C-24.2, r. 32 - Regulation respecting safety standards for road vehicles

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168. The following are major defects:
(1)  a component to mount the axle to the road vehicle that is missing, insecurely mounted, cracked or broken;
(1.1)  a component to position the axle or the wheel to the road vehicle that is missing, insecurely mounted, cracked, broken or damaged in a way that affects the parallelism of wheels or that lets the axle or wheel move out of its normal position;
(2)  a main leaf, a rubber pad other than a rubber bumper or 25% or more of the leaf springs of the assembly that are broken or missing;
(3)  a leaf spring or a coil spring that is so out of place that it touches a moving part;
(3.1)  a composite leaf spring that is cracked over more than 75% of its length or having an intersection of cracks;
(4)  an axle or a torsion bar that is cracked or broken or a coil spring that is so cracked or broken that the vehicle is completely sagged;
(5)  an air leak in a pneumatic suspension that cannot be made up for by the compressor where the engine is idling;
(6)  a ball in a pneumatic suspension that is absent or deflated;
(7)  for a pneumatic suspension, a shock absorber that is absent, broken or not fixed at one of its ends; and
(8)  more than 25% of the components fixing a tank to its group of axles that are missing or ineffective on an anchorage component.
O.C. 1483-98, s. 168; 370-2016O.C. 370-2016, s. 84.
168. The following are major defects:
(1)  a component to mount or position the axle or the wheel to the vehicle that is missing, insecurely mounted, cracked, broken, damaged in a way that affects the parallelism of wheels or that lets the axle or wheel move out of its normal position;
(2)  a main leaf, a rubber pad other than a rubber bumper or 25% or more of the leaf springs of the assembly that are broken or missing;
(3)  a leaf spring or a coil spring that is so out of place that it touches a rotating part;
(4)  an axle or a torsion bar that is cracked or broken or a coil spring that is so cracked or broken that the vehicle is completely sagged; and
(5)  an air leak in a pneumatic suspension that cannot be made up for by the compressor where the engine is idling.
O.C. 1483-98, s. 168.