribution network;
(17.1)  “confined space” means a space which is not designed to be occupied by a human being, in particular a tank, silo, vat, caisson, shoring pile, stack or manhole;
(18)  “excavation” means a piece of land dug out to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base exceeds the depth;
(19)  (paragraph revoked);
(20)  “manufacturer” means means the maker or his agent or where manufacture is done on the site, the employer;
(21)  “safety factor” means the ratio of the ultimate load to the working load;
(21.1)  “respirable asbestos fibre” means asbestos fibre having a diameter of less than 3 µm and a ratio of length to diameter of more than 3:1. Only fibres longer than 5 µm are taken into account for measurement purposes;
(21.2)  “high-efficiency filter” means a filter capable of filtering particles of 0.3 µm in size at an efficiency rate of at least 99.97%;
(22)  “face” means the most advanced work point in a given direction in an underground excavation at a given level;
(23)  (paragraph revoked);
(24)  “jumbo” means a hammer-carrying head designed for drilling at the face without having to repeatedly disassemble drilling machines;
(24.1)  (paragraph revoked);
(24.2)  “friable material” means material that can be crumbled, pulverized or powdered by hand pressure when dry or that is crumbled, pulverized or powdered;
(25)  “non-combustible material” means material that complies with CAN4-S114, Standard Method of Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials, applicable at the time of manufacture of the equipment;
(25.1)  “protective wall” means a partition made of plywood at least 9 mm thick or made of another rigid material of an equivalent or greater resistance, that is at least 1.8 m high and that is installed at not more than 100 mm above the ground;
(26)  “NFPA” means the National Fire Protection Association;
(27)  “two-blocking” means a situation where the hook block, the hoisting cable counterweight or other accessories attached to the hoisting cable come into contact with the tip of the boom or with the tip of the jib;
(28)  “blasting mat” means a covering used to offer protection against stones or other objects that may be projected as a result of firing explosives;
(29)  “low velocity explosive actuated tool” means any tool designed so that when it is used with the maximum explosive charge permitted by the manufacturer’s specifications, it imparts to the fastener a speed of not more than 91.4 m per second and transmits to it kinetic energy of not more than 33 joules measured at a distance between 1.99 to 2.01 m from the mouth of the tool;
(29.1)  “asbestos dust” means airborne asbestos particles or deposited asbestos particles liable to become airborne in the work area;
(30)  “shaft” means a passage dug underground whose longitudinal axis makes an angle greater than 20º with the horizontal;
(31)  “scaling” means an action provoking the fall of rocks which tend to become separated from a partition wall or a vault;
(31.01)  “SAE” means the Society of Automotive Engineers;
(31.1)  “boatswain’s chair” means a seat designed for a worker, supported by slings or by a structure and suspended from a cable fixed to an anchoring point;
(32)  “hazard signs” means a yellow, orange or red rigid strip, such as a trestle, or flexible strip, at least 70 mm wide and installed, according to the configuration of the land or of the structure, at a height varying between 0.7 m and 1.2 m
(33)  (paragraph revoked);
(34)  “trench” means a piece of land dug to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base is equal or less than the depth. The width of the base is measured between the excavated walls or between an excavated wall and a structure;
(34.1)  “blasthole” means a boring hole intended to be loaded with explosives;
(34.2)  “misfire” means a blasthole loaded with explosives which did not fire;
(35)  “tunnel” means an underground passage constructed without removing the material forming the vault and whose longitudinal axis makes an angle of 20º or less in relation to the horizontal;
(36)  “ULC” means the Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada.
R.R.Q., 1981, c. S-2.1, r. 6, s. 1.1; Decision 83-11-17, s. 1; O.C. 1959-86, s. 1; O.C. 53-90, s. 1; O.C. 54-90, s. 1; O.C. 995-91, s. 1; O.C. 807-92, s. 1; O.C. 329-94, s. 1; O.C. 1413-98, s. 1; O.C. 35-2001, s. 1; O.C. 119-2008, s. 1; O.C. 425-2010, s. 4; O.C. 393-2011, s. 1; O.C. 476-2013, s. 4.
