R-15.1 - Supplemental Pension Plans Act

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Full text
chapter R-15.1
Supplemental Pension Plans Act
SUPPLEMENTAL PENSION PLANSJune 22 1989January 1 1990
CHAPTER I
APPLICATION AND INTERPRETATION
1. This Act applies to pension plans provided
(1)  for employees who report for work at an establishment of their employer located in Québec or, if not, who receive their remuneration from such an establishment, provided, in the latter case, they do not report for work at any other establishment of their employer;
(2)  for employees not referred to in paragraph 1 who, while residing in Québec and being employed by an employer whose main establishment is located in Québec, work outside Québec, provided the plans are not governed by an Act of a legislative body other than the Parliament of Québec which provides for a deferred pension.
1989, c. 38, s. 1.
2. This Act does not apply to
(1)  a pension plan to which the employer is not required to make contributions. However, it applies to a pension plan where membership therein is a condition precedent to membership in another plan to which an employer is required to make contributions or, conversely, where membership therein is conditioned by membership in that other plan; where that is the case, such pension plans are deemed, for the purposes of this Act, to constitute a single pension plan;
(2)  a pension plan established for employees who are also members of a plan governed by this Act, if their employer makes contributions to both plans in their respect and if, under the terms of the other plan, they are entitled to benefits at least equal to the maximum benefits which may be paid under the terms of a registered pension plan defined in section 1 of the Taxation Act (chapter I-3);
(3)  a profit sharing plan or a deferred profit sharing plan referred to in Titles I and II of Book VII of Part I of the Taxation Act;
(4)  a pension plan established by an Act, the Government or the Office of the National Assembly, unless the Act, the Government or the Office of the National Assembly renders the plan subject to this Act;
(5)  (subparagraph repealed);
(6)  a voluntary retirement savings plan governed by the Voluntary Retirement Savings Plans Act (chapter R-17.0.1).
The Government may, by regulation and on the conditions it determines, exempt any pension plan or category of pension plan it designates from the application of all or part of this Act, particularly by reason of the special characteristics of the plan or category or by reason of the complexity of the Act in relation to the number of members in the plan. The Government may also prescribe special rules applicable to the plan or category.
A regulation made under the second paragraph may, if it so provides, have retroactive effect from a date that is prior to the date of its coming into force but not prior to 31 December of the penultimate year preceding the year in which it was published in the Gazette officielle du Québec under section 8 of the Regulations Act (chapter R-18.1). The regulation, if it is made in relation to a pension plan administered by the Commission de la construction du Québec or a mandatary of the Commission de la construction du Québec may, if it so provides, have retroactive effect from a date that is prior to the date of its coming into force.
1989, c. 38, s. 2; 1991, c. 25, s. 178; 1995, c. 46, s. 30; 1993, c. 45, s. 1; 1999, c. 40, s. 254; 2000, c. 41, s. 1; 2002, c. 52, s. 7; 2009, c. 1, s. 1; 2011, c. 8, s. 1; 2013, c. 26, s. 135; 2015, c. 20, s. 55.
2.1. This Act, except sections 6, 64 and 107, the first paragraph of section 110 and section 171.1, which apply with the necessary modifications, does not apply to a pension plan if
(1)  all the members of the pension plan are persons connected with the employer within the meaning of subsection 3 of section 8500 of the Income Tax Regulations (Consolidated Regulations of Canada, 1978, chapter 945) and membership in the plan is optional and is restricted to those persons;
(2)  only employees described in section 1 may become members of the pension plan; and
(3)  active membership in the plan ceases when the member ceases to be a person connected with the employer
Moreover, such a pension plan is deemed, for the purposes of section 98, not to be a pension plan governed by this Act.
A pension plan to which the first paragraph applies becomes subject to this Act upon being amended to allow other persons to become members.
2000, c. 41, s. 2.
3. For the purposes of this Act,
actuary means any member of the Canadian Institute of Actuaries having the title of Fellow or a status recognized as equivalent by such Institute;
accountant means any person who, being a member of the professional order of accountants listed in Schedule I to the Professional Code (chapter C-26), is authorized under the Act constituting the order to act as an accountant for the purposes of a provision of this Act.
1989, c. 38, s. 3; 1994, c. 40, s. 457; 2012, c. 11, s. 32.
4. For the purposes of this Act, any person who avails himself of the services of a worker who is not an employee and makes contributions to a pension plan in respect of such worker is deemed to be the worker’s employer.
1989, c. 38, s. 4; 1999, c. 40, s. 254.
5. Any provision of a pension plan which is incompatible with this Act is without effect.
However, a pension plan may contain provisions that are more advantageous to members or beneficiaries than those contained in this Act.
1989, c. 38, s. 5; 1999, c. 40, s. 254.
CHAPTER II
PENSION PLANS
DIVISION I
NATURE
§ 1.  — General provisions
6. A pension plan is a contract under which retirement benefits are provided to the member, under given conditions and at a given age, the funding of which is ensured by contributions payable either by the employer only, or by both the employer and the member.
Every pension plan, with the exception of insured plans, shall have a pension fund into which, in particular, contributions and the income derived therefrom are paid. The pension fund shall constitute a trust patrimony appropriated mainly to the payment of the refunds and pension benefits to which the members and beneficiaries are entitled.
1989, c. 38, s. 6.
§ 2.  — Types of plans
7. A defined contribution pension plan is a plan under which employer contributions and, where applicable, member contributions, or the method used for calculating them, are set in advance and the normal pension payable is based on the amounts credited to the member.
A target benefit pension plan is a plan under which employer contributions, or the method used for calculating them, and the benefit target are set in advance.
A defined benefit pension plan is a plan under which the normal pension payable is either a set amount, independent of the member’s remuneration, or an amount corresponding to a percentage of the member’s remuneration.
A defined benefit pension plan under which employer contributions and, where applicable, member contributions and the normal pension, or the method used for calculating them, are set in advance is said to be a defined benefit-defined contribution pension plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 7; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 1.
7.1. No pension plan may contain both defined benefit provisions and target benefit provisions.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 2.
8. A contributory pension plan is a plan to which member contributions are paid by the members.
1989, c. 38, s. 8.
9. An insured pension plan is a plan under which refunds and pension benefits are at all times guaranteed by an insurer.
1989, c. 38, s. 9.
10. Only an insurer who is authorized to carry on life insurance business in Québec or elsewhere in Canada where an agreement referred to in section 249 is applicable may guarantee the refunds or pension benefits provided under a pension plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 10.
11. A multi-employer pension plan is a plan in which the members are the employees of two or more employers.
However, a plan is not considered to be a multi-employer pension plan if the following conditions are met:
(1)  the employers who are parties to the plan are either subsidiaries of the same parent company or a parent company and its subsidiaries;
(2)  the plan provides that the subsidiaries that are parties to the plan and the parent company agree that the plan not be considered to be a multi-employer pension plan.
The employers party to a plan to which the second paragraph applies are solidarily liable for the obligations incumbent upon each employer under the plan or under this Act.
1989, c. 38, s. 11; 2000, c. 41, s. 3.
12. A parent company is a legal person which controls another company, which is, by that fact, a subsidiary of the parent company.
A legal person controls another legal person if it holds, directly or indirectly, otherwise than as security, securities entitling it to elect in all cases a majority of the directors of that other legal person.
1989, c. 38, s. 12.
DIVISION II
ESTABLISHMENT AND EFFECTIVE DATE
13. A pension plan becomes effective on the earlier of the following dates:
(1)  the date from which, for the purposes of determining the normal pension, the employees’ service is taken into account as it is completed;
(2)  the date on which member contributions begin to be collected.
1989, c. 38, s. 13.
14. Unless an extension is granted by Retraite Québec, any person who establishes a pension plan shall set it down in writing not later than 90 days after the day on which the plan becomes effective.
The text of the plan shall indicate
(1)  the name of the employer who is a party to the plan:
(2)  the number of members required to constitute the pension committee responsible for the administration of the plan, together with the conditions and time limits applicable to the designation or replacement of the members;
(3)  the requirements for membership and withdrawal;
(4)  the contributory or non-contributory nature of the plan;
(5)  the optional or compulsory nature of membership in the plan;
(6)  in the case of a multi-employer pension plan, the conditions for participation and for withdrawal of an employer;
(7)  the normal retirement age;
(8)  where the plan is guaranteed, the name of the insurer;
(9)  the member and employer contributions, or the method used for calculating the contributions;
(9.1)  except for a target benefit plan, whether or not the members contribute to amortization payments and, if applicable, the method for calculating them;
(10)  in the case of a defined benefit plan or a target benefit plan, the normal pension or the method used for calculating the normal pension;
(10.1)  in the case of a target benefit plan, that the normal pension and the other benefits provided for in the plan constitute the benefit target and that that pension and those benefits may be reduced due to insufficient contributions;
(11)  the nature of the refunds and pension benefits, the method used for calculating benefits or refunds, if any, and the conditions to be met to be entitled thereto;
(12)  if applicable, the powers under which the pension committee is authorized to transfer benefits accumulated by a member under the plan or any asset of the plan to another plan, and the rules applicable to such a transfer;
(12.1)  if applicable, the powers under which the pension committee is authorized to make the final payment of all or part of the benefits of a member or beneficiary by purchasing an annuity from an insurer under the conditions provided for by the plan’s annuity purchasing policy, and the rules applicable to such a payment;
(13)  the effective date of the plan;
(14)  the fiscal year of the plan;
(15)  the conditions on which and the person or persons by whom the plan may be amended and, in the case of a target benefit plan, the conditions on which and the person or persons by whom the plan may be terminated;
(15.1)  in the case of a target benefit plan, the recovery measures applicable in the event of insufficient contributions, their objective and the conditions and procedure for applying them, in accordance with the rules set out in Division IV of Chapter X.3;
(15.2)  in the case of a target benefit plan, the conditions and procedure for restoring benefits that have been reduced, in accordance with the rules set out in Division V of Chapter X.3;
(16)  except for a target benefit plan, the conditions and procedure for allocating surplus assets or, in the case of a pension plan to which Chapter X applies, the balance of surplus assets referred to in the third paragraph of section 230.2, in the event of termination of the plan;
(16.1)  (subparagraph replaced);
(17)  in the case of a pension plan to which Chapter X applies, except a target benefit plan, the conditions and procedure for appropriating all or part of the surplus assets referred to in section 146.8 and, if different, the conditions and procedure for appropriating all or part of the balance of surplus assets referred to in the third paragraph of that section, according to one or a combination of the following appropriation methods:
(a)  the payment of employer current service contributions;
(b)  the payment of member current service contributions;
(c)  the payment of the value of the additional obligations arising from an amendment to the plan, in which case the nature of the amendments that may give rise to such an appropriation must be indicated; and
(d)  the transfer of amounts to the employer;
(18)  in the cases referred to in section 146.9.2, the conditions and procedure for appropriating all or part of the surplus assets, either to the payment of employer contributions, to the payment of the value of additional obligations arising from an amendment to the plan or to a combination of these appropriation methods and, if applicable, the nature of the amendments that may be the object of such an appropriation;
(19)  in the case of a target benefit plan, the conditions and procedure for appropriating all or part of surplus assets referred to in subdivision 2 of Division II of Chapter X.1.
1989, c. 38, s. 14; 1992, c. 60, s. 1; 2000, c. 41, s. 4; 2006, c. 42, s. 1; 2015, c. 20, a. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 1; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 94; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 3.
14.1. Unless expressly provided by this Act, no provision of a defined benefit plan or target benefit plan may operate to make the following conditional on an extrinsic factor so that they are limited or reduced:
(1)  the crediting of service or the accumulation of benefits under the plan;
(2)  the amount or value of the benefits accumulated in respect of service prior to the date on which the value of the obligations arising from the plan are established with regard to the member or beneficiary whose rights are at stake.
The following, in particular, are considered to be extrinsic factors:
(1)  the financial position of the pension fund;
(2)  employer contributions paid in relation to the obligations arising from the pension plan with regard to the member or beneficiary;
(3)  the exercised discretionary powers attributed exclusively to a person other than a member or beneficiary;
(4)  certification or cancellation of the certification of an association of employees;
(5)  technological or economic changes in the employer’s enterprise or the division, merger, alienation or closing down of the enterprise; and
(6)  the withdrawal of an employer from the pension plan or the termination of the pension plan.
2008, c. 21, s. 1; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 4.
15. Any insurance contract under which an insurer guarantees refunds and pension benefits provided under a pension plan is an integral part of the plan; however, where a plan is not insured, the contract is part of the plan only to the extent that the recipient of the insured refunds or pension benefits continues to be a member of the said plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 15.
16. Where a pension plan becomes effective before it is registered with Retraite Québec, the employer or, where a pension committee has been formed, the pension committee shall notify Retraite Québec thereof in writing within 30 days.
The notice shall indicate, in addition to the name and address of the employer who is a party to the plan, the effective date of the plan and, if applicable, the date on which member contributions began to be collected. The notice shall also indicate in a concise manner
(1)  the type of plan established;
(2)  the normal pension or the method used for calculating the normal pension;
(3)  the member or employer contributions or the method used for calculating the contributions;
(4)  where applicable, the name and address of the person to whom powers have been delegated.
1989, c. 38, s. 16; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
17. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 17; 2000, c. 41, s. 5.
18. A pension plan whose registration is revoked by Retraite Québec under section 32 shall cease to be effective on the date of revocation.
A pension plan which is not registered or whose registration is deemed to be revoked under section 32.1 shall cease to be effective as soon as
(1)  the plan is terminated and has no assets; and
(2)  no member or beneficiary has any rights or benefits remaining under the plan or under this Act.
1989, c. 38, s. 18; 2000, c. 41, s. 6; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
DIVISION III
AMENDMENT
19. No amendment to a pension plan may become effective before the date it is registered with Retraite Québec, except in the following cases:
(1)  where the object of the amendment is the participation of another employer in a pension plan, in which case the amendment becomes effective on the date determined pursuant to section 13;
(1.1)  where the object of the amendment is the withdrawal of a bankrupt employer from the multi-employer pension plan, in which case the amendment becomes effective on the date of the bankruptcy or, in the case of a target benefit plan, not later than the end of the fiscal year in which the bankruptcy occurs;
(2)  where the amendment is to become effective on a given date prior to its registration, in which case the amendment may, provided it is registered, become effective on that date.
1989, c. 38, s. 19; 2000, c. 41, s. 7; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 5.
20. No amendment to a pension plan which cancels refunds or pension benefits, limits eligibility therefor or reduces the amount or value of the benefits of members or beneficiaries may become effective, if made under a collective agreement or an arbitration award in lieu thereof or rendered compulsory by an order or decree, before the date on which the collective agreement, award or order becomes effective and, in other cases, before the date the notice provided for in section 26 is sent.
However, the limit set under the first paragraph in respect of the effective date of an amendment reducing benefits does not apply
(1)  where the amendment is made to allow the plan to remain a registered pension plan within the meaning of section 1 of the Taxation Act (chapter I‐3);
(2)  where the affected members or beneficiaries have agreed to the amendment and where the effective date of the amendment is set pursuant to subparagraph 1.1 of the first paragraph of section 19, provided Retraite Québec has authorized the amendment.
If an amendment reducing pension benefits pertains to the normal pension, the method used for calculating the normal pension or any other pension benefit established on the basis of such pension or method, it may only apply to the service that is subsequent to the effective date of the amendment and if such an amendment pertains to the assumptions referred to in the second paragraph of section 61, it may only apply to the determination of the benefits accrued to a member at a date that is subsequent to the effective date of the amendment. These restrictions are not applicable, however, in the cases mentioned in the second paragraph.
1989, c. 38, s. 20; 1991, c. 25, s. 179; 1992, c. 60, s. 2; 2000, c. 41, s. 8; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 6.
21. No amendment to a pension plan may reduce a pension benefit the payment of which began prior to the date on which the amendment became effective.
1989, c. 38, s. 21.
21.1. (Repealed).
2000, c. 41, s. 9; 2006, c. 42, s. 2; 2015, c. 29, s. 2.
21.2. (Repealed).
2000, c. 41, s. 9; 2015, c. 29, s. 2.
21.3. (Repealed).
2008, c. 21, s. 2; 2015, c. 29, s. 2.
22. Any amendment made to a pension plan for the purpose of converting the plan into a plan of another type or substituting a new employer for the former employer is subject to the authorization of Retraite Québec and the conditions it may fix.
In addition, if the amendment is intended to convert benefits resulting from the application of provisions which grant members defined benefits or target benefits for service credited to them under the plan up to the date on which the amendment becomes effective, into amounts which, credited as defined contributions, will be used to purchase a pension of an indeterminate amount, such an amendment may be authorized only if the value of the benefits of every member who agrees to the conversion is equal to or greater than the value to which he would have been entitled had the plan been terminated on the date on which the amendment is to become effective. However, the latter value shall be established without taking into account the rights which may result from the application of subdivision 4.1 of Division II of Chapter XIII.
No defined benefit plan may, however, be converted into a target benefit plan.
If the purpose of the amendment is to convert a defined contribution plan into a target benefit plan or to convert a target benefit plan into another type of plan, the amendment is subject to the rules prescribed by regulation.
1989, c. 38, s. 22; 1992, c. 60, s. 3; 2000, c. 41, s. 10; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 7.
23. The remuneration received or, as the case may be, the hours of work completed prior to an amendment mentioned in section 22 shall be taken into account for the application of section 34.
1989, c. 38, s. 23; 2000, c. 41, s. 11.
CHAPTER III
REGISTRATION OF PENSION PLANS AND AMENDMENTS
24. Every pension plan and every amendment to a pension plan shall be registered with Retraite Québec.
The employer or, where a pension committee has been formed, the pension committee shall file an application for registration with Retraite Québec, accompanied with
(1)  a copy of the plan or amendment, certified by the employer or by the committee, and, where the plan is insured, a copy of the insurance contract, certified by the insurer;
(2)  where the application is for the registration of the plan, the name and address of the employer or, in the case of a pension committee, the names and addresses of the committee members;
(3)  the employer’s written acknowledgment of the obligations incumbent upon the employer under the plan or amendment, unless
(a)  the committee attests that it has obtained such acknowledgment from the employer and that the acknowledgment may, on request, be filed with Retraite Québec;
(b)  the amendment has been made mandatory by a new legislative or regulatory provision giving no latitude to the employer; or
(c)  the amendment is being made pursuant to Chapter X.1 or results from the application of section 199 or 199.1;
(4)  (subparagraph repealed);
(5)  (subparagraph repealed);
(6)  any other document or information prescribed by regulation;
(7)  the fees prescribed by regulation.
1989, c. 38, s. 24; 2000, c. 41, s. 12; 2006, c. 42, s. 3; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 8.
25. Unless an extension is granted by Retraite Québec, every application for the registration of a pension plan shall be filed not later than 90 days after the date on which the plan becomes effective; every application for the registration of an amendment whose object is the participation of another employer in a pension plan shall be filed not later than the last day of the twelfth month following the month in which the amendment becomes effective.
1989, c. 38, s. 25; 2000, c. 41, s. 13; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
26. A pension committee which proposes to apply for the registration of an amendment shall inform the members thereof
(1)  by transmitting to each member a written notice setting out the object of the proposed amendment and its effective date, and stating that the text of the amendment may be examined at the committee’s office and at the employer’s establishment specified, which must be located within 150 km of the member’s place of employment or, where the employer has no establishment within that distance, that the text may be obtained, without charge, on written request; or
(2)  by publishing the notice in a newspaper circulated in the localities where at least half of the members reside or, only as concerns active members, by sending the notice to the employer who, on receipt thereof, shall post it in a conspicuous place within the establishment, in an area ordinarily frequented by the members. However, the means of information provided for in this subparagraph cannot be used if the object of the proposed amendment is
 — the cancellation of refunds or pension benefits, new conditions limiting eligibility therefor or a reduction in the amount or value of the benefits of members or beneficiaries;
 — an amendment to the plan pertaining to the appropriation or allocation of surplus assets;
 — the merging of the assets and liabilities of several plans;
 — the division of the plan’s assets and liabilities among several plans.
A copy of the notice shall also be transmitted to Retraite Québec.
Where the amendment is made pursuant to a collective agreement or an arbitration award in lieu thereof, or is rendered compulsory by an order or decree, this section does not apply in respect of active members who are subject to the collective agreement, arbitration award or order or decree and represented by a certified association within the meaning of the Labour Code (chapter C-27).
1989, c. 38, s. 26; 1992, c. 60, s. 4; 2000, c. 41, s. 14; 2006, c. 42, s. 4; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 3.
27. Retraite Québec shall send, to the applicant whose application for registration meets the requirements prescribed by this Act, an acknowledgment of receipt showing the date of receipt of the application.
If the application for registration is incomplete, Retraite Québec shall forthwith notify the applicant, and specify the information which remains to be filed.
1989, c. 38, s. 27; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
28. Retraite Québec may, after giving the interested parties an opportunity to present observations, refuse to register a pension plan, or part thereof, or an amendment which, in its opinion, is not in conformity with this Act. It shall inform the parties by means of a written notice specifying the reasons for its refusal.
1989, c. 38, s. 28; 1997, c. 43, s. 649; 2015, c. 20, a. 61.
29. Upon registering a pension plan or an amendment, Retraite Québec shall notify the applicant. Retraite Québec shall assign a number to each plan it registers.
1989, c. 38, s. 29; 2000, c. 41, s. 15; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
30. Every pension plan or amendment in respect of which an application for registration has been acknowledged is deemed to be registered if, 90 days after the date indicated in the acknowledgment, the applicant has not received from Retraite Québec a request for additional information, a notice extending the period of examination of the application, a notice of refusal or a notice of registration.
1989, c. 38, s. 30; 2000, c. 41, s. 16; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
31. The registration of a pension plan or of an amendment does not constitute proof of its conformity with this Act.
1989, c. 38, s. 31.
32. Retraite Québec may revoke the registration of a pension plan in either of the following cases:
(1)  if, by reason of a merger under Chapter XII, the members or beneficiaries no longer have any benefits under the plan or this Act, and the plan no longer holds any assets;
(2)  if the plan ceases to be governed by this Act.
Moreover, Retraite Québec may, after giving the interested parties an opportunity to present observations, revoke the registration of any part of the plan or of an amendment which is not in conformity with this Act.
Retraite Québec shall notify the interested parties of any revocation of registration by means of a written notice specifying the reasons therefor.
1989, c. 38, s. 32; 1997, c. 43, s. 650; 2000, c. 41, s. 17; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
32.1. The registration of a terminated pension plan is deemed to be revoked 60 days after the later of
(1)  the date of expiry of the time limits provided for in sections 210 and 210.1 or determined by Retraite Québec for the satisfaction of the rights of the employer, the members and the beneficiaries under the plan and under this Act; and
(2)  the date on which the orders of Retraite Québec concerning the plan are complied with.
2000, c. 41, s. 18; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
CHAPTER IV
MEMBERSHIP
33. An employee eligible for membership in a pension plan becomes a member of the plan from the first of the following:
(1)  when contributions to the plan are paid by the employee or by the employer on behalf of the employee;
(2)  when the employee meets the membership requirements set out in the plan.
The employee shall remain a member until all benefits accumulated by him under the plan are paid, in particular, by means of a transfer to another plan, by the replacement of his pension pursuant to section 92 or upon termination of the plan.
The holder of an insured annuity purchased directly from an insurer, otherwise than pursuant to section 98 or to the plan’s annuity purchasing policy established in accordance with Division II.1 of Chapter XI, using benefits accrued under the plan shall remain a member of the plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 33; 1992, c. 60, s. 5; 2000, c. 41, s. 19; 2015, c. 29, s. 4.
34. Unless another plan providing similar benefits in which he is eligible for membership is established, an employee is entitled to become a member of a pension plan, on the same conditions as those applicable to other members, if his employment is similar or identical to that of members belonging to the class of employees for whom the plan is established and if, in the calendar year preceding his application for membership, he met either of the following requirements:
(1)  he received from the employer a remuneration equal to or greater than 35% of the Maximum Pensionable Earnings, established for the reference year in accordance with the Act respecting the Québec Pension Plan (chapter R‐9);
(2)  he completed at least 700 hours of employment with the employer.
The optional or compulsory nature of the membership does not constitute a requirement for the purposes of the first paragraph.
Where an employee has been employed by two or more employers participating in a multi-employer pension plan, the minimum remuneration required shall be determined on the basis of the overall remuneration from, or the overall hours of work for, each of the participating employers, in either of the following cases:
(1)  the employees eligible for membership in the plan are governed by the same collective agreement or arbitration award in lieu thereof;
(2)  the participating employers are a parent company and its subsidiaries or subsidiaries of the same parent company.
1989, c. 38, s. 34; 2000, c. 41, s. 20.
35. Retraite Québec may order a pension committee to accept, as member of the plan, every employee who meets the requirements set out in section 34
(1)  where it is of the opinion that, in view, in particular, of the nature and requirements of the employment concerned, those of the elements serving to determine the class of employees for whom the plan is established which are invoked as grounds to dismiss the employee’s application for membership are unreasonable;
(2)  where there is a dispute as to whether or not the employee belongs to the class of employees for whom the plan is established.
1989, c. 38, s. 35; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
36. For the purposes of this Act, every member of a pension plan is deemed to be an active member
(1)  until he ceases to be a member in accordance with the withdrawal requirements or until he no longer meets the eligibility requirements fixed by the plan;
(2)  until his period of continuous employment, as defined in section 54, is terminated;
(3)  until he dies.
The plan may, however, provide that the member remains an active member for a given period after the end of his period of continuous employment. Notwithstanding the second paragraph of section 5, the said period, increased by any period of layoff with a right of recall referred to in section 54, shall not exceed 24 consecutive months.
1989, c. 38, s. 36; 1994, c. 24, s. 1; 1999, c. 40, s. 254; 2000, c. 41, s. 21.
CHAPTER V
CONTRIBUTIONS
DIVISION I
TYPE OF CONTRIBUTIONS
2015, c. 29, s. 5.
37. The member contribution is the contribution that an active member is required to pay or the amount he elects to pay with a concurrent contribution by the employer.
The employer contribution is the contribution that the employer is required to pay.
An additional voluntary contribution is the amount that a member elects to pay without a concurrent contribution by the employer.
1989, c. 38, s. 37.
38. A current service contribution is the amount that the employer and, as the case may be, the active members are required to pay to ensure payment of the refunds and pension benefits provided under the pension plan in respect of service completed during a fiscal year of the plan and credited under the plan and, in the case of a plan to which Chapter X applies, to establish a stabilization provision, determined in accordance with section 125, in respect of those obligations.
The part of the current service contribution intended to establish the stabilization provision is to be called a current service stabilization contribution.
1989, c. 38, s. 38; 2015, c. 29, s. 6.
38.1. The following are amortization payments:
(1)  the technical amortization payment, intended to amortize the unfunded actuarial liability determined in accordance with section 131;
(2)  the stabilization amortization payment, intended to amortize the unfunded actuarial liability determined in accordance with section 132; and
(3)  improvement amortization payments, intended to amortize any unfunded actuarial liability determined in accordance with section 134.
2015, c. 29, s. 7.
38.2. The following are special payments:
(1)  the special improvement payment which, in respect of the additional obligations arising from an amendment to the pension plan, is established in accordance with section 139; and
(2)  the special annuity purchasing payment which, where it is required on a payment of benefits made in accordance with the annuity purchasing policy, is established in accordance with the provisions of section 142.4.
2015, c. 29, s. 7; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 95.
38.3. (Repealed).
2015, c. 29, s. 7; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 95.
DIVISION II
PAYMENT OF CONTRIBUTIONS
2015, c. 29, s. 8.
39. The contribution to be paid in each fiscal year of a pension plan is equal to or greater than,
(1)  in the case of an insured plan, the current service contribution as established in section 40;
(2)  in the case of an uninsured plan, the sum of the following amounts:
(a)  the current service contribution, which is equal to the sum of the contribution established in accordance with sections 128 and 129 and the contribution established under defined contribution provisions; and
(b)  the sum of the amortization payments determined for the fiscal year and the special payments payable during the fiscal year.
