Q-2, r. 17 - Regulation respecting greenhouse gas emissions from motor vehicles

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chapter Q-2, r. 17
Regulation respecting greenhouse gas emissions from motor vehicles
ENVIRONMENT QUALITY — GAS EMISSIONS — MOTOR VEHICLES
Environment Quality Act
(chapter Q-2, ss. 31, 53, 115.27, 115.34, 124.0.1 and 124.1) .
Q-2
September 1 2012
CHAPTER I
OBJECT, SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS
1. The objective of this Regulation is to reduce emissions of manmade greenhouse gases likely to cause climate change and threaten environment quality.
To that end, the Regulation specifies the greenhouse gas maximum emission standards that must be met, starting in 2009, by various categories of motor vehicles and, to assist in the achievement of that objective, establishes a system of charges for emissions in excess of the maximum standards. The Regulation also recognizes the possibility, for certain persons, of earning credits and trading them to realize the target reduction.
To ensure as much flexibility as possible in the achievement of its objective, this Regulation, in addition to making the efforts to reduce greenhouse gas progressive, sets maximum emission standards for broad categories of motor vehicles covering a range of models, and bases the calculation of fees on the effort made to reduce the emissions of a vehicle fleet as a whole.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 1.
2. This Regulation applies to motor vehicles within the meaning of section 4 of the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.2) that
(1)  are fuelled wholly or partly by gasoline or diesel fuel or, in the case of hybrid vehicles, partly by gasoline or diesel fuel and partly by electricity;
(2)  belong to the 2009 model year or a later model year;
(3)  are initially sold, leased or otherwise marketed in Québec; and
(4)  are designed for the transportation of up to 12 persons and have a gross vehicle weight not exceeding 4,535 kg, or for the transportation of goods and have a gross vehicle weight not exceeding 3,855 kg.
Mopeds, motorcycles, emergency vehicles, paratransit vehicles, vehicles designed exclusively for school transportation, tool vehicles and off-highway vehicles within the meaning of section 4 of the Highway Safety Code are excluded.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 2.
3. The following definitions apply for the purposes of this Regulation:
CO2 equivalent” means a metric measurement used to compare emissions of various greenhouse gases based on their global warming potential (GWP). The CO2 equivalent of a gas is calculated by multiplying the number of grams of the gas by its GWP; (équivalent CO2)
curb weight” means, for a new vehicle, the combined weight of the chassis with cab in running order and the bodywork, including tools, spare wheel, and fully-filled coolant, oil and fuel tanks; (poids à vide)
global warming potential” (GWP) means a unit used to measure the effect of a greenhouse gas on global warming compared to carbon dioxide (CO2), over a given period of time. Defined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the GWP of CO2 over a period of 100 years is equal to 1, that of methane (CH4) is equal to 21, and that of nitrous oxide (N2O) is equal to 310; (potentiel de réchauffement de la planète)
greenhouse gas” (GHG) means a gas, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), the emission of which contributes to the greenhouse effect, measured in grams of CO2 equivalent; (gaz à effet de serre)
gross vehicle weight” means the gross vehicle weight rating specified by a motor vehicle manufacturer for a vehicle, including accessories, equipment and loads; (poids maximal brut)
intermediate manufacturer” means a vehicle manufacturer that, for the 2006 model year, initially sold, leased or otherwise marketed between 2,000 and 11,999 vehicles from its vehicle fleet in Québec or that, after the 2006 model year, initially sells, leases or otherwise markets between 2,000 and 11,999 vehicles from its vehicle fleet in Québec in each of 3 consecutive years; (constructeur intermédiaire)
large volume manufacturer” means a vehicle manufacturer that, for the 2006 model year, initially sold, leased or otherwise marketed at least 12,000 vehicles from its vehicle fleet in Québec or that, after the 2006 model year, sells, leases or otherwise markets at least 12,000 vehicles from its vehicle fleet in Québec in each of 3 consecutive years; (grand constructeur)
loaded vehicle weight” means the curb weight plus 136 kg; (poids avec charge)
person” any person, including a municipality, the Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal, the Communauté métropolitaine de Québec and an intermunicipal board; (personne)
small volume manufacturer” means a vehicle manufacturer that, for the 2006 model year, initially sold, leased or otherwise marketed less than 2,000 vehicles from its vehicle fleet in Québec or that, after the 2006 model year, initially sells, leases or otherwise markets less than 2,000 vehicles from its vehicle fleet in Québec in each of 3 consecutive years. (petit constructeur)
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 3.
4. For the purposes of this Regulation, the vehicle fleet of a vehicle manufacturer means all the vehicles, of whatever make, marketed in Québec by that vehicle manufacturer.
If a vehicle manufacturer markets in Québec, under one of its trademarks, vehicles from another manufacturer, the vehicles from the other manufacturer are then part of the vehicle fleet of the first manufacturer.
Vehicles manufactured by more than one vehicle manufacturer and marketed in Québec constitute a single vehicle fleet
(a)  where at least 10% of the property of a vehicle manufacturer is held by another vehicle manufacturer; or
(b)  where at least 10% of the capital of each vehicle manufacturer is held by the same third party.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 4.
CHAPTER II
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION STANDARDS
DIVISION I
MAXIMUM EMISSION STANDARDS
5. For the purposes of this Regulation, motor vehicles are classified into one of the following categories, based on their characteristics and gross vehicle weight:
(1)  category 1, which comprises vehicles designed for the transportation of up to 12 persons and having a gross vehicle weight not exceeding 3,855 kg, as well as vehicles designed for the transportation of goods and having a loaded vehicle weight not exceeding 1,705 kg;
(2)  category 2, which comprises vehicles designed for the transportation of up to 12 persons and having a gross vehicle weight exceeding 3,855 kg but not exceeding 4,535 kg, as well as vehicles designed for the transportation of goods and having a loaded vehicle weight exceeding 1,705 kg but a gross vehicle weight not exceeding 3,855 kg.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 5.
6. The fleet average emission requirement for a large volume manufacturer, for each category and for a given model year, is shown in the following table:


