C-24.2, r. 32 - Regulation respecting safety standards for road vehicles

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163. The following are major defects:
(1)  a road vehicle without at least one adequate low beam in good working order;
(1.1)  a single-unit road vehicle or the last vehicle in a combination of vehicles without at least one adequate taillight and brake light in good working order;
(1.2)  a single-unit road vehicle or the last vehicle in a combination of vehicles, where such a vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating of 4,500 kg or more without at least one turn-signal light located at the rear right or rear left in good working order;
(2)  a door of the passenger compartment or front hood that does not engage fully when closed;
(3)  a safety system against the accidental opening of doors that is out of order, in the case of a bus equipped with automatic doors;
(4)  an emergency exit that is blocked or inadequate or a warning light or buzzer that is out of order;
(5)  the floor of the passenger compartment that is so perforated that it constitutes a hazard for passengers by reason of a lack of solidity;
(6)  a part of the body, equipment or an accessory that is not securely fixed and that might fall off or the passenger access device that does not retract completely;
(7)  a windshield so damaged that the driver’s visibility of the road and road signs is considerably reduced;
(8)  a missing or inadequate wiper on the driver’s side;
(9)  the seat belt of the driver’s seat is missing, inadequate or modified; and
(10)  an air bag for the driver that is missing, modified or inadequate.
O.C. 1483-98, s. 163; 370-2016O.C. 370-2016, s. 79.
163. The following are major defects:
(1)  a road vehicle without at least one adequate low beam, taillight or brake light;
(2)  a door or front hood that does not engage fully when closed;
(3)  a safety system against the accidental opening of doors that is out of order, in the case of a bus equipped with automatic doors;
(4)  an emergency exit that is blocked or inadequate or whose warning light or buzzer is out of order;
(5)  the floor of the passenger compartment that is so perforated that it constitutes a hazard for passengers by reason of a lack of solidity or the entry of the exhaust gases of a fuel engine;
(6)  a part of the body, equipment or an accessory that is not securely fixed and that might fall off;
(7)  a windshield so damaged that the driver’s visibility of the road and road signs is considerably reduced; and
(8)  a missing or inadequate wiper on the driver’s side.
O.C. 1483-98, s. 163.