The contribution to be paid, less the member contributions, shall be borne by the employer.
In the case of a target benefit plan, that contribution, less the employer contribution stipulated in the plan, shall be borne by the members. However, it is to be paid taking into account the provisions of Division IV of Chapter X.3.
In the case of a multi-employer plan, the employer contribution shall be paid jointly by the employers who are parties to the plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 39; 2006, c. 42, s. 5; 2008, c. 21, s. 30; 2015, c. 29, s. 9; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 96; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 9.
39.1. Notwithstanding section 39, Retraite Québec may authorize an employer that is a party to a plan other than a target benefit plan, to the extent and for the period determined by Retraite Québec, to pay a lesser contribution into the pension fund than would otherwise be required if
(1)  the pension plan is a designated plan within the meaning of section 8515 of the Income Tax Regulations (C.R.C., c. 945) on the date on which the amount of contribution to be paid is determined;
(2)  the said Regulations exclude the payment as an eligible contribution of all or part of the contribution that should be paid by the employer pursuant to section 39; and
(3)  all members and beneficiaries agree thereto.
The agreement referred to in subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph is not required if the contribution reduction is less than or equal to the sum of the current service stabilization contribution and the stabilization amortization payment.
2000, c. 41, s. 22; 2006, c. 42, s. 6; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 10; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 10.
40. In the case of an insured plan, the current service contribution shall correspond to the premium required by the insurer to guarantee the refunds and pension benefits to which the members are entitled in respect of service completed in any fiscal year of the plan and credited under the plan.
Furthermore, where an insurer guarantees refunds and pension benefits in respect of service credited for a period prior to the current fiscal year of the plan, the required premium shall, to ensure that the plan remains insured, be paid to the insurer in a lump sum as soon as the service is credited or the related benefits are improved under the plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 40.
41. The employer contribution, less the portion the employer is relieved of paying under section 42.1 or that relates to a special payment, must be paid in as many instalments as there are months in the fiscal year of the plan, each being paid not later than the last day of the month following the month for which it is made.
The monthly payments must be of equal amounts. However, if they relate to the current service contribution, an amortization payment to which members contribute or any target benefit plan contribution, the monthly payments may represent an hourly rate or a rate of the remuneration of, or a percentage of the total payroll for, the active members. The monthly payments may also, in the case of a defined contribution plan or with respect to contributions paid under terms in a defined benefit plan or a target benefit plan that are identical to those of a defined contribution plan, represent an amount paid for each of the active members. That rate, percentage or amount must be uniform, unless it is established by reference to a variable authorized by Retraite Québec.
The monthly payments relating to the current service contribution may vary during a fiscal year of the plan to take into account an amendment to the plan.
In the case of a pension plan to which Chapter X applies, except a target benefit plan, where the employer contribution is not determined at the beginning of the fiscal year, the employer shall, until an actuarial valuation report is transmitted to Retraite Québec, continue to pay the monthly amounts fixed for the preceding fiscal year. If the contribution so paid is less than what should have been paid according to the report, the first monthly amount payable after the transmission of the report to Retraite Québec shall be increased by the difference between the monthly amounts paid and the amounts that should have been paid according to the report, plus any portion of the contribution the employer is relieved of paying under section 42.1 and the interest provided for in section 48 where applicable. The amount of the contribution may also be adjusted if the contribution that should have been paid according to the report is less than what was paid.
1989, c. 38, s. 41; 2000, c. 41, s. 23; 2006, c. 42, s. 7; 2008, c. 21, s. 31; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 11; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 97; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 11.
42. If the amortization period for an unfunded actuarial liability begins in the course of a fiscal year of the plan, the amortization payment determined in relation to that liability for that year must be paid in as many monthly payments as there are months in the portion of the fiscal year included in the amortization period.
1989, c. 38, s. 42; 2006, c. 42, s. 8; 2015, c. 29, s. 12.
42.1. Under the conditions prescribed by regulation, an employer may, on providing the pension committee with a letter of credit established in accordance with the regulation, be relieved of paying all or part of the portion of the employer contribution determined for the current fiscal year of the pension plan in respect of the stabilization amortization payment payable during the year.
The total amount of such letters of credit may not exceed 15% of the liabilities of the plan, determined on a funding basis.
2006, c. 42, s. 9; 2008, c. 21, s. 32; 2010, c. 41, s. 1; 2015, c. 29, s. 13.
42.2. The amount of employer contributions that are technical amortization payments or stabilization amortization payments, except those paid by letter of credit, must be the subject of special monitoring. The amount of the following sums paid by the employer must also be included:
(1)  payments in excess of the employer contributions required, excluding interest payable due to a delay in a contribution payment or as the balance of the value of the benefits referred to in section 146;
(2)  payments to reduce a letter of credit, provided that, in the case of a letter of credit relating to a contribution payable before 1 January 2016, the contribution would have been recorded in accordance with section 288.3 had the employer not been relieved of paying it by such a letter of credit; and
(3)  if provided for in the annuity purchasing policy, special annuity purchasing payments.
The amount of member contributions that are technical amortization payments or stabilization amortization payments must also be the subject of special monitoring.
Interest on those amounts, at the rate of return obtained on the investment of the plan assets, reduced by the investment and administration fees, must also be included.
Any surplus assets appropriated to the payment of employer current service contributions or transferred to the employer, in accordance with section 146.8, must be deducted from the amounts recorded under the first paragraph. Likewise, any surplus assets appropriated, in accordance with that section, to the payment of member current service contributions or to the payment of the value of the additional obligations arising from an amendment to the plan must be deducted from the amounts recorded, if applicable, under the second paragraph.
An employer may apply to the pension committee to have the amounts recorded under the first paragraph reduced by the amount the employer indicates.
2015, c. 29, s. 13; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 98.
43. Every person or body who or which collects member contributions or additional voluntary contributions shall, on or before the last day of the month following the month in which they are received, pay such contributions into the pension fund on behalf of the members or, in the case of an insured plan, to the insurer.
1989, c. 38, s. 43.
44. All member contributions and additional voluntary contributions and, in the case of a defined contribution plan, all employer contributions shall bear interest, from the first day of the month following the month in which they are payable into the pension fund or to the insurer,
(1)  in the case of an uninsured plan other than a defined contribution plan, at the rate of return derived from the investment of the plan assets, less investment expenses and administration costs, or, if the plan so provides and to the extent that the contribution relates to refunds or pension benefits that remain insured, at the weekly rate for personal five-year term deposits published the last week of every month, as compiled by the Bank of Canada;
(2)  in the case of a defined contribution plan, at the rate of return derived from the investment of all the assets of the plan or, where the plan so provides, of only such part of the assets as may be related to a particular group of members, less investment expenses and administration costs;
(3)  in the case of an insured plan, at the monthly rate referred to in subparagraph 1 or, if the plan so provides, at the rate of return derived from the investment of the insurer’s assets that are not included in the separate groups of assets constituted by the insurer, less, in the last case, investment expenses and administration costs.
However, if the plan provides that the members may direct what investments are made with all or part of the contributions credited to their accounts or if additional voluntary contributions are invested into a separate uninsured plan, all such investments shall be excluded from the plan assets for the purposes of subparagraphs 1 and 2 of the first paragraph, and the contributions so invested shall bear interest at the rate of return on such investments.
The provisions of this section which are applicable to the contributions paid under a defined contribution plan also apply to the contributions paid under terms in a defined benefit plan or a target benefit plan that are identical to those of a defined contribution plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 44; 2000, c. 41, s. 24; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 12.
45. Despite subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 44, employer contributions paid under a defined contribution pension plan may, if the plan so provides, bear interest at the rate of return on the investment of the contributions paid by the members under that plan or another pension plan which may or may not be governed by this Act, insofar as the investment is decided by the members.
1989, c. 38, s. 45.
45.1. Where the interest due on the amounts credited to a member is to be calculated on the basis of the return obtained on the assets invested, and the investment results in a loss, such amounts may be reduced proportionally to the fraction that the amount of the loss is of such assets.
1992, c. 60, s. 6.
46. Unless provided in the plan, the method used for calculating the rates of return and the method used for applying the monthly rate of interest shall, for the purposes of sections 44 and 45, be determined by the actuary or the accountant selected by the pension committee; in the case of an insured plan, the methods shall be determined by the insurer.
The method used to calculate the loss incurred by the assets and the resulting reduction of the value of the contributions shall, for the purposes of section 45.1, be determined in the same way.
1989, c. 38, s. 46; 1992, c. 60, s. 7.
47. Where a member or beneficiary has become entitled to a benefit under the terms of the pension plan,
 — additional voluntary contributions,
 — member or employer contributions paid under a defined contribution plan or under terms in a defined benefit plan or a target benefit plan that are identical to those of a defined contribution plan, and
 — member contributions above the limit set by section 60,
shall continue, subject to the provisions of section 45.1, to bear interest at the rate prescribed by section 44 or 45 until such contributions are transferred under section 90.2, used to replace a pension under section 92, are transferred in accordance with section 98 or are refunded, or until an additional pension is purchased with such contributions as provided in section 83.
1989, c. 38, s. 47; 1992, c. 60, s. 8; 2000, c. 41, s. 25; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 13.
48. Unless a pension plan or, in the case of an insured plan, an insurance contract sets a higher rate of interest, any contribution which has not been paid into the pension fund or to the insurer shall bear interest, from the last day of the month following the month for which it should have been paid or, as the case may be, the last day of the month following the month in which it was collected, at the rate prescribed by section 44 or 45 or, in the case of the employer contribution under a defined benefit plan or a target benefit plan, at the rate of return of the pension fund. However, in the case of a special payment, interest accrues from the day that follows the date on which it becomes payable.
1989, c. 38, s. 48; 2000, c. 41, s. 26; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 99; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 14.
49. Until contributions and accrued interest are paid into the pension fund or to the insurer, they are deemed to be held in trust by the employer, whether or not the latter has kept them separate from his property.
1989, c. 38, s. 49.
50. The employer shall, on remitting the contributions, inform the pension committee or, in the case of an insured pension plan, the insurer, of the reason for any significant variation in the contributions payable into the pension fund or to the insurer.
1989, c. 38, s. 50.
51. The pension committee or, in the case of an insured pension plan, the insurer shall notify Retraite Québec of any unpaid contribution within 60 days after it becomes due.
1989, c. 38, s. 51; 2000, c. 41, s. 27; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
52. Unless they have exercised the prudence, diligence and care that a reasonable person would have exercised in comparable circumstances or unless, in the same circumstances they were unaware of the default, the directors of a legal person which, as an employer, is a party to a pension plan, shall be solidarily liable for contributions which become due and remain unpaid during their term in office, with interest, up to a contributory period of six months.
In the case of a multi-employer pension plan that is not considered as such pursuant to section 11, the directors of a subsidiary are liable for the contributions only if the parent company fails to pay the contributions referred to in the first paragraph. Where the directors of the subsidiary also fail to pay the contributions for which they are liable under this paragraph, the directors of the parent company become liable for the contributions.
The six-month limit set out in the first paragraph does not apply where the pension fund is managed by the employer.
1989, c. 38, s. 52.
53. A director shall be liable under section 52 only in either of the following cases:
(1)  where the legal person has been prosecuted within two years after the date the unpaid contribution became due and full satisfaction of the amount awarded by judgment was not obtained upon execution;
(2)  where the legal person was, within two years of the date the unpaid contribution became due, the subject of a winding-up order or became bankrupt within the meaning of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter B-3) and the claim filed has not been discharged.
1989, c. 38, s. 53.
CHAPTER VI
REFUNDS AND PENSION BENEFITS
DIVISION I
GENERAL PROVISIONS
54. The period of continuous employment of an employee is the period during which the employee is employed by an employer, regardless of periods of temporary interruption and periods of disability during which the member continues to accumulate benefits. A period of layoff with a right of recall shall not, for the purposes of this paragraph and notwithstanding the second paragraph of section 5, be considered to be a period of temporary interruption beyond 24 consecutive months, unless the plan so permits and the employee consents thereto.
A change of employer does not, for the purposes of a pension plan, interrupt the period of continuous employment of an employee, provided Retraite Québec authorized the transfer of obligations in the cases referred to in section 22 or in Chapter XII.
In the case of a multi-employer pension plan, even where it is not considered as such pursuant to section 11, a change of employer does not interrupt the period of continuous employment of an employee if the former employer and the successor employer are parties to the plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 54; 1994, c. 24, s. 2; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
55. The credited service of a member is the service counted under the terms of a pension plan for the vesting or calculation of pension benefits.
1989, c. 38, s. 55.
56. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 56; 2000, c. 41, s. 28.
57. Unless approved by Retraite Québec,
 — employer contributions paid under a defined contribution plan or under terms in a defined benefit plan or a target benefit plan which are identical to those of a defined contribution plan,
 — the method used for calculating the employer contributions, and
 — the method used for calculating the normal pension payable under the terms of a defined benefit plan,
shall not, with respect to members of the same class of employees and for the same period of credited service, vary according to the number of years of employment or of credited service.
In the case of a target benefit plan, the benefit target shall not, with respect to members of the same class of employees and for the same period of credited service, vary according to the number of years of employment or of credited service.
1989, c. 38, s. 57; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 15.
58. Except in the following cases, a pension paid under a pension plan must be a life pension and may not be paid in any other form during the lifetime of the member or, in the case of a spouse’s pension, during the lifetime of the spouse:
(1)  the temporary pension provided for in section 91.1 and the pension derived from that pension;
(2)  a pension provided for in section 67.2; and
(3)  the bridging benefit representing the fraction of a pension which, under the terms of the pension plan, must be paid to the member or beneficiary until a date that is neither earlier than the date on which the member becomes eligible for an early retirement pension payable under the Act respecting the Québec Pension Plan (chapter R-9), the Canada Pension Plan (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter C-8), the Old Age Security Act (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter O-9) or an income security program prescribed by regulation, nor later than the date on which the member becomes eligible for a retirement pension under such an Act or program.
A plan to which Chapter X applies, however, may provide that payment of a pension may be suspended for a given period at the request of the member when the member is re-employed by the employer party to the plan or, in the case of a multi-employer plan, even a plan not considered to be a multi-employer plan pursuant to section 11, by one of the employers who are parties to the plan, subject to the following conditions:
(1)  if the suspension begins before the first day of the month following the month during which the member attains 65 years of age or, in the case of a member who attains 65 years of age on the first day of a month, before that day, the member accumulates new benefits in respect of his work during the period of suspension preceding that day, in accordance with the terms and conditions provided under the plan for employees of his class, up to the maximum period of service that may be credited to him under the pension plan for the purpose of calculating the normal pension;
(2)  if the pension suspended is a retirement pension reduced by reason of payment having begun before the normal retirement age, the reduction must be recalculated at the end of the suspension;
(3)  if the suspension continues or begins after the day referred to in subparagraph 1, the pension of which payment was suspended shall be adjusted to take account of any recalculation of the reduction pursuant to subparagraph 2 and of any new accumulated benefits referred to in subparagraph 1. The adjustment formula shall be the same as that prescribed in the plan, pursuant to the second paragraph of section 79, for the amount of pension not paid during a postponement period.
Furthermore, the additional pension resulting from the contributions paid during suspension of the pension shall be established in accordance with the rules set forth in section 78 for the calculation of the minimum value of the pension resulting from contributions paid during a postponement period.
A member who is entitled to a retirement pension, other than the normal pension, the payment of which is suspended under the second paragraph may, after the day mentioned in subparagraph 1 of that paragraph, apply for the payment of the pension as provided in section 77, which applies with the necessary modifications.
Suspension of the pension ends upon termination of the member’s period of continuous employment or at the time established under paragraph 2 of section 80.
1989, c. 38, s. 58; 1994, c. 24, s. 3; 1997, c. 19, s. 5; 2000, c. 41, s. 29; 2008, c. 21, s. 3.
59. The periodic amounts payable as pension benefits, except in the case of the pension provided for in section 67.2, shall be equal unless
(0.1)  the pension is adjusted under the second paragraph of section 58 or the second or third paragraph of section 67.4;
(1)  the pension is replaced
(a)  by a temporary pension provided for in section 91.1 or a pension derived therefrom, in which cases only the periodic amounts relating to that part of the pension that is not replaced must be equal;
(b)  by a pension referred to in section 92;
(2)  each payable amount is uniformly increased by reason of the application, in determining the pension, of an index or rate specified in the plan, by reason of a redetermination of the pension pursuant to section 89.1 or by reason of the option authorized by subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 93 or is uniformly modified by reason of a redetermination of the pension pursuant to the fifth paragraph of section 87, by reason of options authorized by section 91.1 or by subparagraphs 3, 4 and 6 of the first paragraph of section 93 or by reason of the partition of benefits between the member and the member’s spouse in accordance with Chapter VIII;
(3)  the pension is replaced by a lump sum payment or by a series of payments made pursuant to subparagraph 4 or 6 of the first paragraph of section 93;
(4)  the pension is increased by reason of the termination of a disability pension under the Act respecting the Québec Pension Plan (chapter R-9)when the member reaches 65 years of age;
(5)  the amounts payable as a bridging benefit referred to in the first paragraph of section 58 are reduced pursuant to the plan on a date that occurs between the dates mentioned in that paragraph; or
(6)  the periodic amounts are payable under a target benefit plan following the application of recovery measures, the restoration of benefits or the appropriation of surplus assets.
1989, c. 38, s. 59; 1997, c. 19, s. 6; 2000, c. 41, s. 30; 2008, c. 21, s. 4; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 16.
60. The member contributions described in section 38 paid by a member, including accrued interest, established at the time of the earliest of the following events, shall not be used to pay more than 50% of the value
(1)  of any pension benefit to which the member becomes entitled, including benefits related thereto;
(1.1)  of any benefit to which the member would have become entitled, including benefits related thereto, if the member had retired on the date of application for payment of the benefit, in the case of a benefit paid under subdivision 0.1 of Division III of Chapter VI;
(2)  of any benefit to which a beneficiary becomes entitled, where the member dies before becoming entitled to a pension pursuant to subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 86.
In addition, if the member contributes to amortization payments, the member’s member contributions, with accrued interest, reduced by the excess contributions calculated in accordance with the first paragraph may not be used to pay more than the value referred to in that paragraph.
This section does not apply
(1)  to pension benefits accrued under the terms of a defined contribution pension plan;
(1.1)  to pension benefits accrued under a target benefit pension plan;
(2)  to pension benefits accrued under terms in a defined benefit pension plan or a target benefit pension plan which are identical to those of a defined contribution pension plan;
(3)  to benefits resulting from a transfer of benefits or assets, even a transfer other than a transfer under Chapter VII;
(4)  to the additional pension referred to in the third paragraph of section 58, in the second paragraph of section 67.4 or in section 78 or 83;
(5)  to that part of any pension benefits accrued for a period of service which, even though no employer contributions were paid in respect of the member, was nevertheless credited by reason of the exercise by the member of an election offered to him under the plan for that purpose, insofar as it is provided that all the obligations arising from the election, as estimated at the date the election is exercised, are to be borne by the member. In such a case, the value of the obligations, determined on the basis of the assumptions referred to in section 61, must be equal, at that date, to the amount paid by the member;
(6)  to a benefit to which subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph applies and which was purchased with amounts to be refunded, or is the result of the conversion of a benefit other than a life pension;
(7)  (subparagraph repealed);
(8)  to a pension provided for in section 67.2.
1989, c. 38, s. 60; 1992, c. 60, s. 9; 1994, c. 24, s. 4; 2000, c. 41, s. 31; 2008, c. 21, s. 5; 2015, c. 29, s. 14; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 17.
60.1. (Repealed).
2000, c. 41, s. 32; 2015, c. 29, s. 15.
61. The value of a pension benefit to which section 60 applies shall be determined at the date of vesting on the basis of the actuarial assumptions determined by regulation.
However, with the authorization of Retraite Québec and on the conditions it fixes, the value may be determined on the basis of the actuarial assumptions determined by the plan, provided the resulting value is always equal to or greater than the value that would result from the application of the first paragraph.
The value of the benefits accrued under a target benefit pension plan shall be determined at the date of vesting of the benefits, on the basis of the assumptions determined by regulation.
1989, c. 38, s. 61; 1999, c. 40, s. 254; 2000, c. 41, s. 33; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 16; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 18.
62. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 62; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 19.
63. In the case of an insured plan, or of an uninsured plan under which refunds or pension benefits are guaranteed by an insurer, coverage for service completed in the course of a fiscal year of the plan and credited under such plan shall be granted as the insurer receives contributions from the employer or from the pension committee.
Coverage for service credited in respect of any period prior to the current fiscal year of the plan shall be granted upon receipt of the total amount of the premium required by the insurer.
1989, c. 38, s. 63.
63.1. Where a pension plan cannot continue to be a registered pension plan as defined in section 1 of the Taxation Act (chapter I‐3), either because the value of the benefits accrued to a member or a beneficiary under defined-benefit provisions or target benefit provisions exceeds the amount which may be transferred directly to another plan or because the amount of contributions paid each year into the pension fund under defined-contribution provisions exceeds the limits imposed, the pension committee must refund the excess to the member or beneficiary concerned.
1992, c. 60, s. 10; 2000, c. 41, s. 34; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 20.
64. The designation of beneficiaries and the revocation thereof are governed by articles 2445 to 2459 of the Civil Code, with the necessary modifications.
1989, c. 38, s. 64; 1999, c. 40, s. 254; 2000, c. 41, s. 35.
65. With the exception of sections 63, 63.1, 64, 67, 83, 84 and 86, section 90.1 with regard to the contributions that must be used to purchase a pension, and section 93, this chapter does not apply to additional voluntary contributions.
1989, c. 38, s. 65; 2000, c. 41, s. 36; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 21.
DIVISION II
REFUNDS
66. A member who ceases to be an active member is entitled to a refund of the value of the benefits accrued to the member if less than 20% of the Maximum Pensionable Earnings established pursuant to the Act respecting the Québec Pension Plan (chapter R-9) for the year in which the member ceases to be an active member. This right may be exercised, before a pension commences to be paid to the member under the plan, by applying within 90 days after receiving the statement provided for in section 113 and, subsequently, every five years from the date on which the member ceased to be an active member, within 90 days after the date of expiry of the fifth year.
Where the requirements set out in the first paragraph are met, the pension committee may refund the value of the member’s pension to the member in satisfaction of the member’s rights under the plan. The committee must first send a notice to the member requesting instructions as to the refund formula; where no reply is received within 30 days of the sending of the notice, the committee may make the refund, which possibility shall be mentioned in the notice.
In the case of a target benefit plan, the benefits may be refunded under the second paragraph only if the value of the benefits accrued to the member at the time of the refund, multiplied by the degree of solvency of the plan, is equal to or greater than the value of the member’s benefits established according to the benefit target.
1989, c. 38, s. 66; 2000, c. 41, s. 37; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 22.
66.1. A member who has ceased to be an active member, whose period of continuous employment has ceased and who has not been residing in Canada for at least two years is entitled to a refund of the value of the benefits accrued to the member.
2000, c. 41, s. 38.
67. Every member who ceases to be an active member is entitled to withdraw the value of additional voluntary contributions credited to his account, with accrued interest, except if the contributions have been used to purchase a pension or, subject to section 102, if the amounts come from a transfer, even otherwise than under section 98.
The right to withdraw contributions may be exercised by applying within 90 days after receiving the statement provided for in section 113 and, subsequently, every five years from the date on which the member ceased to be an active member, within 90 days after the date of expiry of the fifth year.
1989, c. 38, s. 67; 2000, c. 41, s. 39.
67.1. Notwithstanding the second paragraph of section 5, no pension plan may provide for refunds contrary to the provisions of this Act.
However, this section does not prevent a plan from allowing more time for the exercise of the right to a refund.
2000, c. 41, s. 40.
DIVISION III
PENSION BENEFITS
§ 0.1.  — Phased retirement benefits
2008, c. 21, s. 6.
67.2. A pension plan to which Chapter X applies or which is referred to in paragraph 1 of section 116 may provide that a pension be paid, on application, to a member who is employed by an employer party to the plan and who meets the following conditions:
(1)  the member makes an agreement to that effect with the employer;
(2)  the member is at least 60 years of age or, if under 60 years of age, the member is at least 55 years of age and, if the period of continuous employment ended on the date payment of the pension begins, would be entitled to an early retirement pension without any reduction by reason of payment having begun before the normal retirement age; and
(3)  the member is under 65 years of age.
2008, c. 21, s. 6.
67.3. The details of the pension paid under section 67.2 are set under the agreement referred to in that section. However, the annual amount of the pension may not exceed,
(1)  in the case of a member who receives a retirement pension under the plan or is entitled to a retirement pension that is suspended at the time the member applies for payment of the pension, 60% of the annual amount of the pension to which the member is entitled at that time, not considering any benefits referred to in section 83 or 104; or,
(2)   in the case of a member not referred to in subparagraph 1 who is not receiving a retirement pension under the plan on the date the member applies for payment of the pension, 60% of the annual amount of any pension to which the member would have been entitled if the member had retired on that date, not considering any benefits referred to in section 83 or 104, the spouse’s right to a pension referred to in section 87, or the options provided for in the plan.
In the case of a target benefit plan, the agreement must stipulate that the pension may be reduced in the event of insufficient contributions.
In case of conflict, the details set out in the agreement prevail over those set out in the plan.
Neither the agreement nor, despite the second paragraph of section 5, the plan may contain provisions that allow the payment of the pension payable under section 67.2 if the member is 65 years of age or over. In addition, the member may not receive, for the same period, that pension and another benefit payable under the plan, except benefits referred to in section 67.5, 83 or 104.
The payment of any benefit, other than benefits referred to in section 67.5, 83 or 104, that the member receives at the time the member applies for payment of a pension provided for in section 67.2, is suspended for the period during which the member receives that pension. The plan may provide that the payment of benefits provided for in section 67.5, 83 or 104 is suspended at the request of the member who receives a pension provided for in section 67.2.
2008, c. 21, s. 6; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 23.
67.4. The remuneration paid during the period beginning with the payment of a benefit referred to in this subdivision and ending on the date on which the payment of the retirement pension begins or begins again, or the date the member reaches 65 years of age, whichever occurs first, may not be taken into consideration for the calculation of the benefits relating to credited service that does not relate to that period, unless it is to the advantage of the member.
Also, the following adjustments apply:
(1)  in the case referred to in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 67.3, if contributions are paid during that period, the member is entitled to an additional pension determined in accordance with the rules set forth in section 78 for the calculation of the minimum value of the pension resulting from the contributions paid during a postponement period. In addition, if the retirement pension of the member was reduced by reason of payment having begun before the normal retirement age, the reduction must be recalculated at the end of the suspension of payment provided for in section 67.3; and
(2)  in the case referred to in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 67.3, if contributions were paid during that same period, the member is entitled to a pension that cannot be less than the pension resulting from the application of the rules set forth in section 78.
The adjustments provided for in the second paragraph also apply to the benefits referred to in section 83 or 104, the payment of which was suspended under the fifth paragraph of section 67.3.
2008, c. 21, s. 6; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 24.
67.5. A pension plan which, without being a defined contribution plan, includes provisions identical to those of that type of plan, and a plan referred to in paragraph 2 or 3 of section 116 may provide that a benefit other than a pension be paid, on application, to a member at least 55 years of age but under 65 years of age who is employed by an employer party to the plan with whom the active member makes an agreement to that effect.
The details of the benefit are set under the agreement, with the proviso that the annual amount of the benefit may not exceed 60% of the ceiling on the life income the member could receive under a replacement pension purchased under section 92. That amount is established at the beginning of the year during which payment of the benefit begins, based on the amounts credited to the member at that date and the age of the member at the end of the preceding year. The amount must be redetermined at the beginning of each year. Neither the agreement nor, despite the second paragraph of section 5, the plan may contain provisions that are more advantageous than those contained in this section.
In case of conflict, the details set out in the agreement prevail over those set out in the plan.
The value of the benefits to which the member is entitled, established on the date the benefit is paid, is reduced by the amount of that benefit.
