C-26, r. 90.1 - Letters patent constituting the Ordre professionnel des criminologues du Québec

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8. Until the coming into force of a regulation made by the Ordre professionnel des criminologues du Québec under paragraph c of section 93 of the Professional Code (chapter C-26) for the purpose of prescribing standards for equivalence of diplomas issued by educational establishments situated outside Québec, for the purpose of issuing a criminologist’s permit, and standards of equivalence of the training of a person who does not hold a diploma required for such purposes, the following standards apply:
(1)  standards for equivalence of diplomas issued by educational establishments situated outside Québec:
(1.1)  a person who holds a diploma in criminology, issued by a university-level educational establishment situated outside Québec, is granted a diploma equivalence for the purpose of issuing a criminologist’s permit if the person demonstrates that the diploma was obtained after completing an undergraduate or graduate program of study comprising a total of 90 credits. A credit represents 45 hours of training or learning activities, spent in a classroom, a laboratory or a workshop, as part of a training period or personal work.
At least 60 of the 90 credits must be in the following areas of criminological knowledge and be apportioned as follows:
(a)  a minimum of 9 credits in the legal system and penology, apportioned as follows:
i.  a minimum of 3 credits in criminal and penal justice, the different jurisdictions, the guiding principles of penal law enforcement, the elements of an offence, grounds of defence, evidence and penal proceedings;
ii.  a minimum of 3 credits in youth protection, situations in which the security or development of a child is in danger, the concepts of child protection and best interest of the child, and in the youth criminal justice system, extrajudicial measures and sanctions, youth sentences and the imposition of adult sentences on young people;
iii.  a minimum of 3 credits in the various sentences and alternative measures, their underlying principles, objectives, determination, execution and impacts;
(b)  a minimum of 6 credits in knowledge of the various practice settings and the relation to ethics and deontology in criminology, apportioned as follows:
i.  a minimum of 3 credits in institutional and community settings for children, adolescents and adults, including schools, group homes, rehabilitation centres, alternative justice organizations, open and secure correctional settings, forensic psychiatry settings, crime victims assistance resources and mediation bodies;
ii.  a minimum of 3 credits in ethics and deontology as they relate to the various practice settings, Québec’s professional system, laws and regulations governing the practice of the profession of criminologist and standards of practice for the practice of the profession;
(c)  a minimum of 6 credits in research methodology and analysis, apportioned as follows:
i.  a minimum of 3 credits in qualitative methodology, its fundamental principles and complementarity with quantitative approaches, content analysis, inductive inference and data triangulation;
ii.  a minimum of 3 credits in quantitative methodology, its fundamental principles and complementarity with qualitative approaches, contingency tables, means tests, correlations and regression analyses;
(d)  a minimum of 12 credits in theories about criminal behaviour, victimization and social reaction, apportioned as follows:
i.  a minimum of 3 credits in the main sociology-based criminology theories, in particular anomie, differential association, social control and labelling, interactionist, constructivist and critical criminology theories;
ii.  a minimum of 3 credits in the main psychology-based criminology theories, in particular developmental, psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioural, systemic and criminal personality theories;
iii.  a minimum of 3 credits in the main victimology theories, in particular feminist, learned helplessness, routine activity, poly-victimization and empowerment theories;
iv.  a minimum of 3 credits in mental health problems and the link with criminal behaviour, victimization, the construction of psychiatric diagnoses, mental disorders diagnosed in childhood, adolescence and adulthood, comorbidity and criminal responsibility;
(e)  a minimum of 15 credits in evaluation and intervention methods, apportioned as follows:
i.  a minimum of 3 credits in the principles of evaluation in criminology, situations in which the security or development of a person is in danger, risks, needs, motivation for change, social reintegration potential, structured clinical judgment and actuarial instruments;
ii.  a minimum of 6 credits related to interview and helping relationship techniques in voluntary contexts and contexts of authority;
iii.  a minimum of 6 credits in the principles and models of criminological intervention, individual, group, community or crisis intervention, mediation and conciliation, prevention of reoffending and social reintegration;
(f)  a minimum of 12 credits or 540 hours of training in criminological intervention within programs of study leading to an undergraduate or graduate degree in criminology. The training comprises activities enabling students to become familiar with the various aspects of the practice of the profession of criminologist with a variety of clients and in different settings. Such activities include evaluating, planning, developing and implementing an intervention plan, as well as communicating recommendations and the results of evaluations orally and in writing. The training is carried out under the supervision of a person who has professional experience lasting at least 2 years in the field concerned by the training as well as university-level training in criminology or in another field of mental health and human relations;
(1.2)  despite subparagraph 1.1, where the diploma for which an equivalence application has been filed was obtained more than 5 years before the date of the application and the knowledge it certifies no longer corresponds, taking into account the development of the profession of criminologist, to the knowledge being taught at the time of the application, a person is granted a training equivalence, in accordance with paragraph 2, if the person has acquired, since obtaining the diploma, the required level of knowledge and skills;
(2)  standards of equivalence of the training of a person who does not hold a diploma required for such purposes:
(2.1)  a person is granted a training equivalence for the issue of a criminologist’s permit if the person demonstrates that he or she has a level of knowledge and skills equivalent to the level that may be acquired by the holder of a diploma recognized as giving access to the criminologist’s permit;
(2.2)  in assessing the equivalence of a person’s training, the following factors in particular are taken into account:
(a)  the nature and duration of the person’s work experience;
(b)  the fact that the person holds one or more diplomas awarded in Québec or elsewhere;
(c)  the nature and content of courses taken and marks obtained;
(d)  the nature and content of training periods and other training activities.
O.C. 639-2015, s. 8.