1.1. In this Code, unless otherwise indicated,
(1)  “blasting accessory” means any explosive substance used in firing explosives;
(1.1)  “CSA” means the Canadian Standards Association;
(1.2)  “asbestos” means the fibrous form of mineral silicates belonging to rock-forming minerals of the serpentine group, that is, chrysotile, and the amphibole group, that is, actinolite, amosite, anthophyllite, crocidolite, tremolite or any mixture containing one or more of those minerals;
(2)  “hoisting apparatus” means a crane, overhead travelling crane, gantry crane, monorail, platform or fork-lift truck, winch, hoist, derrick, jib crane, gin, auxiliary crane, aerial basket, lifting platform and table, levelling apparatus, truck lifting panel, lifting jack and screw jack;
(3)  “ASTM” means the American Society for Testing and Materials;
(4)  “continuous noise” means a prolonged noise, including a noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise occurring at a frequency higher than one per second;
(5)  “impact noise” means any noise caused by the mechanical impact of solid bodies or by impulsive noise repeated or not at a frequency lower than or equal to one per second;
(6)  (paragraph revoked);
(7)  “bolting” means a method for staying partition-walls by means of bolts or other similar devices anchored in the surrounding rock;
(7.1)  “life line” means an independent length of synthetic fibre or steel wire rope, or a strap attached to a point of anchorage at one or both ends and used to guide a rope grab.
(8)  “high risk construction site” means
(a)  an excavation site of 6 m or more in depth;
(b)  a trench site, within the meaning of paragraph 34 of this section, 50 m or more in length;
(c)  a site where water or sewer works are carried out over a length of 50 m or more;
(d)  an underground work site;
(e)  where work is carried out underwater or in a hyperbaric environment;
(f)  a demolition site;
(g)  the site of a building, a structure or part of a structure 15 m or more in height;
(h)  a site where electrical transmission lines or their supporting structures are constructed or repaired;
(i)  a site where work is carried out 3 m or less from an electrical line of over 750 V;
(j)  civil engineering works above or near a body of water, under or within a 2-metre radius from the works, at a depth of over 1.5 m;
(k)  dredging works;
(l)  a site where work in an electrical powerhouse or in an electrical transformer station is carried out;
(m)  a site where work is carried out in a closed area;
(n)  a site where explosives are used and handled;
(o)  where high-risk work is carried out within the meaning of paragraph 3 of section 3.23.2 of this Code;
(8.1)  “major construction site” means a site where not fewer than 500 workers are employed simultaneously;
(9)  “underground work site” means a construction site where works related to the excavation of tunnels and shafts are performed;
(10)  “rated load” means the maximum load established by the manufacturer;
(11)  “non-combustible construction” means a construction whose structural members, including floors and joints, are made of non-combustible materials;
(12)  “containing asbestos” means having an asbestos concentration of at least 0.1%;
(12.0)  “lanyard” means an independent length of rope or strap fastened at one end to the safety harness and at the other end to a point of anchorage, a rope grab or a horizontal life line;
(12.1)  “digging” means any hole dug in the ground, including an excavation or a trench;
(13)  “depot” means a building, construction or receptacle in which explosives are stored;
(13.1)  “dynamite” means any commercial nitroglycerine based explosive;
(14)  “scaling” has the meaning assigned by paragraph 31;
(14.1)  “pump jack scaffold” means a mast-climbing work platform that moves between two masts with the help of jacks;
(14.2)  “mast-climbing work platform” means scaffolding constituted of a work platform that moves up and down between two or several masts with the help of a hoisting system and equipped with an anchoring system;
(14.3)  “winch scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform whose masts are linked by braces or counter braces supporting a work platform that moves with the help of a hoisting device constituted of winches, pulleys and cables;
(15)  “scaffold shoring” means an assembly of tubular scaffolding frames used for the shoring of concrete formwork;
(15.01)  “motorized scaffolding” means a mast-climbing work platform constituted of a hoisting system made up of an electric, pneumatic or hydraulic motor or a natural gas or gasoline engine;
(15.1)  “suspended scaffolding” means a platform suspended by one or more cables fixed to an anchoring point and moved vertically by means of a manual or motorized winch;