2008, c. 21, s. 6.
§ 1.  — Deferred pension
68. A deferred pension is a retirement pension, payment of which is deferred until normal retirement age.
A deferred pension shall have the same characteristics as the normal pension, except
(1)  those relating to a postponed pension referred to in sections 76 to 80;
(2)  the pension supplement provided by the pension plan for the payment of a minimum normal pension, which may, with the authorization of Retraite Québec, not be counted for the purpose of determining the deferred pension.
1989, c. 38, s. 68; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
69. Every member who ceases to be an active member is entitled to a deferred pension equal to or greater than the normal pension.
1989, c. 38, s. 69; 2000, c. 41, s. 41.
§ 1.1.  — Early benefit
1997, c. 19, s. 7.
69.1. Any active member whose working time is reduced pursuant to an agreement with his employer and who is 10 years or less under normal retirement age or who has attained or exceeded that age is entitled, on request, for each year covered by the agreement, to the payment, in a lump sum, of a benefit equal to the lowest of the following amounts:
(1)  70% of the reduction in his remuneration resulting from the reduction in his working time during the year;
(2)  40% of the Maximum Pensionable Earnings for the year concerned established pursuant to the Act respecting the Québec Pension Plan (chapter R‐9);
(3)  the value of his benefits under the plan, established on the assumption that he ceases to be an active member on the date on which he applies for the payment of the benefit.
Notwithstanding the second paragraph of section 5, the plan may not contain provisions that are more advantageous than those contained in the first paragraph. Moreover, an active member may not receive, in the same year, the benefit provided for in this section and that provided for in section 67.5 or a pension payable under section 77 or replacing that pension.
The reduction in the member’s pension resulting from the payment of the benefit provided for in this section may not exceed the amount of the benefit. Moreover, the remuneration paid during the period in which the member is entitled to the benefit shall not be taken into consideration for the computation of the benefits relating to credited service that does not relate to that period, unless it is to the advantage of the member.
The employer shall, within 60 days of the date on which he becomes party to an agreement referred to in the first paragraph, transmit to the pension committee the name of every member to whom that paragraph applies.
1997, c. 19, s. 7; 2000, c. 41, s. 42; 2008, c. 21, s. 7.
§ 2.  — Early retirement pension
70. An early retirement pension is a retirement pension, payment of which begins before normal retirement age.
1989, c. 38, s. 70.
71. Every member whose period of continuous employment is terminated within 10 years of the date on which the member will attain normal retirement age is entitled to an early retirement pension.
However, a member who is entitled to a deferred pension may, whether or not he has terminated continuous employment, receive early payment of that pension if he applies therefor within 10 years of attaining the normal retirement age fixed by the plan giving him entitlement to the deferred pension.
1989, c. 38, s. 71; 1992, c. 60, s. 11; 2000, c. 41, s. 43.
72. The value of the early retirement pension shall be equal to or greater than the value of the normal pension, discounted on the date on which payment of the early retirement pension begins.
1989, c. 38, s. 72.
§ 3.  — Normal pension
73. A normal pension is a retirement pension, payment of which begins at normal retirement age.
Normal retirement age shall not be later than the first day of the month following the month in which the member attains 65 years of age.
1989, c. 38, s. 73.
74. Unless section 76 prescribes the postponement of the normal pension, every active member, except an active member who has received a retirement pension under the pension plan, is entitled to the normal pension on attaining normal retirement age.
1989, c. 38, s. 74; 2008, c. 21, s. 8.
§ 4.  — Postponed pension
75. A postponed pension is a retirement pension, payment of which begins after normal retirement age.
1989, c. 38, s. 75.
76. The normal pension of a member shall be postponed if, after normal retirement age, he remains employed by the employer by whom he was employed at normal retirement age.
1989, c. 38, s. 76.
77. Every member is entitled, on application, to the payment of all or part of his normal pension during the postponement period but only to the extent necessary to offset any permanent reduction in remuneration that occurred during such period.
However, unless otherwise stipulated in the pension plan, the member may, following an agreement with his employer, receive all or part of his pension, regardless of the limit set by the first paragraph.
No member may exercise this right more than once per twelve-month period, except pursuant to an agreement with the pension committee.
1989, c. 38, s. 77.
78. If contributions are paid during the postponement period, the resulting additional amount of pension shall be of a value equal to or greater than that of the benefits that could be purchased, at the end of the postponement period, with the member contributions paid during such period, including accrued interest. The additional pension must also meet the requirements set out in section 84.
1989, c. 38, s. 78; 2000, c. 41, s. 44.
79. Where all or part of a normal pension is postponed, the amount of pension not paid during the postponement period shall be adjusted at the end of the postponement.
The pension plan shall prescribe the adjustment formula.
1989, c. 38, s. 79.
80. Postponement of the normal pension ends
(1)  upon termination of the member’s period of continuous employment with the employer by whom he was employed at normal retirement age;
(2)  when, by reason of the postponement, the plan no longer qualifies as a registered pension plan as defined in section 1 of the Taxation Act (chapter I-3).
1989, c. 38, s. 80; 1991, c. 25, s. 180.
81. Where a normal pension is postponed under this Act or where a pension plan allows a member who is entitled to a pension that has become payable to replace all or part of it, if he decides to postpone it until after normal retirement age, by an adjusted pension, the adjustment shall be made so as to ensure that the pension payable at the end of the postponement is actuarially equivalent to the pension the payment of which would have begun at normal retirement age, had the pension not been postponed.
The actuarially equivalent pension shall be determined on the basis of the assumptions referred to in section 61 and which, at the date the member attained normal retirement age, were used to determine the value of the pension benefits to which section 60 applies and to which the member is entitled on that date. In the case of a target benefit plan, the assumptions to be used are those determined by regulation and applicable at that date.
1989, c. 38, s. 81; 2000, c. 41, s. 45; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 25.
§ 5.  — Disability pension
82. The value of the pension granted under the pension plan to a member who has become disabled and who, for that reason, had to terminate his employment with an employer who is a party to the plan or cease to be an active member, shall be equal to or greater than the value of the benefits to which the member would have been entitled had he not become disabled, discounted on the date payment of the pension begins.
1989, c. 38, s. 82.
82.1. Notwithstanding section 58, the plan may provide that payment of the disability pension is interrupted when the member ceases to be disabled within the meaning of the plan.
The value of the benefits accumulated by the member in respect of service credited under the plan before payment of the disability pension begins shall not, at the time payment of the pension is interrupted, be less than the amount m calculated according to the following formula:
b
a x ___ = m

c
where
a” represents the value of the benefits accumulated by the member on the date on which payment of the disability pension begins, established regardless of the value of that pension, but, in the case of a target benefit plan, taking into account any adjustment resulting from any recovery measures, restoration of benefits or appropriation of surplus assets between that date and the date on which payment of the disability pension is interrupted;
b” represents the value of a pension of $1 paid annually beginning on the date on which payment of the disability pension is interrupted and on each anniversary date thereafter;
c” represents the value of a pension of $1 paid annually beginning on the date on which payment of the disability pension begins and on each anniversary date thereafter.
Values are established on the date on which payment of the disability pension is interrupted, on the basis of the assumptions referred to in section 61 that were applicable on that date.
1994, c. 24, s. 5; 2000, c. 41, s. 46; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 26.
§ 6.  — Additional pension
83. Except in the case of a defined contribution plan, every member whose member contributions, with accrued interest, exceed the limit set by section 60, or who is credited with voluntary additional contributions, is entitled, from the date on which a pension other than a pension provided for in section 67.2 begins to be paid to him under the pension plan, to purchase an additional pension with such excess amount or contributions and accrued interest.
The plan may, however, allow the member to choose between the additional pension purchased with his additional voluntary contributions and any other benefits of equal value determined by the plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 83; 2008, c. 21, s. 9.
84. The additional pension shall be determined on the basis of the assumptions referred to in section 61 and which, at the date of determination of the pension, are used to determine the value of other benefits to which section 60 applies and which are vested on that date.
In addition, the additional pension shall have the same characteristics as the normal pension, except the pension supplement provided by the pension plan for the payment of a minimum normal pension.
In the case of a target benefit plan, the additional pension shall be determined on the basis of the assumptions determined by regulation that are applicable at the date of determination of the pension.
1989, c. 38, s. 84; 2000, c. 41, s. 47; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 27.
§ 7.  — Survivor benefits
85. For the purposes of this subdivision, the spouse of a member is the person who, on the day of reference defined in the second paragraph,
(1)  is married to or in a civil union with the member;
(2)  has been living in a conjugal relationship with a member who is neither married nor in a civil union, whether the person is of the opposite or the same sex, for a period of not less than three years, or for a period of not less than one year if
 — at least one child is born, or to be born, of their union;
 — they have adopted, jointly, at least one child while living together in a conjugal relationship; or
 — one of them has adopted at least one child who is the child of the other, while living together in a conjugal relationship.
Spousal status is established as at either the day a member begins receiving payment of a retirement or disability pension, a pension that replaces it or a bridging benefit, or the day preceding the death of the member, whichever date is adopted by the pension plan, or, if neither is adopted, whichever date occurs first. However, if the member dies without having received payment of such a pension or benefit, spousal status is established as at the day preceding the death.
For the purposes of subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph, the birth or adoption of a child prior to the period of conjugal relationship existing on the day as of which spousal status is established may qualify a person as a spouse.
Notwithstanding subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph, a person who is legally separated from bed and board on the day as of which spousal status is established is not entitled to any benefit under this subdivision unless the person is the member’s successor or was named in a notice sent by the member under section 89.
1989, c. 38, s. 85; 1999, c. 14, s. 26; 2000, c. 41, s. 48; 2002, c. 6, s. 194; 2008, c. 21, s. 10.
86. Where a member dies without having received payment of a retirement or disability pension, a pension that replaces it or a bridging benefit, the member’s spouse or, if there is no spouse, the member’s successors shall be entitled to a lump sum benefit equal to or greater than
(1)  the value of any retirement or disability pension or bridging benefit to which the member was entitled prior to death; or
(2)  if the member was not entitled to such a pension or benefit prior to death, the value of the deferred pension to which the member would have been entitled had the member ceased to be an active member on that day and not died.
The value of the benefit provided for in the first paragraph shall be determined without reference to the assumptions as to survival or mortality for the period prior to the first payment of the pension. Moreover, the following shall be added, where applicable, to the value of the benefit:
(1)  any voluntary additional contribution credited to the account of the member and any member contribution paid in excess of the limit set in section 60, with accrued interest, as well as any amounts previously transferred, even otherwise than under section 98, with accrued interest, or the value of the pension purchased with those amounts without reference to the death of the member; and
(2)  any interest accrued between the date of death and the date of payment of the lump sum benefit, at the rate used for determining the value thereof.
This section does not apply if the surviving spouse of the member is entitled, upon the member’s death, to a pension equal to or greater than the benefit provided for in this section.
1989, c. 38, s. 86; 1997, c. 19, s. 8; 1999, c. 40, s. 254; 2000, c. 41, s. 49; 2008, c. 21, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 17; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 28.
87. The spouse of a member is entitled to a pension from the death of the member if, before his death, the member was receiving any of the following pensions:
(1)  a retirement or disability pension or a pension that replaces it;
(2)  a pension the amount of which is adjusted to take into account an amount equal to the benefits determined under the Old Age Security Act (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter O-9), the Act respecting the Québec Pension Plan (chapter R‐9) or a similar plan within the meaning of paragraph u of section 1 of the latter Act;
(3)  (subparagraph repealed);
(4)  a bridging benefit referred to in the first paragraph of section 58.
The spouse is also entitled to a pension as of the death of the member if, before the death, the member was entitled to a pension referred to in the first paragraph, the payment of which was suspended under the second paragraph of section 58 or under section 67.3.
The amount of the spouse’s pension must be equal to or greater than 60% of the amount of the member’s pension, including,
(1)  when the member dies during the period during which payment of the pension was suspended under section 58 or 67.3, the proceeds of the adjustment of the pension required by section 58 or 67.4 at the end of the period of suspension; and
(2)  during the period of replacement, the amount of any temporary pension and, until the date on which the member, had the member survived, would have ceased receiving it, the amount of any bridging benefit.
The amount calculated in accordance with the third paragraph is increased by an amount equal to or greater than 60% of the amount of the pension provided for in section 83 or 104 that the member was receiving before the member’s death or the payment of which was suspended under section 58 or 67.3, adjusted, if the member died while the pension was suspended, as provided for in section 58 or 67.4, with the necessary modifications.
The sum of the pension provided for the spouse and the member’s pension, reduced accordingly, shall, on the date payment of the pension begins, be at least actuarially equivalent to the pension the member would have received had it not been for the benefit granted to the spouse by this section. In addition, if payment of a pension provided for in section 83 or 104 began before the date a person acquired the status of spouse of the member, the pension must be redetermined at that date to take into account the spouse’s entitlement to the pension provided for in this section.
1989, c. 38, s. 87; 1997, c. 19, s. 9; 2000, c. 41, s. 50; 2008, c. 21, s. 12.
88. Where a member whose pension was postponed dies during the postponement period, his spouse shall be entitled to a pension the value of which shall be equal to or greater than the higher of
(1)  the value of the pension the spouse would have been entitled to receive pursuant to section 87 if payment of the postponed pension had begun on the day preceding the death of the member, unless the spouse has waived such pension; and
(2)  the value of the death benefit the spouse would have been entitled to receive pursuant to section 86.
Where only part of the pension has been postponed, the spouse is entitled, in addition to the pension to which he is entitled pursuant to section 87 in respect of the partial pension the member was receiving, to a pension the value of which must be equal to or greater than the higher of the values described in the first paragraph, reduced by multiplying it by the fraction that the part of the postponed pension is of the total pension.
Where the member does not have a spouse, his successors shall be entitled to the pension benefit referred to in section 86, reduced as provided in the second paragraph of this section in the case of partial postponement of the pension.
1989, c. 38, s. 88; 1994, c. 24, s. 6; 1999, c. 40, s. 254.
88.1. The spouse of a member may waive the rights conferred by this subdivision by transmitting to the pension committee a statement containing the information prescribed by regulation. The spouse may also revoke the waiver provided the committee is notified in writing before the member’s death or, in the case of the pension referred to in the second paragraph of section 87, before the first payment of the member’s pension.
A waiver under this section does not entail a waiver of the rights which may devolve upon the spouse as the member’s successor. In addition, notwithstanding such a waiver, the pension plan is deemed, for the purposes of article 415 of the Civil Code, to be governed by an Act which grants a right to death benefits to the surviving spouse.
2000, c. 41, s. 51.
89. The right of a member’s spouse to benefits under this subdivision is terminated by separation from bed and board, divorce or marriage annulment, by the dissolution or annulment of their civil union or by the cessation of conjugal relationship except if the member has notified the pension committee in writing to pay the pension to the spouse notwithstanding the divorce, annulment of marriage, separation from bed and board, dissolution or annulment of the civil union or cessation of conjugal relationship.
1989, c. 38, s. 89; 1999, c. 40, s. 254; 2000, c. 41, s. 52; 2002, c. 6, s. 195.
89.1. Where a member’s pension has been established having regard to the right of the member’s spouse to a pension under section 87 and the spouse’s right is terminated pursuant to section 89, the member is entitled, on request to the pension committee, to a pension redetermination as of the effective date of the judgment granting the separation from bed and board, the divorce or the annulment of marriage, as of the date of dissolution of the civil union or as of the date of the cessation of the conjugal relationship. The redetermined pension shall be in the same amount and have the same characteristics as the pension that would be payable to the member at the date of redetermination had the member not had a spouse on the date the payment of the pension began.
Unless the pension committee has received the notice provided for in section 89, it must also redetermine the member’s pension if the benefits accrued to the member under the plan are partitioned, pursuant to section 107 or 110, subsequent to the first payment to the member of a pension established having regard to the spouse’s right to a pension under section 87.
The redetermination of a pension under this section cannot alone operate to reduce the amount of a pension paid to the member.
2000, c. 41, s. 52; 2002, c. 6, s. 196.
90. Payment of a pension to a spouse shall not cease by reason of the fact that the spouse has remarried, has contracted a civil union or is living in a conjugal relationship with another person of the opposite or the same sex.
1989, c. 38, s. 90; 1999, c. 14, s. 27; 2002, c. 6, s. 197.
DIVISION III.1
VARIABLE BENEFITS
2015, c. 29, s. 18.
90.1. A pension plan that includes defined contribution provisions may allow a member who has ceased to be an active member or, on the death of such a member, the member’s spouse to elect to receive variable benefits from the funds the member or spouse holds under the defined contribution provisions, on the conditions and within the time prescribed by regulation.
2015, c. 29, s. 18.
DIVISION III.2
VARIABLE PAYMENT LIFE PENSION
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 29.
90.2. A pension plan that includes defined contribution provisions may provide that a member who has ceased to be an active member or, on the death of the member, the member’s spouse is entitled to apply, on the conditions and within the time prescribed by regulation, for payment of a variable payment life pension out of all or part of the sums the member or spouse holds under defined contribution provisions.
Such a pension must be paid into a variable payment life pension fund that meets the requirements prescribed by regulation, in particular with respect to establishing the amount of the pension that may be purchased with the sums transferred or to increasing or decreasing that amount.
A plan that pays variable payment life pensions may not be considered a defined benefit plan or a target benefit plan. However, the provisions of this Act regarding the latter plans may, to the extent prescribed by regulation and with the modifications provided for in the regulation, apply to a plan that pays variable payment life pensions.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 29.
DIVISION IV
OPTIONS
91. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 91; 1991, c. 25, s. 181; 2000, c. 41, s. 53.
91.1. Every member or spouse who has become entitled to a pension under a pension plan is entitled, under conditions prescribed by regulation, to replace the pension, in whole or in part, before payment begins, by a temporary pension the amount of which is fixed by him before payment begins and which meets the following requirements:
(1)  the annual amount of the pension must not exceed 40% of the Maximum Pensionable Earnings established pursuant to the Act respecting the Québec Pension Plan (chapter R‐9) for the year in which payment of the pension begins, that limit being reduced, where applicable, by the annual amount of any other temporary benefit to which he is entitled under the plan;
(2)  payment of the temporary pension must not begin more than 10 years before the member or spouse attains normal retirement age, and must end no later than the last day of the month following the month in which the member or spouse attains 65 years of age.
Notwithstanding subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph, the pension plan may allow a member or spouse who is more than 10 years under normal retirement age and who has become entitled to a pension to elect, before payment of the pension begins, to replace it by a pension the amount of which is adjusted by reference to the benefits determined under the Old Age Security Act, the Act respecting the Québec Pension Plan or a similar plan within the meaning of paragraph u of section 1 of the latter Act. In such a case, the annual amount of the replacement pension increased, where applicable, by the annual amount of any other temporary benefit to which the member or the spouse is entitled under the plan shall not exceed the lesser of
(1)  40% of the Maximum Pensionable Earnings established pursuant to the Act respecting the Québec Pension Plan for the year in which payment of the pension begins; and
(2)  the amount of the temporary benefit to which the member or spouse would be entitled if the entire life pension were converted into a temporary pension ceasing on the last day of the month following the month in which the member or the spouse attains 65 years of age.
Upon attaining the age which is 10 years under normal retirement age, a member or spouse who is receiving a pension under the second paragraph is entitled to elect to replace it by a temporary pension which meets the conditions set out in the first paragraph.
Notwithstanding the second paragraph of section 5, the plan may not contain provisions that are more advantageous than those contained in this section.
The value of the temporary pension shall be equal to or greater than the value of the pension or of the part of the pension it replaces, discounted on the date of the replacement.
1997, c. 19, s. 10; 2000, c. 41, s. 54.
92. Every member or spouse who has become entitled to a pension under a pension plan is entitled, under conditions prescribed by regulation, to replace the pension by a life or temporary pension, purchased under a contract, the amount of which may vary each year. The pension may also, in the cases determined by regulation, be replaced in whole or in part by a lump-sum payment.
1989, c. 38, s. 92; 1997, c. 19, s. 11; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 30.
92.1. Unless payment of the pension is guaranteed for a longer period, a member who has become entitled to a pension under a pension plan is entitled to elect, before payment of the pension begins, to replace it by a pension the payment of which is guaranteed for 10 years.
2000, c. 41, s. 55.
93. The pension plan may permit a member or the spouse of a member who has become entitled to a pension to elect, before payment of the pension begins, to replace all or part of the pension
(1)  (subparagraph repealed);
(2)  by a pension the amount of which is increased periodically according to an index or at a rate provided in the plan;
(3)  by a pension the amount of which is adjusted by reason of provisions relating to the payment of benefits payable after the death of the member or his spouse, or by reason of amendments to such provisions; unless the spouse consents thereto, before the date on which payment of the member’s pension begins, the amount of the spouse’s pension which results from the election shall not be less than 60% of the amount of the member’s pension;
(4)  by a single payment or a series of payments in the event of a physical or mental disability that reduces life expectancy;
(5)  (subparagraph repealed);
(6)  by other benefits prescribed by regulation.
The replacement value shall be equal to or greater than the value of the replaced pension, discounted at the time of replacement.
No option other than those mentioned in the first paragraph may be permitted by the plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 93; 1997, c. 19, s. 12; 2000, c. 41, s. 56.
93.1. Despite sections 91.1 to 93, a member who has become entitled to a pension provided for in section 67.2 may not replace it.
2008, c. 21, s. 13.
DIVISION V
INTEGRATION
94. Where a pension plan provides that, for the purpose of determining the normal pension, all or part of the benefits payable under the public plan established by the Act respecting the Québec Pension Plan (chapter R-9) or the Canada Pension Plan (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter C-8) will serve to reduce the member’s benefits, the reduction shall not be greater than the amount m calculated according to the following formula:
a
r x _____ = m

35
where
r” represents all or part of the benefit payable under the public plan;
a” represents the number of years of service credited under the pension plan.
The fraction a/35 shall not be greater than 1.
No reduction other than the reduction made by reference to the retirement benefit payable under the public plan may be made in determining the normal pension.
1989, c. 38, s. 94; 2000, c. 41, s. 57.
95. The amount of the benefit payable under a public plan that is required to be deducted under a pension plan shall, if necessary, be established on the basis of an estimation from the time the member becomes entitled to a pension under the plan and without reference to any reduction of that benefit subsequent to a partition of benefits between spouses.
If, under the plan, the deferred pension is determined with reference to the remuneration paid to the member after he became entitled to a deferred pension, the amount shall be established at a date not subsequent to the date of the last remuneration included in the calculation.
Moreover, where the amount is an estimation, it shall be based on data that are compatible with those used for the determination of the benefits paid under the public plan at the date of estimation.
1989, c. 38, s. 95; 2000, c. 41, s. 58.
96. In no case may benefits derived from an amendment to a public plan referred to in section 94 be taken into account for the determination of a benefit if that results in a reduction of the benefits of the member, except
(1)  where the member applies therefor, provided the resulting benefit is of an equal or greater value;
(2)  where the pension plan is amended to take into account the new benefits derived from the public plan, provided only the pension benefits relating to service credited after the amendment are reduced;
(3)  where the benefit concerned is not determined on the basis of the normal pension, or where the value of the benefit exceeds the value of the deferred pension, provided the plan is amended to provide for the reduction of the benefit or excess value and only the benefits the payment of which begins after the amendment are reduced.
1989, c. 38, s. 96; 2000, c. 41, s. 59.
97. The normal pension determined with reference to a benefit payable under the terms of a public plan referred to in section 94 shall not be reduced again to take into account an amendment to the public plan or an increase of the benefit.
The same rule applies in respect of any other benefit determined with reference to the benefit payable under the terms of a social security program established by law.
1989, c. 38, s. 97.
CHAPTER VII
TRANSFERS OF BENEFITS AND ASSETS
98. Every plan member is entitled, subject to the conditions and time limits set out in this chapter, to transfer to such pension plan as he indicates
(1)  the additional voluntary contributions credited to his account, with accrued interest;
(2)  the amount corresponding to the value of any pension benefit, including a benefit guaranteed by an insurer, to which the member is entitled but of which payment has not begun. Such value must be equal to or greater than,
(a)  where the transfer is applied for within the time limit set out in subparagraph 1 of the second paragraph of section 99, the value of the member’s pension benefit determined pursuant to section 61;
(b)  where the transfer is not applied for within that time limit, the value of the member’s pension benefit determined with reference to related benefits and on the basis of the assumptions referred to in section 61 which are used, on the day the transfer is applied for, to determine the value of benefits under the plan which are vested on that date;
(3)  the member contributions which exceed the limit set by section 60, with accrued interest;
(4)  the amounts previously transferred, even otherwise than under this chapter, with accrued interest, or the amount corresponding to the value of the pension purchased with the amounts transferred; that value must be determined on the basis of the assumptions referred to in section 61 which are used, at the date of vesting of the pension if the transfer is applied for within the time limit set out in subparagraph 1 of the second paragraph of section 99 or at the date the transfer is applied for in other cases, to determine the value of benefits under the plan which are vested on that date.
Interest calculated, until the date of transfer, at the rate used to determine the value of the pension benefit to which the member is entitled shall be added to the values referred to in subparagraphs a and b of subparagraph 2 and in subparagraph 4 of the first paragraph.
The value of the benefits under a target benefit plan shall be established taking into account, despite the postponement of their effective date, if applicable, the adjustments provided for in an actuarial valuation report of the plan transmitted to Retraite Québec before the date on which that value is determined and that result from recovery measures, the restoration of benefits or the appropriation of surplus assets.
For the purposes of this section, the expression pension plan includes, in addition to the pension plans governed by this Act, any pension plan or annuity contract prescribed by regulation.
1989, c. 38, s. 98; 2000, c. 41, s. 60; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 31.
99. The right to a transfer under section 98 may be exercised by a member who is at least 10 years under the normal retirement age set by the plan. However, a pension plan may prohibit members who, upon termination of continuous employment, would be entitled to an early retirement pension equal to or greater than the normal pension from making transfers to another pension plan.
Moreover, this right may be exercised within one of the following time limits:
(1)  within 90 days from receipt of a statement pursuant to section 113;
(2)  subsequently and not later than the date provided for in paragraph 3, every five years from the date on which the member ceased to be an active member, within 90 days from the date of expiry of every fifth year;
(3)  within 90 days from the date on which a member who ceased to be an active member attains an age which is 10 years under normal retirement age.
The age restriction in respect of the member and the prohibition referred to in the first paragraph, and the time limit fixed in subparagraph 3 of the second paragraph do not apply to the transfer of amounts from a defined contribution plan or to the transfer of contributions paid under terms in a defined benefit plan or a target benefit plan that are identical to those of a defined contribution plan. A member who is less than 10 years under normal retirement age or who has attained or exceeded normal retirement age is entitled to transfer those amounts at all times, insofar as payment of the pension has not begun.
The pension committee has 60 days from the receipt of a transfer application to effect the transfer.
1989, c. 38, s. 99; 2000, c. 41, s. 61; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 32.
100. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 100; 2000, c. 41, s. 62.
101. The conditions set out in sections 143 to 146 for the payment of the benefits of members and beneficiaries apply to the payment of transferred amounts.
1989, c. 38, s. 101; 2006, c. 42, s. 10.
102. Unless the pension plan provides that the amount must be used for the purchase of a pension, a member who ceases to be an active member is entitled to the refund of any amount transferred, even otherwise than under this chapter, which would have been refundable under the pension plan from which it was transferred.
1989, c. 38, s. 102; 1997, c. 19, s. 13; 2000, c. 41, s. 63.
103. Unless the pension plan sets a higher rate of interest, and subject to the provisions of section 45.1, any amount transferred, even otherwise than under this chapter, bears interest, from the date of the transfer and until a pension is purchased with such amount or such amount is refunded under section 102, at the rate prescribed by section 44 if the amount is transferred to a pension plan governed by this Act.
1989, c. 38, s. 103; 1992, c. 60, s. 12; 2000, c. 41, s. 64; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 100.
