MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR FIRST-AID VEHICLES
A first-aid vehicle must:
(a) If it is a road vehicle, be equipped with the medical supplies and rescue equipment listed below and be used only to provide emergency aid. In addition, the employer must have the first-aid vehicle recognized by the Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec as an emergency vehicle pursuant to the Regulation respecting emergency vehicles and vehicles equipped with flashing or rotating amber lights (chapter C-24.2, r. 49). Such recognition will ensure that said vehicle is equipped with flashing red lights and a siren and that the driver, when on duty, is exempt from normal rules for yielding the right of way, obligatory stops, parking and speed limit;
(b) if it is an aircraft, the cockpit must allow for the use of the medical supplies listed below and for the safe transport of an injured worker, in particular by permitting him to be transported by stretcher.
Minimum Standards for a Road Vehicle
Beginning 1 March 1988, all new vehicles must meet or exceed the following requirements:
(1) The vehicle must be of the 3/4 ton mini-van stock type.
All of the requirements listed in the Highway Safety Code apply to the vehicle.
(2) The vehicle must have a load capacity of at least 8.4 m3 before conversion.
(3) Doors located at the rear and on the right side must be of the “swing” type with a hold-open mechanism. All doors must be openable from inside at all times and from outside when not locked.
(4) The vehicle must have the best 3-speed automatic transmission offered by the manufacturer. It must have an efficient auxiliary or supplementary oil-cooling system.
(5) The vehicle must have the most efficient braking system offered by the manufacturer and it must be power assisted.
(6) The steering must be power assisted.
(7) The driver compartment must have bucket-type seats with high backrests.
(8) The battery system must be divided into a principal system, for ordinary use, and a secondary system. The latter must be connected so as to charge without discharging and must be capable of starting the motor if the principal system fails. All batteries referred to in this section are to be located outside the compartment reserved for persons transported and outside the driver compartment. All batteries must be of the heavy-duty type and be the most powerful available within the manufacturer’s options. They must also be of the sealed or maintenance-free type.
(9) The alternator must produce a charge of at least 100 amperes at full power and 60 amperes when idling. The entire electrical system must correspond to the power of the required alternator.
(10) A flashing or rotating red warning light visible for 360 º must be installed pursuant to the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.2). If the ambulance compartment is higher than the driver compartment, blocking visibility of the light from the rear, additional red warning lights visible for 360 º must be placed on the rear corners of the vehicle.
Two flashing red lights, 100 mm in diameter, must be placed equidistant from the centre of the grill in front of the hood, at the same height as the regular headlights. They must be capable of flashing alternately with the headlights, when required.
(11) The vehicle must be equipped with 3 adjustable floodlights for loading and unloading, producing not less than 800 candelas on each side and at the rear. They must be located:
— one at the rear of the vehicle so as to light the work area near the rear doors, operating when the doors are open or when the vehicle is in reverse;
— one on the right side, operating when the right side door is to be opened; and
— one on the left side.
(12) The cab and the ambulance compartment must be “yellow for priority vehicle”.
(13) The words “Véhicule de premiers soins” must appear 4 times in reflective “primary blue” on a reflective white background; once on the rear, once on each side, and once on the front, inverted and of the same size as on the rear.
(14) A special sound warning device for ambulances must be installed outside the cab. It must be operated by means of a switch with a warning light controlled by the driver.
(15) The vehicle must be equipped with a sound warning device which sounds when the vehicle is backing up.
(16) The vehicle must be equipped with an independently controlled heating system for the rear compartment.
(17) The vehicle must be equipped with halogen headlights and 2 fog lights.
(18) The vehicle must be equipped with a 2-way radio adapted to the needs of the area in which it will be used. In addition, it must be equipped with a noise-suppression system to permit perfect reception.
(19) The tires must be radial and of the highest quality available in terms of total maximum weight.
The spare tire must be of the same type. Temporary spare tires are prohibited.
The vehicle must be equipped with a jack and the tools necessary to change a tire.
(20) Beginning 1 March 1988, all vehicles must contain the following medical equipment and supplies:
– Articulated stretcher 1
– Folding pole stretcher 1
– Backboards (long) 2
– Cervical collars 2 s.
– Multi-purpose waxed cardboard splints 6
– Sand bags (2 kg) 6
– Woolen blankets 6
– Sheets 5
– Plastic-coated pillows and cases 2
– Patient restraints for backboards 8
– Disposable gloves 1 box
– Sterile gloves 3 pairs
– Urinal 1
– Basin (Bed pan) 1
– Triangular bandages 12
– I.V. Solution
• Ringer’s lactate 1,000 cc 5
• 5% Dextrose 500 cc 5
– I.V. administration sets 4
– Tourniquets 3
– I.V. infusion catheter needles (assorted sizes) 20
– Butterfly-type needles (assorted sizes) 20
– Alcohol swabs 1 box
– Electric suction
• fixed 1
• portable 1
• suction catheters (14-16-18) 6
• rigid suction tube 1
– All-purpose scissors 1
– Pressure bandages 6
– Elastic bandages 10 cm 6
– Gauze 10 x 10 cm 50
– Adhesive tape (non-allergenic) 2.5 cm 2
– Teflon burn-sheet 1
– Disposable under-pads 10
– Iodine wipes 1 box
– Plastic bags 10
– Embroidery hoop 1
– Combine pads 12.7 x 20.3 cm 25
– Packets of sugar 12
II. LIFE SUPPORT KIT
– Stethoscope 1
– Sphygmomanometer 1
– Set of oropharyngeal cannulae 1
– Medical pack sack 1
– All-purpose scissors 1
– Compresses 10 x 10 cm 30
– Combine pads 12.7 x 20.3 cm 30
– Adhesive tape
• 2.5 cm non-allergenic 2
• 5 cm non-allergenic 2
– Gauze roller bandages
• 5 cm 6
• 10 cm 6
– Pressure bandages (army type) 5
– Triangular bandages 12
– Elastic bandages
• 10 cm 3
• 15 cm 3
– Safety pins 12
– Sterile gauze compresses
• 7.6 cm2 20
– Medium-sized kidney basin 1
– Tongue depressors 12
– Eye pads 6
– Paper cups 5
– Adhesive bandages 1 box
– Resuscitation masks with back-flow protection valve 2
III. OXYGEN ADMINISTRATION KIT
– Each vehicle must contain enough oxygen to provide a flow of
10L/min for the longest travel time.
• in accordance with subparagraph 1 of section 21 2
– Variable concentration oxygen delivery masks 2
– Resuscitator with mask 1
– Nasal cannulae 2
– Stand for portable oxygen bottles 1
• Dry chemical ABC (2.27 kg) 2
– Tool kit including screwdriver, pliers,
adjustable wrench, etc. 1
– Warning triangle with support 3
– Hand lamps
• 6 V, sealed 2
• 6 V, warning light 3
• 12 V (Q-Beam type) 1
• flashlights 2
– Large link chain (9.525 mm) with hooks 1
– Polyamide-polyester rope (9.525 mm, 50 ft) 2
– Cable type hoist 1
– Non-slip grills 2
– Axe 1
– Crow-bar (1 m) 1
(1.5 m) 1
– Shovel 1
– Extrication and immobilization device 1
– Jumper cables 1