Model Maximum greenhouse gas
year emission standards
“large volume manufacturer”



Category 1 Category 2


Grams of CO2 Grams of CO2
equivalent/km equivalent/km



2009 201 273


2010 187 261


2011 166 242


2012 145 224


2013 141 221


2014 138 217


2015 132 212


2016 127 206

O.C. 1269-2009, s. 6.
7. Intermediate manufacturers are not subject to the greenhouse gas emission standards before the 2016 model year. As of 2016, the fleet average emission requirement for an intermediate manufacturer corresponds, for each category,
(a)  to the maximum average emission shown for the 2012 model year in the table in section 6; or
(b)  to 75% of the average emissions of the category 1 vehicles in its vehicle fleet for the 2002 model year and to 82% of the average emissions of category 2 vehicles in its vehicle fleet for the 2002 model year.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 7.
8. Small volume manufacturers are not subject to the greenhouse gas emission standards before the 2016 model year. As of 2016, the fleet average emission requirement for a small volume manufacturer corresponds, for each category,
(a)  to the maximum average emission shown for the 2012 model year in the table in section 6; or
(b)  to the average emissions of comparable vehicles, in terms of power and ratio between weight and power, sold by a large volume manufacturer for the 2012 model year.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 8.
DIVISION II
CALCULATION OF AVERAGE EMISSIONS FROM A VEHICLE FLEET
9. The greenhouse gas emission of a vehicle of a given model year is calculated by establishing the average greenhouse gas emission per kilometre of the vehicle (A) and by converting the result into grams of CO2 equivalent per kilometre (B) using the following formula:
(1)  (A): the average greenhouse gas emission per kilometre is calculated by adding 55% of the vehicle’s city emissions per kilometre to 45% of the vehicle’s highway emissions per kilometre.
The city GHG emission values attributed to the vehicles of the vehicle fleet of a manufacturer are determined in accordance with the quantitative evaluation procedures of the “Federal Test Procedure (FTP)”, USA Code of Federal Regulation, 40 CFR, part 86, subpart B, and the highway emissions per kilometre are measured in accordance with the technical requirements of the “Highway Test Procedure”, USA Code of Federal Regulation, 40 CFR, part 600, subpart B.
(2)  (B): the average CO2 equivalent emission value is the total of the products obtained by multiplying the greenhouse gas emissions per kilometre (A) by their respective global warming potential (GWP).
The sum of the methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emission values may be replaced by 1.2 grams of CO2 equivalent per kilometre.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 9.
10. The average greenhouse gas emissions of the vehicle fleet from a vehicle manufacturer is calculated by category of vehicles. That calculation is established by dividing the sum of values attributed to the vehicles, in accordance with section 9, by the number of vehicles.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 10.
CHAPTER III
MOTOR VEHICLES INITIALLY SOLD, LEASED OR MARKETED IN QUÉBEC
DIVISION I
EMISSIONS ASSESSMENT AND CALCULATION OF CREDITS AND FEES
§ 1.  — Person responsible
11. The responsibility for assessing compliance with the maximum emission standards prescribed by sections 6, 7 and 8 falls to the vehicle manufacturer or to the person who is entitled to use, in Québec, the trademark, name or distinctive sign that identifies or is used to market the type of motor vehicle concerned.
If that person has no domicile or establishment in Québec, the person responsible is,
(1)  where a point of retail sale or leasing of motor vehicles is supplied or operated under a franchise, chain, banner or other similar type of affiliation or grouping of businesses or business establishments, the person who offers the franchise or owns the chain, banner or group; if that person has no domicile or establishment in Québec, the person responsible is that person’s representative in Québec; or
(2)  in the absence of a person mentioned in subparagraph 1, or if motor vehicles are marketed in a manner not covered by subparagraph 1, the person responsible is the retailer.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 11.
12. Compliance with the maximum emission standards in sections 6, 7 and 8 must be assessed separately by the person responsible under section 11, for each category of motor vehicle.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 12.
§ 2.  — Allocation of credits and debits
13. Credits are allocated to a person responsible under section 11 who, for the 2006, 2007 or 2008 model year, complies with the standards set for the 2012 model year for the motor vehicle category. The person must prove compliance to the Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment and Parks. The credits are considered as if they had been allocated in 2011 and retain their full value until 2012. They then lose 50% of their value in 2013 and 75% in 2014. In 2015, the credits expire.