104. From the date payment of a pension other than a pension provided for in section 67.2 begins, a member is entitled to the pension purchased with amounts transferred, even otherwise than under this chapter, which were not refunded pursuant to section 102.
1989, c. 38, s. 104; 2000, c. 41, s. 65; 2008, c. 21, s. 14.
105. The amount of the pension paid under a pension plan governed by this Act and purchased with amounts transferred, even otherwise than under this chapter, shall be determined on the basis of the assumptions referred to in section 61 which, at the date of determination of the pension, are used to determine the value of other pension benefits to which section 60 applies and which are vested on that date. In the case of a target benefit plan, the assumptions to be used are those determined by regulation.
The pension shall have the same characteristics as the normal pension, except the pension supplement provided by the plan for the payment of a minimum normal pension.
This section does not apply to a pension purchased with amounts transferred under section 106.
1989, c. 38, s. 105; 2000, c. 41, s. 66; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 33.
106. Where the transfer is made at the request of a member who availed himself of a general agreement prescribing the conditions of transfer, between pension plans, of benefits or assets in respect of a given group of members, the benefits attributed to the member following the transfer shall be equal to or greater than the benefits which, determined on the basis of the assumptions referred to in section 61 which, at the date of the transfer, are used to determine the value of other pension benefits to which section 60 applies and which are vested on that date, would have resulted from the transfer to a plan not governed by this Act of the assets related to the benefits that the member had accumulated before the transfer.
1989, c. 38, s. 106; 2000, c. 41, s. 67.
CHAPTER VIII
TRANSFER OF BENEFITS BETWEEN SPOUSES
107. In the event of separation from bed and board, divorce or marriage annulment or the dissolution otherwise than by death or the annulment of a civil union, the benefits accumulated by a member under a plan shall, upon application in writing to the pension committee, be partitioned between the member and his spouse to the extent provided in the Civil Code or by a court judgment or a notarized joint declaration dissolving a civil union.
Where the court or the notarized declaration awards to the spouse of a member, in payment for a compensatory allowance, benefits accumulated by the member under a pension plan, the benefits shall, upon application in writing to the pension committee, be transferred to the spouse to the extent provided by the court judgment or by the notarized declaration.
1989, c. 38, s. 107; 2002, c. 6, s. 198.
108. Upon presentation of an application for separation from bed and board, divorce or marriage annulment, for the dissolution or annulment of a civil union or for the payment of a compensatory allowance, the member and his or her spouse are entitled, upon application in writing to the pension committee, to obtain a statement of the benefits accumulated by the member under the plan and the value thereof at the date of the institution of the action; the statement shall also contain any other information prescribed by regulation. The benefits and the value thereof shall be determined according to the rules fixed by regulation.
The spouse may thereupon examine the text of the pension plan and the documents referred to in section 114, on the conditions provided therein.
The member and the member’s spouse are also entitled to receive a statement of benefits, upon an application in writing to the pension committee, for the purposes of pre-hearing mediation concerning a family matter or of a joint procedure before a notary for the dissolution of their civil union. The statement shall contain the information determined by regulation.
1989, c. 38, s. 108; 2000, c. 41, s. 68; 2002, c. 6, s. 199.
109. Except as provided by regulation, the benefits awarded to the spouse following partition of the benefits of the member or as payment for a compensatory allowance can only be used for the purchase of a life pension, whether or not the benefits have been transferred to a pension plan contemplated in section 98.
However, the benefits awarded to the spouse following a seizure for non-payment of support in accordance with articles 694 and following of the Code of Civil Procedure (chapter C-25.01) shall be paid in a lump sum, subject to the terms and conditions prescribed by regulation.
1989, c. 38, s. 109; 2000, c. 41, s. 69; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
110. In the event of cessation of conjugal relationship between a spouse, within the meaning of subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 85, and a member of the plan, the member and spouse may, in the ensuing year, agree in writing to a partition of the benefits accumulated by the member under the pension plan; such an agreement cannot, however, confer on the spouse more than 50% of the value of such benefits.
For that purpose, the member and the spouse shall be entitled to obtain, upon application in writing to the pension committee, the statement described in section 108 and established at the date on which they ceased to live together in a conjugal relationship.
An agreement under the first paragraph may also apply to the amounts transferred to another pension plan pursuant to section 98.
Section 109 applies to benefits conferred on the spouse pursuant to an agreement referred to above. In addition, articles 694 and following of the Code of Civil Procedure (chapter C-25.01) apply, with the necessary modifications, to the partition of benefits agreed upon between the spouses for the purposes of this section.
1989, c. 38, s. 110; 2000, c. 41, s. 70; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP).
110.1. The cost of producing the statement referred to in section 108 and the expenses incurred for effecting the transfer of benefits between spouses may be claimed from the spouses only up to the limit fixed by the Minister, after consultation with Retraite Québec, and published in the Gazette officielle du Québec. The limit may vary according to the type of plan.
The costs and expenses claimed from the spouses shall be divided equally between them, unless they decide to opt for another form of apportionment. Payment of the amount that must be borne by each spouse may be effected by the pension committee through a reduction of the value of the spouse’s benefits, unless that spouse chooses another method of payment.
1994, c. 24, s. 7; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
CHAPTER IX
INFORMATION TO MEMBERS
111. The pension committee shall provide to each member or employee eligible for membership a written summary of the pension plan, including each of the particulars referred to in the second paragraph of section 14, together with a brief description of a member’s rights and obligations under the plan and this Act and a statement of the principal advantages of membership in the pension plan.
The documents shall be provided within 90 days following
(1)  the date on which the employee becomes eligible for membership under the plan or becomes a member; or
(2)  the date of registration of the pension plan.
The employer shall transmit, in writing, to the pension committee such information concerning employees eligible for membership as is necessary for the purposes of this section.
1989, c. 38, s. 111; 2000, c. 41, s. 71.
111.1. If a pension plan provides that the pension paid to members is reduced by direct or indirect reference to the benefits payable under a public plan referred to in section 94, any document provided to a member, a beneficiary or an eligible employee concerning the benefits payable under the pension plan or the manner of calculating them must mention the reduction and the manner of calculating it.
2000, c. 41, s. 72.
112. Within nine months after the end of every fiscal year, the pension committee shall transmit to each member and beneficiary a document containing a summary of the provisions of the pension plan that were amended during the last fiscal year and a brief description of the rights and obligations arising therefrom, together with an annual statement containing the information prescribed by regulation in particular with respect to
(1)  the benefits accrued to the member during the last fiscal year and from the beginning of membership in the plan until the end of the last fiscal year; and
(2)  the financial position of the pension plan.
The pension committee is not required to send an annual statement to members to whom a statement was sent under section 113 indicating their accrued benefits as of a more recent date.
1989, c. 38, s. 112; 2000, c. 41, s. 73; 2008, c. 21, s. 15.
112.1. (Repealed).
1997, c. 19, s. 13; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 101.
113. Within 60 days after the date on which the pension committee is informed that a member has ceased to be an active member, it shall provide to the member, or to any other person entitled to a refund or pension benefit, a statement setting out the information prescribed by regulation and specifying, as of the date of the event giving entitlement thereto, the amount of the refund or the nature and value of the benefit, and the nature of and the requirements for entitlement to other benefits provided under the plan.
In addition, within 60 days of a written request therefor, the pension committee shall, without charge, provide the member with the aforementioned statement, updated on the basis of the most recent data available; the updating shall include a new determination of the value of the member’s benefits only where the member may exercise the right of transfer provided for in section 98.
Moreover, within 30 days of a written request therefor, the pension committee shall, without charge, provide the member with the data used to prepare the statement or to update it, in particular the data used to calculate the benefits to which he is entitled.
1989, c. 38, s. 113; 2000, c. 41, s. 74.
113.1. When it has been notified that an association has been formed to represent, for the purposes of the pension plan, active members not represented by a certified association, non-active members or beneficiaries of the plan, the pension committee must enclose a notice giving such information as it possesses with respect to the name and address of the association, its purpose and admission procedures with the following documents sent to the persons the association is mandated to represent:
(1)  the annual statement sent out under section 112; and
(2)  the notice sent to the members and beneficiaries under the second paragraph of section 146.4, the second paragraph of section 146.33, the second paragraph of section 146.87 or the third paragraph of section 196.
The exemption provided by the second paragraph of section 112 does not dispense the pension committee from sending members the notice provided for in the first paragraph.
2008, c. 21, s. 16; I.N. 2016-05-15; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 34.
113.2. If an association referred to in section 113.1 requests the name and address of the persons it is meant to represent, the pension committee must inform each person concerned of the request in a notice enclosed with the first of the following documents to be sent to the person after the committee receives the request:
(1)  the annual statement sent under section 112; or
(2)  the statement provided under the first paragraph of section 113.
The notice must include a note explaining that the person concerned may, within 30 days of receiving the notice, consent to the committee’s sending the information in question to the association concerned.
The committee must provide the association with the name and address of the persons who gave their consent
(1)  within 30 days following the expiry of the deadline given in the second paragraph, as regards persons who gave their consent after receiving a notice enclosed with the annual statement sent out under section 112; or
(2)  at the latest 30 days after the end of the fiscal year of the plan during which consent was given, as regards persons who gave their consent after receiving a notice enclosed with the statement provided for under the first paragraph of section 113.
The committee is not required to comply more than once with a request made under the first paragraph by the same association. If it does, it may charge a fee.
2008, c. 21, s. 16.
114. Within 30 days of a written request therefor, the pension committee shall permit an employee eligible for membership or a member or beneficiary to examine, without charge, during usual working hours, the text of the pension plan or any other document prescribed by regulation. The pension committee shall, subject to the same conditions, permit a member or beneficiary to examine the terms of the plan as they stood on any date included in the period during which the employee concerned was a member.
The examination shall take place either at the office of the pension committee or at the establishment of the employer designated by the committee, whichever is closer to the applicant’s residence.
Where a copy of a document for which an examination request was made is sent without charge, within 30 days of the request, to the person who made the request, the pension committee is dispensed from the obligation to permit examination of the document.
1989, c. 38, s. 114; 2000, c. 41, s. 75.
115. The pension committee is not required to provide documents without charge to any one person more than once within a period of 12 months.
The same applies in respect of requests for the examination of documents.
1989, c. 38, s. 115.
CHAPTER X
SOLVENCY AND FUNDING
2006, c. 42, s. 11.
DIVISION I
GENERAL PROVISIONS
2006, c. 42, s. 11.
116. This chapter does not apply
(1)  to an insured pension plan in respect of which the insurer has undertaken to pay all costs and satisfy all rights arising from the termination of the plan;
(2)  to an uninsured pension plan under which the benefits to which the members and beneficiaries are entitled derive only and at all times from amounts credited to them; or
(3)  to an uninsured pension plan under which the benefits to which the members and beneficiaries are entitled are either pension benefits and refunds that are insured at all times or benefits described in paragraph 2.
1989, c. 38, s. 116; 2000, c. 41, s. 76; 2006, c. 42, s. 11.
117. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 117; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 35.
118. Every pension plan must be the subject of an actuarial valuation
(1)  at the date on which it becomes effective;
(2)  no later than at the date of the end of the last fiscal year of the plan occurring within three years after the date of the last complete actuarial valuation of the plan;
(3)  at the date of the agreement with the insurer for the purposes of a payment of benefits made in accordance with the plan’s annuity purchasing policy;
(4)  in the case of an amendment having an impact on the funding of the plan, at the date determined under section 121;
(5)  at the date of the end of the fiscal year of the plan that precedes a fiscal year in which surplus assets are appropriated under Division II of Chapter X.1; or
(6)  whenever required by Retraite Québec, at the date set by Retraite Québec.
If an actuarial valuation referred to in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph determines that the funding level of the plan is less than 90%, the plan must be the subject of a complete actuarial valuation not later than the end date of the following fiscal year and the end date of each subsequent fiscal year, until the funding level reaches at least 90%.
An actuarial valuation required under the first or second paragraph must be complete. However, the valuations required under subparagraphs 3, 4 and 5 of the first paragraph may be partial, but only if, in the case of a valuation referred to in subparagraph 4 or 5, the date of the valuation corresponds to the date of the end of the fiscal year of the plan and no complete actuarial valuation is required under this Act or by Retraite Québec at that date.
1989, c. 38, s. 118; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 19; I.N. 2016-04-01; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 102; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 36.
119. The pension committee must transmit a report to Retraite Québec on every actuarial valuation referred to in section 118
(0.1)  not later than the expiry of the time granted under section 25 for filing the application for registration of the plan in the case of an actuarial valuation required under subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 118;
(1)  within nine months after the date of the actuarial valuation in the case of an actuarial valuation required under one of the following provisions of that section:
(a)  subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph or the second paragraph;
(b)  subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph, for the payment of benefits in accordance with the plan’s annuity purchasing policy;
(c)  subparagraph 4 of the first paragraph, in relation to an amendment to the plan; no such report may, however, be required before the expiry of nine months following the date the amendment is made; or
(d)  subparagraph 5 of the first paragraph, in the case of an appropriation of surplus assets;
(1.1)  (subparagraph replaced);
(2)  within the time fixed by Retraite Québec, which shall be at least 60 days, in the case of an actuarial valuation required under subparagraph 6 of the first paragraph of that section.
A report on an actuarial valuation not referred to in section 118 must be transmitted to Retraite Québec within nine months after the date of the actuarial valuation.
All reports on a complete actuarial valuation transmitted to Retraite Québec must be accompanied by a summary drawn up on the form provided by Retraite Québec, along with the attestations and documents mentioned in the form.
1989, c. 38, s. 119; 2000, c. 41, s. 77; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2009, c. 1, s. 4; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 20; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 37.
119.1. If, at the date of the end of a fiscal year of the pension plan, no actuarial valuation is required under subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph or under the second paragraph of section 118, the pension committee must send Retraite Québec, no later than nine months after that date, a notice informing it of the financial position of the pension plan at that date. The notice is no longer required, however, if the report on an actuarial valuation that establishes the degree of solvency of the plan as at a date included in the period from the end date of that fiscal year to the deadline for sending the notice has been sent to Retraite Québec.
The information to be contained in the notice and the attestations and documents to be included with it are prescribed by regulation.
Any certification required for the purposes of the notice must be carried out in accordance with the first paragraph of section 122, which applies with the necessary modifications.
2015, c. 29, s. 21; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 103.
120. The funding of a pension plan must be based on an actuarial valuation report prepared at the request of the pension committee and transmitted to Retraite Québec. Unless the report concerns a partial actuarial valuation carried out under the conditions set out in the third paragraph of section 118, it must refer to a complete actuarial valuation of the plan.
Except in the case provided for in section 121, an actuarial valuation report that has been transmitted to Retraite Québec can be amended or replaced only at the request of or with the authorization of Retraite Québec and subject to the conditions fixed by Retraite Québec. If a report is amended or replaced, any unfunded actuarial liability determined by the valuation must be re-established and any actuarial certification required for the purposes of such valuation must be renewed.
1989, c. 38, s. 120; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; I.N. 2016-04-01.
121. Any amendment to a pension plan having an impact on the funding of the plan must be considered for the first time not later than the latest of the following dates:
(1)  the date on which the amendment is made;
(2)  the date on which the amendment becomes effective.
If the actuarial valuation report was transmitted to Retraite Québec and an amendment which should have been considered under the first paragraph was not taken into account, the report must be amended or replaced.
However, an amendment resulting in a reduction of the obligations of the plan must be considered for the first time at the date it becomes effective if it concerns service prior to that date.
1989, c. 38, s. 121; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 22; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 104; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 38.
122. Every certification required for the purpose of a partial actuarial valuation must reflect the financial position of the plan at the date of the actuarial valuation, estimated on the basis, in particular, of the actual rate of return of the pension fund, changes in interest rates determined on a solvency basis and the contributions actually paid into the pension fund since the last complete actuarial valuation of the plan.
If a partial actuarial valuation pertains to the amendments to a pension plan, it is limited to the determination of the value of the additional obligations arising from any amendment considered for the first time in the valuation or to the determination, on a funding basis, of the variation in the current service contribution arising from the amendment. The determination of the value or of the variation must be based on the same assumptions and methods as were used for the most recent complete actuarial valuation, unless those assumptions and methods are not appropriate in view of the nature of the amendment made to the pension plan.
However, if the amendment to the pension plan increases the pensions already in payment and the additional obligations arising from the amendment are guaranteed by an insurer at the date on which the actuarial valuation report is prepared, the value of the obligations may be assumed to correspond to the premium paid to the insurer, discounted at the date of actuarial valuation according to the rate of return of the pension fund.
1989, c. 38, s. 122; 2006, c. 42, s. 11.
122.1. For the purposes of this chapter, the assets and liabilities of a pension plan are both reduced by an amount corresponding to the sum of the following values:
(1)  the value of any additional voluntary contributions paid into the pension fund, with accrued interest;
(2)  the value of the contributions paid into the pension fund under provisions which, in a defined benefit plan or a target benefit plan, are identical to those of a defined contribution plan, with accrued interest;
(3)  the value of amounts received by the pension plan following a transfer, even otherwise than under Chapter VII, with accrued interest.
2015, c. 29, s. 23; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 39.
122.2. For the purposes of this chapter, the letters of credit provided by the employer under section 42.1 that may be considered in the plan’s assets cannot exceed 15% of the liabilities of the plan.
2015, c. 29, s. 23.
DIVISION II
FUNDING
2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
§ 1.  — Determination of funding
2015, c. 29, s. 24.
123. For the purpose of determining the funding level of a pension plan at the date of an actuarial valuation, the plan’s liabilities must be equal to the value of the obligations arising from the plan taking into account the service credited to the members.
A pension plan is funded if, at the date of the actuarial valuation, the plan’s assets are equal to or greater than its liabilities.
1989, c. 38, s. 123; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2008, c. 21, s. 33; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
124. For the sole purpose of establishing the funding level of a pension plan at the date of an actuarial valuation,
(1)  the plan’s assets must be increased by the special improvement payment prescribed in section 139; and
(2)  the plan’s liabilities must be increased by the value of the additional obligations arising from any amendment to the plan considered for the first time at the date of the valuation.
The funding level of a pension plan at the date of the actuarial valuation is the percentage that the plan’s assets are of its liabilities.
1989, c. 38, s. 124; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24; I.N. 2016-04-01; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 105.
125. Every pension plan must provide for the establishment of a stabilization provision whose target level is determined in the manner prescribed by regulation, in particular by using a scale that is to be applied according to certain criteria, including the target set out in the plan’s investment policy in effect at the date of each actuarial valuation required under section 118.
1989, c. 38, s. 125; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
126. The funding method used in an actuarial valuation must be consistent with generally accepted actuarial principles and be based on the assumption that the pension plan is perpetual.
The actuarial assumptions and methods used to determine the funding level of a plan must be suited, in particular, to the type of plan concerned, its obligations and the position of the pension fund.
1989, c. 38, s. 126; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
127. The method for smoothing the market value of the assets of the pension plan may not level the short-term fluctuations in that value over a period exceeding five years.
1989, c. 38, s. 127; 1994, c. 24, s. 8; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
128. The current service contribution must be equal to or greater than the sum of
(1)  the value of the obligations arising from the pension plan in respect of credited service completed over the course of the fiscal year or the part of the fiscal year referred to in paragraph 1 of section 140; and
(2)  the value of the stabilization provision in respect of those obligations, according to the target level determined in accordance with section 125.
1989, c. 38, s. 128; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24; 2016, c. 132016, c. 13, s. 68; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 40.
129. The value of the obligations referred to in sections 123, 124 and 128 which, under the plan, are to increase according, in particular, to the progression of the members’ remuneration must include the estimated amount of those obligations when they become payable, assuming that contingencies based on actuarial assumptions as to survival, morbidity, mortality, employee turnover, eligibility for benefits or other factors will occur.
Furthermore, any pension benefit increase provided for by the plan which becomes effective after the benefits begin to be paid must be taken into account in determining that value.
1989, c. 38, s. 129; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
§ 2.  — Funding deficiencies
2015, c. 29, s. 24.
130. There are three types of funding deficiencies: the technical actuarial deficiency, the stabilization actuarial deficiency and the improvement unfunded actuarial liability.
1989, c. 38, s. 130; 2000, c. 41, s. 78; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
131. The technical actuarial deficiency corresponds, at the date of an actuarial valuation, to the amount by which the plan’s liabilities exceed its assets, increased by the value of any amortization payments remaining to be paid to amortize any improvement unfunded actuarial liability determined in a prior actuarial valuation.
1989, c. 38, s. 131; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
132. The actuarial stabilization deficiency corresponds, at the date of an actuarial valuation, to the amount by which the plan’s liabilities, reduced by the technical actuarial deficiency determined in accordance with section 131 and increased by the value of the stabilization provision target level less five percentage points, exceed its assets, increased by the value of the amortization payments remaining to be paid to amortize any improvement unfunded actuarial liability determined in a prior actuarial valuation.
1989, c. 38, s. 132; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
133. The interest rate used to establish the value of the improvement amortization payments referred to in sections 131 and 132 is the same as the one used to establish the liabilities of the plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 133; 2000, c. 41, s. 79; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
134. An improvement unfunded actuarial liability corresponds, at the date of an actuarial valuation, to the value of the additional obligations arising from any amendment to the plan, except for the amendment referred to in section 139, considered for the first time in the valuation, increased by the value of the stabilization provision target level in respect of those obligations and reduced, if applicable, by the amount corresponding to the part of the value of those obligations that is paid for by appropriation of the plan’s surplus assets.
1989, c. 38, s. 134; 1994, c. 24, s. 9; 2000, c. 41, s. 80; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
134.1. (Replaced).
2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
135. The amortization payments that, if applicable, remain to be paid in relation to any improvement unfunded actuarial liability determined in a prior actuarial valuation may only be eliminated if, at the date of the actuarial valuation, the assets of the pension plan are equal to or greater than its liabilities, increased by the value of the stabilization provision target level less five percentage points.
1989, c. 38, s. 135; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
135.1. (Replaced).
1998, c. 2, s. 40; 2006, c. 42, s. 11.
135.2. (Replaced).
1998, c. 2, s. 40; 2006, c. 42, s. 11.
135.3. (Replaced).
1998, c. 2, s. 40; 2006, c. 42, s. 11.
135.4. (Replaced).
1998, c. 2, s. 40; 2006, c. 42, s. 11.
135.5. (Replaced).
1998, c. 2, s. 40; 2006, c. 42, s. 11.
§ 3.  — Amortization of funding deficiencies
2015, c. 29, s. 24.
136. Every funding deficiency must be amortized by dividing it into as many amounts as there are full months included in the amortization period.
1989, c. 38, s. 136; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
137. The monthly amortization payable for any fiscal year of the pension plan, and any part of such a fiscal year, included in the amortization period must be established as a set amount at the date the unfunded actuarial liability is determined. However, if the members contribute to amortization payments, the monthly payments may represent an hourly rate or a rate of the remuneration of or a percentage of the total payroll for the active members; the rate or percentage must be uniform unless it is established by reference to a variable authorized by Retraite Québec.
1989, c. 38, s. 137; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
138. The amortization period for an unfunded actuarial liability begins at the date of the actuarial valuation in which the unfunded liability is determined. It expires at the end of a fiscal year of the pension plan that ends
(1)  no later than 10 years after the date of the valuation, if the liability is a technical actuarial deficiency;
(2)  no later than 10 years after the date of the valuation, if the liability is a stabilization actuarial deficiency; or
(3)  no later than five years after the date of the valuation, if the liability is an improvement unfunded actuarial liability.
1989, c. 38, s. 138; 2000, c. 41, s. 81; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
§ 4.  — Special improvement payment
2015, c. 29, s. 24.
139. If the actuarial valuation used to determine the value of the additional obligations arising from an amendment to the pension plan shows that the plan’s funding level, determined without reference to the amendment, is less than 90%, a special improvement payment equal to the value of the additional obligations, at the date of the valuation, increased by the value of the stabilization provision target level in respect of those obligations, must be paid into the pension fund.
The special improvement payment is payable in full as of the day following the date of the valuation.
1989, c. 38, s. 139; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
§ 5.  — Miscellaneous provisions
2015, c. 29, s. 24.
140. In addition to the other elements prescribed by regulation, an actuarial valuation must determine
(1)  the current service contribution, expressed in currency or as a rate or percentage of the remuneration of active members, for the fiscal year or the part of the fiscal year of the pension plan that immediately follows the date of the valuation and for every fiscal year that follows until the date of the next actuarial valuation to which it is subject under subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 118;
(2)  the total amount of the current service contribution and the amount of the part of that contribution referred to in paragraph 2 of section 128;
(3)  the plan’s assets and liabilities;
(4)  the amount of each deficiency and that of the related amortization payment; and
(5)  the amounts recorded under section 42.2.
1989, c. 38, s. 140; 2000, c. 41, s. 82; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 43.
DIVISION III
SOLVENCY
2015, c. 29, s. 24.
141. For the purpose of determining the solvency of a pension plan at the date of an actuarial valuation, the plan’s assets must be established according to their liquidation value, or an estimate of that value, and be reduced by the estimated amount of the administration costs to be paid out of the pension fund, assuming that the pension plan is terminated on the valuation date.
The pension plan’s liabilities must be equal to the value of the obligations arising from the plan, assuming that the plan is terminated on the valuation date.
A pension plan is solvent if its assets are equal to or greater than its liabilities.
1989, c. 38, s. 141; 2006, c. 42, s. 50; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
142. For the sole purpose of establishing the degree of solvency of a pension plan at the date of an actuarial valuation,
(1)  the plan’s assets must be increased by the special improvement payment prescribed in section 139; and
(2)  the plan’s liabilities must be increased by the value of the additional obligations arising from any amendment to the plan considered for the first time on the date of the valuation, calculated on the assumption that the effective date of the amendment is the valuation date.
The degree of solvency of a pension plan at the date of an actuarial valuation is the percentage that the plan’s assets are of its liabilities.
1989, c. 38, s. 142; 1997, c. 19, s. 15; 2006, c. 42, s. 50; 2008, c. 21, s. 17; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 24.
142.1. If the plan expressly provides that the amount of a member’s pension is to be established with reference to the progression of the member’s remuneration after termination, the value of the pension must be established assuming that the plan is terminated in such circumstances that the benefits accrued to the member in respect of the pension must be estimated at their maximum value. If the plan provides for other obligations whose value depends on the circumstances in which the plan is terminated, they must be included in the liabilities to the extent provided in the scenario used for that purpose by the actuary in charge of the valuation.
If the liabilities established in accordance with subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 142 and with the first paragraph of this section are less than the value of the obligations arising from the pension plan, assuming that the plan is terminated on the valuation date in such circumstances that the benefits accrued to the members must be estimated at their maximum value, the valuation report must also indicate the latter value.
2015, c. 29, s. 24.
142.2. The liabilities of a pension plan under which refunds or benefits are guaranteed by an insurer must, for the purpose of determining the plan’s solvency, include the value corresponding to those benefits, and the plan’s assets must include an amount equal to that value.
2015, c. 29, s. 24.
142.3. The values referred to in this division are determined by applying sections 211 and 212 and subparagraph 1 of the second paragraph of section 212.1, with the necessary modifications. In the case of pensions already in payment, inasmuch as they are not guaranteed by an insurer at the valuation date, those values must be determined according to an estimation of the premium that an insurer would charge to guarantee the pensions at the valuation date.
In the case of a target benefit plan, those values are determined according to the rules set out in section 146.89.
2015, c. 29, s. 24; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 106; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 44.
DIVISION III.1
FUNDING RELATING TO ANNUITY PURCHASING POLICY
2015, c. 29, s. 24.
142.4. A payment of benefits made in accordance with the annuity purchasing policy of a pension plan must meet the funding requirements prescribed by regulation.
If those requirements are not met, a special annuity purchasing payment, calculated in the manner determined by regulation, must be paid as prescribed in that regulation.
2015, c. 29, s. 24.
DIVISION IV
FUNDING POLICY
2015, c. 29, s. 24.