(16)  (paragraph revoked);
(17)  “electrical power company” means a person, firm, company, cooperative society or municipality operating an electric energy transportation or distribution network;
(17.1)  “confined space” means a space which is not designed to be occupied by a human being, in particular a tank, silo, vat, caisson, shoring pile, stack or manhole;
(18)  “excavation” means a piece of land dug out to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base exceeds the depth;
(19)  (paragraph revoked);
(20)  “manufacturer” means means the maker or his agent or where manufacture is done on the site, the employer;
(21)  “safety factor” means the ratio of the ultimate load to the working load;
(21.1)  “respirable asbestos fibre” means asbestos fibre having a diameter of less than 3 µm and a ratio of length to diameter of more than 3:1. Only fibres longer than 5 µm are taken into account for measurement purposes;
(21.2)  “high-efficiency filter” means a filter capable of filtering particles of 0.3 µm in size at an efficiency rate of at least 99.97%;
(22)  “face” means the most advanced work point in a given direction in an underground excavation at a given level;
(23)  (paragraph revoked);
(24)  “jumbo” means a hammer-carrying head designed for drilling at the face without having to repeatedly disassemble drilling machines;
(24.1)  (paragraph revoked);
(24.2)  “friable material” means material that can be crumbled, pulverized or powdered by hand pressure when dry or that is crumbled, pulverized or powdered;
(25)  “non-combustible material” means material that complies with CAN4-S114, Standard Method of Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials, applicable at the time of manufacture of the equipment;
(25.1)  “protective wall” means a partition made of plywood at least 9 mm thick or made of another rigid material of an equivalent or greater resistance, that is at least 1.8 m high and that is installed at not more than 100 mm above the ground;
(26)  “NFPA” means the National Fire Protection Association;
(27)  “two-blocking” means a situation where the hook block, the hoisting cable counterweight or other accessories attached to the hoisting cable come into contact with the tip of the boom or with the tip of the jib;
(28)  “blasting mat” means a covering used to offer protection against stones or other objects that may be projected as a result of firing explosives;
(29)  “low velocity explosive actuated tool” means any tool designed so that when it is used with the maximum explosive charge permitted by the manufacturer’s specifications, it imparts to the fastener a speed of not more than 91.4 m per second and transmits to it kinetic energy of not more than 33 joules measured at a distance between 1.99 to 2.01 m from the mouth of the tool;
(29.1)  “asbestos dust” means airborne asbestos particles or deposited asbestos particles liable to become airborne in the work area;
(30)  “shaft” means a passage dug underground whose longitudinal axis makes an angle greater than 20º with the horizontal;
(31)  “scaling” means an action provoking the fall of rocks which tend to become separated from a partition wall or a vault;
(31.01)  “SAE” means the Society of Automotive Engineers;
(31.1)  “boatswain’s chair” means a seat designed for a worker, supported by slings or by a structure and suspended from a cable fixed to an anchoring point;
(32)  “hazard signs” means a yellow, orange or red rigid strip, such as a trestle, or flexible strip, at least 70 mm wide and installed, according to the configuration of the land or of the structure, at a height varying between 0.7 m and 1.2 m
(33)  (paragraph revoked);
(34)  “trench” means a piece of land dug to a depth of at least 1.2 m where the width of the base is equal or less than the depth. The width of the base is measured between the excavated walls or between an excavated wall and a structure;
(34.1)  “blasthole” means a boring hole intended to be loaded with explosives;
(34.2)  “misfire” means a blasthole loaded with explosives which did not fire;
(35)  “tunnel” means an underground passage constructed without removing the material forming the vault and whose longitudinal axis makes an angle of 20º or less in relation to the horizontal;
(36)  “ULC” means the Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada.
R.R.Q., 1981, c. S-2.1, r. 6, s. 1.1; Decision 83-11-17, s. 1; O.C. 1959-86, s. 1; O.C. 53-90, s. 1; O.C. 54-90, s. 1; O.C. 995-91, s. 1; O.C. 807-92, s. 1; O.C. 329-94, s. 1; O.C. 1413-98, s. 1; O.C. 35-2001, s. 1; O.C. 119-2008, s. 1; O.C. 425-2010, s. 4; O.C. 393-2011, s. 1.