Credits are allocated to a person responsible under section 11 who, as of the 2009 model year, complies with the standards set out in of section 6, 7 or 8.
Beginning with the 2009 model year, credits retain their full value for 5 years after the year in which they are allocated. They lose 50% of their value in the sixth year and 75% in the seventh year. In the eighth year, the credits expire.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 13.
14. A person to whom credits have been allocated by the Minister may trade all or any of them, with or without charge, to another person responsible under section 11, if a written notice to that effect is sent to the Minister and to the beneficiary of the trade. The notice must specify the credits traded and their period of validity.
No credit obtained by a person pursuant to this Regulation may be sold or traded otherwise than for the purposes of this Regulation.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 14.
15. Debits are allocated to a person responsible under section 11 who, as of the 2010 model year, has not complied with the standards set out in sections 6, 7 and 8.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 15.
16. For each person responsible under section 11, the total of the credits and debits is calculated for each category of motor vehicles by determining the difference between the average emissions calculated pursuant to section 10 and the maximum standard applicable under section 6, 7 or 8, and by multiplying the result by the total number of vehicles taken into account in establishing the average emission value of the vehicles in the category. Credits and debits are expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 16.
§ 3.  — Fees payable for excess emissions
17. Beginning with the 2010 model year for large volume manufacturers and the 2016 model year for other manufacturers, a fee of $5,000 per vehicle equivalent is payable for any excess over the maximum emission standards.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 17.
18. For the purposes of section 17, the number of vehicle equivalents is calculated by dividing the absolute value of the number of debits obtained for that model year by the maximum emission standard applicable under section 6, 7 or 8.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 18.
19. The persons responsible under section 11 are required to pay the Minister, not later than 31 August of the fifth year following the model year, the fees payable for vehicles of a given model year. The fees for the model year 2010 are due on 31 August 2015.
Fees not paid within the prescribed time bear interest, from the due date, at the rate determined as provided in section 28 of the Tax Administration Act (chapter A-6.002).
A penalty of 15% of the amount of unpaid fees is to be paid to the Minister if the fees remain unpaid for over 60 days.
The sums thus obtained are paid into the Green Fund established by section 15.1 of the Act respecting the Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et des Parcs (chapter M-30.001).
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 19.
20. Every person required under this Chapter to pay fees may offset all or part of the debt by using the credits allocated to the person or to another person responsible under section 11 for either vehicle category.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 20.
DIVISION II
ANNUAL EMISSION REPORTS
21. The persons responsible under section 11 are required to file with the Minister, not later than 31 August of each year, an annual report containing the following information and data:
(1)  the name and address of the person;
(2)  the establishments where the motor vehicles covered by the report were sold, leased or otherwise marketed in the context of the person’s responsibility under section 11 or, in other cases, details or a statement of the person’s capacity as a retailer;
(3)  for each category of motor vehicle and for each model year of vehicles initially sold, leased or otherwise marketed between 1 June and 31 May:
(a)  the total number of vehicles concerned;
(b)  for the vehicles concerned,
i.  their curb weight;
ii.  their gross vehicle weight; and
iii.  their city and highway greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, N2O and CH4) calculated under section 9;
iv.  the characteristics of the vehicle: manufacturer, make, model, trim, body type, model year, engine type, engine displacement, injection type, valvetrain configuration, aspiration method, fuel type or power source, driveline, transmission class, number of speeds, camshaft configuration, type of air conditioning specifying the chemical compound used, main use (transportation of goods or persons), specifying the number of vehicles for each category;
(4)  if new sales, leases or marketing of vehicles of a model year covered by this Regulation have occurred since 31 May of the preceding period, the person is required to send the same information as that required by subparagraph 3 for the purposes of filing a revised report and supplementing the information previously provided.