142.5. The person or body who may amend the pension plan must establish a written funding policy that meets the requirements prescribed by regulation, review it regularly and send it to the pension committee without delay.
2015, c. 29, s. 24.
DIVISION V
CONDITIONS GOVERNING THE PAYMENT OF BENEFITS
2006, c. 42, s. 11.
143. The value of any benefit to which a member or a beneficiary becomes entitled under a pension plan and which corresponds to the following amounts must be paid in full:
(1)  additional voluntary contributions credited to the member’s account, with accrued interest;
(2)  member or employer contributions paid in respect of a member under terms in a defined benefit plan or a target benefit plan that are identical to those of a defined contribution plan, with accrued interest; and
(3)  amounts credited to a member’s account following a transfer, even a transfer other than a transfer under Chapter VII, with accrued interest.
The benefit provided for in section 67.5, the one provided for in section 69.1 and the periodic amounts payable as pension benefits must also be paid in full.
The value of any other benefit may be paid out of the pension fund only in proportion to the degree of solvency of the plan, up to 100%, applicable on the date on which the value of the member’s benefits are established. A pension plan may however provide that the 100% limit does not apply or establish a limit of more than 100%.
The degree of solvency applicable on the date referred to in the third paragraph is the most recent of the following degrees:
(1)  the degree established in the last actuarial valuation of the plan for which the report was sent to Retraite Québec before that date;
(2)  the degree established in the notice referred to in section 119.1 and sent to Retraite Québec before that date;
(3)  the degree established in the report referred to in section 202 and sent to Retraite Québec before that date; and
(4)  the degree established according to the intervals shorter than a fiscal year provided for in the plan in accordance with the rules prescribed by regulation.
1989, c. 38, s. 143; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2008, c. 21, s. 33; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 25; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 107; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 45.
144. The actuary responsible for preparing the actuarial valuation report of the pension plan must determine whether the payment of the benefits that are transferable under an agreement referred to in section 106 could reduce the degree of solvency of the plan or, where that degree exceeds 100%, reduce it to a percentage lower than 100%.
If so, the payment of benefits is permitted only in the proportion fixed by the actuary to avoid such a consequence.
1989, c. 38, s. 144; 2006, c. 42, s. 11.
145. The value of the benefits which, under section 143 or 144, cannot be paid may be paid up to 5% of the maximum pensionable earnings established under the Act respecting the Québec Pension Plan (chapter R-9) for the year during which the payment is to be made; the total amounts so paid since the last actuarial valuation may not, however, exceed 5% of the assets determined at the time of the actuarial valuation to ascertain the solvency of the pension plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 145; 2000, c. 41, s. 83; 2006, c. 42, s. 11.
145.1. Despite the limits set in sections 143 to 145, the value of the benefits paid must be equal to or greater than the sum of the contributions paid by the member concerned and the amounts credited to the member’s account following a transfer, even a transfer other than a transfer under Chapter VII, with accrued interest.
2006, c. 42, s. 11.
146. The balance of the value of the benefits which, under the terms of sections 143 to 145.1, cannot be paid must be funded and paid within five years after the date of the initial payment or not later than the date on which the member concerned attains normal retirement age if that age is attained before the expiry of the five-year period, in the following cases:
(1)  the member or beneficiary does not have the option of maintaining his benefits in the pension plan;
(2)  the plan provides for the payment of the value of members’ and beneficiaries’ benefits in a proportion that is greater than the degree of solvency of the plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 146; 2006, c. 42, s. 11; 2015, c. 29, s. 26.
CHAPTER X.1
APPROPRIATION OF SURPLUS ASSETS
2006, c. 42, s. 12.
DIVISION I
PROVISIONS OF THE PENSION PLAN
2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.1. Surplus assets may, during the life of a pension plan, be appropriated to the refund or payment of contributions or the payment of the value of the additional obligations arising from an amendment to the plan, but only in accordance with this chapter and in compliance with the plan provisions required under subparagraph 17, 18 or 19 of the second paragraph of section 14.
2000, c. 41, s. 84; 2006, c. 42, s. 13; 2015, c. 29, s. 27; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 46.
146.2. All provisions concerning the appropriation of surplus assets during the life of a pension plan must be grouped in an easily identifiable section of the plan.
The same applies to any provision concerning the allocation of surplus assets in the event of termination of the plan.
2000, c. 41, s. 84; 2006, c. 42, s. 13; 2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.3. The members and beneficiaries must be informed and consulted before any amendment to the plan under section 146.2.
2000, c. 41, s. 84; 2006, c. 42, s. 13; 2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.3.1. (Replaced).
2006, c. 42, s. 13; 2008, c. 21, s. 34; 2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.3.2. (Replaced).
2006, c. 42, s. 13; 2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.3.3. (Replaced).
2006, c. 42, s. 13; 2008, c. 21, s. 34; 2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.3.4. (Replaced).
2006, c. 42, s. 13; 2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.3.5. (Replaced).
2006, c. 42, s. 13; 2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.3.6. (Replaced).
2006, c. 42, s. 13; 2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.4. For the purposes of the consultation, the pension committee shall send every member and beneficiary of the plan a written notice which, in addition to containing the information required under subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 26, indicates
(1)  the plan provisions relating to the allocation or appropriation of surplus assets in force on the date of the notice;
(2)  the text of the plan provisions arising from the amendment; and
(3)  any other information prescribed by regulation.
The notice must also inform the members and beneficiaries that they may notify the pension committee in writing of their opposition to the proposed amendment to the plan provisions within 60 days after the notice is sent or, as applicable, after the date on which the notice required under the third paragraph is published, whichever is later.
Unless all members and beneficiaries have been personally advised, the pension committee must also publish a notice of the proposed amendment in a daily newspaper circulated in the region in Québec where the greatest number of active members reside. The notice must also specify that persons who have not received a personal notice but believe they must be consulted may declare their status to the pension committee within 60 days after the notice is published and that, if they are able to establish their status, they are entitled to receive a copy of the notice required under the second paragraph and, if applicable, to notify the committee in writing of their opposition to the proposed amendment.
The notice given under this section is considered to be the notice referred to in section 26.
2000, c. 41, s. 84; 2006, c. 42, s. 15; 2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.5. On the expiry of the time for expressing opposition, the pension committee shall count the notices of opposition received.
If 30% or more of the members and beneficiaries are opposed to the proposed amendment, it is deemed rejected and cannot be made.
The pension committee shall immediately inform the employer concerned, as well as each of the plan members and beneficiaries and the person or body who may amend the pension plan, of the results.
2000, c. 41, s. 84; 2005, c. 5, s. 1; 2006, c. 42, s. 16; 2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.5.1. An employer that is required to send to the members and beneficiaries or publish the notice referred to in section 146.4 must, except where exercising powers delegated to the employer by the pension committee, indicate in the notice that any opposition to the draft amendment on the part of the members and beneficiaries concerned must be filed in writing with Retraite Québec.
In such a case, Retraite Québec shall count the notices of opposition as provided for in section 146.5.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 47.
DIVISION II
PLANS TO WHICH CHAPTER X APPLIES
2006, c. 42, s. 14; 2015, c. 29, s. 27.
§ 1.  — Plans other than target benefit plans
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 48.
146.6. The appropriation, under this subdivision, of the surplus assets of a pension plan to which Chapter X applies, except a target benefit pension plan, determined without reference to the portion of the assets and that of the liabilities described in section 122.1, is only permitted if, according to the actuarial valuation of the plan, the following conditions are met:
(1)  on a funding basis, the plan’s assets are equal to or greater than its liabilities, increased by the value of the stabilization provision target level plus five percentage points; and
(2)  on a solvency basis, the plan’s assets are equal to or greater than 105% of its liabilities.
2000, c. 41, s. 84; 2006, c. 42, s. 17; 2015, c. 29, s. 27; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 49.
146.7. The maximum amount of surplus assets that may be used is equal to the lesser of the following amounts, determined at the date of the actuarial valuation:
(1)  the amount by which the surplus assets determined on a funding basis exceed the minimum set under paragraph 1 of section 146.6; and
(2)  the amount by which the surplus assets determined on a solvency basis exceed the minimum set under paragraph 2 of that section.
In the case of a partial actuarial valuation, the maximum amount of surplus assets is equal to the lesser of the amounts given by the actuary who certifies that a complete actuarial valuation carried out at the date of the valuation would have allowed the determination, in accordance with the first paragraph, of amounts equal to or greater than the amounts given.
2000, c. 41, s. 84; 2006, c. 42, s. 18; 2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.8. The amount of surplus assets that may be used over the course of a fiscal year must first be appropriated as provided for in the pension plan in accordance with the second paragraph, up to the following amounts:
(1)  the lesser of the amount recorded under the first paragraph of section 42.2 and the amount of the employer current service contributions; and
(2)  the lesser of the amount recorded under the second paragraph of that section and the amount of the member current service contributions.
The pension plan shall set out the procedure for appropriating the surplus assets according to one or a combination of the following appropriation methods:
(1)  the payment of employer current service contributions;
(2)  the payment of member current service contributions;
(3)  the payment of the value of the additional obligations arising from an amendment to the plan; and
(4)  the transfer of amounts to the employer.
If there is a balance of surplus assets, up to 20% of the balance may, per fiscal year of the plan, be appropriated according to the appropriation method applicable to the amount referred to in the first paragraph or according to another appropriation method provided for in the plan in accordance with the second paragraph.
2000, c. 41, s. 84; 2015, c. 29, s. 27; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 108.
146.9. If the pension plan provides that the surplus assets are to be appropriated first to the payment of current service contributions, it may also provide that the appropriation applies, despite the limits established in the first paragraph of section 146.8, beyond the amounts recorded under section 42.2.
2000, c. 41, s. 84; 2006, c. 42, s. 19; 2015, c. 29, s. 27; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 109.
146.9.1. The appropriation of surplus assets to the payment of employer contributions and, if applicable, member contributions ceases on the date of any actuarial valuation or notice referred to in section 119.1 that shows that the conditions set out in section 146.6 are no longer met.
2015, c. 29, s. 27; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 50.
§ 2.  — Target benefit plans
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 51.
146.9.1.1. Surplus assets may be determined in respect of a target benefit plan only after benefits have been restored to the target level, in accordance with the rules set out in Division V of Chapter X.3.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 51.
146.9.1.2. The appropriation of surplus assets under this subdivision is permitted only if, according to the actuarial valuation of the pension plan, the plan’s assets are equal to or greater than its liabilities on a funding basis, increased by the value of the stabilization provision target level.
The maximum amount of surplus assets that may be used in a fiscal year is equal to 20% of the amount by which the plan’s assets determined on a funding basis exceed the minimum amount set under the first paragraph.
Section 122.1 applies to this subdivision.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 51.
146.9.1.3. The amount of surplus assets that may be used in a fiscal year is appropriated, as provided for in the pension plan, according to one or a combination of the following appropriation methods:
(1)  the payment of member contributions; and
(2)  the payment of the value of the additional obligations arising from an amendment to the plan, increased by the value of the stabilization provision target level in respect of those obligations.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 51.
146.9.1.4. The conditions and procedure set out in the plan for appropriating surplus assets must not confer on the pension committee any discretion regarding the election of the applicable measures, the order in which those measures are to be applied and how they are to be distributed among the group of active members and the group of non-active members and beneficiaries.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 51.
146.9.1.5. The surplus assets appropriated for the benefit of non-active members and beneficiaries, in proportion to the plan’s liabilities, determined on a funding basis, that relate to their benefits, may not exceed the surplus assets appropriated for the benefit of active members, in proportion to the plan’s liabilities, determined on a funding basis, that relate to their benefits.
In addition, such an appropriation may not result in any disparities between members or beneficiaries of the same group.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 51.
146.9.1.6. No appropriation of surplus assets may become effective before the day following the date of the actuarial valuation. It must, however, become effective not later than one year after that day.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 51.
DIVISION III
OTHER PLANS
2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.9.2. This division concerns the pension plans to which Chapter X does not apply.
It also concerns the portion of the assets and that of the liabilities of a pension plan to which Chapter X applies that are excluded under section 122.1.
2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.9.3. The surplus assets of a pension plan may be appropriated to the payment of the value of the additional obligations arising from an amendment to the plan, provided that the amount applied for that purpose is limited to the part of the assets that exceeds the value of the obligations arising from the plan, established without reference to the additional obligations arising from the amendment, assuming that the plan is terminated.
2015, c. 29, s. 27.
146.9.4. The portion of the assets of the pension plan that exceeds the value of the obligations arising from the plan, assuming that the plan is terminated, may be appropriated to the payment of employer contributions.
The appropriation of the surplus assets of a pension plan to the payment of employer contributions ceases as soon as the condition set out in the first paragraph is no longer met.
2015, c. 29, s. 27.
CHAPTER X.2
SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN MULTI-EMPLOYER PENSION PLANS
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
DIVISION I
SCOPE
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.10. This chapter applies to multi-employer defined benefit-defined contribution pension plans, in force on 18 February 2015, that may not be amended unilaterally by a participating employer. Such plans are called “negotiated contribution plans”.
This chapter does not apply to multi-employer pension plans governed by a regulation under the second paragraph of section 2, other than the Regulation providing new relief measures for the funding of solvency deficiencies of pension plans in the private sector (chapter R-15.1, r. 4.1), but does apply to pension plans subject to Division III.3 of the Regulation respecting the exemption of certain pension plans from the application of provisions of the Supplemental Pension Plans Act (chapter R-15.1, r. 8).
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
DIVISION II
CONTRIBUTIONS AND BENEFITS
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.11. Despite the second paragraph of section 39, the employer is only required to pay, in each fiscal year of the plan, the employer contribution stipulated in the plan.
Despite the fourth paragraph of section 41, the employer contribution may not be adjusted unless the adjustment has been negotiated with the employer.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 52.
146.12. The sum of the employer contribution and the member contributions payable in each fiscal year of the pension plan must be equal to or greater than the sum of the following amounts:
(1)  the current service contribution, which is equal to the sum of the contribution established in accordance with sections 128 and 129 and the contribution established under defined contribution provisions;
(2)  (paragraph repealed);
(3)  the sum of the amortization payments determined for the fiscal year and the special improvement payments payable during the fiscal year.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 29, s. 28; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 110; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 53.
146.13. No employer may appropriate the surplus assets of the pension plan to the payment of the employer contribution unless a fiscal rule so requires, nor may an employer, despite section 42.1, be relieved of paying the employer contribution by a letter of credit.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.14. (Repealed).
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 29, s. 29.
146.15. Section 60 does not apply to negotiated contribution plans.
However, the assumptions to be used under section 61 are those referred to in that section that would otherwise have been applicable.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 29, s. 30; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 54.
DIVISION III
FUNDING RULES
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
§ 1.  — Special provisions
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.16. Despite subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 118 and subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 119, a negotiated contribution plan must be the subject of an actuarial valuation at the date of the end of each fiscal year and the valuation report must be sent to Retraite Québec within six months after the date of the valuation.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 31.
146.17. Any amendment to a negotiated contribution plan having an impact on the obligations arising from the plan must be considered for the first time according to the rules set out in section 121.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.17.1. An amendment to the plan allowing for the withdrawal of a bankrupt employer comes into force not later than the end date of the fiscal year in which the bankruptcy occurs.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 55.
146.18. The provisions of section 125, concerning the establishment of a stabilization provision, do not apply to negotiated contribution plans.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 29, s. 32.
146.18.1. Section 139 applies where the actuarial valuation referred to in that section shows that the degree of solvency of the plan, established without reference to the amendment, is less than 90%.
The amount of the special improvement payment to be made under that section is equal to the higher of the value of additional obligations that is calculated on a solvency basis and the value of additional obligations that is calculated on a funding basis.
2015, c. 29, s. 33; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 56.
146.19. Despite section 138, the maximum amortization period of any actuarial deficiency is 12 years.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 29, s. 33.
§ 2.  — Conditions governing payment of benefits
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.20. The value of the benefits accrued to a member or a beneficiary and referred to in the third paragraph of section 143 must be paid in proportion to the most recent degree of solvency of the plan referred to in the fourth paragraph of that section that precedes the date on which the value is established.
Sections 145 and 146 do not apply to negotiated contribution plans. An employer may however, before the date of payment, pay an additional amount into the pension fund for the payment of all or part of the value of the benefits that cannot be paid under the first paragraph.
Despite sections 20 and 21, a pension plan may be amended to provide that, in cases when the degree of solvency of the plan exceeds 100%, the value of the benefits must be paid in a proportion that is less than the degree of solvency of the plan but equal to or greater than 100%. Such an amendment may only be made in the circumstances described in section 146.35, which applies with the necessary modifications.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 111; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 57.
146.21. A payment made in accordance with section 146.20 constitutes a final payment of the benefits accrued to a member or beneficiary.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.22. For the purposes of the assignment of a member’s benefits or the seizure of such benefits for non-payment of support, the most recent degree of solvency of the plan referred to in the fourth paragraph of section 143 that precedes the date of their valuation, where the date of their valuation is subsequent to 31 December 2014 must be taken into account in determining the value of the member’s benefits.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 112; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 58.
DIVISION IV
RESTRUCTURING
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
§ 1.  — Recovery plan
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.23. When the report on an actuarial valuation of a negotiated contribution plan indicates that the contributions provided for in the pension plan are insufficient, a recovery plan must be prepared by the person or body who may amend the plan.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.24. The recovery plan must set out the measures to be taken to ensure that the funding of the pension plan is in conformity with the law.
These measures may include an increase in the employer contribution, an increase in member contributions, or the establishment of such contributions in the case of a non-contributory plan, or an amendment reducing benefits that is applicable to service completed before or after the effective date of the amendment.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.25. No measure set out in a recovery plan may reduce, on a funding basis, the value of the benefits in payment in a proportion greater than that applicable to the value of the benefits of active members.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.26. The measures in the recovery plan must not reduce the pension plan’s liabilities below the value of its assets either on a solvency basis or on a funding basis.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.27. The recovery plan must include certification by an actuary that implementing the measures set out in the plan, as of the date of the actuarial valuation showing insufficient contributions, would result in sufficient contributions being made to the plan.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.28. The recovery plan must be sent to Retraite Québec by the pension committee within 18 months after the date of the actuarial valuation.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
§ 2.  — Amendment reducing benefits
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.29. An amendment reducing pension benefits set out in a recovery plan may, without being agreed to as required under section 20, become effective before the date set under the first paragraph of that section or apply to service completed before the effective date of the amendment.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.30. The effective date of an amendment reducing benefits set out in a recovery plan may not precede the date following that of the actuarial valuation showing insufficient contributions.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.31. Despite section 21, an amendment set out in a recovery plan may reduce a pension benefit the payment of which began before the effective date of the amendment.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.32. No amendment reducing benefits may have an effect on amounts or benefits already paid at the date of its registration.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
§ 3.  — Adoption of recovery plan
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.33. The recovery plan is adopted if, at the end of the consultation process set out in this section, less than 30% of the members and beneficiaries of the pension plan are opposed to it.
The pension committee must send every member and beneficiary a written notice informing them of the purpose and effective date of the amendments set out in the recovery plan, and the consequences set out in sections 146.39 and 146.40 for failure to adopt a recovery plan. The notice must also inform them that they may notify the pension committee of their opposition to the recovery plan within 60 days after the notice is sent or after the notice required under the third paragraph is published, whichever is later.
Unless all members and beneficiaries of the pension plan have been personally notified, the pension committee must publish a notice containing the information required under the second paragraph. The rules set out in the third paragraph of section 146.4 apply with the necessary modifications.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; I.N. 2016-05-15.
146.34. The consultation set out in section 146.33 is not required in the following circumstances:
(1)  the text of the pension plan or an ancillary document registered with a body similar to Retraite Québec includes, as of 18 February 2015, a provision allowing the reduction of benefits accrued to members and beneficiaries;
(2)  the pension plan was amended in accordance with section 146.35 after 2 April 2015 to allow, within the scope of a recovery plan, the reduction of benefits accrued to members and beneficiaries.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
146.35. A pension plan may only be amended as described in paragraph 2 of section 146.34 if, at the end of the consultation process set out in this section, less than 30% of the members and beneficiaries are opposed to it.
The pension committee must send every member and beneficiary of the pension plan a written notice, separate from the notice required under section 146.33, that states, in addition to the information required under subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 26, the consultation process required in the absence of a pension plan provision allowing the reduction of benefits when contributions are insufficient. The notice must also inform them that they may notify the pension committee of their opposition to the proposed amendment within 60 days after the notice is sent or after the notice required under the third paragraph is published, whichever is later.
Unless all members and beneficiaries of the pension plan have been personally notified, the pension committee must publish a notice containing the information required under the second paragraph. The rules set out in the third paragraph of section 146.4 apply with the necessary modifications.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 29, s. 34.
146.36. A notice given under section 146.33 or 146.35 is considered to be the notice required under section 26.
Section 113.1 applies to such a notice.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.37. An application for the registration of amendments set out in the recovery plan must be filed with Retraite Québec not later than 24 months after the date of the actuarial valuation showing insufficient contributions.
Registration of such amendments is not subject to the authorization of Retraite Québec required under subparagraph 2 of the second paragraph of section 20.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
§ 4.  — Failure to produce a recovery plan
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.38. In a case of failure to produce a recovery plan or a required accompanying document, fees equal to those payable in a case of failure to produce the report on the actuarial valuation showing insufficient contributions must be paid to Retraite Québec for each full month of delay.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
146.39. In a case of failure to produce an application for the registration of an amendment to the pension plan for the purpose of implementing a recovery plan or a required accompanying document, active members cease to accumulate benefits on the date of default.
Such termination does not constitute termination of active membership.
The plan must be amended to specify the period during which benefits are not accumulated under the first paragraph.
Restoring these benefits constitutes an amendment to the plan.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.40. If no recovery plan or amendment for the purpose of increasing contributions or reducing member and beneficiary benefits under such a plan is filed with Retraite Québec within 60 months after the date of the actuarial valuation showing insufficient contributions, the person or body who may amend the pension plan must terminate it.
The date of termination is the date of expiry of that 60-month time limit.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
DIVISION V
RIGHTS OF MEMBERS AND BENEFICIARIES ON WINDING-UP
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.41. The benefits accrued under a pension plan to a member or beneficiary affected by the withdrawal of an employer from a negotiated contribution plan shall be paid in accordance with sections 236 and 237, which apply with the necessary modifications.
The notice referred to in section 200 must not include the information required under paragraph 2 of that section. However, it must mention, if applicable, the cap referred to in the third paragraph.
Despite sections 20 and 21, the pension plan may provide for a cap on the degree of solvency applicable to the payment of the value of the benefits, such as the cap permitted by section 146.20, in the circumstances described in that section, which applies with the necessary modifications.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 29, s. 35.
146.42. Sections 240.2 and 308.3 do not apply to negotiated contribution plans.
However, the members and beneficiaries of the plan whose benefits were paid under the third paragraph of section 146.20 are considered, in the event of the withdrawal of the employer or the termination of the plan within three years of the date of payment of their benefits, to be members for the sole purpose of the distribution of surplus assets with respect to the value of their accrued benefits that is equal to the difference between the degree of solvency of the plan on the date of withdrawal or termination and the degree of solvency of the plan applied on the payment of their benefits.
The same applies if the plan is terminated within three years after the date of a payment made under the third paragraph of section 146.41.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.42.1. If the plan’s assets do not permit, according to the criteria prescribed by regulation, payment in full of the benefits of the members and beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal of the employer or the termination of the plan, a member or beneficiary whose pension is referred to in section 237 may opt to have his or her benefits transferred to a pension plan referred to in section 98.
The conditions and procedure relating to that option are prescribed by regulation.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 59.
146.43. Surplus assets determined on the withdrawal of an employer or the termination of the plan may only be allocated to the members and beneficiaries and shall be distributed among them proportionately to the value of their accrued benefits.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
146.44. The provisions of subdivision 4 of Division II of Chapter XIII, concerning the debts of an employer in the event of the withdrawal of the employer or the termination of the plan, apply to negotiated contribution plans only with respect to contributions provided for in the plan that are unpaid at the date of the withdrawal or termination.
However, an employer may, before the date of payment, pay into the pension fund an additional amount to cover all or part of the amount to be funded to ensure full payment of the benefits of the members or beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal of an employer or the termination of a pension plan.
The amounts paid by an employer under the second paragraph must be applied to paying the benefits of the members or beneficiaries which relate to that employer.
2015, c. 7, s. 1.
DIVISION VI
CONVERSION INTO A TARGET BENEFIT PLAN
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 60.
146.44.1. Despite the third paragraph of section 22, a plan governed by this chapter may be converted into a target benefit plan, according to the rules and conditions prescribed by regulation.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 60.
146.44.2. Any amendment to the plan that is required to bring the plan into compliance with the provisions of Chapter X.3 and that is referred to in section 20 may be made if, instead of the consents required under subparagraph 2 of the second paragraph of that section, less than 30% of the members and beneficiaries are opposed to it.
Subdivision 3 of Division IV applies, with the necessary modifications, to the consultation process required for the purposes of the first paragraph.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 60.
146.44.3. A plan that, on its conversion into a target benefit plan, includes provisions described in paragraph 1 of section 146.47 may retain them.
In addition, despite paragraph 2 of that section, for any member who, before the conversion of the plan, opted for a pension referred to in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 93, the periodic increase of that pension is maintained.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 60.
CHAPTER X.3
SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO TARGET BENEFIT PLANS
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
DIVISION I
CHARACTERISTICS
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.45. A target benefit plan must have the following characteristics:
(1)  the obligations of the plan are borne by the plan’s members and beneficiaries;
(2)  the employer contribution is limited to that stipulated in the plan;
(3)  the plan determines the benefit target to be used as a basis for determining the current service contribution;
(4)  the normal pension, as well as any benefit provided for in the plan, whether or not it is based on the normal pension, may, despite subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 14.1, be reduced due to insufficient contributions;
(5)  only the members and beneficiaries are entitled to the surplus assets, unless the fiscal rules require that the employer be relieved from paying the employer contribution through appropriation of all or part of the surplus assets of the plan; and
(6)  the plan may not be amended or terminated, directly or indirectly, unilaterally by an employer that is a party to the plan or, in the case of a multi-employer pension plan, even one not considered as such under section 11, by all the employers that are parties to the plan or by one of them.
2015, c. 7, s. 1; 2015, c. 29, s. 36; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.46. A target benefit plan may not be an insured plan, a floor plan or a designated plan within the meaning of section 8515 of the Income Tax Regulations (C.R.C., c. 945).
It may be governed by both this Act and an Act of a legislative body other than the Parliament of Québec only on the conditions and to the extent prescribed by regulation.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.47. No target benefit plan may include provisions
(1)  establishing that the remuneration used to calculate the member’s pension corresponds to the average salary of the member’s last remunerated years or to the average of the member’s best remunerated years over a specified number of years;
(2)  providing for the periodic increase of the member’s pension after retirement other than according to a fixed rate specified in the plan;
(3)  granting benefits subject to the termination of the plan; or
(4)  granting early retirement benefits that depend on the member’s number of years of employment or of credited service.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.48. Where a target benefit pension plan provides for early retirement benefits or the periodic increase, before retirement, of the pension according to an index or rate specified in the plan, those benefits must be granted to all members who cease to be active members.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
DIVISION II
PROVISIONS OF GENERAL APPLICATION
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.49. The provisions of this Act apply to target benefit plans, except to the extent provided for in this chapter. In the event of incompatibility, the provisions of this chapter prevail.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.50. For the purposes of this Act, the value of the benefits accrued to a member or a beneficiary under target benefit provisions is established taking into account any benefit adjustments made in relation to the target that result from recovery measures, the restoration of benefits or the appropriation of surplus assets.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.51. For the purposes of this chapter, only the target benefit provisions of the plan are considered, unless otherwise specified.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.52. The benefits may not be guaranteed by an insurer except for the purposes of the final payment of the benefits of the member or beneficiary concerned.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.53. A target benefit plan may not be the subject of a general agreement referred to in section 106.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.54. The fiscal year of the plan must correspond to the calendar year unless, for the first fiscal year, Retraite Québec has authorized a period that exceeds one year.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.55. A target benefit pension plan may be established only if the eligible employees consent to the obligations incumbent on them under the plan.
