Q-2, r. 27 - Regulation respecting pulp and paper mills

Full text
(s. 2)
The prevention and intervention program for accidental discharge into the environment must include
(A) current and future prevention and intervention measures, together with an implementation schedule, designed to protect against spills in the case of tanks where pulp, process liquor, chemicals and petroleum products are stored in a volume of more than 1,000 litres or groups of tanks totalling more than 1,000 litres, except in the case of dyes, where those measures are to be applied for any volume stored; those measures must include the following information:
(1) for each tank or item of process equipment entailing a risk of spills, such as a digester, bleaching tower or evaporator, the type of material from which the tank or the process equipment is manufactured, its capacity and its location in the plant indicated on a plan, as well as the product contained, its commercial name, its type, its composition, its concentration, its use, the quantity used monthly (except for pulp) and the place where it is used in the manufacturing process;
(2) the protection measures designed to contain spills at unloading facilities, tanks and process equipment, such as
(1) a dike, with an indication of its volume, the construction material and the presence or absence of a drain; for natural or artificial materials, an indication of the permeability of the dike and of the earth inside the dike; permeability must be determined by particle-size analyses;
(2) a lubrication oil recovery system on the paper machines;
(3) an overflow leading to another tank;
(3) leak detection measures and systems:
(1) identification of the detection instruments with or without an alarm, such as level indicators, pH-meters and conductivity meters, and their location;
(2) the frequency of visual inspection of the pipes, pumps, tanks and process equipment;
(4) the following interventions relating to a spill:
(1) the method for limiting the spill and recovering the product;
(2) the method for treating and disposing of the spilled product;
(3) the method for restoring the affected site, including the potential effects on primary and biological treatments and on effluents;
(5) an inventory, arranged by sections within the mill, of the storage tanks for pulp having a consistency of more than 3% and the stock chests, with an indication of the volume of each tank and the protection and intervention measures against spills for the section concerned;
(B) the approximate number of stored tanks, by volume of at least 200 litres and not more than 1,000 litres, the products they contain and the protection measures designed for the tanks;
(C) identification of places where there is a high risk of accidental spills, including
(1) places where spills occur most often based on the mill operator’s experience;
(2) places where an eventual spill would have an impact on the environment;
(D) practices concerning the management of solvents and cleaning solutions, with an indication of the method for disposing of and treating the contaminated product, such as recovery, neutralization or recycling;
(E) the intervention procedure in the event of an accidental discharge, including
(1) definition of the alert sequence, indicating
(1) a description of the incident;
(2) communication between the members of the emergency team;
(3) the general procedure;
(4) the procedure for notifying the mill operator and the representatives of the Ministère de la Sécurité publique, of the municipality in which the mill is located and of the Service d’urgence environnement of the Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et des Parcs;
(5) a report on the incident;
(2) the composition of the staff forming the emergency team;
(3) definition of the role of each emergency team member and of the persons in charge of the various departments of the mill;
(4) a list of the persons referred to in subparagraph 4 of paragraph 1 of this Division and their respective telephone numbers;
(F) the intervention procedure in the event of an emergency stoppage or a malfunction in the treatment systems or process equipment, including
(1) a description and a diagram of the treatment systems, such as settling tanks, aeration tanks, gas scrubbers and associated equipment, such as filter presses, belt presses, drum filters;
(2) internal and external measures designed to ensure compliance with standards in the event of a stoppage or a malfunction in the treatment systems or process equipment, such as
(1) an emergency basin;
(2) a recovery system;
(3) a production cut-back;
(4) a production stoppage in certain sections or throughout the mill;
(G) the planned maintenance and cleaning procedure for treatment equipment, including
(1) a production stoppage, if necessary;
(2) the method for emptying the equipment;
(3) the physical means for accumulating, treating and disposing of the matter emptied from the equipment, such as wastewater, sludge and ash;
(4) the temporary means for treating effluents, sludge or emissions, as the case may be;
(H) a list of the auxiliary equipment available at the mill, including
(1) emergency equipment, such as
(1) portable detection systems (gas detectors, conductivity meters);
(2) heavy machinery (bulldozers, crane trucks, loaders);
(3) miscellaneous equipment (portable pumps, specialized absorbents, sand bags);
(2) supplementary treatment and storage equipment (emergency basins, back-up tanks, portable tanks);
(3) the names of the companies with which the mill would deal in the event of an emergency, indicating the specialty of each company and the type of product it is able to recover;
(I) an overall map consisting of an up-to-date geographic map or aerial photograph, indicating:
(1) the boundaries of the mill property;
(2) the current use of the territory bordering the mill within a radius of 2 km;
(3) the layout of public thoroughfares, access roads, watercourses, lakes, swamps and flood plains, as well as the location of wooded sectors, dwellings and any other construction located within a radius of 2 km;
(4) the current drainage configuration and the general topography of the land within a radius of 2 km;
(J) the general floor plan of the mill, indicating
(1) the storm sewer system and the process water sewer system with the location of the detection device for a loss of pulp, process liquor, chemicals and petroleum products;
(2) the process equipment entailing a risk of spills and the tanks for pulp, process liquor, chemicals and petroleum products;
(3) the places and facilities for unloading chemicals and petroleum products and process liquor;
(4) the atmospheric emission points regulated under this Regulation or under other regulations.
(K) an emergency plan prepared either in-house or jointly with the Minister of Public Security, defining the procedure to follow in the event of explosion, fire, emission of a dangerous gas, electrical power failure, natural disaster or any other event of a similar nature.
O.C. 808-2007, Sch. I.