M-5, r. 1 - Regulation respecting stuffing and upholstered and stuffed articles

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(s. 14)
1. Scope:
This Schedule prescribes the treatments for disinfection and sterilization of upholstered and stuffed articles that may endanger the health of an individual.
2. Sterilization process:
(1) Sterilization agent — The sterilization agent shall be formaldehyde, a dispersion of 40 g of formaldehyde per 100 ml of solution. The use of any other sterilization agent shall be approved in advance by the chief inspector.
(2) Process — The sterilization agent shall be vaporized in a concentration of 0.002% in the sterilization room for at least 10 consecutive hours.
(3) Sterilization room
(a) The sterilization room shall be hermetically sealed and equipped with at least one air intake and one air outlet. The air intake and air outlet ducts shall be each equipped with a gas tight trap or valve. The air outlet duct shall be long enough to permit the evacuation of waste gases into the open air, away from any door, window or other opening;
(b) Shelves or any other surface on which the upholstered or stuffed articles are laid down shall be either perforated or made of lattice or trellis so as to ensure the penetration of gas to all parts of the articles;
(c) When several stuffed articles are treated simultaneously in the same sterilization room, they must be separated in order to ensure the free and easy circulation of gas.
3. Disinfection process:
(1) The following products shall be used as disinfectants: hydrogen cyanide (HCN) or other cyanide compounds, bromomethane (CH3BR) or sulphurous fluoride (F2SO2).
The use of any other disinfectant shall be approved in advance by the chief inspector.
(2) Rooms
(a) A room in which disinfection is to be made shall be hermetically closed and tightly sealed against the escape of gas and fumes. Doors and other openings shall be equipped with tight rubber joints all around;
(b) The room shall be equipped with a forced-air ventilation system with outside control; the system flow must be equal to 10 air changes per hour;
(c) Gas or fume intakes shall be controlled from outside;
(d) The outlet duct shall allow for the evacuation of gases at a far enough distance to prevent them from entering buildings;
(e) The gas ventilation system shall comply with the rules or regulations respecting the pollution of the atmosphere or of the surrounding air.
(3) Handling
(a) The operator carrying out the disinfection shall have at his disposal a gas-mask within easy reach, outside the room. It must be kept ready for use and be of the right type to ensure protection against the disinfectant used;
(b) The operator carrying out the disinfection shall have received special training and be familiar with the precautions to be taken before and after disinfection. Where applicable, he shall hold a professional competency certificate.
R.R.Q., 1981, c. M-5, r. 1, Sch. 5; O.C. 1978-89, s. 6.