Likewise, a plan amendment resulting in an increase in member contributions may be made only if the members subject to the increase consent to it, unless the amendment
(1)  results from the application of recovery measures;
(2)  is submitted for a consultation pursuant to section 146.3 or 146.87;
(3)  is made for the withdrawal of an employer or a cessation of eligibility considered a withdrawal of an employer under section 146.93; or
(4)  has been made mandatory by a new legislative or regulatory provision.
Approval in writing of the plan’s establishment or amendment, as the case may be, by a certified association constitutes consent of the eligible employees or the members concerned that it represents.
For the employees eligible for membership under the plan or the members concerned who are not represented by such an association, their consent is deemed obtained if less than 30% of them oppose the plan’s establishment or amendment, as the case may be. The second and third paragraphs of section 146.87 apply, with the necessary modifications, to the consultation required to obtain the consents.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.56. The application for registration referred to in section 24 shall be filed with Retraite Québec by the pension committee. In the absence of a pension committee, the application for registration of the plan is filed by the person or body who establishes the plan, if the application concerns the registration of the plan, or by the person or body who has the authority to amend the plan, if the application concerns the registration of an amendment to the plan.
If consents are required under section 146.55, the application for registration must be accompanied, in addition to the information and documents mentioned in section 24, by an attestation that those consents have been obtained and that they can be provided to Retraite Québec on request.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.57. The notice required by section 16 shall be given by the pension committee or, in the absence of a pension committee, by the person or body who establishes the plan.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
DIVISION III
FUNDING RULES
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
§ 1.  — General provisions
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.58. The current service contribution must be established according to the benefit target.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.59. The plan’s liabilities must be equal to the value of the obligations arising from the plan taking into account the service credited to the members, which are established taking into account any benefit adjustments made in relation to the target that result from recovery measures, the restoration of benefits or the appropriation of surplus assets.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.60. An actuarial valuation referred to in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 118 or the second paragraph of that section must be carried out at the date of the end of a fiscal year of the plan.
The actuarial valuation referred to in subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph of that section must be carried out at the date of the end of the fiscal year of the plan in which the annuity purchasing agreement is made.
The actuarial valuation referred to in subparagraph 4 of that paragraph must be carried out at the date on which the amendment is considered for the first time.
All actuarial valuations must be complete.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.61. The report on any actuarial valuation other than those referred to in subparagraphs 1 and 6 of the first paragraph of section 118 must be sent to Retraite Québec within six months after the valuation date.
However, no report on an actuarial valuation referred to in subparagraph 4 of that paragraph may be required before the expiry of six months following the date the amendment referred to in section 121 is made.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.62. The time limit for sending the notice referred to in section 119.1 is six months.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.63. Any amendment to the pension plan referred to in section 121, including an amendment referred to in the third paragraph of that section, must be considered for the first time at a date that is not later than the latest of the dates referred to in the first paragraph of that section, which is the date of the end of a fiscal year of the plan. However, an amendment concerning the division of the plan must be considered for the first time at the date of the end of the fiscal year during which the division occurs.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.64. No stabilization actuarial deficiency or improvement unfunded actuarial liability may be established.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.65. The monthly amortization payments may represent an hourly rate or a rate of the remuneration of, or a percentage of the total payroll for, the active members.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.66. Despite section 138, the maximum amortization period for a technical actuarial deficiency is five years.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.67. Section 139 applies, regardless of the funding level of the plan, to any amendment considered for the first time.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.68. The second paragraph of section 142.4 does not apply to a payment of benefits made in accordance with the plan’s annuity purchasing policy.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
§ 2.  — Conditions governing payment of benefits
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.69. The value of the benefits accrued to a member or a beneficiary and referred to in the third paragraph of section 143 must be paid in proportion to the degree of solvency of the plan, which may not be capped.
Sections 144, 145 and 146 do not apply.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.70. A payment made in accordance with section 146.69 constitutes a final payment of the benefits accrued to a member or beneficiary.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.71. For the purposes of the assignment of a member’s benefits or the seizure of such benefits for non-payment of support, the value of the member’s benefits is determined taking into account the plan’s degree of solvency that is referred to in the fourth paragraph of section 143 and is applicable on the date the value is determined.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
DIVISION IV
RECOVERY MEASURES
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
§ 1.  — General provisions
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.72. The recovery measures applicable in the event of insufficient contributions must be mentioned in the text of the plan.
Such measures must not confer on the pension committee any discretion regarding the election of the applicable measures, the order in which those measures are to be applied or how they are to be distributed among the group made up of active members and the group made up of non-active members and beneficiaries.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.73. No recovery measure may result in a reduction, on a funding basis, in the value of the benefits of non-active members and beneficiaries in a proportion that is greater than that applicable to the value of active members’ benefits accrued at the date of the actuarial valuation showing insufficient contributions.
Nor may a recovery measure result in any disparities between members or beneficiaries of the same group.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.74. No recovery measure may become effective before the day following the date of the actuarial valuation regarding which the report showed insufficient contributions. It must, however, become effective not later than one year after that day.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
§ 2.  — Application of recovery measures
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.75. Where contributions are shown to be insufficient at the date of an actuarial valuation of the plan, the pension committee must apply the recovery measures provided for in the plan.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.76. The sufficiency of contributions shall be determined separately for service after the valuation date and for service credited at that date.
Separate recovery measures must be established for an insufficiency relating to service after the valuation date and an insufficiency relating to service credited at that date.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.77. Contributions for service after the valuation date are sufficient if the contributions provided for in the plan allow payment of the current service contributions determined in accordance with section 128 for the three fiscal years following the valuation date.
Failing that, the insufficiency of contributions relating to such service is equal to the difference between the amount of those current service contributions and the amount of the contributions provided for in the plan for that same period.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.78. An insufficiency of contributions relating to service after the valuation date must be offset by the application, as provided for in the plan, of one or a combination of the following recovery measures:
(1)  an increase in member contributions or the establishment of such contributions, in the case of a non-contributory plan;
(2)  an increase in the employer contribution;
(3)  a reduction in the benefit target relating to such service.
A recovery measure referred to in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph must comply with the following limits, set by the plan:
(1)  the maximum employer contribution; and
(2)  the maximum increase in employer contributions in respect of the recovery measures.
Those limits must be expressed in the form of an hourly rate or a rate of the remuneration of, or a percentage of the total payroll for, the active members.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.79. Contributions for service credited at the valuation date are sufficient if the contributions provided for in the plan for the three fiscal years following that date, less the current service contributions established in accordance with section 128 and, if applicable, taking into account the recovery measures referred to in section 146.78, are sufficient to pay the technical amortization payments for that period.
Failing that, the insufficiency of contributions relating to such service is equal to the amount by which, after application of the recovery measures referred to in section 146.78, if applicable, the technical amortization payments exceed the amount of the contributions provided for in the plan less the current service contributions for that same period.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.80. An insufficiency of contributions relating to service credited at the valuation date must be offset by the application, as provided for in the plan, of one or a combination of the following recovery measures:
(1)  an increase in member contributions or the establishment of such contributions in the case of a non-contributory plan;
(2)  an increase in the employer contribution;
(3)  a reduction in the benefits related to service credited at the valuation date.
The second and third paragraphs of section 146.78 apply to the recovery measure referred to in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph.
The measure referred to in subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph must not cause the plan’s assets to exceed, on a funding basis, its liabilities increased by the value of the stabilization provision target level.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.81. A recovery measure may reduce a pension benefit the payment of which began prior to the measure’s effective date.
No recovery measure may, however, have an effect on amounts or benefits already paid at the date on which the report on the actuarial valuation showing insufficient contributions is sent to Retraite Québec.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.82. The application of a recovery measure that consists in reducing benefits related to service credited at the valuation date does not constitute an amendment to the plan.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
DIVISION V
RESTORATION OF BENEFITS
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.83. Benefits that have been reduced may be restored if, at the date of an actuarial valuation of the plan, the plan’s assets are both greater than 105% of its liabilities and greater than its liabilities increased by 50% of the value of the stabilization provision target level, on a funding basis.
No such restoration may, however, result in the plan’s assets being less than the greater of 105% of its liabilities and its liabilities increased by 50% of the value of the stabilization provision target level.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.84. The plan must set out the conditions and procedure for restoring benefits.
The conditions and procedure must not confer on the pension committee any discretion as to whether or not to restore benefits, which benefits may be restored or the method for restoring them.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.85. A restoration of benefits does not constitute an amendment to the plan.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.86. A restoration of benefits may not become effective before the day following the date of the actuarial valuation regarding which the report showed the conditions allowing such a restoration. It must, however, become effective not later than one year after that day.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
DIVISION VI
AMENDMENT TO RECOVERY MEASURES AND TO BENEFIT RESTORATION CONDITIONS OR PROCEDURE
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.87. An amendment to the plan regarding the recovery measures applicable in the event of insufficient contributions or regarding the conditions or procedure for restoring benefits may be made only if, at the end of the consultation process set out in this section, less than 30% of the members and beneficiaries are opposed to it.
For the purposes of the consultation, the pension committee shall send every member and beneficiary of the pension plan a written notice which, in addition to containing the information mentioned in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 26, indicates
(1)  the plan provisions being amended that are in force on the date of the notice; and
(2)  the text of the plan provisions arising from the amendment.
The rules set out in the second, third and fourth paragraphs of section 146.4 apply, with the necessary modifications.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
DIVISION VII
BENEFITS OF MEMBERS AND BENEFICIARIES ON WINDING-UP
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
§ 1.  — General provisions
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.88. Only the members and beneficiaries whose benefits have not been paid before the date of withdrawal of an employer or the date of termination of the pension plan are affected by the withdrawal or termination.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.89. The value of the benefits of the members and beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal of an employer or the termination of a plan shall be determined at either of the following dates, using the assumptions referred to in section 61 that are applicable at that date:
(1)  the date the member ceased to be an active member, if the benefits whose value is being determined are those accrued to a member whose active membership ended before the date of the withdrawal or termination and who, at that date, had already opted, within the time limit set out in subparagraph 1 of the second paragraph of section 99, for the payment of his or her benefits under the plan or still had time to exercise such an option, or those accrued to a beneficiary whose benefits under the plan derive from the service credited to such a member; or
(2)  the date of the withdrawal or termination, if the benefits whose value is being determined are those accrued to any other member or beneficiary affected by the withdrawal or termination, including any member or beneficiary whose pension is not in payment on that date.
The benefits accrued to the members and the beneficiaries referred to in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph bear interest from the date their value is determined to the date of the withdrawal or termination, at the rate used for the purposes of the determination.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
§ 2.  — Withdrawal of employer
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.90. The notice to be sent by the pension committee under section 200 shall specify, instead of the information indicated in paragraphs 2 to 4 of that section, the following information:
(1)  that the benefits of members and beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal will be paid based on the degree of solvency of the plan;
(2)  if the plan does not allow the benefits of the members and beneficiaries to be maintained in the plan,
(a)  that the benefits of members and beneficiaries to whom a pension is in payment on the date of the withdrawal will be paid by the purchase, from an insurer selected by the pension committee, of an annuity established using the value of their benefits that is adjusted according to the degree of solvency of the plan or, if they so request, by means of a transfer under subparagraph b;
(b)  that the benefits of the other members and the beneficiaries will be paid by means of a transfer under section 98, which applies with the necessary modifications, or, as applicable, by means of the payment in a lump sum or the transfer to a registered retirement savings plan of the portion of their benefits that is refundable; and
(3)  if the plan provides that the benefits of members and beneficiaries may be maintained in the plan,
(a)  that the benefits of members and beneficiaries to whom a pension is in payment on the date of the withdrawal will be maintained in the plan, unless they request payment of their benefits by the purchase, from an insurer selected by the pension committee, of an annuity established using the value of their benefits that is adjusted according to the degree of solvency of the plan or by means of a transfer under subparagraph b of paragraph 2;
(b)  that the benefits of the other members and the beneficiaries will be maintained in the plan unless they request payment of their benefits according to one of the methods mentioned in subparagraph b of paragraph 2.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.91. The pension committee must send, within the time limit and in the manner prescribed by regulation, to each member or beneficiary affected by the withdrawal a statement of his or her benefits and of the value thereof as well as the information necessary to choose a benefit payment method.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.92. Where an employer withdraws from a pension plan, all the benefits accrued under a target benefit plan by a member who has worked for two or more employers who are parties to the plan must be considered in the value of his or her benefits regardless of the employer under which the benefits were accrued.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.93. The cessation of members’ eligibility under the plan that results from a decision concerning the certification of an association of employees is considered to be a withdrawal of an employer.
The following are then considered to be affected by the withdrawal:
(1)  active members who cease to be eligible employees under the plan as a result of the decision;
(2)  non-active members who would have ceased to be eligible employees if they had been active on the date of the decision; and
(3)  beneficiaries whose benefits derive from the service credited to a member who, were it not for his or her death, would have been referred to in subparagraph 1 or 2.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
§ 3.  — Termination
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.94. The notice of termination of the plan referred to in section 204 is sent by the person or body who may amend the plan.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.95. The value of the benefits of members and beneficiaries that are in payment or suspended on the date of the termination must be paid according to one of the following methods:
(1)  by the purchase, from an insurer selected by the pension committee, of an annuity established using the value granted to their benefits under section 218, which applies with the modifications provided for in paragraph 1 of section 146.96 and section 146.98; or
(2)  at the member’s or beneficiary’s request, by means of a transfer of the value of his or her benefits established under subparagraph 1 into a plan referred to in section 98, which applies with the necessary modifications.
If a member or a beneficiary does not communicate his or her choices to the pension committee before the expiry of the time limit provided for in the first paragraph of section 207.2, the value of his or her benefits must be paid by the purchase of an annuity referred to in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
§ 4.  — Winding-up
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.96. The following provisions of Division II of Chapter XIII, which relates to winding-up, do not apply:
(1)  sections 210.1 and 211, the second and third paragraphs of section 212.1, section 216 and subparagraphs 3 and 4 of the first paragraph of section 218;
(2)  subdivision 3, which relates to the distribution of the assets;
(3)  subdivision 4, which relates to the debts of the employer;
(4)  subdivision 4.0.1, which relates to the payment options in the event of insufficient assets; and
(5)  subdivision 4.1, which relates to the distribution of surplus assets in the event of termination.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.97. In the event of the withdrawal of an employer, the benefits referred to in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 218 are paid in proportion to the degree of solvency of the plan as established in the report referred to in section 202 that is sent to Retraite Québec.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.98. If, in the event of the termination of a pension plan, there remains a balance following payment of the benefits referred to in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 218, the balance must be appropriated to the restoration of benefits that were reduced, if applicable, up to the benefits target. If there are insufficient assets to restore all the reduced benefits, benefits are restored proportionately to the value of the reduced benefits.
If there are sufficient assets to pay all the benefits according to the benefit target and there remains a balance, the balance must be allocated to the members and beneficiaries proportionately to the value of their benefits restored in accordance with the first paragraph.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.99. Any amount paid by an employer, including any amount recovered after the date of termination, in respect of contributions outstanding and unpaid at the date of termination, shall be applied to the payment of benefits of members and beneficiaries in the order of priority established under section 218, which applies taking into account paragraph 1 of section 146.96 and section 146.98.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.100. Sections 239, 240 and 240.2 do not apply for the purposes of the settlement of the pension benefits of the members and beneficiaries.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
DIVISION VIII
SPECIAL MEASURES RELATING TO CERTAIN PLANS
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.101. The employer contribution to a target benefit plan established for members whose employer is, as the case may be,
(1)  a municipality, a body referred to in section 18 of the Act respecting the Pension Plan of Elected Municipal Officers (chapter R-9.3) or a municipal housing bureau, within the meaning of the Act respecting the Société d’habitation du Québec (chapter S-8), or
(2)  an educational institution at the university level referred to in any of paragraphs 1 to 11 of section 1 of the Act respecting educational institutions at the university level (chapter E-14.1),
may not, for any class of members covered by the plan and whose employer is referred to in paragraph 1 or 2, exceed 55% of the total of the employer and member contributions provided for in the plan for that class of members.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
146.102. For the purposes of section 146.101, the contributions include those paid for by the appropriation of surplus assets.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 61.
CHAPTER XI
ADMINISTRATION OF A PENSION PLAN
DIVISION I
ADMINISTRATION
147. Every pension plan shall, from its registration, be administered by a pension committee composed of at least one member, designated as and when provided in the pension plan, who is neither a party to the plan nor a third person to whom, under section 176, a loan may not be granted, and the following members:
(1)  one member designated by the active members at the meeting held pursuant to section 166 or, in the absence of such a designation, one plan member designated as and when provided in the plan; and
(2)  one member designated by the non-active members and beneficiaries at that meeting or, in the absence of such a designation, one plan member or beneficiary designated as and when provided in the plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 147; 2000, c. 41, s. 85.
147.1. At the meeting held pursuant to section 166, the active members as a group and the non-active members and beneficiaries as a group may each designate a pension committee member in addition to those designated under section 147.
An additional member designated under the first paragraph has the same rights as other committee members except the right to vote. Section 156 does not apply in respect of an additional member.
2000, c. 41, s. 86.
148. The term of office of a member of a pension committee shall not exceed three years.
A member of the committee, whose term of office has expired, shall remain in office until he is reappointed or replaced.
1989, c. 38, s. 148.
149. Until its registration, a pension plan which is effective and for which a pension committee has yet to be formed shall be administered by the employer.
The employer shall, for the administration of the pension plan, have the powers, obligations and liability of a pension committee.
In the case of a target benefit plan, the pension plan shall be administered by the person or body who establishes the plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 149; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 62.
150. Except in the case of an insured plan, the pension committee shall act in the capacity of a trustee.
1989, c. 38, s. 150.
150.1. The pension committee may, at any time, submit its recommendations to the person or body who may amend the pension plan as to any eventual amendments to the pension plan.
2000, c. 41, s. 87.
151. The pension committee shall exercise the prudence, diligence and skill that a reasonable person would exercise in similar circumstances; it must also act with honesty and loyalty in the best interest of the members or beneficiaries.
The members of the pension committee shall use in the administration of the pension plan all relevant knowledge or skill that they possess or, by reason of their profession or business, ought to possess.
1989, c. 38, s. 151.
151.1. The pension committee is presumed to have acted with prudence where it acted in good faith on the basis of an expert’s opinion.
2006, c. 42, s. 20.
151.2. The pension committee shall adopt internal by-laws establishing its rules of operation and governance. The committee ensures that they are complied with and reviews them regularly.
The internal by-laws determine, in particular,
(1)  the duties and obligations of the committee members;
(2)  the rules of ethics to which those persons are subject;
(3)  the rules governing the appointment of the chair, vice-chair and secretary;
(4)  the procedure for meetings and the frequency of meetings;
(5)  the measures to be taken to provide professional development to committee members;
(6)  the measures to be taken to manage risks;
(7)  internal controls;
(8)  the books and registers to be kept;
(9)  the rules to be followed when selecting, remunerating, supervising or evaluating delegatees, representatives or service providers; and
(10)  the standards that apply to the services rendered by the committee, namely the standards on communicating with plan members and beneficiaries.
In the event of a discrepancy between the text of the pension plan and the text of the internal by-laws as regards the operation and governance of the committee, the latter prevails. However, in the case of the following subjects, the internal by-laws prevail only if the text of the pension plan expressly so provides:
(1)  the rules governing the appointment of the chair, vice-chair and secretary of the pension committee as well as their duties and obligations;
(2)  quorum and the granting of a casting vote at committee meetings; and
(3)  the proportion of committee members who must participate in a decision in order for it to be valid.
2006, c. 42, s. 20; 2015, c. 29, s. 37; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 113; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 63.
151.3. The secretary of the pension committee or any other person appointed by the committee provides the committee members with the documents and information needed to administer the pension plan.
Committee members have access to all information on the plan and may obtain a copy of any document. However, they may not have access to personal information unless it is required in the performance of their duties.
2006, c. 42, s. 20.
152. Subject to such limitations or prohibitions as may be set out in the pension plan, the pension committee may delegate all or part of its powers or be represented by a third person for a specific act.
To such extent as is permitted by the instrument of delegation, the person or body to whom or which the pension committee has delegated powers may subdelegate all or part of such powers.
1989, c. 38, s. 152; 2000, c. 41, s. 88; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 114.
153. The person or body exercising delegated powers shall assume the same obligations and incur the same liability as those the pension committee or one of its members would have had to assume or have incurred if the powers had been exercised by the pension committee. The same applies to service providers and representatives who exercise a discretionary power belonging to the committee.
1989, c. 38, s. 153; 2006, c. 42, s. 21.
154. The pension committee is accountable for the person to whom it has delegated powers if, among other things, it was not authorized to do so; if it was so authorized, it is accountable only for the care with which it selected the delegatee and gave him instructions.
Service providers and representatives who exercise a discretionary power belonging to the pension committee are considered to be delegatees.
1989, c. 38, s. 154; 1994, c. 24, s. 11; 2006, c. 42, s. 22.
154.1. The pension committee selects and hires the the delegatees, representatives and service providers.
2006, c. 42, s. 23.
154.2. Delegatees, representatives and service providers must submit reports on their work to the pension committee.
Delegatees, representatives and service providers must report to the pension committee in writing any situation noted in the normal course of their duties that might adversely affect the financial interests of the pension fund and that requires correction.
If the pension committee fails to take immediate corrective measures, the delegatee, representative or service provider must send a copy of the report to Retraite Québec.
A person who, acting in good faith, sends a report to the committee or Retraite Québec under the second or third paragraph may not be held liable.
2006, c. 42, s. 23; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
154.3. Delegatees, representatives and service providers must provide the pension committee with the documents and information they receive from government authorities and that call into question the conformity of the plan or its administration with the law.
2006, c. 42, s. 23; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 115.
154.4. Delegatees, representatives and service providers may not exclude or limit their liability. Any clause to that effect is null.
Any clause to that effect in a contract terminated or in effect on 13 December 2006 is null if it is abusive.
The abusive nature of such a clause is assessed, with the necessary modifications, with reference to the articles of the Civil Code on consumer contracts and contracts of adhesion.
2006, c. 42, s. 23.
155. Except in the case of the renewal of a designation or the designation of a new member under section 167, the pension committee shall, within 30 days after a member having the right to vote takes office, reexamine the delegations of powers to determine those that are to be maintained and those that are to be revoked.
The revocation of a delegation carries with it the revocation of every subdelegation made by the delegatee, if any.
1989, c. 38, s. 155; 2000, c. 41, s. 89.
156. Every member of the pension committee is presumed to have approved any decision made by the other members. He shall be solidarily liable therefor with the other members unless he expresses his dissent without delay.
He is also presumed to have approved any decision made in his absence unless he makes his dissent known to the other members, in writing, within a reasonable time after becoming aware of the decision.
1989, c. 38, s. 156; 1999, c. 40, s. 254.
Not in force
156.1. In the cases provided for by regulation, and for the amounts and on the conditions prescribed therein, the pension committee must furnish a guarantee securing the pension fund against losses which may result from theft or embezzlement and a guarantee covering the liability, except that which derives from the failure to act with honesty and loyalty, that may be incurred by a member of the pension committee or the person to whom the committee has delegated a power or given a mandate by reason of his functions.
1993, c. 45, s. 2.
157. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 157; 1994, c. 24, s. 12; 2000, c. 41, s. 90.
158. No member of a pension committee may exercise his powers in his own interest or in the interest of a third person nor may he place himself in a situation of conflict between his personal interest and the duties of his office.
If the committee member is himself a member or a beneficiary of the plan, he shall exercise his powers in the common interest, considering his own interest to be the same as that of the other members or beneficiaries of the plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 158.
159. Every member of a pension committee shall, without delay, notify the committee in writing of any interest he has in an enterprise that is susceptible of causing his personal interest to conflict with the duties of his office, and of any rights, other than those arising from the plan, he may have in or may invoke against the pension fund, specifying, where such is the case, the nature and value of the rights.
The pension committee shall keep at its office a register in which every interest or right notified to it pursuant to the first paragraph shall be recorded. Any interested person may examine the register without charge during usual working hours, and the limit set out in section 115 does not apply to such an examination.
1989, c. 38, s. 159.
160. Unless otherwise stipulated, the fiscal year of a pension plan ends on 31 December each year; the fiscal year shall not exceed or include less than 12 months unless authorized by Retraite Québec.
1989, c. 38, s. 160; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
161. The pension committee shall, within six months after the end of each fiscal year of the pension plan or, in the case of the first fiscal year of the plan, within any additional period granted by Retraite Québec, transmit to Retraite Québec an annual statement drawn up on the form it provides, along with the attestations and documents mentioned in the form.
It shall cause to be prepared, within the same time limit, a financial report containing a statement of the financial position of the plan and a statement of changes in the net assets available for the provision of benefits for the fiscal year just ended. The report need not include a statement of the obligations relating to benefits. The report must be audited by a duly authorized accountant, except in the cases provided for by regulation.
1989, c. 38, s. 161; 1994, c. 24, s. 13; 2000, c. 41, s. 91; 2006, c. 42, s. 24; 2008, c. 21, s. 18; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 116.
161.1. (Repealed).
1994, c. 24, s. 14; 2000, c. 41, s. 92; 2006, c. 42, s. 25.
161.2. (Repealed).
1994, c. 24, s. 14; 2000, c. 41, s. 93.
162. Unless otherwise stipulated, the members of the pension committee are not entitled to any remuneration and the administration costs shall be borne by the pension fund. The cost of the professional development of committee members is an administration cost.
1989, c. 38, s. 162; 2006, c. 42, s. 26.
162.1. The pension committee compensates members who sustain a loss in the performance of their duties and who have committed no fault.
If a member has committed a fault other than a deliberate or gross fault and is covered by liability insurance, the committee may compensate up to the amount of the deductible. Before making a decision, the committee must take the adverse effect of the compensation on the financial interests of the pension assets and other circumstances into consideration.
2006, c. 42, s. 27; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 117.
163. Every refund or payment of pension benefits made by the pension committee shall constitute a full discharge where the committee has grounds to believe, on the basis of the information at its disposal, that the persons to whom they are made are the persons who are entitled thereto and the refunds or payments are, in other respects, in conformity with the law and the terms of the plan.
Such discharge is valid only with respect to the sums actually paid, or the value thereof.
1989, c. 38, s. 163.
163.1. The pension committee may, in the course of the general administration of the pension plan, offset a debt of a member or beneficiary toward the pension fund against a pension benefit or refund payable to the member or beneficiary up to the greater of
(1)  25% of the pension benefit or refund; and
(2)  1/12 of the amount to be recovered, without exceeding 50% of the pension benefit or refund.
However, the offset may be applied against up to 100% of a pension benefit or refund if the debtor consents thereto in writing.
As well, a debt of a deceased member may be offset by the committee against the total amount of the death benefit payable to the member’s successors.
2000, c. 41, s. 94.
164. Where several persons claim the same benefit under a pension plan, the pension committee may be fully discharged by depositing the amount due with the General Deposit Office of Québec or with a trust company authorized under the Trust Companies and Savings Companies Act (chapter S-29.02) which is, in that case, required to fulfil the obligations prescribed by article 216 of the Code of Civil Procedure (chapter C-25.01), which applies adapted as required.
1989, c. 38, s. 164; I.N. 2016-01-01 (NCCP); 2018, c. 232018, c. 23, s. 792.
165. The pension committee shall transmit to Retraite Québec the name and last-known address of every untraceable member or beneficiary who is entitled to a refund or to the payment of pension benefits or other amounts due to him following the withdrawal of an employer from a multi-employer pension plan or the termination of a pension plan.
If Retraite Québec is able, with the information at its disposal, to locate the member or beneficiary, it shall notify him to communicate with the pension committee at the address indicated.
1989, c. 38, s. 165; 2000, c. 41, s. 95; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
165.1. As soon as it is informed thereof, the pension committee shall notify Retraite Québec in writing of any effective or proposed division or merger of the pension plan.
