C-24.2, r. 32 - Regulation respecting safety standards for road vehicles

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167. The following are major defects:
(1)  a mounting component of the steering that is missing, cracked or broken. A displacement of the steering column, of the steering box, rack-and-pinion steering or steering wheel from their normal position when there is a risk of separation;
(2)  an articulation or a slip joint or cross and roller universal joint of the steering shaft that is very likely to let down shortly;
(3)  a power steering system that is out of order;
(4)  a line or belt that has a cut or cracks likely to cause an imminent break, or an auxiliary cylinder or the pump that is not securely mounted where there is a risk of breaking off;
(5)  a component of the steering linkage that is cracked, broken, or repaired with welds. Furthermore, a component of the steering linkage that is so damaged or not securely mounted as to affect the parallelism of the wheels;
(6)  a ball joint of the steering linkage that has play exceeding 3.2 mm;
(7)  play in the steering wheel in excess of
(a)  in the case of a road vehicle of a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 4,500 kg, 15 mm for a rack-and-pinion steering gear and, for the other types of steering: 60 mm for a power steering and 87 mm for mechanical steering;
(b)  in the case of a vehicle of a gross vehicle weight rating of 4,500 kg or more, for power steering, 87 mm for a steering wheel whose diameter is 500 mm or less and 100 mm if the diameter is more than 500 mm; for mechanical steering, 140 mm for a steering wheel whose diameter is 500 mm or less and 196 mm if the diameter is more than 500 mm;
(8)  play in a ball and socket joint linked to a suspension component that exceeds by 50% the manufacturer’s standard or a that could come out of its housing after a shock.
O.C. 1483-98, s. 167; O.C. 1049-2010, s. 11; 370-2016O.C. 370-2016, s. 83.
167. The following are major defects:
(1)  a mounting component of the steering that is missing, cracked, broken or a misplacement of the steering column, of the steering box or steering wheel in relation to the normal position when there is a risk of separation;
(2)  an articulation or a slip joint or cross and roller universal joint of the steering column that is very likely to let down shortly;
(3)  a power steering system that is out of order;
(4)  a line or belt that has a crack that could cause it to break off or an auxiliary cylinder or the pump that is poorly mounted while there is a risk of breaking off;
(5)  a component of the steering linkage that is cracked, broken, not securely mounted, repaired with welds or so damaged as to affect the parallelism of the wheels;
(6)  a ball joint of the steering linkage that has play exceeding 3.2 mm;
(7)  play in the steering wheel in excess of
(a)  in the case of a road vehicle of a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 4,500 kg, 15 mm for a rack-and-pinion steering gear and, for the other types of steering: 60 mm for a power steering and 87 mm for mechanical steering;
(b)  in the case of a vehicle of a gross vehicle weight rating of 4,500 kg or more, for power steering, 180 mm for a steering wheel whose diameter is 500 mm or less and 200 mm if the diameter exceeds 500 mm, for mechanical steering, 133 mm for a steering wheel whose diameter is 500 mm or less and 200 mm if the diameter exceeds 500 mm; and
(8)  play in a ball and socket joint linked to a suspension component that exceeds by 50% the manufacturer’s standard or a that could come out of its housing after a shock.
O.C. 1483-98, s. 167; O.C. 1049-2010, s. 11.