The data referred to in subparagraphs 3 and 4 must be certified by an independent third person who is a professional within the meaning of section 1 of the Professional Code (chapter C-26), empowered by the Order of which he or she is a member to provide certification. The data may also be certified by any other person legally authorized in Québec to provide certification. The data certification must be attached to the report.
The report is drawn up in the form prescribed by the Minister, dated and signed by its author who must attest to the accuracy of the information contained therein. The report is sent using a technology-based medium.
A person responsible under section 11 who provides the Minister with the equivalent annual information, pursuant to an agreement entered into under section 12 of the Act respecting the Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et des Parcs (chapter M-30.001), is exempted from the obligations provided for in the first and second paragraphs.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 21; O.C. 1123-2011, s. 1.
22. The persons responsible under section 11 must keep, in paper format or using a technology-based medium and for a period of at least 8 years after the date of the last entry, the documents in support of the payment of fees and the annual records of the sales, leases or marketing of the various categories of vehicles.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 22.
CHAPTER III.1
MONETARY ADMINISTRATIVE PENALTIES
O.C. 664-2013, s. 1.
22.1. A monetary administrative penalty of $350 in the case of a natural person or $1,500 in other cases may be imposed on any person who fails
(1)  to send to the Minister and to the beneficiary of the trading of credits allocated by the Minister a written notice containing the information prescribed by the first paragraph of section 14;
(2)  to file with the Minister, not later than 31 August of each year, an annual report containing the information and data prescribed by the first paragraph of section 21 or to have the information certified and signed by an independent third person in accordance with the second paragraph of that section;
(3)  to comply with the conditions of form or transmission of the report provided for in the third paragraph of section 21;
(4)  to keep on the conditions and for the period provided for in section 22 the supporting documents and the records referred to in that section.
O.C. 664-2013, s. 1.
22.2. A monetary administrative penalty of $500 in the case of a natural person or $2,500 in other cases may be imposed on any person who
(1)  sells or trades a credit obtained pursuant to this Regulation otherwise than for the purposes referred to in the second paragraph of section 14;
(2)  fails to pay the Minister, not later than 31 August of the fifth year following the model year, the fees payable for vehicles of a given model year in accordance with section 19.
O.C. 664-2013, s. 1.
CHAPTER IV
PENAL SANCTIONS AND FINAL AND TRANSITIONAL
O.C.1269-2009, c. IV; O.C. 664-2013, s. 2.
23. Every person who contravenes the first paragraph of section 14, section 21 or 22 commits an offence and is liable, in the case of a natural person, to a fine of $2,000 to $100,000 or, in other cases, to a fine of $6,000 to $600,000.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 23; O.C. 664-2013, s. 3.
23.1. Every person who contravenes the second paragraph of section 14 or section 19 commits an offence and is liable, in the case of a natural person, to a fine of $2,500 to $250,000 or, in other cases, to a fine of $7,500 to $1,500,000.
O.C. 664-2013, s. 3.
23.2. Every person who, pursuant to this Regulation, makes a declaration, communicates information or files a document that is false or misleading commits an offence and is liable, in the case of a natural person, to a fine of $5,000 to $500,000 or, despite article 231 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1), to a maximum term of imprisonment of 18 months, or to both the fine and imprisonment, or, in other cases, to a fine of $15,000 to $3,000,000.
O.C. 664-2013, s. 3.
24. The persons responsible under section 11 are required to file with the Minister, not later than 90 days after the 14 January 2010, information concerning the number of motor vehicles for the 2006, 2007 and 2008 model years in their vehicle fleet that were initially sold, leased or otherwise marketed in Québec in order to determine the class of manufacturer to which they belong.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 24.
25. The first annual report required by section 21 must be sent to the Minister not later than 31 August 2010.
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 25.
25.1. For each 2012-2016 model years, the provisions of Chapter II and of Division I of Chapter III do not apply to vehicle manufacturers that comply with the provisions of the Passenger Automobile and Light Truck Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations (SOR/2010-201) made by the Governor General in Council.
O.C. 1123-2011, s. 2.
26. (Omitted).
O.C. 1269-2009, s. 26.
REFERENCES
O.C. 1269-2009, 2009 G.O. 2, 4217
S.Q. 2010, c. 31, s. 91
O.C. 1123-2011, 2011 G.O. 2, 3270
O.C. 664-2013, 2013 G.O. 2, 1758