1992, c. 60, s. 13; 2000, c. 41, s. 96; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
166. Within nine months after the end of each fiscal year of the plan, the pension committee shall, by written notice, call each member and beneficiary and the employer to a meeting held to
(1)  allow the members, the beneficiaries and the employer to be informed of the amendments made to the plan, the entries recorded in the register kept pursuant to section 159 and the financial position of the plan;
(2)  enable the group formed of active members, on the one hand, and the group formed of non-active members and beneficiaries, on the other hand, to decide whether or not to designate a pension committee member under section 147 or 147.1 and, if the decision is affirmative, to proceed with the designation either in the manner proposed by the committee or, if none is proposed or if the group refuses the manner proposed, in a manner, determined by the group, which allows the designation to be made at that meeting;
(3)  (subparagraph repealed);
A decision relating to a matter mentioned in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph shall be made, for each group, by a majority of the votes cast by its members.
The subjects determined by regulation must, in addition, appear on the agenda of the meeting.
The pension committee shall, in addition, render an account of its administration at that meeting.
1989, c. 38, s. 166; 1994, c. 24, s. 15; 2000, c. 41, s. 97; 2005, c. 5, s. 2; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 38; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 118.
166.1. (Repealed).
2005, c. 5, s. 3; 2015, c. 29, s. 39.
167. If a member of the pension committee designated pursuant to section 166 having the right to vote is absent or unable to act or if such a seat on the committee is vacant, the other members of the committee shall designate a new member to fill the seat until the next meeting held pursuant to that section.
The committee may act likewise in case of a delay in replacing any other member having the right to vote that must be designated as and when provided for in the pension plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 167; 1999, c. 40, s. 254; 2000, c. 41, s. 98.
DIVISION II
INVESTMENTS
168. Only the pension committee, the person or body to whom or which that power has been delegated or, if the pension plan so provides, the members of the plan may decide how the assets of the plan are to be invested. Where the plan authorizes members to distribute all or part of the amounts credited to them among various investments, it must offer a minimum of three investment options which not only are diversified and involve varying degrees of risk and expected return but also allow the creation of portfolios that are generally well-adapted to the needs of the members.
Investments shall be made according to law and investments selected by the pension committee or the delegatee shall, in addition, be made in conformity with the investment policy.
1989, c. 38, s. 168; 2000, c. 41, s. 99.
169. The pension committee shall establish and adopt a written investment policy, giving particular consideration to the type of pension plan and its characteristics, financial obligations and funding policy.
1989, c. 38, s. 169; 2015, c. 29, s. 40.
170. Unless Retraite Québec authorizes, on the conditions it fixes, that the investment policy be simplified, the policy must set out
(1)  the expected rate of return;
(2)  the degree of risk involved in the investment portfolio, particularly as regards price fluctuations;
(3)  liquidity requirements;
(4)  the proportion of assets that may be invested in debt securities and equity securities, respectively;
(5)  the permitted categories and sub-categories of investments;
(6)  investment portfolio diversification measures conducive to an overall reduction of the degree of risk;
(7)  rules and a time schedule applicable to the valuation of the investment portfolio and to the monitoring of the management of the investment portfolio and those applicable to the review of the investment policy.
Unless they are already set out in the plan, the policy must also include
(1)  rules regarding the solvency of borrowers and the security required for granting loans out of the assets, in particular the lending of securities and hypothecary loans;
(2)  rules applicable to the exercise of the voting rights attached to the securities forming part of the assets;
(3)  the basis for the valuation of investments that are not traded on an organized market;
(4)  rules applicable to the use of futures contracts, options, share purchase warrants or share rights or other financial instruments;
(5)  rules regarding the loans that may be raised by the pension committee.
In the event of a discrepancy between the internal by-laws and the investment policy as regards any matter mentioned in this section, the latter prevails.
1989, c. 38, s. 170; 2006, c. 42, s. 28; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
171. All deposits and investments of the assets of the pension plan must be made in the name of the pension fund or for its account.
Moreover, the assets of the plan may not serve to secure any obligations other than those of the plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 171; 2000, c. 41, s. 100.
171.1. Unless it is reasonable in the circumstances to act otherwise, the pension committee must endeavour to constitute a diversified portfolio so as to minimize the risk of major losses.
2000, c. 41, s. 101.
172. The assets of the pension plan may not be invested, directly or indirectly, in securities controlled by the employer in a proportion greater than 10% of their book value.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, the letter of credit provided by an employer under section 42.1 is considered to be a security in which the assets of the pension plan are invested and whose book value is equal to the amount of the letter of credit.
For the purposes of this section, a security is controlled by the employer in particular if it is issued by the employer or by a partnership or legal person more than 50% of the voting rights of which are held by the employer.
1989, c. 38, s. 172; 2000, c. 41, s. 102; 2006, c. 42, s. 29.
173. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 173; 1994, c. 24, s. 16; 2000, c. 41, s. 103.
174. Except in the case of securities traded on an organized market, the assets of the pension plan shall not be invested in securities issued by a legal person to whom a loan out of such assets is prohibited under sections 176 and 177.
1989, c. 38, s. 174.
175. The assets of a pension plan shall not be invested, directly or indirectly, in shares carrying more than 30% of the voting rights attached to the shares of a legal person.
The 30% limit does not apply to the shares of a legal person referred to in paragraph c.1, c.2 or c.3 of section 998 of the Taxation Act (chapter I-3).
1989, c. 38, s. 175.
176. No loan out of the assets of the pension plan may be granted
(1)  to a member of a pension committee, a delegatee or, where that member or delegatee is a legal person or group without juridical personality, to the directors, officers or employees of the legal person or group;
(2)  to an employees’ association representing members or to its directors, officers or employees;
(3)  to the spouse or child of any person referred to in paragraph 1 or 2;
(4)  where the employer is a legal person and administers all or part of the plan,
(a)  to a shareholder, associate or member who holds directly or indirectly more than 10% of the capital stock of the legal person or to his spouse or child;
(b)  to a shareholder, associate or member or to his spouse or child if, together, they hold directly or indirectly more than 10% of the capital stock of the legal person;
(5)  where the employer administers all or part of the plan, to any legal person more than 10% of the capital stock of which is directly or indirectly held by the employer;
(6)  to a legal person, other than the employer, more than 10% of the capital stock of which is held by a person referred to in paragraph 1, 2, 3 or 4;
(7)  to a legal person, other than the employer, more than 50% of the capital stock of which is held by a group composed exclusively of persons referred to in paragraph 1, 2 or 4, of the employer where he administers all or part of the plan, or of the spouse or child of any of them;
(8)  to a legal person, other than the employer, controlled by a person referred to in paragraph 1, 2, 3 or 4, or by the employer where he administers all or part of the plan, or by a group composed exclusively of such persons.
1989, c. 38, s. 176.
177. Despite section 176, a loan secured in the manner prescribed by regulation may be granted
(1)  to a member or to the spouse or child of a member;
(2)  to the employer;
(3)  to a parent company and a subsidiary provided that one of the companies is the employer and that the total loans granted to them do not exceed 10% of the total book value of the assets of the pension plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 177.
178. For the purposes of sections 176 and 177, spouses are persons married to or in a civil union with each other or persons of opposite sex or the same sex who have been living in a conjugal relationship for a period of not less than three years, or for a period of not less than one year if
 — at least one child is born, or to be born, of their union;
 — they have adopted, jointly, at least one child while living in a conjugal relationship; or
 — one of them has adopted at least one child who is the child of the other, while living in a conjugal relationship.
For the purposes of the same sections, a natural or legal person is deemed to hold the shares held, directly or indirectly, by a legal person controlled by such natural or legal person. A person who holds, directly or indirectly, otherwise than as security, securities entitling him to elect in all cases a majority of the directors of a legal person controls that legal person.
1989, c. 38, s. 178; 1999, c. 14, s. 28; 2002, c. 6, s. 200.
179. If, as a result of an unforeseen or uncontrollable event, the assets of the pension plan cease to be invested according to law, the pension committee shall, within a reasonable time after it has knowledge of the event, take every step necessary to regularize the situation.
1989, c. 38, s. 179.
180. Every person who makes an investment otherwise than according to law is, by that sole fact and without further proof of wrongdoing, liable for any resulting loss.
The members of a pension committee who approved such an investment are, by that sole fact and without further proof of wrongdoing, solidarily liable for any resulting loss.
However, such persons incur no liability under this section if they acted in good faith on the basis of an expert’s opinion.
1989, c. 38, s. 180; 2006, c. 42, s. 30.
181. Any investment made in contravention of the law may be annulled by judicial action on the application of Retraite Québec or any interested person.
The court may order any person who is liable under section 180 to pay to the pension fund an amount equal to the resulting loss or to the sums so invested.
1989, c. 38, s. 181; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
182. No fee, commission or other benefit in respect of any transaction relating to the investment of the assets of the pension plan may be paid or granted
(1)  to the members of a pension committee, to a delegatee or to the spouse or children of any of them;
(2)  to the employer, to the employer’s employees responsible for the administration of all or part of the plan, or, where the employer is a legal person, to the directors or officers of the legal person;
(3)  to the persons or groups referred to in section 176.
The first paragraph does not apply, however, to a person or group referred to therein if such benefit is ordinarily granted to him or it in the performance of his or its duties and if it corresponds to what is usually granted in respect of such a transaction.
1989, c. 38, s. 182.
DIVISION II.1
ANNUITY PURCHASING POLICY
2015, c. 29, s. 41.
182.1. If a pension plan has an annuity purchasing policy that meets the requirements prescribed by regulation, payment of all or part of a pension benefit in accordance with that policy constitutes, on the date of the first payment by the insurer, as stipulated in the agreement entered into for that purpose, final payment of the benefits of the members and beneficiaries covered by that agreement.
The annuity purchasing policy only applies to pensions if, on the date of the agreement with the insurer, they are in payment or an application for payment of benefits has been filed.
2015, c. 29, s. 41.
182.2. The members and beneficiaries whose benefits have been paid in accordance with section 182.1 retain, for three years, their status as a member or beneficiary under the plan for the purposes of the provisions relating to the allocation of surplus assets in the event of termination of the plan. They also retain their status, for the same period, in the event of the employer’s bankruptcy or insolvency which, following the employer’s withdrawal from the plan or the termination of the plan, results in a reduction of the members’ or beneficiaries’ benefits.
Whenever the first paragraph must be applied, the notice required under section 207.4 must also state the rules set out in this section.
This section does not apply to target benefit pension plans.
2015, c. 29, s. 41; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 64.
DIVISION III
PROVISIONAL ADMINISTRATION
183. Retraite Québec may, for the period it fixes, assume the administration of all or part of a pension plan or entrust it to the person or body it designates in any of the following cases:
(1)  where Retraite Québec or the investigator it has designated is making an inquiry into the plan’s conformity with the law or into its administration;
(2)  where, in the opinion of Retraite Québec, the plan or the administration thereof is not in conformity with this Act;
(3)  where, in the opinion of Retraite Québec, the pension committee, a member of that committee, a delegatee or, where the member or delegatee is a legal person or a group without juridical personality, any of its directors has committed a malversation, a breach of trust or other form of misconduct;
(4)  where Retraite Québec becomes aware that the pension committee or a person to whom it has delegated powers has failed to comply with an order issued by Retraite Québec.
1989, c. 38, s. 183; 2000, c. 41, s. 104; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
184. Before deciding to place the pension plan under provisional administration, Retraite Québec shall give the pension committee and, where such is the case, the person or body whose administration or conduct is questioned an opportunity to present observations. However, in cases of emergency, Retraite Québec may make its decision before giving them such an opportunity, provided it does so within 15 days of the decision.
1989, c. 38, s. 184; 1997, c. 43, s. 651; 2000, c. 41, s. 105; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
185. Retraite Québec shall transmit its decision to the pension committee and, where such is the case, the person or body whose administration or conduct is questioned and to the employer. It shall also, where the decision contemplates the provisional administration of the whole pension plan, transmit it to the members and to every certified association representing members.
1989, c. 38, s. 185; 2000, c. 41, s. 106; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
186. The provisional administrator shall, to the extent set out in the decision of Retraite Québec, exercise the powers of the pension committee; the committee, or the person or body to whom or which such powers have been delegated, becomes, to the same extent, disqualified from exercising such powers.
The provisional administrator shall have the same obligations and liability as the pension committee.
1989, c. 38, s. 186; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
187. After having decided to place the pension plan under provisional administration on any of the grounds set out in subparagraph 2 or 3 of the first paragraph of section 183 and having given the person or body whose administration or conduct is questioned an opportunity to present observations, Retraite Québec may dismiss that person or body and disqualify him or it from exercising such functions for a period of five years. In that case, Retraite Québec may, on the conditions and in the manner it determines, see to the replacement of the dismissed person or body.
Section 185 applies to every decision of Retraite Québec made under this section.
1989, c. 38, s. 187; 1997, c. 43, s. 652; 2000, c. 41, s. 107; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
188. Retraite Québec, where it assumes the provisional administration of all or part of the pension plan, or the provisional administrator designated by it may amend the plan to bring it into conformity with the law or to protect the rights of members or beneficiaries.
Before amending the plan, Retraite Québec shall give the employer, the members and every certified association representing members an opportunity to present observations. Retraite Québec shall register every amendment made under this section.
Where the designated provisional administrator proposes to amend the pension plan, he shall, before amending the plan, transmit the notice provided for in section 26 to the pension committee, to the employer, to the members and to every certified association representing members. In that case, Retraite Québec may, in addition to the grounds set out in section 28, refuse to register the amendment applied for if it is of the opinion that the amendment is not in the interest of the members or beneficiaries.
1989, c. 38, s. 188; 1997, c. 43, s. 653; 2000, c. 41, s. 108; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
189. Every amendment to the plan whether it is made by Retraite Québec or by the designated provisional administrator shall become effective on the date it is registered and shall be binding on the employer and members.
1989, c. 38, s. 189; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
190. Retraite Québec, where it assumes the provisional administration of all or part of the pension plan or, with the approval of Retraite Québec, the designated provisional administrator may terminate the plan or, where two or more employers are parties to the plan, amend the plan to allow for the withdrawal of an employer in accordance with Chapter XIII, which applies with the necessary modifications.
Notice of the date of termination or of the effective date of the amendment with an indication of the members affected shall be given to the pension committee, to the employer, to the members affected and to every certified association representing members.
1989, c. 38, s. 190; 2000, c. 41, s. 109; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
191. Retraite Québec shall determine the remuneration and the allowances and indemnities, if any, to be paid to the designated provisional administrator.
Retraite Québec is entitled to the reimbursement of expenses it has incurred for the provisional administration or for lending any of its officers to the designated provisional administrator.
1989, c. 38, s. 191; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
192. At the request of Retraite Québec, the designated provisional administrator shall make an inventory.
In addition, the designated provisional administrator shall, on the conditions and in the manner determined by Retraite Québec, take out liability insurance or give any other security to guarantee his administration.
1989, c. 38, s. 192; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
193. Without prejudice to the right to claim reimbursement before the court, the expenses relating to the provisional administration shall be borne by the pension fund unless Retraite Québec elects to assume them.
1989, c. 38, s. 193; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
CHAPTER XII
DIVISION AND MERGER
194. Any division of the assets and liabilities of a pension plan among several plans or any merger of all or part of the assets and liabilities of several pension plans into a single plan, in particular where an employer sells, assigns or otherwise disposes of his enterprise, is subject to the authorization of Retraite Québec and to such conditions as it may prescribe.
1989, c. 38, s. 194; 2015, c. 20, a. 61.
194.1. Despite section 194, merging all or part of the assets and liabilities of several target benefit pension plans into a single plan is prohibited.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 65.
195. Retraite Québec shall not authorize a division of the assets and liabilities of a pension plan other than a target benefit pension plan unless the value of the assets to be transferred is equal to the sum of
(1)  the market value of the assets which, assuming that the plan is terminated on the effective date of the proposed division, should be allocated, pursuant to sections 220 to 225, to the group of benefits to which the members or beneficiaries affected are entitled; and
(2)  the market value of the additional share of assets that would be allocated to that group of benefits if the surplus remaining after the distribution of assets were itself distributed between the groups of benefits constituted pursuant to subdivision 3 of Division II of Chapter XIII, in such manner that the assets of the plan were distributed among the groups proportionately to the value of the obligations arising from the plan from which the benefits in each of the groups derive.
The value of the obligations referred to in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph must be determined as provided in Division II of Chapter X and be reduced by the value of the obligations arising from the plan with respect to any portion of a funding deficiency remaining to be paid at the date of division.
Any contribution which, at the date of division, an employer that is a party to a multi-employer pension plan has failed to pay into the pension fund or, as the case may be, to the insurer must be deducted from the share of the assets which is allocated to the group of benefits pertaining to that employer pursuant to the first paragraph. Moreover, the amount determined under the first paragraph must be adjusted to take into account the return on the investment of the plan assets, calculated according to the change in the market value of the assets from the effective date of the division to the date of the transfer, and the contributions paid in respect of and the pension benefits paid to the members and beneficiaries affected during that period.
Furthermore, Retraite Québec may not authorize such a division except where the plan into which a portion of the assets to be divided is to be transferred includes provisions which, in respect of the allocation of any surplus assets in case of termination and to their appropriation during the life of the plan, are identical as to their effects to the provisions of the plan from which such assets are to be transferred. In verifying whether the effects are identical as required by this paragraph, only the terms in force when the application for authorization is made shall be considered.
Moreover, where, in the hypothetical situation described in the first paragraph, the value of the allocated assets is not sufficient to pay all the benefits of the affected members or beneficiaries and where a new employer will be required, after the division, to assume responsibility for the obligations related to such benefits, the authorization of Retraite Québec may be made conditional to mandatory payment into the pension fund by the employer then responsible for those obligations of an amount to form part of the assets to be transferred, equal to the amount to be funded to ensure full payment of such benefits.
1989, c. 38, s. 195; 1992, c. 60, s. 14; 2000, c. 41, s. 110; 2006, c. 42, s. 31; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 42; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 66.
195.0.0.1. In the case of a target benefit pension plan, Retraite Québec shall not authorize a division unless the value of the assets to be transferred is equal to the market value of the assets which, assuming that the plan is terminated on the effective date of the division, are allocated to the group of benefits to which the members and beneficiaries affected by the division are entitled.
The value of the assets to be transferred that is referred to in the first paragraph is established taking into account sections 220 and 222 to 224 as if they were applicable to target benefit pension plans, as well as section 146.89 and the first paragraph of section 212.1.
For establishing the assets to be allocated to the group affected by the division, section 218 applies taking into account the rules set out in paragraph 1 of section 146.96 and in section 146.98.
The third paragraph of section 195 applies for the purpose of establishing the value of the assets to be transferred.
Furthermore, Retraite Québec may not authorize such a division unless the plan into which a portion of the assets to be divided is to be transferred includes provisions which, in respect of the conditions and procedure for appropriating surplus assets, the recovery measures in the event of insufficient contributions and the conditions and procedure for restoring benefits, are identical to the provisions of the plan from which such assets are to be transferred.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 67.
195.0.1. In the event of division of a pension plan, the amounts recorded under section 42.2 are distributed among the pension plans resulting from the division proportionately to their respective liabilities.
2015, c. 29, s. 43.
195.1. In addition, where a pension plan is governed both by this Act and by an Act of a legislative body other than the Parliament of Québec, Retraite Québec may, if it considers it is necessary to protect the rights of the members and beneficiaries subject to this Act, order the division of the assets and liabilities of the plan, on the date, within the time and on the conditions it fixes, so that the assets pertaining to those members and beneficiaries are transferred to another pension plan.
The order is issued to the person or body who may amend the pension plan involved, to the person or body who administers the plan and to the person or body who may establish a pension plan for the members and beneficiaries mentioned in the first paragraph. The rights of those members and beneficiaries are established on the date of the division and according to the provisions of the plan that are registered and in force on that date.
2010, c. 41, s. 2; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
196. Retraite Québec may only authorize the merger of all or part of the assets and liabilities of several plans if the degree of solvency of the absorbing plan after the merger
(1)  is at least 85% or, in the case of the merger of plans to which the same employer is a party, at least 100%; or
(2)  is not more than five percentage points below the degree of solvency, before the merger, of the absorbing plan or the absorbed plan.
In addition, Retraite Québec may only authorize the merger if all the plans include terms which, in relation to the allocation of surplus assets determined upon termination, have identical effects or unless the applicable terms of the absorbing plan are more advantageous for the members and beneficiaries than the applicable terms of the absorbed plan. Nor shall Retraite Québec authorize the merger unless all the plans include terms which, in relation to the appropriation of surplus assets during the life of the plan, have identical effects. In verifying the effects of the applicable terms, only the terms in force when the application for authorization is made shall be considered.
If the conditions set out in the second paragraph are not met, the merger may still be authorized if all the members and beneficiaries of the absorbed plan who are affected by the merger are informed by the pension committee by means of a notice in writing and if less than 30%; of them are opposed to the merger. The provisions of sections 146.4 and 146.5 apply, with the necessary modifications, in respect of the procedure to be followed to inform and consult the said members and beneficiaries.
Moreover, if the proposed merger is to affect all the members or beneficiaries of the plans concerned, Retraite Québec shall not grant its authorization unless all of the assets of every plan concerned are merged. If that is not the case, the authorization shall be granted only on the condition that the assets to be merged from any plan only part of the members or beneficiaries of which are affected be determined, as far as their benefits are concerned, in accordance with the provisions of section 195, which apply with the necessary modifications.
If the merger is authorized, only the terms of the absorbing plan shall, as far as the employer’s right to appropriate surplus assets of the plan to the payment of the value of the additional obligations arising from any amendment to the plan or to the payment of employer contributions and the allocation of surplus assets in the case of termination are concerned, be applicable to the members and beneficiaries of the absorbed plan who are affected by the merger.
1989, c. 38, s. 196; 1992, c. 60, s. 15; 2000, c. 41, s. 111; 2006, c. 42, s. 32; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 44; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 68.
197. Any remuneration received or, as the case may be, any hours of employment completed before a division or merger must be taken into account for the purposes of section 34.
1989, c. 38, s. 197; 2000, c. 41, s. 112.
CHAPTER XIII
RIGHTS OF MEMBERS AND BENEFICIARIES ON WINDING-UP
DIVISION I
WITHDRAWAL FROM MULTI-EMPLOYER PLAN AND TERMINATION OF PLAN
§ 1.  — Withdrawal from multi-employer pension plan
198. The withdrawal of an employer from a multi-employer pension plan is conditional upon the amendment of the plan to that effect. The amendment of the plan is subject to authorization by Retraite Québec.
The date of withdrawal is the effective date of the amendment. If the amendment is made following the bankruptcy of the employer, the effective date of the amendment is the date referred to in paragraph 1.1 of section 19. If the amendment is made because the employer no longer has active members in its employ, the amendment becomes effective not later than on the end date of the fiscal year in which the last member ceases to accumulate benefits.
The persons affected by the withdrawal are
(1)  the active members in the employ of the employer at the date of withdrawal;
(2)  the non-active members at that date whose active membership ended while they were in the employ of the employer; and
(3)  the beneficiaries at that date of a pension benefit that derives from the benefit of a member whose active membership ended while the member was in the employ of the employer.
1989, c. 38, s. 198; 2000, c. 41, s. 114; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 45; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 69.
199. If an employer that is a party to a multi-employer pension plan is bankrupt or becomes insolvent, within the meaning of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter B-3), the plan must be amended to allow for the withdrawal of the employer and, where applicable, for substitution of another employer. If the person authorized under the plan to make such an amendment fails to do so within 30 days after the pension committee is informed of the insolvency or bankruptcy, the pension committee shall proceed with the amendment.
1989, c. 38, s. 199; 1997, c. 43, s. 654; 2000, c. 41, s. 114.
199.1. If an employer that is a party to a multi-employer pension plan no longer has active members in its employ, the plan must be amended to allow for the withdrawal of the employer. If the person authorized under the plan to make such an amendment fails to do so within 30 days after the pension committee is informed of the fact that the employer no longer has active members in its employ, the pension committee shall proceed with the amendment.
In the case of an employer all of whose employees covered by the plan are hired on an ad hoc, fixed term basis, the plan need only be amended if 12 months have elapsed since the employer ceased to have active members in its employ.
2015, c. 29, s. 46.
199.2. If the benefits accrued to all the members and beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal of an employer that is a party to a multi-employer pension plan derive only from defined contribution benefits, the amendment to the plan allowing for the withdrawal of the employer is not subject to the authorization of Retraite Québec.
The members’ and beneficiaries’ benefits affected by the withdrawal of the employer may be maintained in the plan if the plan so provides. In such a case, the notice referred to in section 200 must mention that option, allow the member or beneficiary at least 10 days to communicate his or her choice, and specify that if no choice is made, his or her benefits will, as provided for in the plan, either be paid or be maintained in the plan.
Furthermore, the plan is exempted from the application of sections 202 and 203. However, the pension committee must include the attestation referred to in paragraph 2 of section 203 with the application for registration of the amendment allowing for the withdrawal of the employer.
The pension committee must, within 30 days after the expiry of the time limit for exercising choices and options, pay the benefits to which the members and beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal of the employer are entitled. Section 217 applies to the payment.
2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 70.
200. Before applying for the registration of an amendment allowing for the withdrawal of an employer from a multi-employer pension plan, the pension committee shall, in addition to informing the members as required by section 26, send to every member and beneficiary affected by the withdrawal a notice informing them
(1)  of the most recent degree of solvency as referred to in the fourth paragraph of section 143 that is applicable to the plan;
(2)  of the effect of full payment of benefits under the plan, particularly as concerns the application of the plan provisions required under subparagraph 16 of the second paragraph of section 14 and, if applicable, section 240.2;
(3)  that the benefits of non-active members and beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal and whose pension is in payment at the date of withdrawal will be paid by means of a pension paid, as prescribed by regulation, by an insurer selected by the pension committee; and
(4)  that the benefits of members and beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal, other than those to whom paragraph 3 applies, will be paid by means of a transfer under section 98, which applies with the necessary modifications, or, as applicable, by means of the payment in a lump sum or the transfer into a registered retirement savings plan of the portion of their accrued benefits that is refundable.
1989, c. 38, s. 200; 1992, c. 60, s. 17; 2000, c. 41, s. 114; 2015, c. 29, s. 47; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 71.
201. An application for registration of an amendment allowing for the withdrawal of an employer from a multi-employer pension plan must include, in addition to what is required by section 24,
(1)  the name of the withdrawing employer and the effective date of the amendment;
(2)  the names of the members and beneficiaries affected, with the status of each, at the date referred to in paragraph 1, as an active member, a non-active member whose pension is not in payment, a non-active member whose pension is in payment or a beneficiary; and
(3)  a copy of the notice provided for in section 200, together with a declaration of the pension committee certifying that the notice has been sent to every member and beneficiary affected.
1989, c. 38, s. 201; 2000, c. 41, s. 114.
202. Within 60 days after the application for registration is filed with Retraite Québec, the pension committee shall require the withdrawing employer to pay any contribution the employer has failed to pay into the pension fund or, as the case may be, to the insurer.
Within the same time or within such additional time as Retraite Québec may grant, the pension committee shall file with Retraite Québec a report establishing the benefits accrued to each member and beneficiary affected and the value thereof, and containing the information prescribed by regulation. The report must be prepared by an actuary. The value of the benefits accrued to the members and beneficiaries must be determined at the effective date of the amendment allowing for the withdrawal of the employer or, with the authorization of and subject to the conditions determined by Retraite Québec, at the date of the next full actuarial valuation of the plan.
If, within the time prescribed in the second paragraph, the pension committee sends a notice to Retraite Québec certifying that the employer has paid all unpaid contributions in full and, where Chapter X applies to the pension plan, a declaration of an actuary attesting that the plan is solvent at the effective date of the amendment, the pension committee is dispensed from filing the report provided for in the second paragraph. The exemption does not apply to target benefit pension plans.
