C-24.2, r. 32 - Regulation respecting safety standards for road vehicles

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177. The following are major defects:
(1)  handlebars poorly mounted, cracked, twisted or bent;
(2)  a component to mount or position the axle or wheel to the vehicle that is missing, not securely mounted, cracked, broken or that lets the axle or wheel move out of its normal position;
(3)  an axle or coil spring that is cracked or broken; and
(4)  a part of the frame that is broken, cracked or bent in a way that affects the vehicle’s handling, the solidity of a component of the steering, suspension, engine, transmission or any other condition likely to cause an imminent break in the frame.
O.C. 1483-98, s. 177.