1989, c. 38, s. 202; 1992, c. 60, s. 18; 2000, c. 41, s. 114; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 72.
203. Retraite Québec may not authorize the amendment of a multi-employer pension plan to allow for the withdrawal of an employer, unless
(1)  the report or, as the case may be, the notice and declaration sent to Retraite Québec pursuant to section 202 are in conformity with this Act; and
(2)  the pension committee attests that the contributions referred to in the first paragraph of section 202, including interest, have been paid into the pension fund or to the insurer or will not likely be recovered, despite the pension committee’s demands, by reason of the bankruptcy or insolvency of the employer.
1989, c. 38, s. 203; 1992, c. 60, s. 19; 1997, c. 43, s. 655; 2000, c. 41, s. 114; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 119.
§ 2.  — Termination of pension plan
204. Except if termination is precluded by agreement or the pension plan is a plan rendered compulsory by an order or decree which does not authorize termination, an employer — or, in the case of a multi-employer pension plan, even not considered as such under section 11, the employers jointly, — may terminate the plan by means of a written notice of termination to the members and beneficiaries affected, to every certified association representing members, to the pension committee and, where applicable, to the insurer.
The notice shall indicate the date of termination. That date may in no case be subsequent to the day preceding the day on which the benefits of the last member or beneficiary under the plan have been paid in full. Moreover, unless every member whose active membership in the plan is to cease upon the termination of the plan consents thereto in writing, the date of termination may not precede the date on which member contributions cease to be collected or the date occurring 30 days before the date on which the notice of termination is given to the active members.
1989, c. 38, s. 204; 1992, c. 60, s. 20; 2000, c. 41, s. 114; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 120.
205. Retraite Québec may terminate a pension plan
(1)  if, without having transmitted a notice of termination, the employer — or, in the case of a multi-employer pension plan, even not considered as such under section 11, every employer — fails to collect member contributions or to pay employer contributions or the member contributions collected into the pension fund or to the insurer;
(2)  where the pension committee, a person or body to whom powers have been delegated or any party to the plan fails to comply with an order issued by Retraite Québec under this Act; or
(3)  where the plan has no more active members.
Before terminating the plan, Retraite Québec must allow the pension committee at least 10 days to present observations.
1989, c. 38, s. 205; 1992, c. 60, s. 21; 1997, c. 43, s. 656; 2000, c. 41, s. 114; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
205.1. (Replaced).
1992, c. 60, s. 22; 2000, c. 41, s. 114.
206. A decision of Retraite Québec terminating a pension plan shall indicate the date of termination and the names of the members and beneficiaries affected.
The decision shall be communicated to the pension committee, which shall forthwith transmit it to every member and beneficiary affected, to every certified association representing members affected, to the employer and, where applicable, to the insurer.
1989, c. 38, s. 206; 1992, c. 60, s. 23; 2000, c. 41, s. 114; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
207. In addition to the members and beneficiaries whose benefits under the plan have not been paid in full before the date of termination, the members referred to in the second paragraph of section 211 are persons affected by the termination of a pension plan.
1989, c. 38, s. 207; 1992, c. 60, s. 24; 2000, c. 41, s. 114.
207.1. Within 15 days after receipt of a notice of termination from the employer or a decision of Retraite Québec terminating the pension plan, the pension committee shall transmit to Retraite Québec, to the employer and to every certified association representing members a declaration of termination containing the information prescribed by regulation, together with the attestations and documents prescribed by regulation.
1992, c. 60, s. 25; 2000, c. 41, s. 114; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
207.2. Within 90 days after receipt of a notice of termination or a decision terminating the pension plan, the pension committee shall transmit to Retraite Québec a termination report establishing the benefits accrued to each member and beneficiary affected and the value thereof, and containing the information prescribed by regulation. The report must be prepared by an actuary; in the case of a plan referred to in paragraph 2 of section 116, the report can be prepared by the pension committee. Retraite Québec shall forthwith send an acknowledgment of receipt to the pension committee, indicating the date on which it received the report.
The pension committee shall also provide a copy of the report to the employer and to every certified association representing members, informing them that they may present written observations to the committee within the time limit set out in the first paragraph. The committee must send the report in a timely manner so as to allow the employer and the certified associations at least 10 days to present observations.
If applicable, the copy of the report sent to the employer must be accompanied by a notice, a copy of which must be sent to Retraite Québec, indicating that any amount due by the employer according to the report must be paid into the pension fund or to the insurer, as applicable.
2000, c. 41, s. 114; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 48.
207.3. The pension committee shall transmit to each member and beneficiary affected a copy of the termination declaration, a statement of benefits and of the value thereof, together with the following information:
(1)  the various methods for full payment of benefits, including, where applicable, an indication of the pension fund to which benefits could be transferred, and the other options available to the member or beneficiary;
(2)  the procedure for choosing a method, including, where applicable, that applicable to a share of the surplus assets;
(3)  the indication that the termination report and the data used to establish the benefits and the value thereof can be consulted, free of charge, either at the office of the pension committee or at the employer’s establishment designated by the committee, whichever is closer to the applicant’s residence;
(4)  the indication that the member or beneficiary must make choices and exercise options among those referred to in subparagraphs 1 and 2 before the expiry of the time limit set out in the first paragraph of section 207.2 and may present written observations to the pension committee; and
(5)  any other information determined by regulation.
The committee must transmit the statements in a timely manner so as to allow the members and beneficiaries at least 10 days to make choices, exercise options and present observations to the pension committee pursuant to subparagraph 4 of the first paragraph.
2000, c. 41, s. 114.
207.4. Unless all members and beneficiaries who may have rights under the pension plan or under this Act have been personally advised, the pension committee shall publish in a daily newspaper circulated in the region in Québec where the greatest number of active members reside at the date of termination a notice inviting all persons who, though they did not receive the statement provided for in section 207.3, believe they have rights under the plan or under this Act to present their claim to the pension committee before the expiry of the time limit set out in the first paragraph of section 207.2.
The committee must make sure that the notice is published in a timely manner so as to allow interested persons at least 10 days to present their claim pursuant to the first paragraph. In the case of a multi-employer pension plan, even not considered as such under section 11, the notice must be published with respect to each employer that is a party to the plan in the region in Québec where the greatest number of members in the employ of the employer reside at the date of termination.
2000, c. 41, s. 114.
207.5. (Repealed).
2000, c. 41, s. 114; 2015, c. 29, s. 49.
207.6. A pension plan may not be amended after the date of termination, except to allow, in the case of a plan other than a target benefit pension plan, any increase in pension benefits resulting from the allocation of surplus assets.
This section shall not operate to prevent Retraite Québec from registering an amendment to the plan made before the date of termination after that date.
2000, c. 41, s. 114; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 50; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 73.
DIVISION II
WINDING-UP
§ 1.  — Interpretation and scope
208. In this division, the term date of termination , where used in relation to a multi-employer pension plan that is amended to allow for the withdrawal of an employer, means the date at which the value of the benefits accrued to the members and beneficiaries affected is determined.
1989, c. 38, s. 208; 1992, c. 60, s. 26; 2000, c. 41, s. 116.
209. Sections 216 and 218 do not apply to the payment in full of the benefits of members or beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal of an employer from a multi-employer pension plan or by the termination of a pension plan where the value of the plan assets is equal to or greater than the value of its liabilities, both values being established in accordance with this chapter at the date of termination. If the plan assets nevertheless do not permit payment in full of the benefits of the members and beneficiaries affected, the payment shall be proportional to the value of their accrued benefits.
1989, c. 38, s. 209; 2000, c. 41, s. 116.
§ 2.  — Calculation of benefits and order of priority for their payment
209.1. Within 30 days after Retraite Québec authorizes an amendment allowing for the withdrawal of an employer from a multi-employer pension plan, the pension committee shall pay in full the benefits of each member and beneficiary affected, in accordance with the terms of the report transmitted pursuant to the second paragraph of section 202, if any.
2000, c. 41, s. 117; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 121.
210. No earlier than 30 and no later than 60 days after the date on which the termination report is received by Retraite Québec, unless additional time is granted by Retraite Québec, the pension committee shall pay in full the benefits of each member and beneficiary affected, including the surplus assets to which they are entitled, in accordance with the termination report and this Act.
However, the committee may not proceed under the first paragraph if, within 30 days after receipt of the termination report, Retraite Québec orders the pension committee to postpone the payment of all or part of the benefits for the period determined by Retraite Québec or if Retraite Québec orders pursuant to section 240.4 that an irregularity found in the report be remedied within a specified time. In the latter case, the pension committee shall submit a revised termination report to Retraite Québec, which shall acknowledge receipt thereof. The committee shall proceed to make full payment within 30 days after the expiry of the postponement period or the expiry of a 30-day period after the date on which Retraite Québec receives the revised report.
Moreover, where Retraite Québec permits the employer to spread the payment of an amount due by the employer over a period of time pursuant to section 229, Retraite Québec may determine terms and conditions whereby benefits may be paid in full when payment by the employer is completed.
The pension committee may, however, at any time if the plan is solvent and with the authorization of Retraite Québec if the plan is not solvent, pay, in whole or in part and subject to the conditions it fixes, a pension, other than a pension provided for in section 67.2, that is in payment or suspended at the date of termination of the pension plan or a pension the first instalment of which becomes payable after that date. Where the amount of pension benefits paid exceeds the benefits allocated to the recipient in the termination report for the period covered by the pension benefits, the recipient shall repay the overpayment; otherwise, the overpayment may be deducted from the benefits that remain to be paid to him.
The surplus assets to which the employer is entitled may not be allocated before all the benefits of the members and beneficiaries affected by the termination have been paid in full.
1989, c. 38, s. 210; 1992, c. 60, s. 27; 2000, c. 41, s. 118; 2008, c. 21, s. 19; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 122.
210.1. The share of the surplus assets to which a member or beneficiary is entitled may be paid in a lump sum or, to the extent permitted by the Taxation Act (chapter I-3), be transferred as provided for in section 98, which applies with the necessary modifications, or be used for the purchase of an annuity or another benefit, according to the option specified by the member or beneficiary to the pension committee.
2000, c. 41, s. 119; 2015, c. 29, s. 51.
211. Every member affected by the termination of a pension plan who was still active on the date of termination is entitled, in respect of the service credited to him under the plan to the date of termination, to the value of the normal pension, including benefits ancillary to any pension to which he would have been entitled if he had retired on the day preceding the date of termination.
Where the termination of the plan is brought about by the division, merger, alienation or closing down of an enterprise or part of an enterprise, the same applies to every member whose active membership in the plan ceased during the period extending from the date the members were informed of the event and the date of termination.
The amount of the pension shall, where the pension plan provides that it is to be calculated according to the progression of the member’s remuneration, be determined so as to take the progression into account until the date of termination, unless the plan provides expressly that it must be taken into account beyond the date of termination.
1989, c. 38, s. 211; 1994, c. 24, s. 17; 2000, c. 41, s. 120.
212. The value of the benefits accrued to the members and beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal of an employer from a multi-employer pension plan or by the termination of a pension plan shall be determined at either of the following dates, on the basis of the assumptions referred to in section 61 that were used at that date to determine the value of the pension benefits to which section 60 applies that were vested at that date:
(1)  the date the member ceased to be an active member, if the benefits whose value is being determined are those accrued to
(a)  a member whose active membership ended before the withdrawal or termination and who, at the date of termination, had already opted, within the time limit set out in subparagraph 1 of the second paragraph of section 99, for the satisfaction of his or her rights under the plan or still had time to exercise such an option, or a beneficiary whose rights under the plan derive from the service credited to such a member; or
(b)  a member to whom the second paragraph of section 211 applies; or
(2)  the date of termination, if the benefits whose value is being determined are those accrued to any other member or beneficiary affected by the withdrawal or termination.
The benefits accrued to the members and beneficiaries referred to in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph shall bear interest, from the date their value is determined to the date of termination, at the rate used for the purposes of the determination.
The first paragraph does not apply to a pension that must be insured pursuant to section 237 or to a pension referred to in paragraph 3 of section 200.
1989, c. 38, s. 212; 1994, c. 24, s. 18; 2000, c. 41, s. 121.
212.1. The value of the assets of a terminated pension plan at the date of termination shall be established according to their liquidation value or an estimate thereof, reduced by the estimated amount of the costs to be paid out of the pension fund upon termination.
The liabilities of a terminated pension plan at the date of termination shall comprise, in addition to the value of the benefits determined under section 212, the value of any pension that must be insured pursuant to section 237, such value being determined
(1)  in cases where the pension was insured before the date of termination, on the basis of the assumptions referred to in section 61 that were used at that date;
(2)  in cases where the pension was insured after the date of termination but before the preparation of the termination report, by discounting at the date of termination the premium paid to the insurer, according to the estimated rate of return of the pension fund from the date of termination to the date on which the pension was insured; and
(3)  in all other cases, by discounting at the date of termination according to the estimated rate of return of the pension fund, for the period extending from the date of termination to the date of the termination report, the premium that would have been paid to an insurer at the date of the termination report, increased by a margin that allows for any variation in the cost of purchasing the pension between the latter date and the probable date of purchase.
In the cases referred to in subparagraphs 2 and 3 of the second paragraph, the liabilities shall also comprise the value of the pension payments to be made to a member by the pension fund between the date of termination and the date the pension begins to be paid by an insurer, such value being determined according to the rate referred to in the relevant subparagraph.
2000, c. 41, s. 122.
213. (Replaced).
1989, c. 38, s. 213; 1992, c. 60, s. 28; 1994, c. 24, s. 18.
214. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 214; 2000, c. 41, s. 123.
215. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 215; 2000, c. 41, s. 123.
216. Any benefit derived from obligations arising from an amendment to the pension plan related to service completed in a period preceding the effective date of the amendment shall, for payment purposes, be reduced
(1)  by 100%, if the period from the effective date of the amendment to the date of termination is less than one year;
(2)  by 80%, if the period is one year or more, but less than two years;
(3)  by 60%, if the period is two years or more, but less than three years;
(4)  by 40%, if the period is three years or more, but less than four years;
(5)  by 20%, if the period is four years or more, but less than five years.
1989, c. 38, s. 216; 1992, c. 60, s. 29; 2000, c. 41, s. 124.
217. Except in the case of a share of the surplus assets, any amount due to a member or beneficiary which, pursuant to the pension plan and the provisions of this Act, must be paid following the withdrawal of an employer from a multi-employer pension plan or the termination of the plan shall bear interest, from the date of termination to the date of payment, at the rate used to determine the value of the person’s accrued benefits. The rate of interest must be the rate mentioned in section 44 or 45 and which is applicable to the contributions paid under the plan if the amount due is due
(1)  under a defined contribution plan;
(2)  under provisions of the plan which relate to additional voluntary contributions;
(3)  under provisions which, in a defined benefit plan or target benefit plan, are identical to those of a defined contribution plan;
(4)  as member contributions that exceed the limits set under section 60; or
(5)  as amounts credited to the plan following a transfer, even a transfer other than a transfer under Chapter VII.
1989, c. 38, s. 217; 1992, c. 60, s. 30; 2000, c. 41, s. 125; 2006, c. 42, s. 33; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 74.
218. Where an employer withdraws from a multi-employer pension plan or a pension plan is terminated, the amounts to which the members and beneficiaries affected are entitled shall be paid out in the following order:
(1)  amounts corresponding to the following values, concurrently:
(a)  the value of the additional voluntary contributions paid into the pension fund or to the insurer;
(b)  the value of the member or employer contributions paid into the pension fund under provisions which, in a defined benefit plan, are identical to those of a defined contribution plan; and
(c)  the value of amounts received by the pension plan following a transfer, even a transfer other than a transfer under Chapter VII;
(2)  the value of other benefits, excluding those referred to in subparagraph 4, accrued under the plan and reduced under section 216;
(3)  the value of any benefit reduction under section 216; and
(4)  the value of benefits payable to members under pension plan terms granting them compensation for cessation of continuous employment due to technological or economic changes in the employer’s enterprise or to the division, merger, alienation or closing down of the enterprise.
If the assets are insufficient for the full satisfaction of the rights that are collocated in the same rank, payment shall be made proportionately to the value of the benefits concerned.
The benefits referred to in the first and second paragraphs are the benefits accrued under the plan at the date of termination. The value of those benefits must be established at that date, and is increased by the interest calculated in accordance with section 217.
1989, c. 38, s. 218; 1992, c. 60, s. 31; 2000, c. 41, s. 126; 2006, c. 42, s. 34.
§ 3.  — Distribution of the assets
219. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 219; 1992, c. 60, s. 32.
220. Where an employer withdraws from a multi-employer pension plan or a multi-employer pension plan is terminated, the assets of the plan shall be distributed among the groups of benefits constituted pursuant to this subdivision, according to the value of the benefits in each group and the order of payment established by this Act.
The assets of the plan shall, for the purpose of such distribution, be increased by the amount representing the contributions that any employer who is a party to the plan has, at the date of termination, failed to pay into the pension fund or to the insurer.
1989, c. 38, s. 220; 2000, c. 41, s. 127.
221. The benefits of the members or beneficiaries not affected by the withdrawal of an employer from a multi-employer pension plan shall be determined at the date of termination, in accordance with sections 211 to 216.
1989, c. 38, s. 221; 2000, c. 41, s. 128.
222. Where an employer withdraws from a multi-employer pension plan, the benefits accumulated under the plan by the members or beneficiaries shall be divided into two groups, one of which shall consist of the benefits of the persons affected by the withdrawal.
Where two or more employers withdraw simultaneously from a multi-employer pension plan, the group of benefits of the members or beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal shall be distributed in accordance with section 223.
1989, c. 38, s. 222; 2000, c. 41, s. 129.
223. In the event of termination of a multi-employer plan, the benefits accumulated under the plan by the members or beneficiaries shall be divided into as many groups as there are employers, each group consisting of the benefits accumulated by members in respect of employment with the employer to whom the group of benefits pertains.
1989, c. 38, s. 223; 2000, c. 41, s. 203.
224. Where a member has been employed by more than one participating employer of a multi-employer pension plan, the benefits accumulated under the plan by that member shall, upon the withdrawal of one of the employers or upon the termination of the plan, be included in the group of benefits pertaining to the last employer by whom he was employed while he was an active member.
However, the first paragraph does not apply if the plan provides that, in such a case, the benefits accumulated by the member in respect of his employment with one of the employers shall be included in the group of benefits pertaining to that employer.
1989, c. 38, s. 224; 2000, c. 41, s. 130.
225. Upon the withdrawal of an employer from a multi-employer pension plan or upon the termination of a multi-employer pension plan, the remainder of the benefits accrued to the members and beneficiaries affected by the previous withdrawal of an employer shall form a separate group of benefits.
1989, c. 38, s. 225; 2000, c. 41, s. 131.
226. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 226; 2000, c. 41, s. 131; 2015, c. 29, s. 52.
227. Any contribution which, at the date of termination of the pension plan, an employer who is a party to a multi-employer plan has failed to pay into the pension fund or to the insurer, as the case may be, must be deducted from that portion of the assets which is allocated to the group of benefits pertaining to that employer.
1989, c. 38, s. 227; 2000, c. 41, s. 132.
§ 4.  — Debts of the employer
228. The amount to be funded to ensure full payment of the benefits of the members or beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal of an employer from a multi-employer pension plan or the termination of a pension plan shall constitute a debt of the employer. The amount to be funded shall be established at the date of termination.
If, at the date of termination, the employer has failed to pay contributions into the pension fund or to the insurer, as the case may be, the debt shall be the amount by which the amount to be funded exceeds such contributions.
In the case of a multi-employer plan, this section applies to every employer who is a party to the plan and to whom a group of benefits under subdivision 3 consisting of the benefits of the members or beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal or termination pertains.
1989, c. 38, s. 228; 1992, c. 60, s. 33; 2000, c. 41, s. 133.
228.1. No provision of a defined benefit plan may operate to limit or reduce the obligations of an employer towards the plan because of the withdrawal of the employer from the pension plan or the termination of the pension plan.
2008, c. 21, s. 20; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 75.
229. Any amount owed by an employer under section 228 must, upon its determination, be paid into the pension fund or to the insurer, as the case may be. However, Retraite Québec may, on the conditions it determines, allow any employer to spread the payment of such amount over a period of not more than five years.
Any amount not paid into the pension fund or to the insurer shall bear interest from the date of default, at the rate determined pursuant to section 61 that was applicable at the date of termination.
1989, c. 38, s. 229; 2000, c. 41, s. 134; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
230. Any amount paid by an employer under this subdivision, including any amount recovered after the date of termination, particularly in respect of contributions outstanding and unpaid at the date of termination, shall be applied to the payment of benefits of members or beneficiaries in the order of priority established under this Act.
1989, c. 38, s. 230; 2000, c. 41, s. 135.
§ 4.0.1.  — Payment options in the event of insufficient assets
2009, c. 1, s. 2.
230.0.0.1. This subdivision applies to pension plans to which Chapter X applies if
(1)  the pension plan is amended to allow for the withdrawal of a participating employer or it is terminated;
(1.1)  the employer who is a party to the plan is bankrupt or subject to an order or judgment under the Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-36), Part III of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (R.S.C. 1985, c. B-3) or the Winding-up Act (R.S.C. 1985, c. W-11);
(2)  the date of withdrawal of the employer or the date of termination of the plan is subsequent to 30 December 2008 and the date of the employer’s bankruptcy or the date of the order or the judgment referred to in paragraph 1.1;
(2.1)  (paragraph repealed);
(3)  on the date of withdrawal of the employer or termination of the plan, the assets do not permit payment in full of the benefits of the members and beneficiaries affected by the withdrawal or termination;
(3.1)  the employer is not exempted from the application of the first paragraph of section 228; and
(4)  the assets necessary to pay the benefits are not likely to be recovered.
2009, c. 1, s. 2; 2010, c. 41, s. 3; 2011, c. 32, s. 1; 2015, c. 29, s. 53; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 123.
230.0.0.2. (Repealed).
2009, c. 1, s. 2; 2015, c. 29, s. 54.
230.0.0.3. A member or beneficiary affected by the withdrawal of an employer or the termination of a plan, to whom a pension is being paid on the date of withdrawal or termination and whose benefits are reduced by reason of insufficient assets, may request that his or her pension be guaranteed by an insurer or opt for one of the following payment methods:
(1)  the transfer of his or her benefits to a pension plan contemplated in section 98; or
(2)  the payment of a pension out of the assets administered by Retraite Québec under section 230.0.0.4.
2009, c. 1, s. 2; 2015, c. 20, a. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 55; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 76.
230.0.0.4. Retraite Québec shall exercise the powers of the pension committee with respect to the members and beneficiaries of a pension plan who chose the method of payment provided for in paragraph 2 of section 230.0.0.3 and over the assets of the plan that correspond to the part of the benefits of the members and beneficiaries payable under section 218. The pension committee, or the person or body to which such powers have been delegated or granted, becomes, to the same extent, disqualified from exercising such powers.
Retraite Québec may administer all or some of the plans together. In such a case, the plans administered together are deemed, for that purpose, to constitute a single plan.
In the exercise of such powers, Retraite Québec shall have the same obligations and liability as the pension committee.
2009, c. 1, s. 2; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 56; 2020, c. 302020, c. 30, s. 77.
230.0.0.5. Despite any other provision, with regard to the assets of a pension plan administered by Retraite Québec, only the members referred to in section 230.0.0.4 are considered members of the plan.
2009, c. 1, s. 2; 2015, c. 20, a. 61.
230.0.0.6. Unless Retraite Québec elects to assume them, the expenses relating to the administration of the plan by Retraite Québec are borne by the part of the pension fund it administers.
2009, c. 1, s. 2; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
230.0.0.7. Retraite Québec may, in accordance with the terms and conditions prescribed by regulation of the Government, amend the pension plan to improve the benefits of the members and beneficiaries referred to in section 230.0.0.4.
2009, c. 1, s. 2; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
230.0.0.8. Section 243 does not apply to a decision made by Retraite Québec in the capacity of a trustee or while exercising the powers conferred on it by this subdivision.
2009, c. 1, s. 2; 2015, c. 20, s. 61.
230.0.0.9. Retraite Québec must have an insurer guarantee the pension it pays to the members and beneficiaries referred to in section 230.0.0.4 not later than the end of the tenth fiscal year of the pension plan that follows the fiscal year during which Retraite Québec began exercising the powers of the pension committee with respect to those members and beneficiaries.
The second, third and fourth paragraphs of section 237 then apply, with the necessary modifications.
2009, c. 1, s. 2; 2011, c. 32, s. 2; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 57.
230.0.0.10. If the assets of the plan administered by Retraite Québec are insufficient to pay the pensions as required, to have them guaranteed by an insurer or to pay the expenses relating to the administration, Retraite Québec may reduce the pensions of the members and beneficiaries.
2009, c. 1, s. 2; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 58.
230.0.0.11. The Government may make any regulation required for the purposes of this subdivision. It may, in particular,
(1)  set the rules applicable to the determination of the value of the benefits accrued to the members and beneficiaries and to the distribution of the assets and liabilities of a pension plan to determine which part of the pension fund of the plan must be administered by Retraite Québec;
(2)  prescribe the terms and conditions that make it possible to improve the benefits of the members and beneficiaries referred to in section 230.0.0.4; and
(3)  prescribe the terms and conditions for reducing the pensions paid by Retraite Québec.
2009, c. 1, s. 2; 2015, c. 20, s. 61; 2015, c. 29, s. 59.
230.0.0.12. (Repealed).
2010, c. 41, s. 4; 2015, c. 29, s. 60.
§ 4.1.  — Distribution of surplus assets in the event of termination
230.0.1. (Section renumbered).
2000, c. 41, s. 136; 2015, c. 29, s. 61.
See section 230.1.
230.1. The surplus assets of a terminated pension plan shall be equal to the amount by which the value of its assets as determined in accordance with section 212.1 exceeds the value of its liabilities as determined in accordance with that section.
In the case of a multi-employer pension plan, even not considered as such under section 11, or of a multi-employer pension plan that has already been amended to allow for the withdrawal of an employer, the surplus assets must be determined in respect of each employer as provided in subdivision 3.
1992, c. 60, s. 34; 2000, c. 41, s. 137; 2015, c. 29, s. 62; 2000, c. 41, s. 136; 2015, c. 29, s. 61.
230.1.1. (Replaced).
2000, c. 41, s. 138; 2015, c. 29, s. 62.
230.2. Any surplus assets of a terminated pension plan are first allocated concurrently to the employer and to the members and beneficiaries with benefits under defined benefit provisions, up to the amounts recorded, respectively, under the first and second paragraphs of section 42.2.
If the amount of surplus assets is less than the total of the amounts recorded under section 42.2, they must be allocated proportionately to the amounts recorded, respectively, under the first and second paragraphs of that section.
Any remaining surplus assets must be allocated in accordance with the conditions and procedure set out in the plan.
The portion allocated to the members and beneficiaries is apportioned among them proportionately to the value of their accrued benefits or according to another method set out in the plan.
1992, c. 60, s. 34; 2000, c. 41, s. 139; 2015, c. 29, s. 62; 2018, c. 22018, c. 2, s. 124.
230.3. (Replaced).
1992, c. 60, s. 34; 2000, c. 41, s. 140; 2015, c. 29, s. 62.
230.4. (Replaced).
1992, c. 60, s. 34; 2000, c. 41, s. 141; 2015, c. 29, s. 62.
230.5. (Repealed).
1992, c. 60, s. 34; 2000, c. 41, s. 142.
230.6. (Replaced).
1992, c. 60, s. 34; 2015, c. 29, s. 62.
230.7. (Replaced).
1992, c. 60, s. 34; 1994, c. 24, s. 20; 2000, c. 41, s. 143; 2006, c. 42, s. 35; 2015, c. 29, s. 62.
230.8. (Replaced).
1992, c. 60, s. 34; 2015, c. 29, s. 62.
§ 5.  — Miscellaneous provisions
231. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 231; 2000, c. 41, s. 144.
232. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 232; 2000, c. 41, s. 144.
233. (Repealed).
1989, c. 38, s. 233; 2000, c. 41, s. 144